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Inventi Impact - Acoustics

Patent Watch

  • Apparatus and Method for Generating a Synthesis Audio Signal and for Encoding an Audio Signal

    An apparatus for generating a synthesis audio signal using a patching control signal has a first converter, a spectral domain patch generator, a high frequency reconstruction manipulator and a combiner. The first converter is configured for converting a time portion of an audio signal into a spectral representation. The spectral domain patch generator is configured for performing a plurality of different spectral domain patching algorithms, wherein each patching algorithm generates a modified spectral representation having spectral components in an upper frequency band derived from corresponding spectral components in a core frequency band of the audio signal. The spectral domain patch generator is furthermore configured to select a first spectral domain patching algorithm from the plurality of patching algorithms for a first time portion and a second spectral domain patching algorithm from the plurality of patching algorithm for a second different time portion in accordance with the patching control signal to obtain the modified spectral representation.

  • System for Suppressing Rain Noise

    A voice enhancement logic improves the perceptual quality of a processed signal. The voice enhancement system includes a noise detector and a noise attenuator. The noise detector detects and models the noise associated with rain. The noise attenuator dampens or reduces the rain noise from a signal to improve the intelligibility of an unvoiced, a fully voiced, or a mixed voice segment.

  • Method and Apparatus for Audio Source Separation

    The present invention relates to co-channel audio source separation. In one embodiment a first frequency-related representation of plural regions of the acoustic signal is prepared over time, and a two-dimensional transform of plural two-dimensional localized regions of the first frequency-related representation, each less than an entire frequency range of the first frequency related representation, is obtained to provide a two-dimensional compressed frequency-related representation with respect to each two dimensional localized region. For each of the plural regions, at least one pitch is identified. The pitch from the plural regions is processed to provide multiple pitch estimates over time. In another embodiment, a mixed acoustic signal is processed by localizing multiple time-frequency regions of a spectrogram of the mixed acoustic signal to obtain one or more acoustic properties. A separate pitch estimate of each of the multiple acoustic signals at a time point are provided by combining the one or more acoustic properties. At least one of the multiple acoustic signals is recovered using the separate pitch estimates.

  • Method, System and Software Product for Color Image Encoding

    The present invention relates to the compression of color image data. A combination of hard decision pixel mapping and soft decision pixel mapping is used to jointly address both quantization distortion and compression rate while maintaining low computational complexity and compatibility with standard decoders, such as, for example, the GIF/PNG decoder.

  • METHOD FOR LOCATING ITEMS

    A convenient handheld locator is provided for locating an item in an urban environment in which the locator is programmed to search for and locate specific items, with the detected item being displayed on the locator as to its identity or name, also displaying where the item is relative to the locator, as to position and range.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR WITH AN OPEN CIRCUIT GRATING FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENTS

    Surface acoustic wave resonators for use in high temperature applications including a piezoelectric substrate, at least one interdigital transducer supported by the piezoelectric substrate, and a grating reflector supported by the piezoelectric substrate, the grating reflector being fabricated of a heavy metal and comprising a plurality of electrodes, at least one electrode of the plurality of electrodes being electrically isolated from at least one other electrode. Methods of making surface acoustic wave resonators are also included.

  • Ultrasound and Acoustophoresis Technology for Separation of Oil and Water, with Application to Produce Water

    Several prototype systems are described for separating oil and water from emulsions. The systems operate at ultrasonic resonance and are thus low power. Each system contains one or more acoustic transducers operating in the 100 kHz to 5 MHz range. Each system contains flow input for the emulsion and two or more flow outputs for the separated oil and water. Existing prototypes operate from 200 mL/min to >15 L/min. Each uses low power in the range of 1-5 W.

  • Acoustic Structure

    An acoustic structure includes plate members defining a plurality of hollow regions in parallel relation to each other. Opening portions are formed in one surface (reflective surface) of the plate members in corresponding relation to the hollow regions and in such a manner as to communicate the hollow regions with an external surface. A plurality of sound absorbing members are provided in a dispersed fashion on regions of the one surface (reflective surface) other than the opening portions and neighborhoods of the opening portions. As a modification, a sound absorbing member may be loaded in one of the hollow regions and partly exposed to the outer space through the corresponding opening portion.

  • APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING PROTECTIVE GEAR EMPLOYING SHOCK PENETRATION RESISTANT MATERIAL

    A method for providing a shock penetration resistant apparatus may include providing an item of protective gear to be positioned proximate to an object to be protected, and disposing a shock penetration resistant material proximate to the item of protective gear to attenuate or redirect shock pulses away from the object to be protected. An apparatus is also provided that may include an item of protective gear and a shock penetration resistant material. The item of protective gear may be configured to be positioned proximate to an object to be protected. The shock penetration resistant material may be disposed proximate to the item of protective gear to attenuate or redirect shock pulses away from the object to be protected.

  • SPEECH-BASED SPEAKER RECOGNITION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

    The illustrative embodiments described herein provide systems and methods for authenticating a speaker. In one embodiment, a method includes receiving reference speech input including a reference passphrase to form a reference recording, and receiving test speech input including a test passphrase to form a test recording. The method includes determining whether the test passphrase matches the reference passphrase, and determining whether one or more voice features of the speaker of the test passphrase matches one or more voice features of the speaker of the reference passphrase. The method authenticates the speaker of the test speech input in response to determining that the reference passphrase matches the test passphrase and that one or more voice features of the speaker of the test passphrase matches one or more voice features of the speaker of the reference passphrase.

  • DEVICE FOR MONITORING AND MODIFYING EATING BEHAVIOR

    A device for monitoring eating behavior of a user is provided. The device includes at least one sensor mounted on a head of the user, the sensor being capable of detecting jaw muscle movement and sound while not occluding an ear canal of the user.

  • MODULAR INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

    A modular intelligent transportation system, comprising an environmentally protected enclosure, a system communications bus, a processor module, communicating with said bus, having a image data input and an audio input, the processor module analyzing the image data and/or audio input for data patterns represented therein, having at least one available option slot, a power supply, and a communication link for external communications, in which at least one available option slot can be occupied by a wireless local area network access point, having a communications path between said communications link and said wireless access point, or other modular components.

  • Cognitive Loudspeaker System

    A cognitive loudspeaker system including a control station that communicates wirelessly and bi-directionally with a plurality of sound production stations. The control station and the sound production stations are initially synchronized to a conductor clock. Configuration information is then transmitted from the sound production stations to the control station. In response, the control station generates playback executables, which are transmitted to the sound production stations. The control station also transmits digital audio information to the sound production stations. Within each sound production station, the previously received playback executable is used to control the decoding and processing of the received digital audio information. Each sound production station generates digital audio output samples, which are converted to analog output signals. These analog output signals are amplified and are used to drive loudspeakers.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TREATING SKIN TISSUE

    A device for treating a skin tissue is disclosed. The device comprises a device body having an anterior compartment and being formed with at least one suction port, and an ultrasound unit configured for generating an ultrasound wave into the anterior compartment. When an under pressure is formed in the suction port, the skin tissue is drawn by vacuum into the anterior compartment and irradiated by the ultrasound wave to form a focal spot optionally and preferably at a distance of from about 0.2 mm to about 4 mm below an external surface of the skin tissue.

  • OPTICAL-FIBER-COMPATIBLE ACOUSTIC SENSOR

    An acoustic sensor includes a diaphragm having a reflective element. The sensor has an optical fiber positioned relative to the reflective element such that light emitted from the optical fiber is reflected by the reflective element. A first end of the optical fiber and the reflective element form an optical cavity therebetween. The acoustic sensor further includes a structural element mechanically coupled to the diaphragm and the optical fiber. The structural element includes a material having a coefficient of thermal expansion substantially similar to the coefficient of thermal expansion of the optical fiber. For example, the material can be silica.

  • MICROPHONE COUPLER SYSTEM FOR A COMMUNICATION DEVICE

    The disclosure provides a microphone coupler system for a microphone mounted on a printed circuit board (PCB) for a communication device. The system comprises a boot assembly to enclose the microphone and to direct acoustic signals to the microphone within the communication device, the boot assembly having a coupling section shaped to hold the microphone with the aperture facing upward from the PCB and an elongated section extending from the coupling section. In the system, an acoustic channel for the microphone is formed in part by the boot assembly when the boot assembly is mounted over the microphone. The system may further comprise a platform having an aperture, the platform for mounting on the PCB over the microphone.

  • AUDIO SPATIALIZATION USING REFLECTIVE ROOM MODEL

    Described are systems and methods performed by computer to reduce crosstalk produced by loudspeakers when rendering binaural sound that is emitted from the loudspeakers into a room. The room may have sound-reflecting surfaces that reflect some of the sound produced by the loudspeakers. To reduce crosstalk, a room model stored by the computer, is accessed. The room model models at least sound reflected by one or more of the physical surfaces. The room model is used to calculate a model of an audio channel from the loudspeakers to a listener. The model of the audio channel models sound transmission from the loudspeakers to the listener. The computer uses the model of the audio channel to cancel crosstalk from the loudspeakers when rendering the binaural sound.

  • SOUNDPROOF PANEL AND SOUNDPROOF STRUCTURE

    A soundproof panel comprising a nonwoven structural member and a board member is prepared. The nonwoven structural member comprises a thermal adhesive fiber under moisture which is melt-bonded to a fiber of the structural member to fix the fibers. The soundproof panel may be a soundproof panel 1 comprising a nonwoven structural member 2 and a honeycomb member 3 stacked thereto. Moreover, the soundproof panel may be a soundproof panel comprising a board-like nonwoven structural member and first and second surface members stacked to first and second sides of the board-like nonwoven structural member, respectively. Further, the soundproof panel may be a soundproof panel having first and second surface members stacked through a square-pole rail member comprising a nonwoven structural member. The soundproof panel of the present invention has toughness for the lightweight design and has excellent sound absorption and sound insulation properties.

  • Seismic Data Acquisition Using Self-Propelled Underwater Vehicles

    The present disclosure generally relates to the use of a self-propelled underwater vehicle for seismic data acquisition. The self-propelled underwater vehicle is adapted to gather seismic data from the seafloor and transmit such data to a control vessel. The self-propelled underwater vehicle may be redeployed to several seafloor locations during a seismic survey. Methods for real-time modeling of a target zone and redeployment of the self-propelled underwater vehicle based on the modeling are also described.

  • QUANTITATIVE MULTI-SPECTRAL OPTO-ACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY (MSOT) OF TISSUE BIOMARKERS

    A method of multi-spectral opto-acoustic tomography (MSOT) imaging of a target tissue including a target tissue biomarker includes illuminating the target tissue with an illumination device emitting at least one pulsed illumination pattern at several illumination wavelengths, detecting pressure signals from the target tissue biomarker with a detector device, wherein the pressure signals being produced in the target tissue are in response to the illumination, and reconstructing a quantitative tomographic image of a distribution of the target tissue biomarker in the target tissue, wherein the pressure signals are analyzed using a photon propagation model which depends on an illuminating light fluence in the target tissue and on the illumination wavelengths, at least one spectral processing scheme, and an inversion scheme providing the tomographic image.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL ACOUSTIC FIELD ENCODING AND OPTIMAL RECONSTRUCTION

    A method and apparatus to encode audio with spatial information in a manner that does not depend on the exhibition setup, and to decode and play out optimally for any given exhibition setup, maximizing the sweet-spot area, and including setups with loudspeakers at different heights, and headphones. The part of the audio that requires very precise localization is encoded into a set of mono tracks with associated directional parameters, whereas the remaining audio is encoded into a set of Ambisonics tracks of a chosen order and mixture. Upon specification of a given exhibition system, the exhibition-independent format is decoded adapting to the specified system, by using different decoding methods for each assigned group.

