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Inventi Impact - Energy & Power

Patent Watch

  • Ultraviolet water purification system

    An Ultraviolet-C (UVC) based portable water purification system employing a novel array of baffles increases the efficiency per unit energy of irradiating UVC light in the eradication of pathogens in the water. Closed loop feedback allows monitoring the application of UVC light power to ensure high levels of pathogen eradication. This system is capable of eradicating a wide range of waterborne bacteria, viruses, protozoa, helminthes, yeast, and mold found in natural fresh water sources worldwide. By adding pre- or post-filters, the system can remove harmful organic compounds, pesticides, inorganic compounds and heavy metals from the water. The system can also be used to eradicate pathogens in fluids other than water. As a feature of this invention, a communications systems that can reach geographically dispersed populations at low cost without the need to install costly wired communications infrastructure is combined with and powered by the water purification system. In one embodiment, a packet radio system is provided to create nodes in a wireless mesh communications system to provide voice, data, video and internet communications using an array of the water purifiers to create a wireless mesh network.

  • High purity, high pressure hydrogen production with in situ CO.sub.2 and sulfur capture in a single stage reactor

    A process for producing hydrogen, comprising the steps of: (a) gasifying a fuel into a raw synthesis gas comprising CO, hydrogen, steam and sulfur and halide contaminants in the form of H.sub.2S, COS and HX, where X is a halide; (b) passing the raw synthesis gas through a water gas shift reactor (WGSR) into which CaO and steam are injected, the CaO reacting with the shifted gas to remove CO.sub.2, sulfur and halides in a solid-phase calcium-containing product comprising CaCO.sub.3, CaS and CaX.sub.2; (c) separating the solid-phase calcium-containing product from an enriched gaseous hydrogen product; and (d) regenerating the CaO by calcining the solid-phase calcium-containing product at a condition selected from the group consisting of: in the presence of steam, in the presence of CO.sub.2, in the presence of synthesis gas, in the presence of H.sub.2 and O.sub.2, under partial vacuum, and combinations thereof. The CaO may have a surface area of at least 12.0 m2/g and a pore volume of at least 0.015 cm3/g, the CaO having a sorption capacity of at least about 70 grams of CO2 per kilogram of CaO.

  • Hybrid vehicle recharging system and method of operation

    A system and method for recharging a plug-in hybrid vehicle. The system includes a controller that schedules the recharging of the vehicles on local electrical distribution networks. The system arranges the schedule to minimize the demand loading on the local distribution network to more efficiently operate power plants providing electrical power to the distribution networks. A system for collecting charges associated with the recharging of plug-in hybrid vehicles is also disclosed providing for prepaid utility accounts.

  • Power control method and telecommunications system

    The invention describes a method of controlling transmission power in a telecommunications system comprising a first and a second transceiver. In the presented method, one power control command is transmitted during at least two time-slots from the second transceiver to the first transceiver and the one power control command is received at the first transceiver during at least two time-slots.

  • Write-assisted SRAM bit cell

    An SRAM bit cell with cross-coupled inverters has separate write and read buses. Writing is performed through an NMOS pass transistor. Reading is performed through a PMOS transistor. Because the NMOS transistor does not pass a logic 1 as easily as logic 0, assistance is needed to speed up writing of a logic 1 value relative to the time required to write a logic 0 value. An NMOS pre-charge transistor is coupled between the read bus and ground potential; and, a read is performed simultaneously with a write. This conditions the cell by weakening one of the inverters, such that they cross-couple more quickly when a logic 1 value is written into the cell. Alternatively, a single-ended read/write bus can be coupled to the NMOS pass transistor with write-assistance provided by grounding the PMOS pass transistor.

  • Method and apparatus for preventing boosting system bus when charging a battery

    A controllably alternating buck mode DC-DC converter conducts cycle by cycle analysis of the direction of inductor current flow to decide whether to operate in synchronous buck mode or standard buck mode for the next successive cycle. For each cycle of the PWM waveform controlling the buck mode DC-DC converter, a mode control circuit examines and latches data representative of the direction of inductor current flow relative to the chargeable battery. If the inductor current flow is positive, a decision is made to operate in synchronous buck mode for the next PWM cycle, which allows positive current to charge the battery; if the inductor current drops to zero, a decision is made to operate the converter in standard buck mode for the next PWM cycle, so as to prevent current from flowing out of the battery and boosting the system bus.

  • Electric discharge lamp device

    An electric discharge lamp device has a lighting start voltage storage circuit for storing a lamp voltage immediately after the start of lighting of a lamp, and a change detection circuit for detecting a change in the lamp voltage by subtracting the lamp voltage immediately after the start of lighting of the lamp from the lamp voltage detected currently. The electric power supplied to the lamp is controlled based upon the change in the lamp voltage.

  • Portable lithium power bank, power detector and separate battery charger three in one

    The ornamental design for a portable lithium power bank, power detector and separate battery charger three in one

  • Low power warning in a portable communication device based on predicted device utilization

    A system and method for providing a low power warning in a portable communication device based on predicted device utilization. Various aspects of the present invention may comprise monitoring power utilization for a portable communication device. A power utilization profile may be determined based, at least in part, on the results of the power utilization monitoring. Power availability for the portable communication device may be determined. Future power need for the portable communication device may be predicted based, at least in part, on the determined power utilization profile. The predicted future power need and the determined power availability may be analyzed to determine whether to generate a warning indicating a potential future power shortage. If it is determined that a potential future power shortage warning should be generated, such a warning may be generated. Such a warning may, for example, be generated in accordance with user specifications.

  • Inductive power source and charging system

    A portable inductive power source, power device, or unit, for use in powering or charging electrical, electronic, battery-operated, mobile, and other devices is disclosed herein. In accordance with an embodiment the system comprises a pad or similar base unit that contains a primary, which creates an alternating magnetic field by means of applying an alternating current to a winding, coil, or any type of current carrying wire. A receiver comprises a means for receiving the energy from the alternating magnetic field from the pad and transferring it to a mobile or other device. In some embodiments the receiver can also comprise electronic components or logic to set the voltage and current to the appropriate levels required by the mobile device, or to communicate information or data to and from the pad. Embodiments may also incorporate efficiency measures that improve the efficiency of power transfer between the charger and receiver.

  • Lavatory system

    A lavatory system having at least one wash station and at least one electrically operated fixture is disclosed. The lavatory system includes a control system for operating the at least one electrically operated fixture and a power supply system for powering the at least one electrically operated fixture. According to one embodiment, the power supply system includes a plurality of power sources and a switch device. The plurality of power sources are electrically coupled to each other and configured to provide an output voltage for powering the at least one fixture. The electrical coupling of the power sources is selectively adjustable between a first arrangement in which the power sources are electrically coupled to each other in parallel and a second arrangement in which the power sources are electrically coupled to each other in series. The first switch device configured to adjust the electrical coupling of the power sources between the first arrangement and the second arrangement.

  • Micro-hybrid device for motor vehicle

    A micro-hybrid method and device for a motor vehicle. The device comprises, in an electrical cascade connection, a rotary electric machine, an AC-to-DC converter and a DC electrical supply bus, the DC electrical supply bus being connected to the AC-to-DC converter and being suitable for being connected to the terminals of an energy storage battery supplying an electrical distribution network of the vehicle. The device also comprises large capacity energy storage means which are mounted in parallel in relation to the cascade connection.

  • Fuel cell system

    A fuel cell system of the present invention comprises a fuel cell (13), a load value detecting means (16) configured to detect a load value of a load of electric power or heat which is generated by equipment (14) supplied with the electric power or the heat from the fuel cell system, a load value storage means (17) configured to store a history of the load value which is detected by the load value detecting means (16), a load value predicting means (18) configured to predict a load value which is going to be generated, based on the history of the load value, and to store the predicted load value as load value data, and scheduled start-up time of a fuel cell (13) is decided based on the load value data.

  • Electric powertrain for machine

    An electric powertrain includes an engine configured to provide mechanical energy and a generator operably coupled to the engine and configured to convert at least a portion of the mechanical energy into electric energy. The electric powertrain further includes at least one electric motor operably coupled to the generator, a plurality of driving members, and at least one power electronics unit configured to control at least one of the engine and the generator. The at least one electric motor is configured to provide torque for the plurality of driving members.

  • Opposed piston electromagnetic engine

    In an embodiment, an internal combustion engine includes a first cylinder having a first piston and a second piston slidably disposed therein, an intake port arranged to admit a reactant into the first cylinder between the first and second pistons, and an exhaust port axially spaced from the intake port and arranged to exhaust a reaction product from the first cylinder. First and second converters are provided, which are operable with the corresponding first and second pistons, to convert mechanical energy of the first and second pistons to electrical energy and electrical energy to mechanical energy. A control system is provided that is coupled to the first and second converters. The control system is configured to control the application of electrical energy to the first and second converters to selectively position the first and second pistons during specific strokes of the engine cycle.

  • Method for creating micro/nano wind energy gathering devices

    Method for manufacturing small wind energy gathering devices, for example, of geometrical dimensions tip to 1/8.sup.th of an inch (microdevices), employing micro-fabrication techniques. For example, three-dimensional single chemical composition parts of a small wind energy gathering device are manufactured using two-photon three dimensional lithography. Preferably, a plurality of such parts are manufactured in parallel, thereby optimizing the production process. The plurality of parts may be handled and assembled using precision instruments such as micro-tweezers, micro-scissors, and holographic lasers. Nanowires may be used to interconnect a plurality of the microdevices together, or to connect components of a particular microdevice. These nanowires are produced in nanowire arrays and are attached to a common base structure. Additionally, a form of injection molding and polymer materials may be utilized in the manufacturing of the small wind energy gathering devices (microdevices), which provide protective coatings and surfaces of reduced friction.

  • Energy delivery devices and methods

    This relates to methods and devices for achieving contact between the wall of a cavity or passageway and a medical device when used in tortuous anatomy.

  • Power consumption management and data rate control based on transmit power and method for use therewith

    An integrated circuit (IC) includes an RF transmitter that transmits a transmit signal at a selectable transmit power based on a transmit power control signal and at a selectable data rate based on a transmit data rate signal. A processing module operates to generate the transmit power control signal and generate the transmit data rate signal based on a value of the transmit power control signal.

  • Methods and apparatuses for power generation in enclosures

    An apparatus for generating power in an enclosure includes a power generation device configured to operate in the environmental conditions of the enclosure, a first power storage device connected to the power generation device and configured to store power generated by the power generation device, a power converter connected to the power storage device and configured to output power at a voltage different than that output by the power storage device, and a second power storage device connected directly or indirectly to the power converter and configured to store power output by the power converter. The second power storage device may then provide power for at least one component of an environmental monitoring system.

  • Power source, charging system, and inductive receiver for mobile devices

    A power source, charging system, and inductive receiver for mobile devices. A pad or similar base unit comprises a primary, which creates a magnetic field by applying an alternating current to a winding, coil, or any type of current carrying wire. A receiver comprises a means for receiving the energy from the alternating magnetic field and transferring it to a mobile or other device. The receiver can also comprise electronic components or logic to set the voltage and current to the appropriate levels required by the mobile device, or to communicate information or data to and from the pad. The system may also incorporate efficiency measures that improve the efficiency of power transfer between the charger and receiver.

  • Refuelable battery-powered electric vehicle

    The electrical vehicle energy storage system permits the electric refueling of the electric vehicle just like an automobile would be refueled with gasoline at a gas station. Circuitry on board the vehicle accessible by the electric refueling station enables the determination of the energy content of the battery module or modules returned to the electric refueling station and the owner of the vehicle is given credit for the energy remaining in the battery module or modules which have been exchanged. Selective refueling may take place for given battery modules by removing them from the battery system and charging them at home, office or factory. A process for operating an electric vehicle is also disclosed and claimed.

  • Turboalternator with hydrodynamic bearings

    This invention provides a small, high efficiency, oil-free turbine-driven alternator (i.e. turboalternator) suitable for conversion of stored energy in a process gas to electrical power, facilitating recapture of energy during operation that would otherwise be wasted. The turboalternator includes a turbine and a generating device operatively connected together by a rotating shaft capable of rotating at high speeds. The rotating shaft is supported by foil gas bearings.

  • Financial transaction token

    There is provided a card or token for use in financial transactions. The financial transaction token or card has an onboard energy storage device that enables onboard electronics to operate when the card is not in the proximity of a merchant Point-Of-Service (POS) terminal. In one implementation, the onboard energy storage device includes a capacitor such as a thin-film capacitor that stores sufficient energy to power onboard electronics without the need for an onboard battery. The card may be incorporated within various conventional apparatus such as a see-through and/or protective substrate, an item of clothing, an item of jewelry, a cell phone, a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), a credit card, an identification card, a money holder, a wallet, a personal organizer, a keychain payment tag, and like personality.

  • Power transistor and method for controlling a power transistor

    Embodiments of the invention are related to a power transistor and a method for controlling a power transistor. In one embodiment a power transistor comprises a power semiconductor body with a plurality of power transistor cells each having a control electrode and a current path. The power transistor furthermore comprises a temperature sensor formed by at least one transistor cell in the power semiconductor body whose control electrode is coupled to one electrode of the current path forming a reversed biased pn-junction.

