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Inventi Impact - Surgery
(Formerly Inventi Rapid/Impact: Cosmetic Surgery)

Articles

  • Inventi:hcs/76/14
    VASCULAR WAVEFORM ANALYSIS OF FLAP-FEEDING VESSELS USING COLOR DOPPLER ULTRASONOGRAPHY
    Akihiro Ogino, Kiyoshi Onishi

    We performed vascular waveform analysis of flap-feeding vessels using color Doppler ultrasonography and evaluated the blood flow in the flaps prior to surgery. Vascular waveform analysis was performed in 19 patients. The analyzed parameters included the vascular diameter, flow volume, flow velocity, resistance index, pulsatility index, and acceleration time.The arterial waveform was classified into 5 types based on the partiallymodified blood flow waveformclassification reported byHirai et al.; in particular, D-1a, D-1b, and D-2 were considered as normal waveforms. They were 4 patients which observed abnormal vascular waveform among 19 patients (D-4 : 1, D-3 : 1, and Poor detect : 2). The case which presented D-4 waveform changed the surgical procedure, and a favorable outcome was achieved. Muscle flap of the case which presented D-3 waveform was partially necrosed. The case which detected blood flow poorly was judged to be the vascular obstruction of the internal thoracic artery. In the evaluation of blood flow in flaps using color Doppler ultrasonography, determination of not only basic blood flow information, such as the vascular distribution and diameter and flow velocity, but also the flow volume, vascular resistance, and arterial waveform is essential to elucidate the hemodynamics of the flap.

    How to Cite this Article
    CC Compliant Citation: Akihiro Ogino and Kiyoshi Onishi, “Vascular Waveform Analysis of Flap-Feeding Vessels Using Color Doppler Ultrasonography,” Plastic Surgery International, vol. 2014, Article ID 249670, 8 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/249670. Copyright © 2014 Akihiro Ogino and Kiyoshi Onishi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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