  • Acoustic Monitoring of Oral Care Devices

    A device is disclosed for acoustically determining one or more characteristics of a powered oral care (POC) implement. The device comprises a transducer and a processor, wherein: the transducer receives sound generated by the POC implement and converts the sound into a signal representative of the sound; the transducer is in electrical communication with the processor and transmits the signal representative of the sound to the processor; and the processor determines one or more characteristics of the POC implement based on the signal representative of the sound.

  • Techniques for accommodating primary content (pure voice) audio and secondary content remaining audio capability in the digital audio production process

    The invention enables the inclusion of voice and remaining audio information at different parts of the audio production process. In particular, the invention embodies special techniques for VRA-capable digital mastering, accommodation of PCPV/PCA and/or SCRA signals in audio CODECs, VRA-capable encoders and decoders, and VRA in DVD and other digital audio file formats. The invention facilitates an end-listener's voice-to-remaining audio (VRA) adjustment upon the playback of digital audio media formats by focusing on new configurations of multiple parts of the entire digital audio system, thereby enabling a new technique intended to benefit audio end-users (end-listeners) who wish to control the ratio of the primary vocal/dialog content of an audio program relative to the remaining portion of the audio content in that program. The invention facilitates storage of VRA audio programs on optical storage media, authoring systems for VRA-capable DVDs, playback hardware integrated into VRA-capable optical disc apparatus, and VRA playback hardware for use with non-VRA capable optical disc playback apparatus.

  • Determination of a common fundamental frequency of harmonic signals

    Techniques are provided for determining the time course of the fundamental frequency of harmonic signals, wherein the input signal is split into different frequency channels by band pass filters. Distances between crossings of different orders are determined, and a histogram of all these distance values for each instant in time is calculated. The distance values build a peak at the distance corresponding to the fundamental frequency. An example application of this technique is separation of acoustic sound sources in monaural recordings based on their underlying fundamental frequency. Application of these techniques, however, is not limited to the field of acoustics. These techniques can also be applied to other signals such as those originating from pressure sensors.

  • Signal correction device

    A signal correction device including: an orthogonal transform section configured to perform an orthogonal transform for an input signal that includes a speech as a target signal and an unnecessary non-target signal; an interval determining section configured to determine whether each frame of the input signal is an interval in which the non-target signal is dominantly included; a suppressing gain calculating section configured to calculate suppressing gain for suppressing the non-target signal for each first frequency band width for a frame determined to be the interval, and to calculate suppressing gain for suppressing the non-target signal for each second frequency bandwidth for a frame determined not to be the interval; and a signal correcting section configured to perform a signal correcting process for suppressing the non-target signal for a transform coefficient acquired by the orthogonal transform section by using the suppressing gain.

  • Auditory prosthesis, a method and a system for generation of a calibrated sound field

    An auditory prosthesis (14, 14') is adapted for compensation of hearing loss and for sound pressure determination. During calibration of the sound field to be used during fine-tuning of the auditory prosthesis, the auditory prosthesis is positioned at an observation point in the sound field, and the sound pressure at the auditory prosthesis is adjusted based on determinations of sound pressures performed with the auditory prosthesis. Thus, the need for dedicated calibrated sound pressure determining equipment is eliminated. The invention provides an auditory prosthesis, a method and a system for calibration of a sound field.

  • Acoustic echo canceller

    An acoustic echo cancellation device (1) for canceling an echo in a microphone signal (z) in response to a far-end signal (x) comprises: an adaptive filter unit (10) arranged for filtering the far-end signal (x) so as to produce an echo cancellation signal (y), --a combination unit (12) arranged for combining the echo cancellation signal (y) with the microphone signal (z) so as to produce a residual signal (r), and a post-processor unit (13) arranged for substantially removing any remaining echoes from the residual signal. In accordance with the invention, the device further comprises: --a near-end pitch estimation unit (18) arranged for estimating the pitch of any near-end signal (s) contained in the microphone signal (z) and for controlling the post-processor unit (13) in dependence of the estimated pitch such that harmonics of the estimated pitch may be substantially preserved. The control unit may further be arranged for controlling the post-processor unit (13) in dependence of the estimated pitch of the residual signal in addition to the estimated pitch of the residual signal.

  • Autonomous sonar system and method

    An autonomous sonar system and method provide an arrangement capable of beamforming in three dimensions, detecting loud targets, adaptively beamforming in three dimensions to avoid the loud targets, detecting quiet targets, localizing the loud or quiet targets in range, bearing, and depth, detecting modulation of noise associated with propellers of the loud or quiet targets, generating three dimensional tracks of the loud or quiet targets in bearing, range and depth, making classification of the loud or quiet targets, assigning probabilities to the classifications, and generating classification reports according to the classifications for communication to a receiving station, all without human assistance.

  • Acoustic fluid height monitoring using dynamic surface perturbations

    A method of determining the volume or height of fluid in a reservoir is provided. A first burst of focused acoustic energy is used to raise temporarily a protuberance on a free surface of the fluid. A second burst of acoustic energy is directed to the free surface of the fluid. Echoes from the second burst of acoustic energy are detected. The detected echoes are employed to compute the height of the fluid.

  • Ultrasonic transducer

    An ultrasonic transducer comprises an elongate horn, a counterpiece, two piezoelectric drives and a screw. The counterpiece is fastened to the horn by means of the screw and thus clamps the piezoelectric drives, which are arranged on either side of a longitudinal axis of the ultrasonic transducer, between the horn and the counterpiece. The ultrasonic transducer is designed in such a way that the tip of a capillary which is clamped in the horn can oscillate in two different directions.

  • Voice Activity Detector (VAD) -Based Multiple-Microphone Acoustic Noise Suppression

    Acoustic noise suppression is provided in multiple-microphone systems using Voice Activity Detectors (VAD). A host system receives acoustic signals via multiple microphones. The system also receives information on the vibration of human tissue associated with human voicing activity via the VAD. In response, the system generates a transfer function representative of the received acoustic signals upon determining that voicing information is absent from the received acoustic signals during at least one specified period of time. The system removes noise from the received acoustic signals using the transfer function, thereby producing a denoisedacoustic data stream.

  • Methods and Devices for Transformation of Collected Data for Improved Visualization Capability

    Rock physics guided migration is disclosed to enhance subsurface three-dimensional geologic formation evaluation. In one embodiment, a geologic interpretation is generated based on a seismic data volume. Sets of compaction and acoustic formation factor curves are generated, and these are combined into a set of velocity-relationship curves. A pore pressure is derived and used to establish a pore pressure state. A rock physics template is then generated utilizing the derived information. This rock physics template can be used to refine geologic formation evaluation with any suitable form of migration technique.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TREATING A THERAPEUTIC SITE

    A targeting catheter is used to locate an arteriotomy, such as is formed during a femoral artery catheterization procedure. The targeting catheter includes one or more targeting aids, such as an inflatable balloon or sensor (e.g., Doppler or temperature sensor), to locate the arteriotomy. The targeting aid may be positioned at the arteriotomy. An ultrasonic beacon on the catheter may then be located relative to a therapeutic ultrasonic applicator (e.g., by using acoustic time-of-flight) so that the focus of ultrasonic energy from the applicator can be aligned with the arteriotomy.

  • USE OF FOCUSED ULTRASOUND FOR VASCULAR SEALING

    An ultrasonic applicator unit (2) is used diagnostically to locate a puncture wound (316) in an artery and then therapeutically to seal the puncture wound with high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). A control unit (6) coupled to the applicator unit includes a processor (74) that automates the procedure, controlling various parameters of the diagnostic and therapeutic modes, including the intensity and duration of the ultrasonic energy emitted by the applicator unit. A protective, sterileacoustic shell (4), which is intended to be used with a single patient and then discarded, is slipped over the applicator unit to protect against direct contact between the applicator unit and the patient and to maintain a sterile field at the site of the puncture.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING A STEERABLE IMAGING SYSTEM CONFIGURED AND ARRANGED FOR INSERTION INTO A PATIENT

    A medical imaging assembly includes a sheath with a lumen. An imaging core is disposed at one end of an imaging core shaft disposed in the lumen. The imaging core shaft bends along a shape memory region when the imaging core is extended from the lumen. The imaging core includes a transducer to image patient tissue, a mirror to redirect acoustic signals between the transducer and patient tissue, and a magnet to drive rotation of the mirror. The magnet is rotatable by a magnetic field generated at the location of the magnet. An imaging core shaft rotator rotates the imaging core shaft such that, when the imaging core is extended from the lumen, rotation of the imaging core shaft causes radial rotation of the imaging core about the sheath. The imaging core shaft rotator includes rotatable imaging core shaft magnets fixedly disposed over a portion of the imaging core shaft.

  • INTERACTIVE TOYS

    A plurality of individual toys, at least a first one of which generates acoustic signals and at least a second one of which receives acoustic signals. When the second toy receives acoustic signals from the first toy, it responds, for example, by generating a sound and/or controlling its motion. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the toys flock and/or form a procession of toys which follow a leader toy, for example a mother goose and a plurality of following and preferably quacking goslings.

  • CAVITATION ASSISTED SONOCHEMICAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION SYSTEM

    Apparatus for producing hydrogen gas comprise a container adapted to contain an aqueous electrolyte solution containing hydrogen, at least one first electrode, wherein the at least one first electrode is adapted to be in contact with a solution, at least one second electrode, wherein the at least one second electrode is adapted to be in contact with a solution, and wherein the at least one first electrode is a cylindrically-shaped cathode and the at least one second electrode is a cylindrically-shaped hollow anode capable of accommodating the cylindrically-shaped cathode within it, and wherein the cylindrically-shaped cathode is located along the central axis of the cylindrically-shaped hollow anode. Also included in this embodiment of the invention is at least a first acoustic transducer per cathode capable of causing cavitation in a solution, the at least one first transducer transmitting substantially along each cathode's axis; a power supply wherein power is supplied to the electrodes and transducers; a wave form generator for imposing a wave or other function on the power to the transducers; and a gas-liquid separation and capturing device.

  • PIEZOELECTRIC ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER

    A piezoelectric acoustic transducer (1) of the present invention includes a lower frame (78), a lower speaker circuit (20), an upper frame (77), an upper speaker circuit (10), and a surround (76). The upper speaker circuit (10) has a piezoelectric diaphragm (14) in which piezoelectric elements (16, 17), each having a structure that flat plate electrodes are disposed on top and bottom of a piezoelectric member, are mounted on top and bottom surfaces of a board (15). The lower speaker circuit (20) has a piezoelectric diaphragm (24) in which piezoelectric elements (26, 27), each having the same structure, are mounted on a top surface and a bottom surface of a board (25). The piezoelectric diaphragms (14, 24) are coupled to each other via coupling members (74, 75). At an application of a voltage, the piezoelectric diaphragms (14, 24) are caused to curve in directions opposite to each other. Having this structure, the piezoelectric acoustic transducer (1) has an increased displacement in a thickness direction thereof, and thereby achieving high quality sound with space-saving.

  • AUTOMATIC AUDIO SYSTEM EQUALIZING

    An automated process for equalizing an audio system and an apparatus for implementing the process. An audio system includes a microphone unit, for receiving the sound waves radiated from a plurality of speakers, acoustic measuring circuitry, for calculating frequency response measurements; a memory, for storing characteristic data of the loudspeaker units and further for storing the frequency response measurements; and equalization calculation circuitry, for calculating an equalization pattern responsive to the digital data and responsive to the characteristic data of the plurality of loudspeaker units. Also described is an automated equalizing system including a acoustic measuring circuitry including a microphone for measuring frequency response at a plurality of locations; a memory, for storing the frequency responses at the plurality of locations; and equalization calculation circuitry, for calculating, from the frequency responses, an optimized equalization pattern.