  • Electric power converter

    The present invention provides a highly reliable electric power converter reduced in parasitic inductance. An electric power converter that includes a capacitor module which has a DC terminal, an inverter which coverts a direct current into an alternating current, and heat release fins which cool the inverter, is constructed so that: the inverter has a power module including a plurality of power semiconductor elements; the power module further has a metallic base, a dielectric substrate provided on one face of the metallic base, a power semiconductor element fixed to the dielectric substrate, and a DC terminal; the metallic base has the heat release fins on the other face; the DC terminal in the power module and the DC terminal in the capacitor module are each formed by stacking flat plate conductors via an insulator; the two positive and negative DC terminals have respective front ends bent in opposite directions; a plane including the bent sections is used as a surface for connecting the power module and the capacitor module; and the insulators overlap each other at the connection surface.

  • Power assist apparatus and control method thereof

    In a control method for a power assist apparatus, a pressing force acting on a workpiece held by a workpiece holding apparatus is detected, a determination is made as to whether or not the detected pressing force exceeds a preset threshold, a determination is made as to whether or not a dead man switch provided on the workpiece holding apparatus is ON, and a determination as to whether or not to release a rotation restriction applied to a joint portion for connecting the workpiece holding apparatus rotatably to an arm is made in accordance with a result of the determination as to whether or not the detected pressing force exceeds the preset threshold and a result of the determination as to whether or not the dead mean switch is ON.

  • Low power warning in a portable communication device based on predicted device utilization

    A system and method for providing a low power warning in a portable communication device based on predicted device utilization. Various aspects of the present invention may comprise monitoring power utilization for a portable communication device. A power utilization profile may be determined based, at least in part, on the results of the power utilization monitoring. Power availability for the portable communication device may be determined. Future power need for the portable communication device may be predicted based, at least in part, on the determined power utilization profile. The predicted future power need and the determined power availability may be analyzed to determine whether to generate a warning indicating a potential future power shortage. If it is determined that a potential future power shortage warning should be generated, such a warning may be generated. Such a warning may, for example, be generated in accordance with user specifications.

  • Control of a Laser Inertial Confinement Fusion-Fission Power Plant

    A laser inertial-confinement fusion-fission energy power plant is described. The fusion-fission hybrid system uses inertial confinement fusion to produce neutrons from a fusion reaction of deuterium and tritium. The fusion neutrons drive a sub-critical blanket of fissile or fertile fuel. A coolant circulated through the fuel extracts heat from the fuel that is used to generate electricity. The inertial confinement fusion reaction can be implemented using central hot spot or fast ignition fusion, and direct or indirect drive. The fusion neutrons result in ultra-deep burn-up of the fuel in the fission blanket, thus enabling the burning of nuclear waste. Fuels include depleted uranium, natural uranium, enriched uranium, spent nuclear fuel, thorium, and weapons grade plutonium. LIFE engines can meet worldwide electricity needs in a safe and sustainable manner, while drastically shrinking the highly undesirable stockpiles of depleted uranium, spent nuclear fuel and excess weapons materials.

  • MULTIFUNCTIONAL CHARGER SYSTEM AND METHOD

    An adapter for providing a source of power to a mobile device through an industry standard port is provided. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the adapter comprises a plug unit, a power converter, a primary connector, and an identification subsystem. The plug unit is operative to couple the adapter to a power socket and operative to receive energy from the power socket. The power converter is electrically coupled to the plug unit and is operable to regulate the received energy from the power socket and to output a power requirement to the mobile device. The primary connector is electrically coupled to the power converter and is operative to couple to the mobile device and to deliver the outputted power requirement to the mobile device. The identification subsystem is electrically coupled to the primary connector and is operative to provide an identification signal.

  • MULTI-USE CAMPING POT THAT PRODUCES POWER FROM HEAT

    People often need to recharge batteries for portable electronics in remote locations where there is no electrical grid. One way to recharge these batteries is to harvest energy from a source of heat such as a camping stove using a thermoelectric module. Prior art depicts using a thermoelectric module harvesting energy from a stove and using a pot of water to cool one side of the module. The current invention improves upon prior art by maximizing power output and efficiency, increasing energy and power density, reducing the risk of damaging the thermoelectric module, and providing communication to the electronic device being charged.

  • REMOTE TRIGGER OF AN ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCE TO POWER A VEHICLE SYSTEM

    The described method and system improve electric-power driving range for electric vehicles, i.e., electric-only, hybrid electric, and other vehicles that draw electrical power from an on-board storage system for propulsion and auxiliary functions such as HVAC, defroster, defogger, seat heaters, seat coolers, etc. The described system uses an alternate energy source off-board of the vehicle, e.g., the municipal power grid, to power and run vehicle systems while the vehicle is plugged into the grid. The system also provides the user with the ability to remotely choose via an electronic medium or telematics system among multiple available alternate sources of energy to power vehicle systems. The user may remotely trigger the use of the selected source and may also remotely activate and deactivate vehicle systems powered by the alternative energy source.

  • FISHING REEL POWER GENERATOR

    A fishing reel power generator system is for generation of power on a reel assembly coupled to a fishing rod. The power generation system includes a reel assembly having a gear track, a hand crank capable of being rotated a gear of the gear track; a geared end electrical generator coupled to gear of the gear track for generating electrical energy by converting the rotatory motion of the hand crank into electrical energy; and power storage unit coupled to the generator for storing the generated electrical energy. A removable handle includes a generated electrical energy which may be used for purposes such as powering LED lights located on the fishing rod or on the reel assembly, a bite indication unit and one or more electronics devices external to the fishing reel and the fishing rod, such as cellular phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), flashlight, global positioning systems (GPS), radio, etc.

  • Drive system for a motor vehicle and method therefor

    An apparatus for generating an electric current to drive a vehicle has at least one electric drive motor coupled to each rear wheel of the vehicle. The electric motors are used to drive each rear wheel. A motor controller is coupled to each electric motor. Kinetic energy converting generators power the electric drive motor. Optionally, a flywheel is coupled to an electrical generator which is electrically coupled to the motor controller. Also optionally, at least one kinetic energy converting generator may be coupled to at least one of the vehicle wheel in order to convert kinetic energy of the vehicle into electrical energy to power the drive motor, via the motor controller.

  • GRID PLATE FOR LEAD ACID STORAGE BATTERY, PLATE, AND LEAD ACID STORAGE BATTERY PROVIDED WITH SAME PLATE

    There is provided a method for operating a lead acid storage battery in order to compensate for fluctuations in the amount of power generated by a solar power generation apparatus, a wind power generation apparatus, or another natural energy power generation device, the lead acid storage battery being charged by a power generation device and discharged to a load. The state of charge of the lead acid storage battery is maintained in a range of 30 to 90% where the fully charged state of the lead acid storage battery is 100%; and the lead acid storage battery is charged and discharged while the battery voltage is kept in a specified range of 1.80 to 2.42 V per cell to extend the service life of the battery. A reference temperature of 25.degree. C. is established, and when the ambient temperature has risen above or fallen below the reference temperature, the upper and lower limit values of a specified range are corrected within a range of -4 mV/.degree. C. to -6 mV/.degree. C. per cell according to the amount by which the temperature has increased or decreased so that a corrected voltage range is obtained. The storage battery is charged and discharged while the battery voltage is kept in the corrected voltage range, and the battery is operated.

  • E-choice

    The E-CHOICE fuel system makes uses the kinetic energy (created by movement of the vehicle), available at the drive and/or drag axle of the vehicle, by converting the axle(s) into a generator (G-Axle) to produce sufficient electrical energy to power an onboard electrolysis component (E-Tank). The E-Tank will produce pure hydrogen and oxygen for use as fuel in modified internal combustion engines. The hydrogen and oxygen produced from the E-Tank component will be contained in separate low pressure containment components (H-Tank/Oxygen boost tank--125 psi. maximum). The fuel production components will operate cyclically as long as the vehicle is in motion, regardless of acceleration or deceleration. A computerized electronic control module (CECM) will control all cyclic functions of the production components, as well as the fuel delivery system (FDS), which will deliver variable amounts of hydrogen and oxygen to the internal combustion engine through direct intake injection.

  • POWER GENERATING APPARATUS, POWER GENERATING SYSTEM, AND WIRELESS ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS

    A power generator includes: a power generating section 101 that outputs DC energy; an oscillating section 102 that converts the DC energy into RF energy with a frequency f0; a power-transmitting antenna 107 that transmits the RF energy; a power-receiving antenna 108 that receives at least a part of the RF energy that has been transmitted by the power-transmitting antenna 107; and a transmitting-end control section 110 that matches the input impedance of the oscillating section 102 to the output impedance of the power generating section 101 by changing the input impedance of the oscillating section 102 in accordance with a variation in the output impedance of the power generating section 101. The power-transmitting antenna 107 is a series resonant circuit, and the power-receiving antenna 108 is a parallel resonant circuit. And the resonant frequencies fT and fR of the power-transmitting and power-receiving antennas 107 and 108 are both set to be equal to the frequency f0 of the RF energy.

  • MOTOR CONTROL

    A system includes a power supply output sensor that senses an output level of a power supply during active motor control of a motor using the power supply and generates a signal indicative thereof. The motor regenerates energy and the power supply absorbs energy regenerated by the motor. The system also includes a motor controller that, in response to the signal satisfying a predetermined threshold, controls an electrical current supplied to the motor for active control of the motor based on a set of instructions that mitigate increases in the output level of the power supply from the absorption of the energy regenerated in the motor.

  • FIXING DEVICE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

    A fixing device includes a fixing belt, exercitation coils for induction-heating the fixing belt, power supplies that supply high-frequency power to the excitation coils, an output power detecting circuit that detects output electric energy of the power supplies, a power control circuit that controls the output electric energy of the power supplies, and temperature sensors that detect the temperature of a surface portion of the fixing belt. When electric energy applied to the excitation coils during the power fall reaches minimum power set in advance larger than 0 W, the power control circuit maintains the minimum power while the temperature detected by the temperature sensors is within a predetermined control temperature range and controls output power of the induction heating power supplies to shift from the minimum power to 0 W when the detected temperature deviates from the predetermined control temperature range.

  • Wireless conformal antenna system and method of operation

    A conformal antenna system comprising one or more proximate antenna elements for very reliable localized reception and transmission of radiowave energy and power particularly in frequency controlled VHF, UHF and microwave spectrum is described. The system incorporates effective angle or proximity dependent interference mitigation for conventional transmitters/receivers or master controlled constellations of wireless devices, and is suitable for temporary or permanent installation and use in a variety of outdoor and in-building locations. The antenna elements are configured and optimized for close proximity but unobtrusive positioning near the point of use on stages, in concert halls, movie studios, houses-of-worship, and convention centers, and are configured to be relatively unaffected by people or furniture in very close proximity. Methods for manufacturing and using close proximity antennas are disclosed, as are systems and methods for the generation and control of signals thereto.

  • POWER GATING OF CORES BY AN SOC

    A method for power gating a core by a SoC is provided. Instruction Pointer information, state of the core, core access information and wake up latency information of the core are used in power gating or un-gating of the core. A change in state of the core is detected by a device driver and is provided to a power management unit. As the state of the core changes from active to passive, the wake up latency information and the core access information of the core are retrieved by the SoC from a database to perform either the power gating or the un-gating of the core. The database is prepared by analyzing code blocks statically.

  • CONTROL DEVICE FOR VEHICULAR POWER TRANSMITTING APPARATUS

    It is provided a control device for a vehicular power transmitting apparatus provided with a transmission disposed in a power transmitting path between an electric motor and drive wheels, the control device switching a synchronizing control method of the transmission in a kickdown shifting performed in the transmission to either one of a rotation-synchronization control by a hydraulic pressure control of the transmission and a rotation-synchronization control by the electric motor, depending on an input torque applied to the transmission at the beginning of the shifting.

  • TECHNIQUES FOR UTILIZING ENERGY USAGE INFORMATION

    Techniques for energy consumption monitoring and analysis. Energy consumption of one or more energy consuming devices corresponding to a user is monitored. User profile information and user statistical information is utilized to analyze the monitored energy consumption to generate a personal energy usage profile for the user. The personal energy usage profile is transmitted to a computing platform associated with the user.

  • Low-Power Data Loop Recorder

    A system and method are disclosed for capturing pre- and post-event data for random events using minimum power. Real-time data is captured and stored in a continuous loop in a segment of a first memory. Upon detection of a designated event, a second memory is powered-on and post-event data is stored to a segment of the second memory. After a designated data capture window, the second memory is powered-off and real-time data is captured in an unused segment of the first memory. The post-event data may be captured in the unused segment of the first memory and later transferred to the second memory. Auto-address logic monitors and controls the storage and retrieval of pre- and post-event in the first and second memory. An energy management system determines and controls which segments of the first and second memory should be powered-on or kept in the stasis mode to store event data.

  • ENERGY EFFICIENT DISPLAY SYSTEM

    A display for that includes an ambient light sensor suitable to receive ambient light such that the display modifies its power usage based upon the amount of light sensed by the ambient light sensor. An energy interface receives an energy signal from a location remote to the display indicative of energy usage. The energy interface, in response to the energy signal, modifies the amount of light received by the ambient light sensor.

