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Inventi Impact - Clinical Research

Articles

  • Inventi:pcr/16398/15
    STUDY OF RISK FACTORS AND PREVALENCE OF CARDINAL SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES MELLITUS
    Upadhyay S U*, Jain V C, Upadhyay U M

    This retrospective study is intended to provide vital information on the risk factors for diabetes so that one can take prophylactic measures to prevent diabetes. Diabetes check up camps was conducted and 1001 participants were interviewed. Anthropometrical measurements like height, weight, waist, hips were taken and on that basis Body Mass Index (BMI) as well as Ratio of Waist-to-Hips (WHR) were calculated. It was found that average BMI of diabetics was 31 (indicating to be obese) while that of non-diabetics was 24. Both diabetic males and females had WHR > 0.94 (indicating to be having Apple-shaped fat distribution) and non-diabetic males and females have < 0.79 (indicating to be having Pear-shaped fat distribution). While comparing the occupational and spare time physical activities it was found that diabetics were having very less physical activities. On the other hand non-diabetics were involved with regular exercises including yoga and had tendency to perform regular physical work. Diabetics were found to have more mental stress, prevalence of constipation (70%) and 30-40% of them are taking tobacco in different forms. All the cardinal symptoms of diabetes like higher fasting blood sugar ( > 140 mg/dl), polyuria ( > 7 micturation/day and > 3-4 micturation /night), polydipsia as well as polyphagia are significantly more among diabetics as compared to non-diabetics. Even systolic and diastolic blood pressures were also found to be comparatively higher than the normal values among diabetics. The target of healthy life include BMI < 25, WHR < 0.7, regular exercise including Yoga, less mental stress, less constipation and avoiding smoking.

    How to Cite this Article
    Upadhyay S U, Jain V C, Upadhyay U M. Study of Risk Factors and Prevalence of Cardinal Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus. Inventi Impact: Clinical Research, 2015(4):190-199, 2015.
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