  • Generating Acoustic Quiet Zone by Noise Injection Techniques

    A quiet zone generation technique for acoustic/audio signals is proposed for mitigation of selected noise or interferences over limited areas in free space by injecting the very acoustic noise, interference, or audio feedback signals via iterative processing, generating quiet zones dynamically. This creates undesired noise-free quiet zones. Optimization loops operating iteratively to electronically process cancellation signals consist of three interconnected functional blocks: (1) an acoustic injection array, consisting of pick-up arrays to obtain the interference signals, beam forming networks for element weighting and/or re-positioning, and array elements for noise injections, (2) a diagnostic network with strategically located probes, and (3) an optimization processor with cost minimization algorithms to calculate element weights for updating.

  • AUTOMATIC AUDIO SYSTEM EQUALIZING

    An automated process for equalizing an audio system and an apparatus for implementing the process. An audio system includes a microphone unit, for receiving the sound waves radiated from a plurality of speakers, acoustic measuring circuitry, for calculating frequency response measurements; a memory, for storing characteristic data of the loudspeaker units and further for storing the frequency response measurements; and equalization calculation circuitry, for calculating an equalization pattern responsive to the digital data and responsive to the characteristic data of the plurality of loudspeaker units. Also described is an automated equalizing system including a acoustic measuring circuitry including a microphone for measuring frequency response at a plurality of locations; a memory, for storing the frequency responses at the plurality of locations; and equalization calculation circuitry, for calculating, from the frequency responses, an optimized equalization pattern.

  • Well Monitoring by Means of Distributed Sensing Means

    This application describes methods and apparatus for downhole monitoring in real-time. The method involves interrogating an unmodified optic fibre (102) arranged along the path of a well bore (106) to provide a distributed acoustic sensor and sampling data gathered from a plurality of sensing portions of the fibre. The sampled data is then processed to provide a real-time indication of the acoustic signals detected by the sensing portions of the fibre. The real-time indication provides information to an operator or controller of the downwell process with real-time feedback data regarding what is happening during the down-well process which allows the identification of any problems and adjustment of the process parameters.

  • MULTI-COMPONENT, ACOUSTIC-WAVE SENSOR AND METHODS

    A multi-component sensor of a fluid-borne acoustic wave that senses pressure and up to three orthogonal particle motion components. The sensor is unresponsive to motion of the sensor mount. Furthermore, the sensor is substantially unresponsive to the turbulent flow of the acoustic medium past the sensor.

  • COMPOSITE BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR

    In one aspect of the invention, the acoustic wave resonator includes a resonator structure having a first electrode, a piezoelectric layer formed on the first electrode, and a second electrode formed on the piezoelectric layer, and a composite layered structure associated with the resonator structure such that the immunity of theacoustic wave resonator to environmental change and aging effects is improved, the trimming sensitivity is substantially minimized, and/or dispersion characteristics of the acoustic wave resonator is optimized.

  • BOUNDARY ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE

    A boundary acoustic wave device includes a first medium, a second medium laminated on the first medium, and an IDT electrode arranged at an interface between the first medium and the second medium. The boundary acoustic wave device further includes a reformed portion disposed in at least one of the first medium and the second medium, reformed by externally provided energy, and having frequency characteristics different from frequency characteristics exhibited when the boundaryacoustic wave device includes only at least one of the first medium and the second medium.

  • APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CREATING ACOUSTIC MODEL

    Disclosed herein is an apparatus and method for creating an acoustic model. The apparatus includes a binary tree creation unit, an information creation unit, and a binary tree reduction unit. The binary tree creation unit creates a binary tree by repeatedly merging a plurality of Gaussian components for each Hidden Markov Model (HMM) state of an acoustic model based on a distance measure reflecting a variation in likelihood score. The information creation unit creates information about information about the largest size of the acoustic model in accordance with a platform including a speech recognizer. The binary tree reduction unit reduces the binary tree in accordance with the information about the largest size of the acoustic model.

  • RADON MIGRATION OF ACOUSTIC DATA

    Disclosed is a method implemented by a processor for imaging a formation penetrated by a borehole. The method includes: obtaining acoustic data in a depth-time domain using an acoustic downhole tool disposed at a depth in the borehole, the acoustic downhole tool having an acoustic source and an acoustic receiver; transforming the acoustic data in the depth-time domain into a Radon domain using a Radon transform; filtering the acoustic data in the Radon domain to increase a signal of interest in the acoustic data in the Radon domain; determining a location of a point in the formation that reflected acoustic energy emitted from the acoustic source to the acoustic receiver, the location of the point being represented in the Radon domain; and inverting the location of the point represented in the Radon domain into a radius-depth domain to image the formation.

  • RENAL DENERVATION CATHETER EMPLOYING ACOUSTIC WAVE GENERATOR ARRANGEMENT

    A transducer supported by a positioning arrangement is placed within a renal artery at a desired location that is a predetermined distance from a reflector equal to an odd number of quarter wavelengths of acoustic energy emitted by the transducer. The positioning arrangement is actuated to transition from a low-profile introduction configuration to a deployed configuration within the renal artery thereby stabilizing the transducer at a desired location. Acoustic energy is emitted by the transducer so that it propagates axially along an outer surface of the target vessel to impinge the reflector, which can be biological or artificial. The emitted energy builds up to resonance at a point of reflection defined by a location of the reflector, and the amount of energy build up is sufficient to ablate perivascular renal nerves in the vicinity of the reflector.

  • DISTANCE MEASUREMENT USING IMPLANTABLE ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCERS

    Implantable systems and methods (e.g., using an implantable medical device) for measuring distance including a transmit/receive acoustic transducer implantable at a first location for transmitting and receiving acoustic signals, an echo acoustic transducer implantable at a second location for receiving the acoustic signal from the transmit/receive acoustic transducer and in response thereto transmitting a return echo signal to be received by the transmit/receive acoustic sensor, and a controller to control transmission of the acoustic signal from the transmit/receive acoustic transducer at a transmit time and determine a receive time corresponding to the time the transmit/receive acoustic transducer receives the return echo signal. The distance between the transmit/receive acoustic transducer and the echo acoustic transducer is determined as a function of the transmit time and the receive time.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MINIMALLY-INVASIVE OPTICAL-ACOUSTIC IMAGING

    An imaging guidewire can include optical fibers communicating light along the guidewire. At or near its distal end, one or more blazed or other fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) directs light to a photoacoustic transducer material that provides ultrasonic imaging energy. Returned ultrasound is sensed by an FBG sensor. A responsive signal is optically communicated to the proximal end of the guidewire, and processed to develop a 2D or 3D image. The guidewire outer diameter is small enough such that an intravascular catheter can be passed over the guidewire. Techniques for improving ultrasound reception include using a high compliance material, resonating the ultrasound sensing transducer, using an attenuation-reducing coating and/or thickness, and/or using optical wavelength discrimination. Techniques for improving the ultrasound generating transducer include using a blazed FBG, designing the photoacoustic material thickness to enhance optical absorption. Techniques for distinguishing plaque or vulnerable plaque may enhance the displayed image.

  • Acoustic Palpation Using Non-Invasive Ultrasound Techniques for Identification of Target Sites and Assessment of Chronic Pain Disorders

    Methods and systems for identifying and spatially localizing tissues having certain physiological properties or producing certain biological responses, such as the sensation of pain, in response to the application of intense focused ultrasound (acoustic probing or palpation) are provided. In some embodiments, targeted acoustic probing is employed to identify the scope and severity of chronically painful sensitized tissue areas, and of chronic pain disorders. In other applications, targeted acoustic probing is used to localize nerves and other sensitized tissues for guidance of needles and other delivery devices, and for delivery of anesthetic, analgesic or therapeutic compositions.

  • ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTER

    A configuration that reduces a parasitic capacitance between wires is achieved at a low cost. Disclosed is an acoustic wave filter provided with a piezoelectric substrate 1, resonators 2a and 2b that include a comb-shaped electrode formed on the piezoelectric substrate 1, a wiring portion 3 that is connected to the comb-shaped electrode, and a dielectric layer 4 formed to cover the comb-shaped electrode. The wiring portion 3 is provided with a lower layer wiring portion 3d that is disposed in the same layer as the comb-shaped electrode and an upper layer wiring portion 3e that is disposed on the lower layer wiring portion 3d. The upper layer wiring portion 3e includes a region that has a wider electrode width than the electrode width of the lower layer wiring portion 3d.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR MOUNTING WITH LOW ACCELERATION SENSITIVITY

    A device, comprising a substrate having opposing first and second surfaces, a first surface acoustic wave resonator disposed on the first surface of the substrate, a second surface acoustic wave resonator disposed on the second surface of the substrate, a first adhesive layer sandwiched between the first surface acoustic wave resonator and the substrate, and a second adhesive layer sandwiched between the second surface acoustic wave resonator.

  • SINGLE-INPUT MULTI-OUTPUT SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE

    A single-input multi-output surface acoustic wave ("SAW") device contains two or more output inter-digital transducers ("IDTs") arranged in a longitudinal direction of a single input IDT. The detection sensitivity and reliability of the SAW device may be improved by eliminating the deviation and signal interference between multiple input IDTs.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR, SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE OSCILLATOR, AND SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE MODULE DEVICE

    A surface acoustic wave resonator includes a piezoelectric substrate and an interdigital transducer (IDT) that includes electrode fingers exciting a surface acoustic wave on the piezoelectric substrate, a first region at a center of the IDT, and a second region and a third region at opposite sides of the IDT. In the IDT, a line occupation rate at which an electromechanical coupling coefficient becomes a maximum is different from the line occupation rate at which reflection of the surface acoustic wave becomes a maximum.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR, SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE OSCILLATOR, AND SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE MODULE DEVICE

    A surface acoustic wave resonator includes a piezoelectric substrate and an interdigital transducer (IDT) that includes electrode fingers exciting a surface acoustic wave on the piezoelectric substrate, a first region at a center of the IDT, and a second region and a third region at opposite sides of the IDT. In the IDT, a line occupation rate at which an electromechanical coupling coefficient becomes a maximum is different from the line occupation rate at which reflection of the surface acoustic wave becomes a maximum.

  • Arrangement for Eliminating Interference from Acoustic Signals in a Ground-Borne Sound Locating Process

    An apparatus including a portable receiver with an acoustic sensor and a magnetic field sensor is adapted for locating a fault in an underground electrical line by evaluating ground-borne acoustic signals and electromagnetic signals emitted from a succession of sparking arc-overs caused at the fault location by voltage pulses fed into the electrical line. The apparatus further includes an arrangement for eliminating interference noises from the acoustic signals, wherein the acoustic received signals are delivered to and stored in a memory, and then a respective acoustic signal is processed with reference to a previous stored acoustic signal by a processing algorithm in a processing unit. Start time points of the individual acoustic signals are synchronized with reference to associated electromagnetic signals. A result of the processing algorithm is supplied to an evaluating unit.

  • ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE

    An acoustic wave device includes: a first piezoelectric thin film resonator including a first lower electrode, a first upper electrode and a first piezoelectric film sandwiched between the first lower and upper electrodes; a decoupler film provided on the first upper electrode; and a second piezoelectric thin film resonator provided on the decoupler film and including a second lower electrode, a second upper electrode and a second piezoelectric film sandwiched between the second lower and upper electrodes, wherein the first piezoelectric film and the second piezoelectric film comprise aluminum nitride and include an element increasing a piezoelectric constant of the aluminum nitride.