  • Optimal vehicle router with energy management system

    A method is present for generating a route for a vehicle. A start point and an end point are identified for the vehicle. A spatial model of terrain encompassing the start point and the end point is identified to form an identified spatial model. The route for the vehicle is generated from the start point to the end point using the spatial model based on a cost to traverse a grid point within a grid to meet a number of criteria for energy management for the vehicle.

  • Monitoring and control apparatus and method and wind power plant equipped with the same

    It is an object to reduce influence on a utility grid by reducing a rapid change in active power, and to extend the life of a wind power plant while controlling active power output in response to a request from the utility grid. A monitoring and control apparatus applied to a wind power plant including a plurality of wind turbine generators includes an electric power control unit that controls the wind turbine generators so as to reduce output of the wind power plant in a stepwise manner, when an active power reduction request from a utility grid side is output.

  • Radio frequency amplification circuit utilizing variable voltage generator

    Embodiments of apparatuses, methods, and systems for a radio frequency amplification circuit utilizing a variable voltage generator are generally described herein. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.

  • Independent power consumption management in a MIMO transceiver and method for use therewith

    An integrated circuit (IC) includes a multi-input multi-output transceiver system that includes a plurality of RF transceivers. Each RF transceiver includes an RF transmitter that transmits a transmit signal at a selected transmit power, based on a transmit power control signal and a corresponding RF receiver for receiving a corresponding one of a plurality of received signals from an external device and for generating a signal strength indication corresponding to each of the plurality of received signals. A processing module generates the transmit power control signal for each RF transmitter based on the signal strength indication of the corresponding RF receiver, and that generates a power mode signal for adjusting a power consumption parameter of each RF transmitter in accordance with the selected transmit power for each RF transmitter.

  • Asymmetric electrochemical supercapacitor and method of manufacture thereof

    The disclosure relates to asymmetric supercapacitors containing: a positive electrode comprising a current collector and a first active material selected from a layered double hydroxide of formula [M.sup.2+.sub.1-xM.sub.x.sup.3+(OH).sub.2]A.sup.n-.sub.x/nmH.sub.2O where M.sup.2+ is at least one divalent metal, M.sup.3+ is at least one trivalent metal and A is an anion of charge n-, where x is greater than zero and less than 1, n is 1, 2, 3 or 4 and m is 0 to 10; LiCoO.sub.2; LiCo.sub.xNi.sub.yO.sub.2 where x and y are greater than zero and less than 1; LiCo.sub.xNi.sub.yM.sub.n(1-x-y)O.sub.2 where x and y are greater than zero and less than 1; CoS.sub.x where x is from 1 to 1.5; MoS; Zn; activated carbon and graphite; a negative electrode containing a material selected from a carbonaceous active material, MoO.sub.3 and Li.sub.1xMoO.sub.6-x/2; an aqueous electrolyte solution or a non-aqueous ionic conducting electrolyte solution containing a salt and a salt and a non-aqueous solution; and a separator plate. Alternatively, the electrolyte can be a solid electrolyte.

  • Outdoor shading device with renewable power system

    An outdoor shading device includes a supporting frame, a shading awning supported by the supporting frame to define a shading area underneath the shading awning, and a solar power system. The solar power system includes a solar collecting unit having a solar collecting surface overlapped on the shading awning for solar energy collection, and a power storage supported at the supporting frame to electrically connect to the solar collecting unit, wherein when the shading awning is orientated for providing shade from the sun, the solar collecting surface of the solar collecting unit is aligned with the direction of the sun to maximize the solar energy collection, such that after the solar energy is collected, the solar collecting unit converts the solar energy into electrical energy and stored in the power storage.

  • Wireless energy transfer for refrigerator application

    Described herein are improved configurations for a refrigerator with wireless power transfer that includes an enclosure member comprising a non-metallic material, a source comprising at least one high-Q source magnetic resonator coupled to a power source and generating an oscillating magnetic field, wherein the source is integrated into the enclosure member of the refrigerator.

  • Photovoltaic DC/DC micro-converter

    A photo-voltaic (PV) power generating system and a control system for PV array string-level control and PV modules serially-connected into strings of PV modules. The system includes plural parallel strings of serially-connected power-generating photovoltaic modules that form a PV array, DC/DC micro-converters that are coupled to a DC voltage buss and to the output of a corresponding photovoltaic module or to the output of a string of photovoltaic modules; a gating or central inverter; and a control system. The control system is structured and arranged to control and manage each string of photovoltaic modules, to ensure that power delivered by the photovoltaic power generating system is not affected by photovoltaic modules or strings of photovoltaic modules that are not operating at maximum power transfer efficiency.

  • System and method for monitoring and managing energy performance

    Generation of renewable energy for, exportation of the renewable energy from, importation of utility generated energy to, and consumption of energy at, a facility are monitored in substantially real time to provide for substantially real time management and reporting of energy performance of the facility. Monitoring of environmental conditions and facility operations of the facility, also in substantially real time and time correlated with the energy monitoring, is performed to further enhance the management and reporting of the energy performance of the facility.

  • Hybrid power generation and energy storage system

    An integrated and hybrid energy provider and storage device system for enhancing the energy efficiency and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions particularly for systems that utilize energy in a discrete and discontinuous manner, such as plug-in hybrid vehicles is provided. The system provides automated means to generate power, distribute the preferably locally generated power to a multiplex array of energy storage devices in a dynamic manner. The system, when utilizing dynamic algorithms, preferably meets the complex demands of often conflicting energy storage device requirements and real-time demand loads in-conjunction with dynamic switching between energy storage devices to enhance the performance and effectiveness that is beneficial to both the aggregate energy efficiency and the individual owner demands of each energy storage device.

  • Fluidic electrostatic energy harvester

    One embodiment of the present invention relates to a variable capacitor that operates without moving mechanical parts. In this capacitor electrically conductive electrodes are separated by an enclosed chamber filled with an electrically conductive material. The electrically conductive material can freely vary its position within the chamber. The capacitance of the device will vary as position of the conductive material changes due to external mechanical motion (ex: rotation, vibration, etc.) of the device. Other embodiments of this device are also disclosed.

  • Wireless energy transfer

    Disclosed is an apparatus for use in wireless energy transfer, which includes a first resonator structure configured to transfer energy non-radiatively with a second resonator structure over a distance greater than a characteristic size of the second resonator structure. The non-radiative energy transfer is mediated by a coupling of a resonant field evanescent tail of the first resonator structure and a resonant field evanescent tail of the second resonator structure.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FIRMWARE UPDATE OF METER, WATT HOUR METER WITH FUNCTION OF REMOTE FIRMWARE UPDATE

    According to the present disclosure, an energy meter installed at each energy consumer receives in advance a new firmware from a remote server, and updates its own firmware at a future time. The energy meter may receive update time information designating a future time when downloading the firmware, or may execute the update in response to update execution instruction from the remote server once the firmware is downloaded. The firmware update may be executed for each module unit. Communication traffic can be dispersed because the download is given to each energy meter in advance before a time firmware or firmware module update is to be executed. A large load is prevented from being loaded to the remote server at once. It is easy to manage or control a plurality of energy meters because the update can be executed in a lump.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR UPDATING FIRMWARE

    The present disclosure can update firmware of home electronic devices using an energy meter installed at each energy consumer house. The energy meter receives firmware from a remote server managing the firmware of home electronic devices and transmits the firmware to home electronic devices. The energy meter may bypass the firmware of the home electronic devices received from the remote server, or pre-download and transmit to the home electronic devices at a time the update is to be implemented.

  • POWER NODE WITH NETWORK SWITCH

    A power node provides energy management and network expansion features in a networked data communications and control environment that may be utilized in anenergy management system implementing a method of managing energy. Network expansion may be provided by integrating a networking bridge from a power line network to one or more wired network ports or a wireless network. The power outlet on the power node providing power to a device may be identified and associated with information about the device.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS TO SELECT AND TO RESELECT A RESOURCE FOR PEER DISCOVERY IN PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKS

    A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product are provided in which signals are received on each of a plurality of resources and an energy of each of the signals of a set of the plurality of resources is determined. In addition, a resource is determined based on a probability for each of the resources in a subset of the set. The probability for selecting a resource with a lower determined energy is less than one and greater than the probability for selecting a resource with a higher determined energy. Furthermore, a signal is transmitted on the selected resource.

  • ENERGY METERING SYSTEM, ENERGY METERING METHOD AND WATT HOUR METER OF SUPPORTING DYNAMIC TIME-VARYING ENERGY PRICING

    The present disclosure is disclosed to record in detail and manage information on energy use history of a user under various energy pricing systems where energyprices are changed in time. To this end, an energy meter receives time-based energy price information from a remote server, and time-sequentially records a record including time information of relevant unit time for each unit time, energy price information applied to relevant unit time and energy consumption information at the relevant unit time, whereby the information on how much, when and at what price the user has used the energy can be accurately and quite obviously managed. Theenergy use history can be used in various fields as data for promoting reasonable energy use, and as a base for calculating energy use charge.

  • Method and System for Revenue Generation Using Energy System

    A method and a system for determining compensation to be paid for using any one of an energy storage system and an energy system are provided. The energysystem is at least partially powered by electricity stored in the energy storage system. The method includes, determining the amount of consumption of electricenergy from the energy storage system during a period of usage, and determining the carbon credit associated with the energy storage system or the energysystem during the usage. Thereafter, the compensation is calculated based on the amount of consumption of the electric energy and the carbon credit.

  • Radar Microphone Speech Recognition

    A method for detecting and recognizing speech is provided that remotely detects body motions from a speaker during vocalization with one or more radar sensors. Specifically, the radar sensors include a transmit aperture that transmits one or more waveforms towards the speaker, and each of the waveforms has a distinct wavelength. A receiver aperture is configured to receive the scattered radio frequency energy from the speaker. Doppler signals correlated with the speaker vocalization are extracted with a receiver. Digital signal processors are configured to develop feature vectors utilizing the vocalization Doppler signals, and words associated with the feature vectors are recognized with a word classifier.

  • Iterative Method and System To Construct Robust Proxy Models For Reservoir Simulation

    A method, system and computer program product is disclosed for utilizing proxy models to evaluate a subterranean reservoir. The method includes constructing a proxy model from a set of sampling points to approximate simulation outputs of a reservoir model. The set of sampling points is updated by adding at least one new sampling point that is selected from a location associated with surface non-linearities such as gradients, curvature, and bending energy. Response surface values at new sampling points and distances to existing sampling points can also be used to evaluate new sampling points. Proxy models are refined with the updated set of sampling points until the proxy model satisfies a predetermined stopping criterion, such as when a predetermined number of iterations are reached or when changes to the response surface are below a predetermined threshold.

  • METHOD FOR INSTALLING A RADIAL GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PROBE FIELD

    A method for installing a radial geothermal probe field includes the steps of defining a total number of geothermal energy probes to be introduced, defining the directions of incidence of the individual geothermal energy probes, determining perforation points of the geothermal energy probes in a spherical projection, determining the included angles between nearby geothermal energy probes, determining a mean value of the included angles, determining a mean value of the geothermal energy probe lengths, determining a mean center spacing using the mean values for the included angles and the length of the geothermal energy probes, calculating the total heat removal capacity by using conventional computing methods for vertical geothermal energy probe fields and the mean center spacing for the distance between probes, and COMPARING the computed total heat removal capacity with a predetermined desired heat removal capacity.

  • ENERGY METERING SYSTEM, APPARATUS AND METHOD

    Disclosed is an energy metering system, apparatus and method that enables an energy meter to reduce power consumed in communication when remotely inspecting the energy meter under an energy pricing system changed depending on time. To this end, the energy meter transmits information on energy consumption at only a changed time of energy price, and operates in a power saving mode except the changed time. If the information on the energy consumption is transmitted at the changed time, the information on the energy consumption in each period having the same energy price is secured, and therefore, a central server has no difficulty in calculating an energy consumption rate. Thus, it is possible to minimize power consumed in communication while transmitting all the information on the energyconsumption, required in the central server. Particularly, a battery is used longer in an environment using the battery, thereby reducing maintenance/repair cost.

  • SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT

    A system for electric energy management inspects admittances or impedances at several positions on the same power line, and determines the presence of electricity theft based on them. Particularly, each of the admittances or impedances is calculated based on information on an amount of electricity measured by each watt-hour meter. Since information on amounts of electricity respectively measured at an upper place and several lower places on the same power line have a certain correspondence relation, the calculated admittances or impedances also have a relation. For example, the admittance or impedance at the upper place is necessarily corresponds to the equivalent value of the admittances or impedance at the lower places. Thus, it is possible to precisely determine the presence of electricity theft by monitoring whether or not the difference value is within an acceptable range in consideration of an error of measuring the amount of electricity, or the like.

  • Method and Apparatus for Offshore Hydrocarbon Electromagnetic Prospecting Based on Total Magnetic Field Measurements

    A system for offshore hydrocarbon electromagnetic prospecting is described. The system includes a transmitter generating electromagnetic energy and injecting an electrical current into a flooded vertical cable. Electromagnetic fields generated by this current in the medium are measured by total field magnetometers or gradiometers. The measured response, which is sensitive to the resistivity of targets, is used to search for and identify hydrocarbon reservoirs. A method for offshore hydrocarbon electromagnetic prospecting is described as well.

