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Inventi Impact - Information Security

Articles

  • Inventi:eis/56/14
    UNIVERSAL DISTORTION FUNCTION FOR STEGANOGRAPHY IN AN ARBITRARY DOMAIN
    Vojtech Holub, Jessica Fridrich, Tomas Denemark

    Currently, the most successful approach to steganography in empirical objects, such as digital media, is to embed the payload while minimizing a suitably defined distortion function. The design of the distortion is essentially the only task left to the steganographer since efficient practical codes exist that embed near the payload-distortion bound. The practitioner’s goal is to design the distortion to obtain a scheme with a high empirical statistical detectability. In this paper, we propose a universal distortion design called universal wavelet relative distortion (UNIWARD) that can be applied for embedding in an arbitrary domain. The embedding distortion is computed as a sum of relative changes of coefficients in a directional filter bank decomposition of the cover image. The directionality forces the embedding changes to such parts of the cover object that are difficult to model in multiple directions, such as textures or noisy regions, while avoiding smooth regions or clean edges. We demonstrate experimentally using rich models as well as targeted attacks that steganographic methods built using UNIWARD match or outperform the current state of the art in the spatial domain, JPEG domain, and side-informed JPEG domain.

    How to Cite this Article
    CC Compliant Citation: Holub et al.: Universal distortion function for steganography in an arbitrary domain. EURASIP Journal on Information Security 2014 2014:1, doi:10.1186/1687-417X-2014-1. © 2014 Holub et al.; licensee Springer. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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