  • RECORDING MEDIUM FOR ACOUSTIC ANALYSIS PROGRAM, ACOUSTIC ANALYSIS METHOD, AND ACOUSTICANALYSIS DEVICE

    According to an embodiment, a computer-readable, non-transitory medium storing an acoustic analysis program causing a computer to execute a process, the process including: analyzing propagation of a sound generated within a device in an internal analysis space of the device as a first analysis; converting a radiated sound that indicates a result of analysis executed and has been radiated from the inside to the outside of the device to sound energy; and setting a plurality of virtual sound sources to be used as input of a second analysis which is different from the first analysis method on the basis of the sound energy which has been converted from the radiated sound by executing the converting process.

  • ACOUSTIC VOICE ACTIVITY DETECTION

    Techniques for acoustic voice activity detection (AVAD) is described, including detecting a signal associated with a subband from a microphone, performing an operation on data associated with the signal, the operation generating a value associated with the subband, and determining whether the value distinguishes the signal from noise by using the value to determine a signal-to-noise ratio and comparing the value to a threshold.

  • Determination of the Remaining Life of a Structural System Based on Acoustic Emission Signals

    In accordance with the present disclosure, a method of using acoustic emission data to predict the state of a structural element is described. The method includes capturing acoustic emission data for a structural element. The method further includes predicting the future stress intensity in the structural element using the captured acoustic emission data and calculating the probability of future failure of the structural element using the predicted future stress intensity.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS OF ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION FOR IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE

    An implantable medical device includes an acoustic transducer for intra-body communication with another medical device via an acoustic couple. The acoustic transducer includes one or more piezoelectric transducers. In one embodiment, an implantable medical device housing contains a cardiac rhythm management (CRM) device and an acoustic communication circuit. The acoustic transducer is electrically connected to the acoustic communication circuit to function as an acoustic coupler and physically fastened to a wall of the implantable housing, directly or via a supporting structure.

  • Method and System of an Acoustic Scene Analyzer for Body Sounds

    A system and method for visualizing auditory scene analysis by way of a portable device is provided. In one embodiment, the method steps include capturing multiple sounds from a sensor array of microphones connected to the portable device, performing auditory scene analysis on detected body sounds in accordance with a psychoacoustic representation of body organ functions, and rendering to a display of the portable device a visualization of auditory scene auscultation of the body sounds, including user input functionality for separated sound source tracks, sound source identifier tracks, and sound source location trajectories.

  • Method and System of a Cardio-acoustic Classification system for Screening, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Cardiovascular Conditions

    A method and system are provided for a portable cardio-acoustic device. The device includes a display with user input, a sensor array to capture heart related vibrations from infrasound and acoustically transmitted audible sound, and a processor to extract salient features in accordance with human factor analysis, separate heart sounds as a function of sound patterns modeled from mechanical and physiological processes of the heart, classify heart sound patterns in accordance with biologically based signal processing models of the auditory cortex and cerebellum, and diagnose and monitor cardiovascular condition based on the classification of the heart sound patterns.

  • Blood pressure monitoring cuff with acoustic sensor

    A system and method for a BP monitoring cuff that has an integrated acoustic sensor used to acquire Korotkoff sounds during partial occlusion of the arterial vessel.

  • PACKAGE STRUCTURE FOR SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE, AND SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE

    A package structure realizing a size and/or thickness reduction and suitable for packaging a surface acoustic wave element is provided. The package structure for solving the above challenge includes a base having a thick floor on which to place a surface acoustic wave element and a thin floor on which to place an electronic component, the surface acoustic wave element and the electronic component being mounted close to each other on the plane coordinate system. In addition, in the package structure described above, the difference in height between the thin floor and the thick floor is the same as, or larger than, the thickness of the electronic component mounted on the thin floor.

  • ACOUSTIC REPRESENTATION OF STATES OF AN INDUSTRIAL PLANT

    A machine classifier classifies signals of an industrial plant and determines a current state as a result. On the basis of the current state, an audio profile is selected from a number of audio profiles and issued in the form of a synthetically generated acoustic signal to a plant operator. For that purpose, the state of the industrial plant is continuously evaluated and, for example, with the aid of a MIDI sequencer, is used to manipulate different tracks of a piece of music or of synthetically generated artificial background noise. In this way, the plant operator is able to discern intuitively, and optionally even subliminally, divergences from a normal operation of the industrial plant, which can only be communicated to the operator via the overloaded visual channel with great difficulty, or not at all. The plant operator can therefore learn of the state of the industrial plant via the auditory sense or learn that in certain situations the industrial plant does not sound right. Since for that purpose use is made of a comparatively underused sensory channel with the acoustic perception, even small changes in the acoustic signal produce a high level of alertness in the plant operator.

  • ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE INCLUDING A SURFACE WAVE FILTER AND A BULK WAVE FILTER, AND METHOD FOR MAKING SAME

    An acoustic wave device comprising at least one surface acoustic wave filter and one bulk acoustic wave filter, the device including, on a substrate comprising a second piezoelectric material: a stack of layers including a first metal layer and a layer of a first monocrystalline piezoelectric material, wherein the stack of layers is partially etched so as to define a first area in which the first and second piezoelectric materials are present and a second area in which the first piezoelectric material is absent; a second metallization at the first area for defining the bulk acoustic wave filter integrating the first piezoelectric material, and a third metallization at the second area for defining the surface acoustic wave filter integrating the second piezoelectric material.

  • ACOUSTIC RESONATOR STRUCTURE COMPRISING A BRIDGE

    An acoustic resonator comprises a first electrode a second electrode and a piezoelectric layer disposed between the first and second electrodes. The acoustic resonator further comprises a reflective element disposed beneath the first electrode, the second electrode and the piezoelectric layer. An overlap of the reflective element, the first electrode, the second electrode and the piezoelectric layer comprises an active area of the acoustic resonator. The acoustic resonator also comprises a bridge adjacent to a termination of the active area of the acoustic resonator.

  • NOISE AND VIBRATION MITIGATION SYSTEM FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS EMPLOYING AN ACOUSTIC SIDE BRANCH RESONATOR

    A method of designing/making an acoustic side branch resonator structured to be coupled to a standpipe of, for example, a nuclear power plant, wherein the acoustic side branch resonator includes a plurality of wire mesh elements for damping purposes. The method includes determining a resonant frequency of the standpipe, determining an active length of the acoustic side branch resonator using the resonant frequency, and determining a particular number of the wire mesh elements to be used in the acoustic side branch resonator and a pitch of each of the wire mesh elements using momentum and continuity equations of a compressible fluid.

  • PANEL FOR ACOUSTIC TREATMENT COMPRISING A JUNCTION BETWEEN TWO PARTS AND PROCESS FOR THE REPARATION OF A PANEL FOR ACOUSTICTREATMENT

    An acoustic treatment panel includes two portions with edges spaced in one direction, and from the outside to the inside, a first acoustically resistive layer, a first alveolar structure, and a reflective layer, and a block inserted between the two edges which includes, from the outside to the inside, a second acoustically resistive layer arranged at the first acoustically resistive layer and a second alveolar structure. The block includes at least one sector of alveolar structures with sloped pipes whose height is less than that of the first alveolar structure, whereby the pipes are sloped in a direction such that the ends of the pipes are close to one of the edges of the portions at the first acoustically resistive layer, and the opposite ends of the pipes are moved away from the edge and the reflective layer so as to house connecting elements between the block and the panel.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AND CONTROLLING CONDUCTED ACOUSTIC WAVES FOR GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION

    An improved system and method for generating and controlling conducted acoustic waves for geophysical exploration are provided. A plurality of overpressure waves are generated by at least one overpressure wave generator comprising at least one detonation tube having an open end that may be directed away from, parallel to, or towards a target media. Recoil forces of the at least one overpressure wave generator, produced shear forces, or the forces of the plurality of overpressure waves are coupled to the target media to generate conducted acoustic waves. The timing of the generation of the plurality of overpressure waves can be in accordance with a timing code and can be used to steer the conducted acoustic waves to a location of interest in the target media.

  • ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ASSEMBLY FOR A PRESSURE VESSEL

    A transducer assembly includes an acoustic sensor element and an acoustic waveguide. The acoustic waveguide includes a rotatable acoustic coupler, a tube, and a foot. The foot has a mounting surface that is mountable on a fluid conduit. A circuit assembly couples to acoustic sensor element and provides a diagnostic output.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING A PASSIVE COMPONENT FOR AN ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER

    The present disclosure relates to a method and apparatus for manufacturing a passive component for an acoustic transducer, wherein a mixture of metal oxide filler with an epoxy resin is subjected to ultrasonic wave generated and followed by an addition of a hardener to cast the passive component for the acoustic transducer. Mixing the materials with the ultrasonic wave improves the dispersion of the metal oxide filler over conventional passive components, thus enabling the passive component to have uniform surfaces, resulting in improved sound velocity and attenuation characteristics with acoustic transducers that use the passive component manufactured by the present disclosure.

  • GENERATING ACOUSTIC MODELS

    This document describes methods, systems, techniques, and computer program products for generating and/or modifying acoustic models. Acoustic models and/or transformations for a target language/dialect can be generated and/or modified using acoustic models and/or transformations from a source language/dialect.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DISTRIBUTED INTERFEROMETRIC ACOUSTIC MONITORING

    Acoustic monitoring is carried out using a fiber optic cable. Coherent Rayleigh noise generated by the transmission of a coherent beam of radiation through the fiber optic cable is detected, a phase of the coherent Rayleigh noise is measured and the measured phase is processed to identify an acoustic occurrence along the fiber optic cable. In certain aspects, an optical fiber serves as a distributed interferometer that may be used to monitor a conduit, wellbore or reservoir. The distributed interferometric monitoring provides for accurate detection of acoustic occurrences along the fiber optic cable and these acoustic occurrences may include fluid flow in a pipeline or wellbore, processes taking place in a wellbore or pipeline, fracturing, gravel packing, or production logging.

  • GREASE COMPOSITION FOR BEARINGS WITH IMPROVED HEAT-RESISTANT ACOUSTIC LIFE

    invention provides a grease composition having (A) a lithium soap thickener, (The B) as a base oil an ester type synthetic oil obtainable from an esterification reaction of trimethylolpropane with a fatty acid, and (C) (c-1) a 1 of (c-1) and (c-2) are 1.0 to 10 mass% in total, based on the total mass of the -naphthylamine type antioxidant and (c-2) a diphenylamine type antioxidant, wherein the contents composition, and the ratio by mass of (c-1) to (c-2) is in the range from 30:70 to 70:30.

  • SYSTEM FOR MODIFYING AN ACOUSTIC SPACE WITH AUDIO SOURCE CONTENT

    An audio signal processing system is configured to separate an audio signal into a dry signal component and one or more reverberant signal components. The dry signal component and the reverberant signal components can be separately modified and then recombined to form a processed audio signal. Alternatively, the dry signal component may be combined with an artificial reverberation component to form the processed audio signal. Modification of the reverberation signal component and generation of the artificial reverberation component may be performed in order to modify the acoustic characteristics of an acoustic space in which the audio signal is driving loudspeakers. The audio signal may be a pre-recorded audio signal or a live audio signal generated inside or outside the acoustic space.

  • ACOUSTIC TRANSPONDER FOR MONITORING SUBSEA MEASUREMENTS FROM AN OFFSHORE WELL

    Sensor and communications systems for communicating measurements from subsea equipment, such as at an offshore well, to the surface. A sensor for a physical parameter, such as pressure or temperature at a blowout preventer, capping stack, or conduit in communication with the same, is electrically connected to a subsea acoustic transponder. An acoustic monitoring transponder deployed near the well periodically interrogates the acoustic transponder with an acoustic signal, in response to which the acoustic transponder transmits an acoustic signal encoded with the measurement. The measurement data are stored at the acoustic monitoring transponder. An acoustic communications device later interrogates the acoustic monitoring transponder to receive the stored measurement data for communication to a redundant network at the surface.