  • Engineering design and construction of earthen fills

    The invention is a composite of interdependent engineering methods for earthen fill engineering and construction. The invention provides a computer method for correlation of the combination-specific energy values with all physical and engineering properties of all soil types and amended soil types in the compacted state that correspond to and are the product of the specific combination of field variables. In addition to interdependent utilization of the energy and corresponding engineering properties in method development, the energy and corresponding engineering properties are cross-tabulated or integrated with curve intercepts within data-based cross-matrices of all field combinations for use in engineering design, laboratory compaction testing, and construction controls including site-specific moisture-density curve location. The cross-matrix values are related or intercepted in a manner that permits determining values for additional field combinations that have not been tested on a full scale.

  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION OPTIMIZATION IN A DATA-PROCESSING SYSTEM

    A method for optimizing energy consumption in a data-processing system comprising a set of data-processing units is disclosed. In one embodiment, such a method includes indicating a set of data-processing jobs to be executed on a data-processing system during a production period. An ambient temperature expected for each data-processing unit during the production period is estimated. The method calculates an execution scheme for the data-processing jobs on the data-processing system. The execution scheme optimizes the energy consumed by the data-processing system to execute the data-processing jobs based on the ambient temperature of the data-processing units. The method then executes the data-processing jobs on the data processing system according to the execution scheme. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also disclosed.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING RENEWABLE ENERGY SERVICES FOR FIXED AND MOBILE ASSETS

    Methods and apparatus for managing energy services are disclosed. One method includes determining a quantity of the energy service realized during the connection event; identifying an account associated with the grid connection point; and adjusting the identified account based on the quantity determined. Another method includes receiving an indicator indicating an asset identifier or a grid connection point identifier; determining a location of the asset on the grid based on the indicator; determining operating conditions for realizing the energy service based on the determined location; sending the conditions; identifying an account associated with the point based on the indicator; and adjusting the account based on a quantity of energy services realized by the asset in accordance with the conditions. A computer readable medium includes instructions for determining a quantity of energy services realized during a connection event; identifying an account associated with a connection point; and adjusting the account.

  • OPTIMIZATION OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENT PARAMETERS IN ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM MODELS

    A method of predicting an electrochemical mapping parameter in a vehicle that derives at least a portion of its motive power from an energy storage system is provided. The method may comprise providing a plurality of electrochemical mapping parameter sources capable of rendering one or more electrochemical mapping parameters selected from the group consisting of resistance and capacitance and selecting at least one electrochemical mapping parameter source capable of rendering one or more electrochemical mapping parameters based on the state of the energy storage system. The method may also comprise determining an adaptive gain and determining an adaptive factor based on the operating state of the vehicle or the energy storage system. The method may also comprise adapting the one or more electrochemical mapping parameters based on the adaptive factor and adaptive gain to provide an adapted electrochemical mapping parameter value.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ROUTE NAVIGATION BASED ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and system for selecting a preferred route to a destination location. In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, multiple routes to the destination location are determined. For each route of the multiple routes, an estimated amount of energy needed to travel to the destination location is calculated. A preferred route from the multiple routes is selected, the preferred route being the route with a lowest estimated amount of energy needed to travel to the destination location.

  • ENERGY-BASED CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL OF TURBINE OUTLET TEMPERATURE IN A VEHICLE

    A vehicle includes an engine and an exhaust system which ignites fuel from fuel injectors to purify exhaust gas. An air compressor delivers compressed intake air to the engine, and a turbine energizes the compressor. A controller calculates an engine thermal efficiency value using temperature and mass flow rate values from various sensors. The controller maintains a temperature of the exhaust gas downstream of the turbine using the thermal efficiency value. A control system includes the sensors and a host machine operable for maintaining the temperature of the exhaust gas above the threshold using the thermal efficiency value. A method for maintaining the temperature of the exhaust gas includes measuring the inlet and outlet temperatures of an air intake system, measuring the mass flow rate of compressed intake air, and using the host machine to maintain the temperature of the gas using the thermal efficiency value.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE TARGET THERMAL CONDITIONING VALUE TO CONTROL A RECHARGEABLE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

    Systems and methods for determining the target thermal conditioning value to control a rechargeable energy storage system. Target thermal conditioning values are determined using a required thermal power value and a heat generation value in order to appropriately condition the RESS for heating and cooling.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING ENERGY SERVICES FROM A PLURALITY OF DEVICES

    Methods and apparatus for managing energy services are disclosed. One method includes: reporting, by a respective asset of the first type, an identifier associated with a grid connection point that establishes a location of the respective asset of the first type at the grid connection point on the electric grid; receiving, by the respective asset of the first type, operating conditions for realizing the energy service, the received conditions being based on the established location of the respective asset of the first type on the grid; and operating the respective asset of the first type in accordance with the received operating conditions to realize the energy service. An energy service controller includes a communication unit for receiving, from a mobile asset, an identifier associated with a grid connection point connected to the asset and a processor for determining a location of the asset on the grid based on the identifier.

  • AUTOMATED EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY TEST USING VARIABLE LOAD BANK STAGES

    An automated emergency power supply system (EPSS) and testing solution that records generator load values and engine exhaust temperature values to evaluate whether an EPSS test satisfies legislated test criteria. The EPSS test is carried out under software control, which initiates a test by instructing an automatic transfer switch (ATS) to change its status to a test status, causing the essential loads to be powered by a generator instead of a main utility power source. Power monitors record the ATS and generator status during the test as well as electrical parameter data from the ATS and generator and exhaust temperature data and other engine parameter data from the generator. When the test is concluded, the ATS is instructed to return the status to normal so that power delivery is resumed from the main power source. The electrical and engine parameter data is analyzed and compared against legislated test criteria to determine a pass/fail result of the EPSS test.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR POWER-EFFICIENT AND NON-SIGNAL-DEGRADING VOLTAGE REGULATION IN MEMORY SUBSYSTEMS

    Embodiments of the present invention are directed to a memory subsystem comprising a memory controller, multiple memory modules interconnected with the memory controller by one or more communications media, each memory module comprising a substrate to which multiple memory chips are mounted and electronically connected to the communications media, and a power-supply signal routed to two or more voltage regulators within the memory subsystem from a system power supply, the voltage regulators outputting two or more internal power signals, each power signal providing a different, regulated voltage, which are routed to each of the memory chips. Another embodiment of the present invention is directed to a memory module comprising a substrate to which multiple memory chips are mounted and two or more voltage regulators mounted to, or fabricated within, the substrate.

  • APPARATUS THAT PREVENT A MALFUNCTION OF THE CIRCUIT AND REDUCE POWER CONSUMPTION

    An interface circuit provided with a first input/output unit and a second input/output unit which respectively access external apparatuses to which electric power is supplied from power sources via different electric power supply lines includes an acquisition unit configured to acquire information whether electric power is supplied to the respective external apparatuses based on a command from the outside; a selection circuit configured to select an input/output unit corresponding to an external apparatus to which electric power is supplied, from the first input/output unit and the second input/output unit based on the information acquired by the acquisition unit; and a control circuit configured to output an instruction corresponding to the command, to the external apparatus to which electric power is supplied, via the input/output unit selected by the selection circuit.

  • ENERGY-RELEASING CARBON NANOTUBE TRANSPONDER AND METHOD OF USING SAME

    An energy-releasing carbon nanotube transponder comprising a nanocapacitor connected to at least one carbon nanotube and method of using same are described. An adjustable amount of electric energy is stored within the nanocapacitor so that the energy-releasing carbon nanotube transponder delivers either a biologically destructive or a biologically non-destructive electrical charge to target cells in response to biological, chemical or electrical stimuli. An optional biocompatible coating onto the outer surface of the carbon nanotube transponder improves cellular targeting, cellular binding or body tolerance towards the carbon nanotube transponder. Optionally, a molecular label attached to at least one carbon nanotube allows for in vivo tracking of the carbon nanotube transponder. The targeted release of electric energy from the carbon nanotube transponder can, for example, destroy cancer cells in cancer patients, or control the flux of electric wave within a cellular tissue to treat cardiac and/or epileptic patients.

  • ENERGY DELIVERY SYSTEMS AND USES THEREOF

    The present invention relates to comprehensive systems, devices and methods for delivering energy to tissue for a wide variety of applications, including medical procedures (e.g., tissue ablation, resection, cautery, vascular thrombosis, treatment of cardiac arrhythmias and dysrhythmias, electrosurgery, tissue harvest, etc.). In certain embodiments, systems, devices, and methods are provided for treating a tissue region (e.g., a tumor) through application of energy.

  • Flexible modular hierarchical adaptively controlled electronic-system cooling and energy harvesting for IC chip packaging, printed circuit boards, subsystems, cages, racks, IT rooms, and data centers using quantum and classical thermoelectric materials

    A system for adaptive cooling and heat gathering, the method comprising a thermoelectric device capable of acting as a thermoelectric cooler in a heat pump mode and as a thermoelectric generator in a heat engine operating mode, a control system received provided input signals and providing a control output; and switching electronics controlled by the control output and connected to the thermoelectric device, wherein the control system controls the operating mode of the thermoelectric device responsive to provided input signals.

  • PLASTICALLY DEFORMABLE COIL ENERGY ABSORBER SYSTEMS

    In one embodiment, an energy management system can comprise: a vehicle energy management system comprises: a support structure selected from a bumper beam, a body in white, a body in black, a front-end module, a radiator support beam, a bumper support bracket, a component projecting from the body in white, a component projecting from the body in black, and combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing; a covering; and a coil energy absorber made of plastic. The coil energy absorber has an initial height and is located between the support structure and the covering. The coil energy absorber absorbs energy upon impact such that, after the impact, the coil energy absorber has a final height that is less than or equal to 90% of the initial height.

  • METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING PLASTICALLY DEFORMABLE COIL ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    In an embodiment, a method of absorbing energy comprises: impacting a portion of a vehicle comprising a coil energy absorber, and compressing and plastically deforming the coil energy absorber. The coil energy absorber has an initial height and is located between the support structure and the covering, and wherein the coil energy absorber absorbs energy upon impact such that, after the impact, the coil energy absorber has a final height that is less than or equal to 90% of the initial height. The coil energy absorber is made of plastic. The coil energy absorber is located between a fascia and a support structure of the vehicle.

  • Gas-Expanded Lubricants for Increased Energy Efficiency and Related Method and System

    Method and System of lubricating at least one moving part with a medium. The medium includes a dissolved mixture of lubricant and compressed gas. The amount of lubricant and compressed gas may be controlled in forming the dissolved mixture in response to input conditions. A user and/or external factors may be used to determine the input conditions. In response to the input conditions the amount of lubricant and compressed gas is delivered to the moving part that is housed in a pressurized chamber. The properties of the dissolved mixture can be adjusted, whereby the properties may include, but are not limited to, the following: viscosity, temperature, and thermal conductivity. This adjustment to the gas may be accomplished, for example, by releasing gas from the pressurized chamber in an amount to adjust the properties. In a further approach, lubricant may be scavenged from the pressurized chamber by returning surplus lubricant to its original source or other designated location.

  • ENERGY RECOVERY IN SYNGAS APPLICATIONS

    The disclosed embodiments include systems for using an expander. In a first embodiment, a system includes a flow path and a gasification section disposed along the flow path. The gasification section is configured to convert a feedstock into a syngas. The system also includes a scrubber disposed directly downstream of the gasification section and configured to filter the syngas. The system also includes a first expander disposed along the flow path directly downstream from the scrubber and configured to expand the syngas. The syngas comprises an untreated syngas.

  • AUTOMATED INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENABLING REAL TIME ENERGY MANAGEMENT

    Automated infrastructure management systems and methods document infrastructure elements within a facility, provide a comprehensive record of all network-connected equipment within a facility, and facilitate trouble shooting of network-connected equipment. An automated infrastructure management system includes a plurality of intelligent patch panels, each comprising a plurality of connector ports connected to individual communication channels of a network, a controller in communication with at least some of the intelligent patch panels that obtains connectivity information for the intelligent patch panel's ports, and management software in communication with the controller. The management software performs various functions including correlating the interconnection information for the intelligent patch panels with the physical location information for telecommunications in its database, applying energy management policies to a respective communication channel, providing real time physical location information for devices connected to communication channels to a network switch, and displaying real time physical location information of the devices.

  • RADIAL COUNTERFLOW REACTOR WITH APPLIED RADIANT ENERGY

    An improvement is described for the processing of biological material in a continuous stream by the application of radiant energy taken from the wavelengths from infrared to ultraviolet, and its absorption by a feedstock in a workspace of featuring controlled turbulence created by one or more counter-rotating disk impellers. The absorbed energy and the controlled turbulence patterns create a continuous process of productive change in a feed into the reactor, with separated light and heavy product output streams flowing both inward and outward from the axis in radial counterflow. The basic mechanism of processing can be applied to a wide range of feedstocks, from the promotion of the growth of algae to make biofuel or other forms of aquaculture, to a use in the controlled combustion of organic material to make biochar.

