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Inventi Rapid - Energy & Power

Articles

  • Inventi:eep/36/11
    OPERATIONS RESEARCH IN ENERGY MANAGEMENT-A CASE OF SHRI MATA VAISHNO DEVI UNIVERSITY
    Rakesh Kumar

    Operations Research possesses a wide range of applications in various fields. Rather, the use of Operations Research is inherent in our daily life. We perform various optimization related decisions in our day to day activities like maximizing time, minimizing the household expenditure etc. In this time of global economic meltdown and global environmental crisis, the role of Operations Research has gained tremendous significance. Environmental crisis is mainly due to global warming. Bad energy management leads to emission of greenhouse gases which increases the global warming. The excessive use of non-renewable and polluting energy resources like coal, petroleum etc. elevates global warming. Therefore, the energy resources must be used intelligently. Proper use of renewable energy resources is the key to better energy management and hence better environmental management. Electrical energy is an integral part of modern life. We rely on this key energy source for lighting, cooking, cooling, industrial applications and many more. In India, electrical energy is produced mainly by thermal power plants which are costly and polluting also. Although, the renewable energy sources for power generation in India are hydro, wind etc. In developing countries like India the consumption of electrical energy has increased considerably. Despite all possible efforts, the rural population of India is not getting sufficient electric power for its domestic purposes. However, in urban areas, the power consumption is considerably very high. The lack of proper energy management results into such disparities in power consumption and distribution. Proper electrical energy management deals with the determination of optimal power consumption by different units and its distribution accordingly. This paper deals with the electrical energy management by using operations research techniques. A case of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University (SMVDU), Katra has been considered. The optimal power consumption has been computed using a linear programming model. This study would really help to locate the power requirements in different units of the university. Moreover, some useful suggestions and recommendations have been made for power saving to the SMVD University.

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