  • ACOUSTIC SURVEY METHODS IN WEAPONS LOCATION SYSTEMS

    A survey method giving improvements in weapons fire location systems is disclosed. In an urban system with a distributed array in the midst of many buildings that block signal paths or create echoes, methods are provided to measure signal propagation. A survey or tour of the covered region uses a moving signal source to probe propagation inside the region. Survey results may indicate where more or fewer sensors are needed. Survey results plus current measured noise gives prediction of instantaneous system sensitivity. In addition, multipath propagation may be used to determine a location even when only one or two sensors detect the signal. In such exemplary cases, triangulation may be replaced or augmented by pattern recognition. Further, signals of the survey need not be acoustic impulses such as gunfire, but may be RF signals, or coded continuous signals so that gunfire-like sounds would not disturb citizens in the area.

  • BOUNDARY ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

    A survey method giving improvements in weapons fire location systems is disclosed. In an urban system with a distributed array in the midst of maay buildings that block signal paths or create echoes, methods are provided to measure signal propagation. A survey or tour of the covered region uses a moving signal source to probe propagation inside the region. Survey results may indicate where more or fewer sensors are needed. Survey results plus current measured noise gives prediction of instantaneous system sensitivity. In addition, multipath propagation may be used to determine a location even when only one or two sensors detect the signal. In such exemplary cases, triangulation may be replaced or augmented by pattern recognition. Further, signals of the survey need not be acoustic impulses such as gunfire, but may be RF signals, or coded continuous signals so that gunfire-like sounds would not disturb citizens in the area.

  • ACOUSTIC SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS AND RELATED METHODS

    An acoustic suppression system for absorbing and/or scattering acoustic energy comprising a plurality of acoustic targets in a containment is described, the acoustic targets configured to have resonance frequencies allowing the targets to be excited by incoming acoustic waves, the resonance frequencies being adjustable to suppress acoustic energy in a set frequency range. Methods for fabricating and implementing the acoustic suppression system are also provided.

  • Flexible Passive Acoustic Driver for Magnetic Resonance Elastography

    A flexible passive acoustic driver for use in an acoustic driver system which applies an oscillating stress to a subject undergoing a magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) examination which includes receiving acoustic pressure waves from an active driver through a tube and imparts pressure waves to a subject of an imaging procedure. In one configuration, the passive driver includes a flexible bag that forms the walls of an acoustic cavity, and a structure filling material located inside the acoustic cavity provides support for the flexible bag. The flexible bag conforms to the shape of the subject and may be held in place by an elastic band. The passive driver can have an integrated or detachable non-active push-on compartment which is rigid or semi-flexible to improve the human-driver mechanical coupling and the driver energy efficiency of converting acoustic pressure to mechanical vibration applied to a subject.

  • HEARING DEVICE WITH REDUCED ACOUSTIC FEEDBACK DUE TO VIBRATION-RELATED SHORTENING OF THE HEARING DEVICE

    A hearing device has a housing, in which an earpiece and a battery are disposed. The housing has a first housing part and a second housing part. The housing parts are connected to one another by way of a connection. At least one housing part or an attenuation element provided in the connection between the housing parts is formed of an elastic material.

  • ACOUSTIC APPARATUS, ACOUSTIC SYSTEM, AND AUDIO SIGNAL CONTROL METHOD

    An acoustic apparatus includes: a first amplification unit; and an audio signal control unit that controls an audio signal input to the first amplification unit, wherein if a second amplification unit is connected to an output of the first amplification unit, a level control of the audio signal by the audio signal control unit is terminated.

  • Methods and systems for direct-to-indirect acoustic radiance transfer

    Methods, systems, and computer program products for simulating propagation of sound in a static scene can be operated for pre-computing a transfer operator for simulating results of sound reflection within a modeled scene, simulating distribution of sound energy from a sound source positioned within the scene, applying the transfer operator to the distribution of sound energy from the sound source to compute simulated sound at a plurality of points within the scene, and simulating collection of sound energy from the plurality of points within the scene to a listener positioned within the scene.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING DATA RECEPTION ERROR IN ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION IN AUDIBLE FREQUENCY RANGE, AND APPARATUS APPLIED THERETO

    Provided is a data reception error reduction system and method in acoustic communication in audible frequency range, and an apparatus applied thereto. The data reception error reduction system in the acoustic communication in audible frequency range may be configured to reduce a data reception error in a receiver by taking into consideration that a sound signal is noisy and is significantly affected by a change in the ambient environment when the acoustic communication is performed in the audio frequency band through modification of an audio signal or adding of a predetermined signal to an audio signal. Accordingly, the data reception error may be reduced in the receiver even in an environment where a sound signal is noisy and is significantly affected by a change in the ambient environment, and reliability of data transmission may increase.

  • ACOUSTIC SEAL FOR AIRCRAFT

    An acoustic seal device is placed around the periphery of aircraft doors for reducing reducing wind noises transmitted into the aircraft cabin by the door gaps without adding additional weight to the aircraft. The acoustic seal includes a pre-shaped body made of a soundproofing material. The pre-shaped body is adapted to be secured to a door opening and has a shape that matches the shape of the door opening.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING LIQUID USING THE SAME

    A surface acoustic wave sensor device includes a main body and a liquid controller disposed external to the main body. The main body includes a sample chamber, a surface acoustic wave sensor connected to the sample chamber, a first disposal chamber connected to the surface acoustic wave sensor and channels connecting the sample chamber, the surface acoustic wave sensor and the first disposal chamber. The liquid controller controls flow of a sample through the main body.

  • ACOUSTIC CLEANING ASSEMBLY FOR USE IN POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING SAME

    An acoustic cleaning assembly that includes a horn assembly and a generator body that is coupled to the horn assembly. The generator body includes an inner surface that at least partially defines an outlet plenum, and an opening that extends in flow communication between the horn assembly and the outlet plenum. An end cap is coupled to the generator body and includes an inner surface that at least partially defines an inlet plenum. A diaphragm is coupled between the generator body and the end cap. The diaphragm channels air from the inlet plenum to the outlet plenum to facilitate generating sound waves within the outlet plenum.

  • ARRANGEMENT AND INTERFACE FOR RF ABLATION SYSTEM WITH ACOUSTIC FEEDBACK

    A system for ablation with acoustic feedback comprises: a catheter which includes an elongated catheter body; at least one ablation element to ablate a targeted tissue region; and a pulse-echo ultrasonic transducer arranged to emit and receive an acoustic beam along a centroid in a beam direction, at a transducer beam angle of between about 30 degrees and about 60 degrees relative to a distal direction of the longitudinal axis at a location of intersection between the longitudinal axis and the beam direction of the centroid of the acoustic beam of the ultrasonic transducer, wherein the transducer transmits and receives acoustic pulses to provide lesion information in the targeted tissue region; an ablation power subsystem; an ultrasonic transmit and receive subsystem to operate the ultrasonic transducer; a control subsystem to control operation of the ablation power subsystem and the ultrasonic transmit and receive subsystem; and a display.

  • ACOUSTIC ACCESS DISCONNECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

    An access disconnection method includes supporting a transmitter including a wireless communication apparatus, a receiver, a portion of an arterial line, a portion of a venous line and electronic circuitry by a member separate from a blood treatment machine. The method further includes operably communicating the electronic circuitry with the transmitter and the receiver, enabling transmission of a wave from the transmitter in one of the arterial and venous lines, enabling receipt of the wave by the receiver in the other of the arterial and venous lines, and enabling a disconnection output to be sent to the blood treatment machine via the electronic circuitry. The disconnection output is indicative of a change in the wave received by the receiver from the transmitter sufficient to expect that an access site disconnection of one of the arterial and venous lines has occurred.

  • ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER FOR PULSE-ECHO MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THERMALLY ABLATIVE LESIONING IN LAYERED AND NONLAYERED TISSUES, CATHETER CONTACT MONITORING, TISSUE THICKNESS MEASUREMENT AND PRE-POP WARNING

    An ablation catheter with acoustic monitoring comprises an elongated catheter body; a distal member disposed adjacent a distal end and including an ablation element to ablate a biological member at a target region outside the catheter body; and one or more acoustic transducers each configured to direct an acoustic beam toward a respective target ablation region and receive reflection echoes therefrom. The distal member includes a transducer housing in which the acoustic transducers are disposed, the transducer housing including at least one transducer window which is the only portion in the distal member through which the acoustic beam passes, at least the at least one transducer window portion of the distal member being made of a material comprising at least 50% carbon by volume, the transducer window material having an acoustic impedance between that of the acoustic transducers and that of the biological member.

  • METHODS, SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIA FOR APPLYING MULTI-PUSH ACOUSTIC RADIATION FORCE TO SAMPLES AND MONITORING A RESPONSE TO QUANTIFY MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SAMPLES

    A method for evaluating mechanical properties of a sample includes applying a plurality of pulses of acoustic energy to a sample to apply a mechanical force to the sample and induce a non-steady-state displacement in the sample. The method further includes monitoring a response of the sample caused by the application of the mechanical force. The method further includes determining a quantitative value for a mechanical property of the sample based on the response.

  • MINIMAL-ACOUSTIC-IMPACT INLET COOLING FLOW

    An impeller shroud for a mechanical system has a hyperboloid shape with a rim at the air-inlet end. The face of the inlet rim is perpendicular to the flow direction. A plurality of slots through which air is allowed to pass is disposed symmetrically about the rim. A plurality of solid areas extends along the circumference of the rim between the adjacent slots. The ratio of the sum of the plurality of slots in degrees and the sum of the solid areas in degrees disposed about the rim is between 3:1 and 11:1.

  • SPATIAL AUDIO PROCESSOR AND A METHOD FOR PROVIDING SPATIAL PARAMETERS BASED ON AN ACOUSTIC INPUT SIGNAL

    A spatial audio processor for providing spatial parameters based on an acoustic input signal has a signal characteristics determiner and a controllable parameter estimator. The signal characteristics determiner is configured to determine a signal characteristic of the acoustic input signal. The controllable parameter estimator for calculating the spatial parameters for the acoustic input signal in accordance with a variable spatial parameter calculation rule is configured to modify the variable spatial parameter calculation rule in accordance with the determined signal characteristic.

  • Acoustic Deterrence

    A method of deterring mammals comprising configuring an acoustic deterrent system to emit an acoustic signal having characteristics which repel the mammals by eliciting an acoustic startle response reflex in said mammals.

  • Acoustic Leak Detector

    An acoustic detector assembly for detecting a leak of a pressurized mixture of liquids and gases in a pipeline or pressurized vessel that includes an ultrasonic acoustic transducer generating an output in response to receiving an acoustical signal associated with the leaking mixture of liquids and gases, a detector connected with the acoustic transducer. The detector may include a band pass filter reducing the non-ultrasonic component of the acoustic transducer output to produce a filtered output, a loudness level detector receiving the filtered output and transmitting a "start" signal if the filtered acoustic signal reaches a specified loudness level, a time bridging module receiving the "start" signal, the time bridging module transmitting a continuous "count" signal while the "start" signal is received and for a predetermined time after the "start" signal is no longer received, and a time delay module transmitting an alarm signal if the time bridging module transmits the "count" signal for a predetermined duration.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR, SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE OSCILLATOR, AND SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE MODULE UNIT

    It is possible to reduce the size of a surface acoustic wave resonator by enhancing the Q value. In a surface acoustic wave resonator in which an IDT having electrode fingers for exciting surface acoustic waves is formed on a crystal substrate, a line occupying ratio is defined as a value obtained by dividing the width of one electrode finger by the distance between the center lines of the gaps between one electrode finger and the electrode fingers adjacent to both sides thereof, and the IDT includes a region formed by gradually changing the line occupying ratio from the center to both edges so that the frequency gradually becomes lower from the center to both edges than the frequency at the center of the IDT.