  • UV Excitable Fluorescent Energy Transfer Dyes

    Novel energy transfer dyes which can be used with shorter wavelength light sources are provided. These dyes include a donor dye with an absorption maxima at a wavelength between about 250 to 450 nm and an acceptor dye which is capable of absorbing energy emitted from the donor dye. One of the energy transfer dyes has a donor dye which is a member of a class of dyes having a coumarin or pyrene ring structure and an acceptor dye which is capable of absorbing energy emitted from the donor dye, wherein the donor dye has an absorption maxima between about 250 and 450 nm and the acceptor dye has an emission maxima at a wavelength greater than about 500 nm.

  • UV Excitable Fluorescent Energy Transfer Dyes

    Novel energy transfer dyes which can be used with shorter wavelength light sources are provided. These dyes include a donor dye with an absorption maxima at a wavelength between about 250 to 450 nm and an acceptor dye which is capable of absorbing energy emitted from the donor dye. One of the energy transfer dyes has a donor dye which is a member of a class of dyes having a coumarin or pyrene ring structure and an acceptor dye which is capable of absorbing energy emitted from the donor dye, wherein the donor dye has an absorption maxima between about 250 and 450 nm and the acceptor dye has an emission maxima at a wavelength greater than about 500 nm.

  • ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE CELL AND CELL BLOCK, ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND THE VEHICLE COMPRISING THE SAME

    An electrical energy storage cell is provided with: an active part which is equipped and adapted to store electrical energy supplied from the outside and to discharge stored electrical energy to the outside; at least two current conductors which are connected to the active part and are equipped and adapted to supply electric current from the outside to the active part and to discharge electric current from the active part to the outside; and an enclosure, which defines a prismatic basic shape having a substantially cuboid-like outline and encloses the active part in a gas-tight and fluid-tight manner. According to the invention, the enclosure has two flat foil parts and a peripheral seam part connecting the edges of the foil parts, wherein the seam part surrounds the active part in the manner of the frame and has sections of maximum thickness, in which the thickness is uniformly greater than the thickness of the active part. A cell block comprises a plurality of said electrical energy storage cells, wherein the cells are stacked in the direction of the thickness thereof and, together with connecting terminals, form an electrical energy storage device which can advantageously be used in a vehicle.

  • COOPERATIVE SENSING SCHEDULING FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS

    Cooperative sensing scheduling and parameter designs are described, which can achieve improvements in energy efficiency in cognitive radio networks, for example. In addition, the disclosed subject matter describes an objective or reward function or policy related to energy efficiency and considerations such as channel assignments sensing time that can maximize the objective function. The disclosed details enable various refinements and modifications according to system design and tradeoff considerations.

  • INTELLIGENT USER DETERMINABLE POWER CONSERVATION IN A PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

    An electronic device includes at least one memory unit, a plurality of applications residing on at least one of the memory units, a display screen and a portable power supply. The electronic device also includes a power management module, which has a power monitor for monitoring an amount of remaining power available from the portable power supply. A processor is operatively associated with the memory units, display screen and portable power supply. The processor is configured to indicate to a user that one or more predetermined ones of the applications should not be used in order to conserve power when the remaining power falls below the first threshold level.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISCOVERY, VALIDATION AND DELIVERY OF POWER THROUGH A UNIVERSAL POWER CENTER

    A system and method of discovery, validation and delivery of power to an electronic device through a universal power center is provided. The method comprises providing a power tip for an electronic device with a unique identification and broadcasting the unique identification to a power center. The method further includes verifying the unique identification and connection location of the electronic device, determining power requirements for the connected electronic device based on the unique identification and connection location, and delivering power to the electronic device based on the determined power requirements.

  • METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR CABLE DETECTION AND POWER NEGOTIATION

    Method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments of the invention are disclosed for negotiation protocols for power delivery from a first device to a connected second device. In example embodiments of the invention, a method comprises: determining whether a connector includes a cable indication that indicates its cable is capable of conducting an elevated power level above a level of a legacy cable; transmitting an offer to a device connected by the cable, to provide one or more supported power capabilities above the level of a legacy cable, if the cable indication is determined to indicate that the cable is capable of conducting an elevated power level above the level of a legacy cable; and transmitting an offer to a device connected by the cable, to provide the power level of a legacy cable, if the cable indication is determined to indicate that the cable is not capable of conducting an elevated power level above the level of a legacy cable.

  • MULTIPLE-WAY RING CAVITY POWER COMBINER AND DIVIDER

    Multiple-way ring cavity power combiners and power dividers are disclosed. In one aspect, the disclosed ring cavity power combiners and power dividers can support a large number of devices by providing a large number of power-combining or power-dividing ports. In another aspect, the disclosed embodiments describe implementations employing a ring cavity that result in demonstrated performance characteristics suitable for UWB applications. Advantages provided include suppressing higher order modes and low losses among other advantages.

  • METHOD FOR FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR POWER DEVICE

    A method for fabricating a semiconductor power device includes the following steps. First, a substrate having at least a semiconductor layer and a pad layer thereon is provided. At least a trench is etched into the pad layer and the semiconductor layer. Then, a dopant source layer is deposited in the trench and on the pad layer followed by thermally driving in dopants of the dopant source layer into the semiconductor layer. A polishing process is performed to remove the dopant source layer from a surface of the pad layer and a thermal oxidation process is performed to eliminate micro-scratches formed during the polishing process. Finally, the pad layer is removed to expose the semiconductor layer.

  • Label Switched Routing To Connect Low Power Network Domains

    A network element is described. In one embodiment includes receiving a packet from the host in the first domain at the network element in the first domain, the packet including a destination address to the host in the second domain, the destination address being formed by replacing an Interface Identifier of an IP address by a second domain label and a shortened Media Access Control (MAC) address, the second domain label identifying the second domain. A routing label and the shortened MAC address are attached to the received packet, and the packet is sent on a label switched path indicated by the label to the second domain.

  • LOADING STATE DETERMINER, LOAD ASSEMBLY, POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LOADING STATE OF AN ELECTRIC POWERSOURCE

    A loading state determiner for determining a loading state of an electric power source including a source impedance includes a voltage drop determination circuit which is implemented to provide, based on a detection of an instantaneous current provided under load by the power source to a load, an electric quantity describing a voltage drop at a source impedance of the power source. Further, the loading state determiner includes an evaluation circuit which is implemented to obtain, based on electric quantity describing the voltage drop at the source impedance of the power source and an electric quantity describing a terminal voltage of the power source, a load state signal carrying information on an instantaneous relation between the terminal voltage of the power source and a no-load voltage of the power source.

  • AUTOMATED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING UNIT AND COLLECTIVE LEVEL BENCHMARKING OF POWER PLANT OPERATIONS

    Systems and methods for implementing benchmarking analysis for power plant operations comprise electronically accessing power plant operational data within at least one type of operation within a power plant, electronically analyzing data from one or more power plant components within one or more different power plant units in one or more collections of multiple power plant units to identify cycles and key events on one or more of a component level, a unit level and a collective level of multiple power plants, generating at least one scorecard summary of calculated power plant operational characteristics on selected levels of operation comprising one or more of a component level, unit level and collective level of power plant units, and providing the at least one scorecard summary as electronic output to a user. Additional optional steps include using the data from the scorecard summary to detect outliers and/or to cluster selected components, units or fleets having similar operational characteristics.

  • ROLLER BEARING AND MAIN SHAFT SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND-POWER GENERATOR

    A tapered roller bearing comprises an outer ring (32), an inner ring (33), a plurality of tapered rollers (34) arranged between the outer ring (32) and the inner ring (33), and a plurality of retainer segments (11a) having pockets for holding the tapered rollers (34) and arranged so as to be continuously lined with each other in a circumferential direction between the outer ring (32) and the inner ring (33). Here, the tapered roller (34) is arranged between two adjacent retainer segments (11b) and (11c) except for between the first retainer segment (11a) and the last retainer segment lined continuously with each other in the circumferential direction.

  • ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS (OFDMA) SUBBAND AND POWER ALLOCATION

    Distributed queue-aware power and subband allocation for delay-optimal OFDMA uplink systems with one base station, K users, and N.sub.F independent subbands are described. For instance, the disclosed subject matter describes distributed delay-optimal power and subband allocation designs and control actions that are a function of instantaneous Channel State Information and joint Queue State Information. The disclosed details enable various refinements and modifications according to system design and tradeoff considerations.

  • Apparatus and Method for Power Management of a System of Indicator Light Devices

    Indicator light devices are useful in many applications for indicating properties of physical spaces respectively associated therewith and in physical proximity thereto. The indicator light devices are network-enabled and self-powered, and capable of participating in coordinated power-managed operation to provide a sufficient service life and lower installation and replacement costs. The indicator light devices may be used with or without associated sensors. The various embodiments described herein use various power management techniques singly or in combination to greatly increase the service life of self-power indicator light devices without diminishing their effectiveness in the application. These techniques include operating only the indicator light devices associated with the physical spaces having properties of interest, operating the indicator light devices with synchronized flashing, operating the indicator light devices in accordance with the detection of specific conditions, relevant time operation, in-vicinity activation, and ambient light responsiveness.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS OF POWER CONTROL FOR A PUBLIC WARNING SYSTEM

    A method for broadcasting messages in a wireless communication system is provided. The method includes employing a paging channel to receive a broadcast event on a wireless device and utilizing the broadcast event to trigger a warning message on the device. For example, the broadcast event can be detected from a natural disaster such as a primary earthquake warning or tsunami.

  • Queuing access to a shared power supply

    A method of queuing access to a power supply shared by a set of electrical access points. The access points turn on independently from one another and thus have independent power draws. Each access point has a specific power draw when on. The on state and associated power draw of each of access point is identified, and a load duration curve for each access point is normalized (i.e., combined with load duration curve(s)) from the other access points) into a probability distribution function. The probability distribution function is a normalized load duration curve that thus accounts for a varying set of "operating states" that may occur with respect to the set of access points (when viewed collectively). Each operating state has an associated probability of occurrence. As the operating state of the set (of access points) changes, access to the power supply is selectively queued, or de-queued (if previously queued).

  • METHOD FOR FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR POWER DEVICE

    A method for fabricating a semiconductor power device includes the following steps. First, a substrate having thereon at least a semiconductor layer and a pad layer is provided. Then, at least a trench is etched into the pad layer and the semiconductor layer followed by depositing a dopant source layer in the trench and on the pad layer. A process is carried out thermally driving in dopants of the dopant source layer into the semiconductor layer. A rapid thermal process is performed to mend defects in the dopant source layer and defects between the dopant source layer and the semiconductor layer. Finally, a polishing process is performed to remove the dopant source layer from a surface of the pad layer.

  • Method and System For Modulation Of Gain Suppression In High Average Power Laser Systems

    A high average power laser system with modulated gain suppression includes an input aperture associated with a first laser beam extraction path and an output aperture associated with the first laser beam extraction path. The system also includes a pinhole creation laser having an optical output directed along a pinhole creation path and an absorbing material positioned along both the first laser beam extraction path and the pinhole creation path. The system further includes a mechanism operable to translate the absorbing material in a direction crossing the first laser beam extraction laser path and a controller operable to modulate the second laser beam.

  • Method and System For Modulation Of Gain Suppression In High Average Power Laser Systems

    A high average power laser system with modulated gain suppression includes an input aperture associated with a first laser beam extraction path and an output aperture associated with the first laser beam extraction path. The system also includes a pinhole creation laser having an optical output directed along a pinhole creation path and an absorbing material positioned along both the first laser beam extraction path and the pinhole creation path. The system further includes a mechanism operable to translate the absorbing material in a direction crossing the first laser beam extraction laser path and a controller operable to modulate the second laser beam.

  • Bridgeless Power Factor Correcting Circuits with two Switches

    Six, non-isolated, high-frequency, PWM dc-to-dc converters with two switches and bipolar output voltage are reported to perform power factor correction without requiring a bridge rectifier circuit on their input AC side. The first three of these converters have a voltage conversion ratio which is a singular function of the duty cycle and are used to obtain DC output voltages that are larger than the peak AC input voltage. The other three converters are the bilateral inverses of the first three which have a current conversion ratio which is a singular function of the duty cycle and are used to obtain DC output voltages that are significantly lower than the peak AC input voltage. No PFC circuits using only two switches have been known to the prior art.

  • MORPHOLOGY-BASED DISCRIMINATION ALGORITHM BASED ON RELATIVE AMPLITUDE DIFFERENCES AND CORRELATION OF IMPRINTS OF ENERGYDISTRIBUTION

    Techniques for morphologic discrimination between beats of a tachyarrhythmia episode are described for selecting delivery of appropriate therapy. An exemplary method comprises nonordered binning of digitized amplitude values of signals associated with cardiac depolarizations. Monomorphic VT is discriminated from polymorphic VT without signal alignment. One exemplary method involves sensing electrical signals associated with depolarizations of a patient's heart during a tachyarrhythmia episode. The sensed electrical signals are converted to digital values and stored. The stored digital values are normalized and binned. At most, 5 pairs of beats or depolarizations are compared for morphologic similarity by determining the similarity between the binned values associated with each pair. The result of the comparison is used to select and deliver therapy to the patient.

  • Devices, Systems, and Methods for Automated Optimization of Energy Delivery

    Devices, systems, and methods for automated optimization of muscle stimulation energy. In some embodiments the disclosure optimizes stimulation parameters and/or stimulation location.