  • Condensed Water Decreasing Insulation Package For Thermal And Acoustic Insulation Of A Vehicle Cabin

    An insulation package for thermal and acoustic insulation of a vehicle cabin has a cutout to allow a fastening device to pass through. An insulating element that is disposed in an area of the insulation package surrounding the cutout has an opening corresponding to the cutout for allowing a fastening device to pass through. At least part of the insulating element is aligned perpendicularly to an axis of the passthrough in the cutout and conformed so as to create a gap between a fastening device that has passed through and the insulation package. In this way, condensed water may be prevented from passing through the cutout in the insulation package and into the aircraft cabin.

  • ACOUSTIC COMPONENT AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING SAME

    According to embodiments described in the specification, a method and apparatus are provided for producing an acoustic component. The acoustic component comprises a first compression-molded member comprising a first material; and a second injection-molded member coupled to and substantially surrounding the first member, the second member comprising a second material.

  • ELECTRO-ACOUSTIC AUDIO REVERBERATION DEVICE AND METHOD

    Disclosed is an audio reverberation apparatus. The audio reverberation apparatus interacts with or may include a mechanical or acoustic reverberation element. An audio signal is pitch transposing upward and applied to the mechanical or acoustic reverberation element. The resulting audio reverberant signal retrieved from the mechanical or acoustic reverberation element is pitch-transposed downward by the same factor as the upward pitch transposing. This results in the mechanical or acoustic reverberation element requiring smaller dimensions in comparison to a mechanical or acoustic reverberation element where a non-pitch-transposed audio signal is applied.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR OBTAINING SENSOR MOTION AND POSITION DATA FROM UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SIGNALS

    Technologies are provided to recover motion, position, or navigation data of underwater sensors using bathymetry data. A method includes iteratively fitting data obtained by an underwater sensor from interactions between acoustic signals and an underwater floor, and deriving at least one of motion, position, or navigation data of the underwater sensor from the fitting. A standalone sonar can use the methods, systems, apparatuses, and computer programs to realize the derivation of motion, position, or navigation data without a position or motion sensor.

  • Concept and model for utilizing high-frequency or radar or microwave producing or emitting devices to produce, effect, create or induce lightning or lightspeed or visible to naked eye electromagnetic pulse or pulses, acoustic or ultrasonic shockwaves or booms in the air, space, enclosed, or upon any object or mass, to be used solely or as part of a system, platform or device including weaponry and weather modification

    This patent describes a scientific explanation for what causes lightning and thunder and how to replicate it using high-frequency soundwaves such as radar and microwaves. The uses for this are mainly in military weaponry and weather modification. This is a very high energy weapon, and is capable of great damage if not used properly. Uses of this invention include: Missile defense, aiming at a nuclear missile to disable all electrical and electronic systems with electromagnetic pulse (lightning) and break the missile apart with the concurrent acoustic shockwave (thunder). Other uses include installing the devices in airplanes, helicopters and tanks to fire lightning and thunder upon whatever it is aimed at: air-air combat, air to ground combat, ground to air combat, tank to ground combat. This technology could obsolete guns and fired projectiles if widespread military utilization is made. The system can be used to either start or diffuse a hurricane. The system and the science behind it are all new and never before described concepts and ideas, and a revolutionary utilization of radar, microwaves and acoustics.

  • SEISMIC CLOCK TIMING CORRECTION USING OCEAN ACOUSTIC WAVES

    A method for identifying clock timing discrepancies in at least one clock of interest that is associated with a marine seismic receiver, comprises collecting from at least one marine receiver other than the receiver of interest a first data set corresponding to a selected time period, said first data set being selected to include ocean wave signals; collecting from the receiver of interest a second data set corresponding to the selected time period, said second data set being selected to include ocean wave signals; applying a mathematical prediction technique to the ocean wave signals in the first data set so as to generate a predicted response for a receiver co-located with the receiver of interest; comparing the predicted response to the second data set so as to generate a correlation data set; and using the correlation data set to determine a corrected parameter for the receiver of interest.

  • METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING ACOUSTIC ENERGY DEPOSITION INTO A MEDIUM

    A method and system for acoustic treatment of tissue are provided. Acoustic energy, including ultrasound, under proper functional control can penetrate deeply and be controlled precisely in tissue. In some embodiments, methods and systems are configured for acoustic tissue treatment based on creating an energy distribution function in tissue. In some embodiments, methods and systems are configured based on creating a temperature distribution function in tissue.

  • Opto-Acoustic Imaging Devices and Methods

    In one aspect, the invention relates to a probe. The probe includes a sheath, a flexible, bi-directionally rotatable, optical subsystem positioned within the sheath, the optical subsystem comprising a transmission fiber, the optical subsystem capable of transmitting and collecting light of a predetermined range of wavelengths along a first beam having a predetermined beam size. The probe also includes an ultrasound subsystem, the ultrasound subsystem positioned within the sheath and adapted to propagate energy of a predetermined range of frequencies along a second beam having a second predetermined beam size, wherein a portion of the first and second beams overlap a region during a scan.

  • ELECTROMECHANICAL CONVERSION SYSTEM WITH MOVING MAGNETS; ACOUSTIC DIFFUSER COMPRISING SAID SYSTEM AND A MOVING MEMBER THAT GENERATES SOUND WAVES

    The invention relates to an electromechanical conversion system comprising: a fixed supporting structure, a movable element with respect to the fixed structure; at least one excitation coil; and at least one permanent magnet for generating an excitation magnetic field. The permanent magnet is integral with the movable element and the coil is integral with the fixed supporting structure. Moreover, a ferromagnetic circuit is provided fixed with respect to the structure and cooperating with the permanent magnet.

  • WATERPROOF ACOUSTIC ELEMENT ENCLOSURES AND APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

    A waterproof enclosure for a cochlear implant system or other hearing assistance device includes an outer housing, an inner support in the interior of the outer housing, an acoustic element supported by the inner support, and water-impermeable polymeric protective membrane sealing the interior of the outer housing against water ingress. A hearing device such as a cochlear implant sound processor, a headpiece, an earhook, or a hearing aid comprises an outer housing, an inner support in the interior of the outer housing, a microphone supported by the inner support, and a water- impermeable polymeric protective membrane sealing the interior of the outer housing against water ingress. A method for waterproofing an acoustic element comprises molding an outer support having a water-impermeable polymeric protective membrane; inserting an acoustic element into an inner support; anchoring the acoustic element to the inner support; inserting the inner support into the outer support; and anchoring the inner support to the outer support.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR SYSTEM AND MEASUREMENT METHOD USING MULTIPLE-TRANSIT-ECHO WAVE

    A surface acoustic wave ("SAW") sensor system comprises a signal generating part, which applies an electrical signal to a SAW sensor, the SAW sensor connected to the signal generating part, which converts the electrical signal into a SAW, senses a measurement target using the SAW, and converts a SAW output corresponding to the measurement target into an electrical signal, and a signal measuring part connected to one side of the SAW sensor, which detects a change in the electrical signal by time-gating a multiple-transit-echo wave.

  • Uniform Fluid Manifold For Acoustic Transducer

    A fluid manifold comprised of a manifold adapted to deliver fluid directly into a gap formed between a surface of a substrate and an acoustic transducer. The fluid is delivered into the gap at a variable rate along a length of the manifold. Preferably, the manifold includes a plurality of apertures positioned along the length of the manifold for dispensing the fluid into the gap at the variable rate.

  • RESONANT PHOTO ACOUSTIC SYSTEM

    A device includes a resonator having an oscillating portion with dimensions chosen to lead to a desired resonant frequency. A light source is positioned to provide light along the length of the oscillating portion at a specific wave length. A detector detects a change in oscillation of the resonator responsive to the wave pressure produced by the light source heating a gas. The light source is modulated with a frequency the same as the resonant frequency of the resonator.

  • TRAINING ACOUSTIC MODELS

    Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for training acoustic models. Speech data and data identifying a transcription for the speech data are received. A phonetic representation for the transcription is accessed. Training sequences are identified for a particular phone in the phonetic representation. Each of the training sequences includes a different set of contextual phones surrounding the particular phone. A partitioning key is identified based on a sequence of phones that occurs in each of the training sequences. A processing module to which the identified partitioning key is assigned is selected. Data identifying the training sequences and a portion of the speech data are transmitted to the selected processing module.

  • IDENTIFYING ELECTRICAL SOURCES OF ACOUSTIC NOISE

    Systems and methods of identifying electrical sources of audible acoustic noise may involve identifying first frequency content of a circuit board, wherein the first frequency content is associated with at least one of acoustic noise and a vibration of the circuit board. Second frequency content of an electrical signal associated with the circuit board may also be identified. In addition, a coherence between the first frequency content and the second frequency content may be determined.

  • Microcomposite with Improved Acoustic Impedance

    An epoxy and rubber microcomposite is formed by adding a carboxy-terminated or amine-terminated rubber component having a glass transition temperature less than zero degrees centigrade to a bisphenol A based epoxy resin component; heating the mixture to 150 degrees centigrade; cooling and curing with a suitable curing agent. A phase segregation occurs between the epoxy resin component and the rubber component to form discrete, spherical rubbery domains with the epoxy compound. Because the glass transition temperature of the rubbery domains is below zero degrees centigrade; the rubbery domains act as acoustic windows within the high-modulus epoxy compound.

  • METHOD AND DEVICE OF OBTAINING A NODE-TO-SURFACE DISTANCE IN A NETWORK OF ACOUSTIC NODES, CORRESPONDING COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT AND STORAGE MEANS

    A method for obtaining a node-to-surface distance between a reference surface and a first node belonging to a network of a plurality of nodes arranged along towed acoustic linear antennas. A plurality of acoustic sequences are sent between the nodes. Each sequence is used to estimate an inter-node distance as a function of a propagation duration of the sequence between nodes. After emission by the first node of a given signal: the first node measures a first propagation duration of a first reflection by the reference surface of the given signal, and a first value of the node-to-surface distance is obtained as a function of that first propagation duration; and/or a second node measures a second propagation duration of a second reflection by the reference surface of the given signal, and a second value of the node-to-surface distance is obtained as a function of that second propagation duration.

  • METHOD FOR ESTIMATING AN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SOUND VELOCITY IN A NETWORK OF ACOUSTIC NODES, CORRESPONDING COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT, STORAGE MEANS AND DEVICE

    A method for estimating an underwater acoustic sound velocity in a network of acoustic nodes arranged along towed acoustic linear antennas and in which a plurality of acoustic signals are transmitted between the nodes. The method includes: obtaining two predetermined distances each separating a couple of nodes placed along a same first acoustic linear antenna (31); for each couple of first and second nodes, obtaining a first propagation duration of an acoustic signal transmitted between said first node and a third node placed along a second acoustic linear antenna and a second propagation duration of an acoustic signal transmitted between said second node and said third node; and estimating said underwater acoustic sound velocity, as a function of said two predetermined distances and said first and second propagation durations obtained for each couple of nodes.

  • MULTILAYER ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE CONVERTER FOR ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS

    An impedance conversion layer useful for medical imaging ultrasonic transducers comprises a low impedance polymer layer and a high impedance metal layer. These layers are combined with corresponding thicknesses adapted to provide a function of converting from a specific high impedance to specific low impedance, wherein the polymer layer is at the high impedance side and the metal layer is at the low impedance side. The effective acoustic impedance of the polymer and metal layer combination may be adapted to configure an impedance converter in the same way as a quarter wavelength impedance converter, converting from low impedance to high impedance (metal to polymer) or from a high impedance to low impedance (polymer to metal). This structure may be used for front matching with the propagation medium and back matching with an absorber for ultrasonic transducers.

  • METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ACOUSTIC AND THERMAL INSULATION MATERIAL

    Method for producing an acoustic and thermal insulation material and installation for implementing the method.

  • MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR ACOUSTIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

    Described is a mounting system for acoustic musical instruments. The mounting system includes a central hub with three suspension arms extending thereform. Each extension arm having a proximal end connected with the central hub and a distal end having a gripper arm assembly. A lower support cushion and a gripper pad are connected with each gripper arm assembly, both of which are formed of neoprene. Thus, a user can position a drum hoop on the lower support cushions and use the gripper pads to secure the drum therebetween. In doing so, the mounting system provides a secure, rigid grip on the instrument for performance, while ensuring the instrument is undamaged and fits all types of counter hoops in popular use. Additionally, due to the neoprene, the mounting system allows the acoustic instrument to resonate (speak) in a more unrestricted manner with respect to the prior art.

  • OPTIMIZATION OF SYSTEM ACOUSTIC SIGNATURE AND COOLING CAPACITY WITH INTELLIGENT USER CONTROLS

    A computer-implemented method comprises accessing historical operating data for a unit of information technology equipment, wherein the historical operating data includes power consumption, fan speed, inlet air temperature, workload, and any processor throttling events at various points in time. The method further comprises receiving user input selecting a fan speed, and using the historical operating data to determine a performance impact that is expected from operating the unit at the selected fan speed, where the power consumption is a proxy for performance. The estimated performance impact of the selected fan speed and one or more alternative fan speeds is then displayed.

  • ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING AND AN ACOUSTIC CHAMBER FOR A MICROPHONE IN A MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

    A circuit board in a mobile electronic device has a microphone and related amplifier and signal conditioning circuitry mounted thereon. A radio frequency (RF) shield surrounds and isolates the microphone from electromagnetic interference (EMI). The RF shield together with the circuit board forms an acoustic chamber surrounding the microphone. A hole in the RF shield permits acoustic energy to enter the acoustic chamber and reach the microphone.

  • ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ASSEMBLY

    An acoustic transducer assembly is disclosed. It comprises a layer of support material. An electric circuit is integrated with the layer of support material. A plurality of transducers are mounted on the layer of support material to form at least part of an array of transducers A recess or aperture is provided between a pair of the transducers of the array of transducers. The recess or aperture can comprise a recess or aperture of the support material between a pair of transducers of the plurality of transducers mounted on the layer of support material. The layer of support material can be rigid or flexible. A rigid support can be used for supporting at least one transducer of the plurality of transducers.

  • ACOUSTIC WAVE ACQUIRING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

    The present invention provides an acoustic wave acquiring apparatus including: a probe configured to receive an acoustic wave from an object through an object holding unit that holds the object; an acoustic matching material holding unit configured to form a space, which holds an acoustic matching material, between the object holding unit and the probe; a scanning unit configured to allow the probe to scan in a first direction on the surface of the object holding unit, and in a second direction crossing the first direction; and a supplying unit configured to supply the acoustic matching material to the space by using a predetermined supply-amount pattern, wherein the supplying unit uses different supply-amount patterns in the case where the probe scans in the first direction and in the case where the probe scans in the second direction.

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

    Disclosed is a surface acoustic wave device which has IDT electrodes arranged over a lithium tantalate piezoelectric substrate and is capable of suppressing propagation losses even at a high frequency band equal to or higher than 2 GHz as low as possible in order to utilize surface acoustic waves including LSAW. For this purpose, 45.degree. to 46.degree. rotated YX-cut lithium tantalate substrate is used as the piezoelectric substrate, a thickness of the IDT electrode is set to 7.5% .lamda. to 8% .lamda., and a metallization ratio in electrode fingers of the IDT electrode is set to 0.55 to 0.65.

  • TRANSVERSE ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR, OSCILLATOR HAVING THE RESONATOR AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE RESONATOR

    A transverse acoustic wave resonator includes a base, a resonator component, a number of driving electrodes fixed to the base and a number of fixing portions connecting the base and the resonator component. The resonator component is suspended above a top surface of the base and is perpendicular to the base. The driving electrodes are coupling to side surfaces of the resonator component. The resonator component is formed in a shape of an essential regular polygon. The driving electrodes and the resonator component jointly form an electromechanical coupling system for converting capacitance into electrostatic force. Besides, a capacitive-type transverse extension acoustic wave silicon oscillator includes the transverse acoustic wave resonator and a method of fabricating the transverse acoustic wave resonator are also disclosed.

  • ACOUSTIC ATTENUATOR FOR AN ENGINE BOOSTER

    An acoustic attenuator 20 for an engine booster such as a turbocharger 10 for an engine 4 is disclosed in which the acoustic attenuator 20 includes an attenuator chamber 28 in which is located at least one absorption media 140. The acoustic attenuator 20 is located adjacent an inlet port of the turbocharger 10 so as to attenuate any acoustic pressure waves by dissipative reaction with the absorption media 140 before they have chance to reach other components of a low pressure supply system 50 for the engine 4.

  • PHYSIOLOGICAL ACOUSTIC MONITORING SYSTEM

    A physiological acoustic monitoring system receives physiological data from an acoustic sensor, down-samples the data to generate raw audio of breathing sounds and compresses the raw audio. The acoustic monitoring system has an acoustic sensor signal responsive to tracheal sounds in a person. An A/D converter is responsive to the sensor signal so as to generate breathing sound data. A decimation filter and mixer down-samples the breathing sound data to raw audio data. A coder/compressor generates compressed audio data from the raw audio data. A decoder/decompressor decodes and decompresses the compressed audio data into decompressed audio data. The decompressed audio data is utilized to generate respiration-related parameters in real-time. The compressed audio data is stored and retrieved so as to generate respiration-related parameters in non-real-time. The real-time and non-real-time parameters are compared to verify matching results across multiple monitors.

  • Method of Interrogation of a Differential Sensor of Acoustic Type Having Two Resonances and Device Implementing the Method of Interrogation

    A method of interrogating a surface acoustic wave differential sensor formed by two resonators is provided, wherein the method allows the measurement of a physical parameter by determination of the difference between the natural resonant frequencies of the two resonators, which difference is determined on the basis of the analysis of a signal representative of the level of a signal received as echo of an interrogation signal, for a plurality of values of a frequency of the interrogation signal in a domain of predetermined values; the analysis can be based on the cross-correlation of the said signal representative of the level according to a splitting into two distinct frequency sub-bands. An advantage is that it may be implemented in a radio-modem.

  • ACOUSTIC MOLDED ARTICLE, SPEAKER USING SAME, AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT AND MOBILE APPARATUS USING SPEAKER

    An acoustic molded article, such as a frame for a speaker, used for an acoustic instrument, includes a regenerated glass and a regenerated resin both collected from household electric appliances which have been incinerated as fuel, or used for reclamation to be discarded. Thus, this article is an environment-friendly acoustic molded article which is light, high in rigidity and internal loss, and also capable of decreasing the discharge of carbon dioxide.

  • UNIDIRECTIONAL CONDENSER MICROPHONE AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING ACOUSTIC RESISTANCE

    To provide an insulator, which supports a fixed pole in a unidirectional condenser microphone in a shareable manner among microphones that are different in the distance between acoustic terminals from one another. Coarse adjustment is performed on an insulator 31 including a plurality of sound holes 32 drilled therein by acoustically closing a predetermined sound hole 32 among the plurality of sound holes 32 by a predetermined sound hole closing means, and fine adjustment is performed by applying a predetermined amount of compressive force to an acoustic resistance member 40 by an acoustic resistance adjusting means 50 (adjustment nut 51), so as to adjust acoustic resistance present in a sound wave passage from a rear acoustic terminal to the back of a diaphragm.

  • ACOUSTIC APPARATUS

    An acoustic apparatus includes: a plurality of speakers, which are connected in parallel to each other; and a line break detector for detecting the number of line break in the speakers. The line break detector includes: a detection voltage generator for applying a reference voltage to the speakers; and a line break determination device for determining the number of line break according to an actual voltage of the speakers when the reference voltage is applied to the speakers or when application of the reference voltage to the speakers is stopped. Thus, without using an impedance measurement device, the number of line break is calculated based on the actual voltage of the speakers. The number of line break in the speakers is easily detected with low manufacturing cost.

  • Acoustic Wave Bandpass Filter Comprising Integrated Acoustic Guiding

    An acoustic wave bandpass filter comprises at least an input first acoustic wave resonator with an output surface, and an output second acoustic wave resonator with an input surface, said resonators being coupled to each other along a set direction, the input and output surfaces being substantially opposite, and at least one first phononic crystal structure between said input and output resonators and/or a second phonic crystal structure at the periphery of said resonators so as to guide the acoustic waves, generated by said input resonator, toward said output resonator along said set direction, the resonators ensuring an impedance conversion and/or a mode conversion.

  • LOCOMOTIVE ACOUSTIC WARNING SYSTEM

    A sound system for a locomotive mounts a loudspeaker line array for broadside firing forward from the vehicle. Additional loudspeakers are installed on the locomotive for projecting sound to the sides. A control system applies drive signals to the loudspeakers of the line array with the control system providing phase adjustment of drive signals applied to each loudspeaker of the line array to control side to side directional steering of a projected sound beam. The control system includes an automated, location dependent sub-system for selecting beam width and directional steering of a projected sound beam.

  • ACOUSTIC PORTS ALIGNED TO CREATE FREE CONVECTIVE AIRFLOW

    Systems and methods to remove heat from an acoustic enclosure are provided. An apparatus includes an enclosure and a free convection passage located within the enclosure. The convection passage includes a non-horizontal convection inlet acoustic port having an inlet opening to the ambient environment and a non-horizontal convection outlet acoustic port having an outlet opening to the ambient environment. At least one heat producing element is coupled to an acoustic port of the free convection passage via a low thermal resistance conduction path. Heat produced by the heat producing element initiates a unidirectional free convective airflow in a direction corresponding to a path between the convection inlet acoustic port and the convection outlet acoustic port.

  • ACOUSTIC SYNCHRONIZATION SYSTEM, ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD

    A system for synchronizing instruments in a drill pipe to detect formation characteristics comprises at least one first transmitter for transmitting a first signal, at least one first receiver for receiving a second signal having information based on the first signal, at least one acoustic transmitter for transmitting an acoustic signal, and at least one acoustic sensor electrically connected to one of the at least one first transmitter and the at least one first receiver, the at least one acoustic sensor for sensing the acoustic signal for synchronizing the at least one first transmitter and the at least one first receiver.

  • ELECTRONIC ACOUSTIC SIGNAL GENERATING DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC ACOUSTIC SIGNAL GENERATING METHOD

    A device includes a touch panel, a display circuit that displays a manipulator on the touch panel, an acceleration sensor that detects an acceleration when a touching action is performed on the manipulator on the touch panel, a storage section that acquires acceleration data that shows the acceleration detected by the acceleration sensor, and saves n number of items of the acceleration data in sequence of newest first; a processing circuit that saves k (wherein k less than n) number of the acceleration data items in the storage section, and then selects at least one acceleration data item that matches predetermined conditions from among the n number of acceleration data items that include the k number of acceleration data items; and a sound effect/source circuit that, based on the acceleration data selected by the processing circuit, decides signal characteristics of an acoustic signal that should be generated.

  • TECHNIQUES FOR ACOUSTIC MANAGEMENT OF ENTERTAINMENT DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

    Techniques for acoustic management of entertainment devices and systems are described. Various embodiments may include techniques for acoustically determining a location of a remote control or other entertainment device. Some embodiments may include techniques for controlling one or more entertainment components using voice commands or other acoustic information. Other embodiments may include techniques for establishing a voice connection using a remote control device. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

  • BROADBAND FLEX JOINT ISOLATOR FOR ACOUSTIC TOOLS

    An acoustic attenuator assembly for an acoustic tool for performing acoustic investigation of a subterranean formation is disclosed. The acoustic attenuator assembly includes a first end portion (205) and a second end portion (215) having a bore therethrough to enable passage of an electrical line. The acoustic attenuator assembly further includes a fiber portion (230) disposed between the first and second end portion so that the fiber portion attenuates at least a portion of acoustic energy when the acoustic energy is received by one or both of the first (205) and second (215) end portions.