  • MODULAR ENERGY CONTROL SYSTEM

    A wireless base unit communicates with one or more wireless load manager units to receive power measurements for one or more loads connected to the wireless load manager. In response to dynamic variables, such as the changing price of electricity, the wireless base unit transmits commands to the wireless load manager to shut off or reduce power consumed by the one or more loads. In one variation, a wireless adapter also receives commands from the wireless base unit and converts the commands into a vendor-specific format used to control other devices such as a photovoltaic (PV) inverter.

  • Carbon Sequestration in Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Plants

    This invention describes a process for a complete sequestration of carbon (CO.sub.2) from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to energy plants which produce Refuse Derived Fuel and the associated exhaust gases. The described process results in production of energy from the waste and disposal of the MSW with zero carbon emission.

  • TIMING RE-SYNCHRONIZATION WITH REDUCED COMMUNICATION ENERGY IN FREQUENCY HOPPING COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

    In one embodiment, a battery-operated communication device "quick-samples" a frequency hopping sequence at a periodic rate corresponding to a substantially low duty cycle, and is discovered by (e.g., attached to) a main-powered communication device. During a scheduled sample, the main-powered communication device transmits a control packet to be received by the battery-operated communication device, the control packet containing timing information and transmitted to account for worst-case clock drift error between the two devices. The battery-operated communication device responds to the control packet with a link-layer acknowledgment containing timing information from the battery-operated communication device. Accordingly, the two devices may re-synchronize their timing based on the timing information in the control packet and acknowledgment, respectively.

  • CONCENTRATING AND SPECTRUM SPLITTING OPTICAL DEVICE FOR SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATIONS

    An optical device capable of concentrating and spectrum splitting electromagnetic radiation for solar energy conversion systems. Two interfaces of the optical device, designed by ray tracing methods, focus the electromagnetic radiation by refraction and chromatic dispersion, such that focal areas of different wavelengths, relative to one another, are not parallel to electromagnetic radiation incident upon the optical device. Energy conversion devices, such as solar photovoltaic cells, may be placed at or near the focal areas to efficiently convert radiation of different wavelengths to other forms of energy. Interfaces may be flat or curved and may be composed of multiple discontinuous surfaces on one or both interfaces in one or two axes. Interfaces composed of multiple discontinuities may be designed such that there is no shading of electromagnetic radiation of selected wavelengths. The optical device may be composed of one material or multiple materials with different Abbe numbers.

  • DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLED EXCHANGE OF ENERGY BETWEEN AN ELECTRICAL POWER NETWORK AND A LOAD

    A device for controlling the exchange of energy between an electrical power network and a load includes a stationary charging station for establishing an energy connection between the electrical power network and a supply point. The charging station has an LS controller for sending and receiving control signals via a signal transmission path, and includes a SIM station installed on the load side having a SIM controller. The SIM controller sends a SIM identifier of the SIM station to the LS controller via a signal transmission path at time intervals, wherein the LS controller adds an amount of energy exchanged between the electrical power network and the load to an energy amount counter associated with the SIM identifier. The amount of energy exchanged between the electrical power network and the load via the energy connection in a time interval is below a specified measurement resolution of the energy amount counter.

  • FORCED AIR HEATER INCLUDING ON-BOARD SOURCE OF ELECTRIC ENERGY

    A forced-air heater having a self-contained on-board electric-power supply, a fuel tank, a support, a housing, a combustion chamber, and a motorized fan. The self-contained on-board electric-power supply may have a generator, a photovoltaic component, or some combination thereof. The fuel tank may be adapted to store a first fuel. The combustion chamber may be adapted to generate heat by combusting the first fuel with air. The motorized fan may be adapted to draw in ambient air through an air intake and force the air into the combustion chamber.

  • Method and apparatus for cleaning pools with reduced energy consumption

    Methods and apparatus are disclosed for substantially improving the energy efficiency of swimming pools having in-floor cleaning systems. Comprehensive data is provided demonstrating the improvement in cleaning capacity realized in a typical prior art pool before and after conversion to the present invention. Methods are disclosed for the reallocation of all or a substantial part of the increase in cleaning capacity toward a proportionate reduction in energy consumption by reducing the run time or operating speed of the pool pump motor while maintaining the same or a higher level of cleaning capacity achieved by the prior art.

  • Methods of pulsed nuclear energy generation using piston-based systems

    The invention describes a method of nuclear energy transformation into electric and/or mechanical energy by triggering criticality in a working cylinder by an approach of a piston with a neutron reflector layer to fissile heat elements. Optionally, liquid moderator should fill the heating element to provide for an additional condition of such triggering. The pulse reaction initiates a heat cycle by expanding working fluid, extracting mechanical work and compressing the working fluid using lower amount of energy. The energy released in reaction can drive a column of water as a liquid piston propelling a highly efficient hydraulic turbine and producing a simple economical method of energy conversion. The piston movements can also be converted in laser and electromagnetic pulses. Self-regulation of nuclear reaction by a reflector piston linked to a resilient spring can be used in marine propulsion. In one method, the approach of the reflector piston triggers a reaction that evaporates water in the pressure chamber and produces a reactive thrust in a noozle. A fraction of the steam is diverted to produce steam bubble envelope on the surface of the vessel to minimize drag. Another fraction of the diverted steam drives a pump, pumping sea water into the heating elements. Other practical and novel applications of the method are disclosed.

  • HIGH ENERGY LITHIUM ION BATTERIES WITH PARTICULAR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE COMPOSITIONS

    Combinations of materials are described in which high energy density active materials for negative electrodes of lithium ion batteries. In general, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions can provide the high energy density. These materials can have moderate volume changes upon cycling in a lithium ion battery. The volume changes can be accommodated with less degradation upon cycling through the combination with highly porous electrically conductive materials, such as highly porous carbon and/or foamed current collectors. Whether or not combined with a highly porous electrically conductive material, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions with an average particle size of no more than a micron can be advantageously used in the negative electrodes to improve cycling properties.

  • HIGH ENERGY LITHIUM ION BATTERIES WITH PARTICULAR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE COMPOSITIONS

    Combinations of materials are described in which high energy density active materials for negative electrodes of lithium ion batteries. In general, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions can provide the high energy density. These materials can have moderate volume changes upon cycling in a lithium ion battery. The volume changes can be accommodated with less degradation upon cycling through the combination with highly porous electrically conductive materials, such as highly porous carbon and/or foamed current collectors. Whether or not combined with a highly porous electrically conductive material, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions with an average particle size of no more than a micron can be advantageously used in the negative electrodes to improve cycling properties.

  • HIGH ENERGY LITHIUM ION BATTERIES WITH PARTICULAR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE COMPOSITIONS

    Combinations of materials are described in which high energy density active materials for negative electrodes of lithium ion batteries. In general, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions can provide the high energy density. These materials can have moderate volume changes upon cycling in a lithium ion battery. The volume changes can be accommodated with less degradation upon cycling through the combination with highly porous electrically conductive materials, such as highly porous carbon and/or foamed current collectors. Whether or not combined with a highly porous electrically conductive material, metal alloy/intermetallic compositions with an average particle size of no more than a micron can be advantageously used in the negative electrodes to improve cycling properties.

  • MECHANICAL ENERGY HARVESTER

    Embodiments of an apparatus for harvesting electrical power from fluid motion are described. The apparatus includes a magnetostrictive component having an internal pre-stressed magnetostrictive core. A magnetic property of the magnetostrictive core is configured to change with changes in stress within the magnetostrictive core along at least one direction within the magnetostrictive component. Also, forces at least partially due to fluid motion results in changes of stress within the magnetostrictive core and consequently change the magnetic property. The magnetostrictive component is further configured such that the change in the magnetic property will result in a change in the magnetic flux, which can be used to generate electrical power.

  • Greening the Network with the Power Consumption Statuses of Network Components

    In an embodiment, the disclosure includes an apparatus comprising a data store which comprises cost data associated with use of a path in a communications network. The data store also comprises power consumption data associated with the use of the path. The apparatus further comprises at least one processor configured to determine a score for the path based on the cost data and the power consumption data. The disclosure also includes an apparatus comprising a path computation element (PCE) configured to receive data from a plurality of network elements (NEs). The data comprises cost and power consumption data for establishing a path between a plurality of the NEs. The PCE is configured to determine a score for the path based on the cost and power consumption data.

  • Greening the Network with the Power Consumption Statuses of Network Components

    In an embodiment, the disclosure includes an apparatus comprising a data store which comprises cost data associated with use of a path in a communications network. The data store also comprises power consumption data associated with the use of the path. The apparatus further comprises at least one processor configured to determine a score for the path based on the cost data and the power consumption data. The disclosure also includes an apparatus comprising a path computation element (PCE) configured to receive data from a plurality of network elements (NEs). The data comprises cost and power consumption data for establishing a path between a plurality of the NEs. The PCE is configured to determine a score for the path based on the cost and power consumption data.

  • NON-INVASIVE LEAKAGE POWER DEVICE CHARACTERIZATION OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS USING DEVICE GROUPING AND COMPRESSIVE SENSING

    Techniques are generally described for non-invasive, post-silicon characterization of--leakage power for devices of an integrated circuit (IC). A system of sparse leakage power equations may be developed for the devices (e.g. gates) within the IC to be solved using compressive sensing (CS) techniques. Input Vectors (IV) may be applied at input terminal of the IC, and power of the IC may be measured. The measurements may be used in conjunction with the set of sparse equations to determine leakage power values for individual devices, not directly accessible. Pre-processing and post-processing techniques may be employed to make the system of equations more sparse and further improve the efficiency of applying CS techniques to solve the equations. Example processing may include variable splitting, device grouping, IV and equation selection, measurement under elevated IC temperature, and bootstrapping. Other aspects may be disclosed and claimed.

  • DEVICES AND METHODS FOR DECENTRALIZED POWER FACTOR CONTROL

    Devices and methods for the decentralized, coordinated control of the power factor on an electrical distribution system are provided. For example, a controller may include a network interface and data processing circuitry. The network interface may receive first measurements associated with a segment of an electrical distribution system and transmit a control signal configured to control equipment of the segment of the electrical distribution system. The data processing circuitry may run simulations of the segment of the electrical distribution system in various equipment configurations, selecting from among the various equipment configurations an equipment configuration that is expected to cause the power factor to approach a desired value. The data processing circuitry then may generate the control signal, which may cause the equipment of the segment of the electrical distribution system to conform to the equipment configuration and thereby control the power factor.

  • SILENT POWER-SAVE MODE FOR A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

    In at least some embodiments, a wireless communication device includes a transceiver having control logic with a traffic learning mode and a silent power-save mode. During the traffic learning mode, the control logic is configured to determine a minimum periodicity value and a maximum periodicity value for all traffic flows served by the transceiver. During the silent power-save mode, the control logic is configured to toggle between a dozing period set to the minimum periodicity value and an active period set to a difference between the maximum periodicity value and the minimum periodicity value.

  • SILENT POWER-SAVE MODE FOR A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

    In at least some embodiments, a wireless communication device includes a transceiver having control logic with a traffic learning mode and a silent power-save mode. During the traffic learning mode, the control logic is configured to determine a minimum periodicity value and a maximum periodicity value for all traffic flows served by the transceiver. During the silent power-save mode, the control logic is configured to toggle between a dozing period set to the minimum periodicity value and an active period set to a difference between the maximum periodicity value and the minimum periodicity value.

  • MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING FOR POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

    An exemplary power conversion system comprises an MPPT unit, a DC bus, a power converter, and a converter controller. The MPPT unit receives a feedback current signal and a feedback voltage signal from a power source and generates an MPPT reference signal based at least in part on the feedback current and voltage signals. The DC bus receives DC power from the power source. The power converter converts the DC power on the DC bus to AC power. The converter controller receives the MPPT reference signal from the MPPT unit and an output power feedback signal measured at an output of the power converter; generates control signals for AC power regulation and maximum power extraction based at least in part on the MPPT reference signal and the output power feedback signal; and sends the control signals to the power converter.

  • MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING FOR POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

    An exemplary power conversion system comprises an MPPT unit, a DC bus, a power converter, and a converter controller. The MPPT unit receives a feedback current signal and a feedback voltage signal from a power source and generates an MPPT reference signal based at least in part on the feedback current and voltage signals. The DC bus receives DC power from the power source. The power converter converts the DC power on the DC bus to AC power. The converter controller receives the MPPT reference signal from the MPPT unit and an output power feedback signal measured at an output of the power converter; generates control signals for AC power regulation and maximum power extraction based at least in part on the MPPT reference signal and the output power feedback signal; and sends the control signals to the power converter.

  • POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM WITH TRANSIENT EVENT RIDE-THROUGH CAPABILITY AND METHOD THEREOF

    An exemplary power conversion system is disclosed including a DC bus for receiving DC power; a line side converter electrically coupled to the DC bus for converting the DC power to AC power; and a voltage source controller to provide control signals to enable the line side converter to regulate the AC power. The voltage source controller comprises a signal generator to generate the control signals based at least in part on a power command signal and a power feedback signal. The voltage source controller further comprises a current limiter to, during a transient event, limit the control signals based at least in part on an electrical current threshold. The voltage source controller further comprises a voltage limiter to, during the transient event, limit the control signals based at least in part on a DC bus voltage feedback signal and a DC boundary voltage threshold.

  • ELECTRICAL QUANTITY ADJUSTING APPARATUS, ELECTRICAL QUANTITY ADJUSTING METHOD, ELECTRICAL QUANTITY ADJUSTING PROGRAM ANDPOWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

    According to one embodiment, an electrical quantity adjusting apparatus connected to an electrical facility includes a memory unit that stores a target level which is a target electrical quantity, a presenting level deciding unit that decides a presenting level to an exterior, the presenting level being an electrical quantity relating to the electrical facility and corresponding to at least a part at the target level, a presenting level output unit that outputs the presenting level decided by the presenting level deciding unit to the exterior via a communication network, a presenting level receiving unit that receives a presenting level from the exterior via the communication network, and an adjusting unit that adjusts the electrical quantity relating to the electrical facility based on the target level, the presenting level decided by the presenting level deciding unit, and the presenting level received by the presenting level receiving unit.

  • Low Power Apparatus and Method to Measure Complex Electrical Admittance or Impedance

    An apparatus for measuring complex electrical admittance and/or complex electrical impedance in animal or human patients includes a first electrode and at least a second electrode which are adapted to be disposed in the patient. The apparatus includes a housing adapted to be disposed in the patient. The housing has disposed in it a stimulator in electrical communication with at least the first electrode to stimulate the first electrode with either current or voltage, a sensor in electrical communication with at least the second electrode to sense a response from the second electrode based on the stimulation of the first electrode, and a signal processor in electrical communication with the sensor to determine the complex electrical admittance or impedance of the patient.

  • POWER CONTROL IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

    In a wireless communications system, a serving base station performs outer and closed power control for an overhead channel and a traffic channel for data, either of which can carry an acknowledgement (Ack) channel and Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) channel on an uplink from User Equipment (UE). In an exemplary aspect, data packet communication is implemented in 3GPP LTE Rel. 8 wherein the uplink has a Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiplex (SC-FDM) uplink waveform. The UE performs open loop power control by a determining transmit power spectral density value by using received energy per symbol for a reference signal.

  • Electronic Apparatus that Controls Switching to Energy-Saving Mode

    Provided is an electronic apparatus including: a network interface configured to receive data via a network; a communication processing unit configured to notify of a network communication type and a network communication amount of the received data; and an operation mode control unit configured to switch an operation mode from a normal mode to an energy-saving mode when a network communication does not occur in the network interface before a waiting time based on the network communication amount for each network communication type notified of from the communication processing unit has elapsed.

  • CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT COMMUNITIES

    An analytic system includes a communication interface that connects to a client device. A front-end cluster acquires user billing and consumption data from one or more utility database machines and acquires geographic information system data. A geocoding server converts selected data rendered by the front-end cluster into geographic coordinates. The front-end cluster is configured to render comparisons of a user's utility usage to peer group usages.

  • METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION INCLUDING OPTIMIZING C-STATE SELECTION UNDER VARIABLE WAKEUP RATES

    A processor may include power management techniques to, dynamically, chose an optimal C-state for the processing core. The measurement of real workloads on the OSes exhibit two important observations (1) the bursts of high interrupt rate are interspersed between the low interrupt rate periods and long periods of high activity levels; and (2) the interrupt rate may, suddenly, fall below an interrupt rate (of 1 milli-second, for example) that is typical of the current operating systems (OS). Instead of determining the C-state based on the stale data stored in the counters, the power control logic may determine an optimal C-state by overriding the C-state determined by the OS or any other power monitoring logic. The power control logic may, dynamically, determine an optimal C-state based on the CPU idle residency times and variable rate wakeup events to match the expected wakeup event rate.

  • ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE CONTROL

    In a method of controlling energy consumption from an electrical power distribution system by energy storage devices, a first electrical load range for a first period in the future is communicated to the electrical power distribution system using a controller comprising a processor. A plurality of commands from the electrical power distribution system are received during the first period using the controller. A rate of electrical energy consumption by the group of energy storage devices is adjusted during the first period to a value within the first electrical load range responsive to each of the commands using the controller. A portion of the energy consumed by the group of energy storage devices is then stored in energy storage mediums of the devices during the first period.

  • ENERGY AND INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BUILDINGS AND CAMPUSES

    An elective and private incrementally deployed, incrementally modifiable, relatively inexpensive building control system that provides for a range of energy and environmental capabilities including room and building environment sensing (one or more of temperature, humidity, air quality, etc.), statistical processing software, modeling software, analysis software, information visualization software, decision support software, data logging, storage and recall, control, optimal control, and interfacing with existing building systems (HVAC, solar, valves, power systems, etc. The invention can be configured to include incremental or trial deployment of equipment and software; exploratory or special-purpose information gathering; analysis, modeling, or simulation of current, past, or ongoing energy usage, loss, or waste as well as air temperature and air quality distributions, impacts of changes to a building, facilities, policies, or operations; and design of optimal control for building operation.

  • LOW POWER SCAN & DELAY TEST METHOD AND APPARATUS

    Scan and Scan-BIST architectures are commonly used to test digital circuitry in integrated circuits. The present disclosure improves upon low power Scan and Scan-BIST methods. The improvement allows the low power Scan and Scan-BIST architectures to achieve a delay test capability equally as effective as the delay test capabilities used in conventional scan and Scan-BIST architectures.

  • POWER SUPPLY GATING ARRANGEMENT FOR PROCESSING CORES

    A power gate is coupled to a power supply circuit to selectively provide power to a processing core. A switch has a local state and a remote state to alternately route (i) a local sense point on a supply side of the power gate and (ii) and a remote sense point on a load side of the power gate, to a load voltage feedback input of the power supply circuit. Timing logic and driver circuitry control the power gate and the switch in response to a processing core enable signal. Other embodiments are also described.

  • POWER SUPPLY GATING ARRANGEMENT FOR PROCESSING CORES

    A power gate is coupled to a power supply circuit to selectively provide power to a processing core. A switch has a local state and a remote state to alternately route (i) a local sense point on a supply side of the power gate and (ii) and a remote sense point on a load side of the power gate, to a load voltage feedback input of the power supply circuit. Timing logic and driver circuitry control the power gate and the switch in response to a processing core enable signal. Other embodiments are also described.

  • System and Method for High-Performance, Low-Power Data Center Interconnect Fabric

    A system and method are provided that support a routing using a tree-like or graph topology that supports multiple links per node, where each link is designated as an Up, Down, or Lateral link, or both, within the topology. The system may use a segmented MAC architecture which may have a method of re-purposing MAC IP addresses for inside MACs and outside MACs, and leveraging what would normally be the physical signaling for the MAC to feed into the switch.

  • Method and Apparatus for Power Management Control of an Embedded Memory Having Sleep and Shutdown Features

    A power management controller controls a power mode associated with a memory device and includes a logic element operative to provide a power mode control signal. The logic element is responsive to first and second control signals, the second control signal being a delayed version of the first control signal. The first control signal is provided by a processing device, and the power mode control signal transitions (i) inactive before a chip select signal transitions active and/or (ii) active after the chip select signal transitions inactive. The chip select signal controls the memory device, and the power mode control signal controls the power mode associated with the memory device. A corresponding method, computer-readable medium, and electronic system are also disclosed. A method that selects a power control mode associated with the power management controller, which controls a power mode associated with the memory device, is also disclosed.

  • MULTI-CORE PROCESSOR SYSTEM, POWER CONTROL METHOD, AND COMPUTER PRODUCT

    A multi-core processor system includes a core configured to detect among multiple cores, a state of migration of first software from a first core to the core whose specific processing capacity value is lower than that of the first core; and set the processing capacity value of the first core at a time of the detection to be a processing capacity value that is lower than that before the migration when detecting the state of migration.

  • MULTI-CORE PROCESSOR SYSTEM, POWER CONTROL METHOD, AND COMPUTER PRODUCT

    A multi-core processor system includes a core configured to detect among multiple cores, a state of migration of first software from a first core to the core whose specific processing capacity value is lower than that of the first core; and set the processing capacity value of the first core at a time of the detection to be a processing capacity value that is lower than that before the migration when detecting the state of migration.

  • APPARATUS FOR EXTRACTING ENERGY FROM A FLUID FLOW

    An apparatus for extracting energy from a fluid flow including a secondary fluid channel, a fluid driveable generator unit and a primary fluid channel. The primary fluid channel comprises a fluid intake in fluid communication with a throat. The throat is configured to increase the flow velocity and reduce the pressure of the primary fluid flowing through the primary fluid channel and includes at least one plenum in the interior of the throat configured to further reduce the pressure of the primary fluid flowing through the primary fluid channel. The plenum includes at least one perforation through its exterior surface in fluid communication with the secondary fluid channel. As such, the flow of primary fluid through the primary fluid channel draws the secondary fluid into the primary fluid channel through the secondary fluid channel and the perforation and thereby into driving engagement with the generator.

  • LATERAL IMPACT ENERGY TRANSFER RAIL

    A lateral impact energy transfer rail for an automotive vehicle and a body structure incorporating the same. The transfer rail includes a cross member having a gusset mounted at each end. The gussets opposing end of each gusset is attached to a roof side rail of the vehicle. The gussets are secured to the cross member by a fastener and an additional connection. The additional connection is laterally offset from the fastener.

  • THREE-DIMENSIONAL MICROFLUIDIC MICRO-DROPLET ARRAYS FOR ELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND COMPONENT COOLING, ENERGY-HARVESTING, CHEMICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL MICROREACTORS, MINIATURE BIOREACTORS, AND OTHER APPLICATIONS

    A microfluidic transport system for transporting microdroplets in three spatial dimensions. In an example arrangement, a first planar arrangement for transporting microdroplets in two spatial dimensions responsive to electric fields created by electrical operation of electrodes is fluidically connected by one or more conduits to other planar arrangement for transporting microdroplets in two spatial dimensions responsive to electric fields created by electrical operation of electrodes. Microdroplets can be transported through the one or more conduits so as to be moved among the first and second planar arrangements. The system can be used for heat transfer, fluidic transfer, and other uses, and can be implemented within a printed circuit board, integrated circuit housing, or using materials such as metal, glass, polymer, plastic, layered materials, fibrous materials, etc. Example applications include integrated circuit cooling, energy harvesting, microfluidic systems, chemical reactors, biochemical reactors, chemical analysis arrangements, biochemical analysis arrangements, and other apparatus.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING MAGNETIC LEVITATION IN AN ENERGY STORAGE FLYWHEEL

    A system for performing magnetic levitation of an energy storage flywheel, including an upper levitator pole which includes a permanent magnet and an electromagnet, a lower levitator pole fixed to the energy storage flywheel and being formed of a material capable of being attracted to or repelled from the upper levitator pole when a magnetic flux is applied to the magnetic flux path of the permanent magnet of the upper levitator pole, an electromagnetic driver which applies an electric current through the electromagnet of the upper levitator pole, and a controller which controls the electromagnetic driver so as to control the electric current applied through the electromagnet, causing the lower levitator pole to be controllably attracted to or repelled from the upper levitator pole.

  • Support System for Solar Energy Generator Panels

    A support system for a solar panel comprises a plurality of legs configured to receive multiple solar panels. The legs each comprise a base, a plurality of shafts, and a support precipice. The support precipice is divided into two sides by a t-bar. The first side comprises a guiding wing to effectuate modular assembly of the support system. The second side comprises a beveled edge to effectuate secure coupling of a solar panel. The system is able to be assembled and disassembled without the use of tools or implements. The system is also movable.

  • METHOD FOR CONTROLLING RF ENERGY APPLIED TO MOLDS

    Each platform mounted mold assembly for plastic tubing includes a circuit board containing parameters defining elements of the forming, molding, tipping or welding operation to be undertaken on the tubing. A control unit includes an RF generator for providing the RF energy to effect the forming, molding, tipping or welding process, a source of air under pressure to operate the mechanical elements attendant each mold assembly, various sensors and a multiplex unit. In operation, the control unit serially addresses each of the mold assemblies, senses the parameters attendant the mold and applies the appropriate power level of RF energy for a specific duration and temperature while activating the mechanical aspects of the mold assembly. The mold assemblies may be serially activated through a multiplex unit or in a particular sequence that may be operator controlled.

  • Passive Safety Device and Internal Short Tested Method for Energy Storage Cells and Systems

    A passive safety device for an energy storage cell for positioning between two electrically conductive layers of the energy storage cell The safety device also comprising a separator and a non-conductive layer. A first electrically conductive material is provided on the non-conductive layer. A first opening is formed through the separator between the first electrically conductive material and one of the electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device. A second electrically conductive material is provided adjacent the first electrically conductive material on the non-conductive layer, wherein a space is formed on the non-conductive layer between the first and second electrically conductive materials. A second opening is formed through the non-conductive layer between the second electrically conductive material and another of the electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device. The first and second electrically conductive materials combine and exit at least partially through the first and second openings to connect the two electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device at a predetermined temperature.