  • Focused Acoustic Transducer

    A focused acoustic transducer suitable for use in a downhole environment is disclosed. At least some embodiments employ a disk of piezoelectric material with low planar coupling and low Poisson's ratio mounted on a backing material and sealed inside an enclosure. The piezoelectric material disk has a pattern of electrodes deposited on an otherwise smooth, ungrooved surface. Despite the lack of grooves, the material's low planar coupling and low Poisson's ratio enables the electrodes to operate in a phased relationship to provide and receive focused acoustic pulses. Moreover, the elimination of deep cuts offers a much lower cost of construction. The electrode material may be any conductive material, though silver and silver alloys are contemplated. The patterning of electrodes can occur during the deposition process (e.g., using a silk-screen or other printing technique) or afterwards (e.g., mechanically or chemically with an etch technique that uses a pre- or post-deposition photoresist layer).

  • Method for Determining Pore Size and Pore Size Distribution of Porous Material Using Phase of Electro-Acoustic Signal

    A method of determining pore size of a porous material. The method includes saturating the porous material with a conducting liquid. Measuring, with an electro-acoustic device, a phase of the seismo-electric or electro-seismic signal at a single frequency or multiple frequencies. Calculating an average pore size from the measured phase of the seismo-electric or electro-seismic signal at single frequency using a theory that takes into account the hydrodynamic relaxation of the conducting liquid inside of the pores of the porous material. Calculating pore size distribution from the similar measurement conducted at multiple frequencies using the same theory.

  • ACOUSTIC TOUCH APPARATUS WITH MULTI-TOUCH CAPABILITY

    An acoustic touch apparatus that utilizes the transfer of surface acoustic waves from one surface, through the touch substrate, to another surface to enable multi-touch capabilities.

  • ACOUSTIC TOUCH APPARATUS WITH VARIABLE THICKNESS SUBSTRATE

    An acoustic touch apparatus that has a variable thickness glass substrate that permits the transfer of surface acoustic waves between the back and front surfaces, thus enabling transducers to be placed on the substrate surface opposite the desired touch input surface.

  • ACOUSTIC FREQUENCY INTERROGATION AND DATA SYSTEM

    A system, in certain embodiments, includes a subsea acoustic frequency interrogation and data system. The subsea acoustic frequency interrogation and data system includes a master acoustic transceiver configured to broadcast an acoustic activation signal and an acoustic frequency interrogated data transmitter configured to generate power from the acoustic activation signal and activate a sensor configured to measure an operating parameter of subsea equipment.

  • METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVED ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT CHARACTERIZATION

    In embodiments of the present invention improved capabilities are described for determining a multi-dimensional sound signature for a location within a hypothetical space, comparing the multi-dimensional sound signature to a known multi-dimensional sound signature, and modifying the hypothetical space such that the similarity between the multi-dimensional sound signature for the location within the modified hypothetical space and the known multi-dimensional sound signature is increased.

  • MICROFLUIDIC MANIPULATION AND SORTING OF PARTICLES USING TUNABLE STANDING SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE

    An apparatus for manipulating particles uses tunable standing surface acoustic waves includes a channel defined on a substrate and a pair of variable frequency interdigital transducers. The channel is disposed asymmetrically between the transducers such that the zero order node location is outside of a working region in the channel.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ACOUSTIC DATA SELECTION FOR TRAINING THE PARAMETERS OF AN ACOUSTIC MODEL

    A system and method are presented for acoustic data selection of a particular quality for training the parameters of an acoustic model, such as a Hidden Markov Model and Gaussian Mixture Model, for example, in automatic speech recognition systems in the speech analytics field. A raw acoustic model may be trained using a given speech corpus and maximum likelihood criteria. A series of operations are performed, such as a forced Viterbi-alignment, calculations of likelihood scores, and phoneme recognition, for example, to form a subset corpus of training data. During the process, audio files of a quality that does not meet a criterion, such as poor quality audio files, may be automatically rejected from the corpus. The subset may then be used to train a new acoustic model.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND MEASURING IMPACTS IN HANDHELD DEVICES USING AN ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER

    A system and method is provided for detecting and measuring impacts in a wireless device. The wireless device has a processor coupled to a memory and an acoustic transducer. The method comprises acquiring data from the acoustic transducer, the data acquisition including the processor taking samples of an electrical input signal supplied to an input of the processor by the acoustic transducer; saving the acquired data in the memory; detecting whether an impact has occurred; and halting data acquisition after the impact is detected.

  • ACOUSTIC THERAPY DEVICE

    The present disclosure provides a device for transmitting focused acoustic energy from a tissue surface of a face of a user to at least one sinus. The device includes a power supply; a signal source configured to provide a waveform of at least 20 kHz that is configured to increase a flow of fluid from the at least one sinus; and a transducer connected to the power supply and the signal source, the transducer configured to contact a medium applied to the tissue surface of the face and transmit the waveform through the medium and the tissue surface of the face to the at least one sinus.

  • AIRCRAFT MONUMENT WITH IMPROVED THERMAL INSULATION AND ACOUSTIC ABSORPTION

    A protective shell for an aircraft galley wall is disclosed having an above work deck area and a below work deck area, the protective shell having an outer skin, an intermediate layer comprising vacuum insulated panels, and an interior layer comprising carbon fiber composite having a thickness that is greater than a thickness of the intermediate layer. In a preferred embodiment, the protective shell also includes an acoustic insulating layer made of an open cell acoustic foam that absorbs galley noise.

  • HIGH FIDELTY ELECTRO-ACOUSTIC ENCLOSURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

    The invention relates to an electro-acoustic to enclosure (10) comprising walls defining two cavities (1; 2), each provided with an aperture (11; 21) shut off by a loudspeaker (12; 22), noteworthy in that it is said to be "enclosed" and in that each cavity (1; 2) has a shape for which the intersection with any plane containing the central axis (X1-X1'; X2, X2') of said loudspeaker (12; 22) is a portion of an ellipse (E1i; E2i), the major axes (X1i-X1i'; X2i-X2i') of said ellipses (E1i; E2i) being substantially coincident with said central axis (X1-X1'; X2, X2') of said loudspeaker (12; 22), said aperture (11; 21) being secant to said ellipses (E1i; E2i) in such a way that the second extreme points (P1i'; P2i') of each ellipse (E1i; E2i) are situated in said aperture (11; 21).

  • SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE TAG-BASED COHERENCE MULTIPLEXING

    A surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based coherence multiplexing system includes SAW tags each including a SAW transducer, a first SAW reflector positioned a first distance from the SAW transducer and a second SAW reflector positioned a second distance from the SAW transducer. A transceiver including a wireless transmitter has a signal source providing a source signal and circuitry for transmitting interrogation pulses including a first and a second interrogation pulse toward the SAW tags, and a wireless receiver for receiving and processing response signals from the SAW tags. The receiver receives scrambled signals including a convolution of the wideband interrogation pulses with response signals from the SAW tags and includes a computing device which implements an algorithm that correlates the interrogation pulses or the source signal before transmitting against the scrambled signals to generate tag responses for each of the SAW tags.

  • ULTRASONIC HIGH TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE HOUSING FOR PIEZOELECTRIC-ACOUSTIC CHANNELS

    An ultrasonic transducer with housing contains a transducer assembly, an outer housing surface being fixed against a barrier surface for transferring ultrasonic waves to and from a barrier. The housing has an inner surface with plateau. A cap closes the housing and the transducer assembly has a piezoelectric transducer with a pressure surface around its outer perimeter and an opposite vibration surface engaging the plateau. A ring engages the pressure surface for biasing the vibration surface against the plateau. A holder engages the cap, transducer and ring for positioning and a plurality of springs are spaced around the transducer perimeter and between the cap and ring for biasing the vibration surface toward or against the raised plateau. A viscous couplant is between the vibration surface and plateau for enhancing transmission of the ultrasonic waves.

  • IMAGING BY EXTRAPOLATION OF VECTOR-ACOUSTIC DATA

    Methods for wavefield extrapolation using measurements of a wavefield quantity and a component of the gradient of the wavefield quantity are disclosed. The methods use "exact" representations of scattering reciprocity. The methods can yield "exact", nonlinear, "true-amplitude" receiver wavefields that are beyond the receiver measurement boundary. Methods of evaluating/validating the extrapolated data are also disclosed. Some methods may also evaluate the accuracy of models for the areas where data are extrapolated or measured. These methods can be used in any industries involving imaging, such as geophysical/seismic exploration, bio-medical imaging, non-destructive remote sensing, acoustic space architecture, design and engineering.

  • ACOUSTIC HETERODYNE RADAR

    Acoustic heterodyne radars use accurately surveyed or otherwise known locations to repetitively launch at least two, intense acoustic tone soundwaves (F1, F2) into an underground area of search. An acoustic receiver is tuned to receive either the sum (F1+F2) or difference (|F1-F2|) heterodynes and is configured to measure and log the overall relative attenuation and roundtrip travel times of the soundwaves, like a typical radar. Any acoustic heterodynes received are assumed to be the work of non-linearities and stresses in the search area. A full-waveform three dimensional tomography algorithm is applied by a graphics processor to the collected and logged data to generate maps and profiles of objects beneath the ground which are interpreted to have produced the acoustic heterodynes.

  • ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE

    An electronic component has a mounting board, a bump located on a mounting surface of the mounting board, a SAW device located on the bump and connected to the bump. The SAW device has an element substrate, an excitation electrode located on the first primary surface of the element substrate, a pad located on the first primary surface and connected to the excitation electrode, and a cover located above the excitation electrode and formed with a pad exposure portion on the pad. Further, the SAW device makes the top surface of the cover face the mounting surface, makes the bump be located in the pad exposure portion, and makes the pad abut against the bump.

  • INPUT INTERFACE FOR GENERATING CONTROL SIGNALS BY ACOUSTIC GESTURES

    Tone input device having a tone signal input, a tone signal output and a sound classifier connected to the tone signal input for receiving a tone signal incoming at the tone signal input and for analyzing the tone signal for identifying, within the tone signal, one or several tone signal passages corresponding to at least one condition. Further, the tone input device has a command signal generator connected to the sound classifier for generating a command signal allocated to the at least one condition, and a command output for outputting the command signal to a command processing unit. The sound classifier is configured to interrupt an output of the tone signal via the tone signal output for a duration of the one or several tone signal passages, when the at least one condition exists. A related tone generation device has, in particular, a command processing unit for generating a processed tone signal from the incoming tone signal according to a processing regulation determined by the command signal, up to a cancelling command signal. Respective methods and computer programs are also disclosed.

  • ACOUSTIC PALPATION USING NON-INVASIVE ULTRASOUND TECHNIQUES FOR IDENTIFICATION OF TARGET SITES AND ASSESSMENT OF CHRONIC PAIN DISORDERS

    Methods and systems for identifying and spatially localizing tissues having certain physiological properties or producing certain biological responses, such as the sensation of pain, in response to the application of intense focused ultrasound (acoustic probing or palpation) are provided. In some embodiments, targeted acoustic probing is employed to identify the scope and severity of chronically painful sensitized tissue areas, and of chronic pain disorders. In other applications, targeted acoustic probing is used to localize nerves and other sensitized tissues for guidance of needles and other delivery devices, and for delivery of anesthetic, analgesic or therapeutic compositions.