  • Systems for Real-Time Available Transfer Capability Determination of Large Scale Power Systems

    A system for accurately determining real-time Available Transfer Capability and the required ancillary service of large-scale interconnected power systems in an open-access transmission environment, subject to static and dynamic security constraints of a list of credible contingencies, including line thermal limits, bus voltage limits, voltage stability (steady-state stability) constraints, and transient stability constraints.

  • POWER TRANSMISSION FAULT ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

    Systems configured to analyze and/or respond to faults detected during the operation of a power transmission system are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system includes: at least one computing device adapted to monitor operation of a power transmission system by performing actions comprising: processing operational data from a set of line phases in the power transmission system to detect a faulted line phase; opening a circuit breaker for the faulted line phase in response to detecting the fault; determining whether the fault is transient or permanent; and determining if an arc associated with the fault has been extinguished.

  • Transmission of Segmented Frames in Power Line Communication

    Segmented frames of data may be transmitted from a transmitting device using conflict free slots (CFS) within a carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) protocol on a noisy media. At a receiver, a segmented frame of data is received. The data is represented by a plurality of tones. If requested by the transmitter, a tone map response command is prepared that specifies a set of optimized tone map parameters by analyzing the received frame of data. Any previously determined tone map response commands to the transmitting device are deleted. A sequence of frame segments may be received in conflict free slots, but only one tone map response is transmitted to the transmitting device after receiving the entire sequence of frame segments.

  • WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE POWER REDUCTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

    A wireless communications power saving method and apparatus is provided. The method includes, when no reverse link traffic exists and no forward link traffic has been received for a predetermined amount of time, establishing, at a terminal, a reverse link transmission pilot signal duty cycle, and boosting overhead channel signal transmission power during ON slots and gating overhead channel and pilot signal transmission power during OFF slots. The design further includes estimating, at the terminal, an available data transmission rate, determining an actual data transmission rate, setting a terminal transmission duty cycle for a next period based on the estimated available data transmission rate, the actual data transmission rate, and a margin of error, and transmitting data from the terminal according to the terminal transmission duty cycle.

  • METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING AN IPV6 OVER LOW POWER WIRELESS PERSONAL AREA NETWORK DATA PACKET

    In one embodiment, a first node as a source node obtains personal area network identifiers of the first node and a second node respectively; and then fills the personal area network identifiers of the first node and the second node and 6LoWPAN-message-type information in a 6LoWPAN data packet and sends them to the edge router. After receiving the 6LoWPAN data packet, the edge router judges 6LoWPAN-message-type information of the data packet. When the 6LoWPAN-message-type information indicates that the data packet is sent to another 6LoWPAN subnet, the 6LoWPAN data packet is encapsulated in an IP data packet and sent to a backbone network router. The backbone network router and the edge router of the subnet in which the destination node is located, respectively route the data packet according to the personal area network identifier of the destination address.

  • ENERGY EFFICIENT ROUTING AND SWITCHING

    This invention relates to a method and a node for energy efficient routing and switching in a communication network. When determining the best path from an originating node to a destination node, current routing or switching protocols use route selection metrics based on the bandwidth of the link interface. Certain paths are however consuming more power that others which can result in traffic flowing over a high power consuming and long distance path, because this is the best path based on the existing metrics. The present invention overcomes this by introducing a node and a method to switch data also using energy consumption metrics. These metrics can be based on the power consumption in link interfaces, the links and in the node.

  • METHOD FOR CONVERTING OF WARMTH ENVIRONMENT INTO MECHANICAL ENERGY AND ELECTRICITY

    The compressor of high pressure (15) and the steam engine (20) are the heart of the method (device) for converting of warmth environment into mechanical energy and electricity. The compressor (15) acts as a concentrator of the environing heat and is adapted to create two thermal sources: a) the heat-positive (hot) source (11) due to the heat of compressed of an air, and b) the heat-negative (cold) source (40) due to of expansion of the compressed air. The steam engine (20), which is connected mechanically with compressor (15), produces rotational energy by dint of the transfer of heat from the hot source (11) to the cold source (40) by a low-boiling working body. Herewith, the low-boiling working body makes phase transition from a liquid state in vaporous state and back again. Freons, ammonia, ethane, etc., are used as the low-boiling working body. During of producing rotational energy, the device can also produce electricity, heat, cold, distilled water, and stores the energy in the form of a compressed air. This method will contribute to reducing the needs for hydrocarbon fuels.

  • NANOPOROUS ENERGY CHIPS AND RELATED DEVICES AND METHODS

    High surface area energy chips that can be used to make high surface area electrodes and methods for making high surface area energy chips are described. The energy chips comprise a monolithic conductive material comprising an open network of pores having an average pore diameter between about 0.3 nm and 30 nm. The conductive material forms a thin chip having a thickness of about 300 microns or less, and the thickness across different portions of the chip varies by less than 10% of the thickness. The high surface area energy chips may be used as electrodes in a variety of energy storage devices and systems such as capacitors, electric double layer capacitors, batteries, and fuel cells.

  • WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSFER CONVERTERS

    Described herein are improved configurations for a wireless power converter that includes at least one receiving magnetic resonator configured to capture electrical energy received wirelessly through a first oscillating magnetic field characterized by a first plurality of parameters, and at least one transferring magnetic resonator configured to generate a second oscillating magnetic field characterized by a second plurality of parameters different from the first plurality of parameters, wherein the electrical energy from the at least one receiving magnetic resonator is used to energize the at least one transferring magnetic resonator to generate the second oscillating magnetic field.

  • METHODS AND COMPONENTS FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    A method is provided for storing thermal energy or increasing the thermal energy of a heat pump using reversible chemical reactions in which inorganic oxoacid compounds and/or their salts are hydrolysed and condensed or polymerized in order to release and capture heat. The method allows thermal energy to be stored at ambient circumstances in a transportable medium and allows converting a continuous heat generation process into a discontinuous and even dislocated consumption.

  • Using Power Fingerprinting (PFP) to Monitor the Integrity and Enhance Security of Computer Based Systems

    Procedures are described for enhancing target system execution integrity determined by power fingerprinting (PFP): by integrating PFP into the detection phase of comprehensive defense-in-depth security; by deploying a network of PFP enabled nodes executing untrusted devices with predefined inputs forcing a specific state sequence and specific software execution; by embedding module identification information into synchronization signaling; by combining signals from different board elements; by using malware signatures to enhance PFP performance; by automatic characterization and signature extraction; by providing secure signature updates; by protecting against side-channel attacks; performing real-time integrity assessment in embedded platform by monitoring their dynamic power consumption and comparing it against signatures from trusted code, including pre-characterizing power consumption of the platform by concentrating on trace sections carrying the most information about the internal execution status; by using PFP from sequence of bit transitions to detect deviations from authorized execution of software in a digital processor.

  • Providing A Load/Store Communication Protocol With A Low Power Physical Unit

    In one embodiment, a converged protocol stack can be used to unify communications from a first communication protocol to a second communication protocol to provide for data transfer across a physical interconnect. This stack can be incorporated in an apparatus that includes a protocol stack for a first communication protocol including transaction and link layers, and a physical (PHY) unit coupled to the protocol stack to provide communication between the apparatus and a device coupled to the apparatus via a physical link. This PHY unit may include a physical unit circuit according to the second communication protocol. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

  • POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS AND MODULAR POWER CONNECTING METHOD THEREOF

    A power supply apparatus includes a first electronic device, a second electronic device, and plural power modules. The first electronic device includes a first compartment. The first compartment has a first width. The second electronic device includes a second compartment. The second compartment has a second width. Each of the power modules has a third width. The third width is determined according to the first width and the second width, so that a specified number of power modules are selectively accommodated within the first compartment or the second compartment.

  • THERMOSTAT WITH POWER STEALING DELAY INTERVAL AT TRANSITIONS BETWEEN POWER STEALING STATES

    A thermostat includes a plurality of HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) wire connectors including a connection to at least one call relay wire. The thermostat may also include a powering circuit, including a rechargeable battery, which is configured to provide electrical power to the thermostat by power stealing from a selected call relay wire. The power stealing may comprise an active power stealing mode, in which power is taken from the same selected call relay wire that is used to call for an HVAC function, and an inactive power stealing mode in which, in which no active call is being made. The powering circuit may be configured to substantially suspend (or at least reduce the level of) power stealing for at least a first time period following each transition of the thermostat from between operating states.

  • MULTI-HEAT SOURCE POWER PLANT

    An apparatus for increasing the efficiency of a multi-heat source power plant includes a thermal collector having access to heat from a solar collector as a heat source for heating a fluid to a first temperature; a second heat source for heating the fluid; a heat exchanger that transfers heat to the fluid which is heated to said first temperature, to raise the temperature of the fluid to a higher temperature; and a power generation cycle using the fluid, heated to the first temperature, as a motive fluid.

  • UTILITY SCALE ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

    A potential energy storage system incorporating multiple track mounted shuttle units having motor/generator drive bogies and structure with an integral transfer mechanism for removably carrying energy storage masses from a first lower elevation storage yard to a second higher elevation storage yard employing excess energy from the electrical grid driving the motors, removing the masses in the second storage yard for energy storage, retrieving the masses and returning the masses from the second storage yard to the first storage yard recovering electrical energy through the generators.

  • CLUSTERING OF CYCLOIDAL WAVE ENERGY CONVERTERS

    A wave energy conversion system uses a pair of wave energy converters (WECs) on respective active mountings on a floating platform, so that the separation of the WECs from each other or from a central WEC can be actively adjusted according to the wavelength of incident waves. The adjustable separation facilitates operation of the system to cancel reactive forces, which may be generated during wave energy conversion. Modules on which such pairs of WECs are mounted can be assembled with one or more central WECs to form large clusters in which reactive forces and torques can be made to cancel. WECs of different sizes can be employed to facilitate cancelation of reactive forces and torques.

  • ENERGY STORAGE MODELING AND CONTROL

    Systems and methods for optimal planning and real-time control of energy storage systems for multiple simultaneous applications are provided. Energy storage applications can be analyzed for relevant metrics such as profitability and impact on the functionality of the electric grid, subject to system-wide and energy storage hardware constraints. The optimal amount of storage capacity and the optimal operating strategy can then be derived for each application and be prioritized according to a dispatch stack, which can be statically or dynamically updated according to data forecasts. Embodiments can consist of both planning tools and real-time control algorithms.

  • PORTABLE ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEMS

    Portable energy generation systems are disclosed. More particularly, a high-output mobile electrical generator system comprising a radial engine power source providing a highly compact physical format.

  • HYDRAULIC TURBINE AND HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT

    The present disclosure relates to a turbine for hydraulic power generation comprising two bladed wheels (11, 12, 31, 32) successively arranged in a turbine tube section (10, 21) as a fore wheel (11, 31) and an after wheel (12, 32) with respect to the water flow direction (23) along a common rotation axis (30) extending in the water flow direction (23), the wheels (11, 12, 31, 32) being configured to rotate in opposite directions driven by the water flow, and to a corresponding hydroelectric power plant. In order to improve the turbine characteristics for hydraulic power generation, in particular in view of low head power generation, the invention suggests that a first gear (46) and a second gear (47) are arranged along the rotation axis (30), each connected to a wheel (11, 12, 31, 32) and mutually connected via an engagement gearing (48) such that the fore wheel (11, 31) and the after wheel (12, 32) are coupled to each other with respect to their rotation speed, the engagement gearing (48) being connectable to a power generator.

  • HYDRAULIC TURBINE AND HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT

    The present disclosure relates to a turbine for hydraulic power generation comprising two bladed wheels (11, 12, 31, 32) successively arranged in a turbine tube section (10, 21) as a fore wheel (11, 31) and an after wheel (12, 32) with respect to the water flow direction (23) along a common rotation axis (30) extending in the water flow direction (23), the wheels (11, 12, 31, 32) being configured to rotate in opposite directions driven by the water flow, and to a corresponding hydroelectric power plant. In order to improve the turbine characteristics for hydraulic power generation, in particular in view of low head power generation, the invention suggests that a first gear (46) and a second gear (47) are arranged along the rotation axis (30), each connected to a wheel (11, 12, 31, 32) and mutually connected via an engagement gearing (48) such that the fore wheel (11, 31) and the after wheel (12, 32) are coupled to each other with respect to their rotation speed, the engagement gearing (48) being connectable to a power generator.

  • REDUCER OF ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS

    A reducer of an electric power steering apparatus is disclosed. It reduces rattle noise generated by a backlash due to friction and wear of a worm and a worm wheel or an impact transmitted from a road surface through a wheel and a steering shaft and enhances a steering feeling of a driver by improving the catching phenomenon and rotational resistance generated between a worm shaft and a worm shaft bearing.

  • System, method, and apparatus for electric power grid and network management of grid elements

    Systems, methods, and apparatus embodiments for electric power grid and network registration and management of active grid elements. Grid elements are transformed into active grid elements following initial registration of each grid element with the system, preferably through network-based communication between the grid elements and a coordinator, either in coordination with or outside of an IP-based communications network router. A multiplicity of active grid elements function in the grid for supply capacity, supply and/or load curtailment as supply or capacity. Also preferably, messaging is managed through a network by a Coordinator using IP messaging for communication with the grid elements, with the energy management system (EMS), and with the utilities, market participants, and/or grid operators.