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Inventi Impact - Antennas & Propagation

Patent Watch

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING

    AA method of encoding a bit sequence over a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) having Downlink Control Information (DCI) including: determining DCI bits to provide a DCI bit sequence; performing a CRC calculation on the DCI bit sequence to provide a CRC parity bit sequence; scrambling the CRC parity bit sequence to provide a scrambled CRC bit sequence; if the DCI format is LTE-A, further scrambling the DCI together with the attached scrambled CRC bit sequence to provide a LTE-A scrambled bit sequence; channel coding either the DCI attached scrambled CRC bit sequence or LTE-A scrambled bit sequence to provide a channel coded bit sequence; modulating the channel coded bit sequence to provide a modulated symbol sequence; layer mapping the modulated symbol sequence to one or more antennas associated with a transmitter to provide one or more layers having a symbol sequence; and precoding the layered symbol sequences.

  • TRANSMITTER APPARATUS

    A transmitter apparatus wherein a relatively simple structure is used to suppress burst errors without changing the block sizes of encoded blocks even when the number of modulation multi-values is increased. An encoding part subjects transport data to a block encoding process to form block encoded data. A modulating part modulates the block encoded data to form data symbols; and an arranging (interleaving) part arranges (interleaves) the block encoded data in such a manner that the intra-block encoded data of the encoded blocks, which include their respective single different data symbol, get together, and then supplies the arranged (interleaved) block encoded data to the modulating part. In this way, there can be provided a transmitter apparatus wherein a relatively simple structure is used to suppress burst errors without changing the block sizes of encoded blocks even when the number of modulation multi-values is increased.

  • METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING INFORMATION OF ACK/NACK SEQUENCE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

    A method for transmitting information of ACK/NACK (Acknowledgement/Negative ACK) sequence from a receiver in a wireless communication system is disclosed. A receiver receives a plurality of data from a transmitter, and determines one ACK/NACK sequence including ACKs/NACKs corresponding to each of the plurality of data. If two or more ACKs are included in the ACK/NACK sequence, the receiver selects a combination of a first HARQ (Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest) transmission resource and a first modulation symbol corresponding to a certain ACK of the two or more ACKs, and selects a combination of a second HARQ transmission resource and a second modulation symbol corresponding to ACKs other than the certain ACK of the two or more ACKs. Thus, the receiver transmits each of the first modulation symbol and the second modulation symbol to the transmitter using the first HARQ transmission resource and the second HARQ transmission resource, respectively.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTING MESSAGING SETTINGS ON A MESSAGING CLIENT

    A system and method of selecting messaging settings on a messaging client are provided. A data store configured to operate in conjunction with the messaging client stores records comprising messaging settings or characteristics for previously received and/or sent messages. The messaging client is configured to send outgoing messages, each of the messages having message characteristics, to determine whether a record for an addressed recipient of an outgoing message exists in the data store, and to select messaging settings to control the message characteristics of the outgoing message based on the record where a record exists.

  • ADVERTISEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF NOTIFICATIONS USING EXTENSIBLE AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOL (EAP) METHODS

    An Authorization, Authentication and Accounting (AAA) server acting as a first Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) peer advertises the availability of notifications, and this advertisement may be received and interpreted by a mobile station acting as a second EAP peer. Upon being informed of the availability of the notification message, the mobile station may take action in order to receive the notification message from the AAA server. Alternatively, the mobile station may be able to identify the notification message by analyzing the advertisement. If the contents of the notification message comprise a control message, the mobile station may act on the control message in a way that influences the mobile station's behavior.

  • DIRECTIONAL OPTIMIZATION VIA EBW

    An optimization system and method includes determining a best gradient as a sparse direction in a function having a plurality of parameters. The sparse direction includes a direction that maximizes change of the function. This maximum change of the function is determined by performing an optimization process that gives maximum growth subject to a sparsity regularized constraint. An extended Baum Welch (EBW) method can be used to identify the sparse direction. A best step size is determined along the sparse direction by finding magnitudes of entries of direction that maximizes the function restricted to the sparse direction. A solution is recursively refined for the function optimization using a processor and storage media.

  • Method of Registering Devices

    A telecommunications device is provided. The telecommunications device comprises a processor configured such that the device sends a first message to a database management component, the first message containing a communications key encrypted by a database management component key. The processor is further configured such that the device receives a second message from the database management component, the second message encrypted by the communications key. The processor is further configured such that, when the device is able to decrypt the second message, the device considers the database management component to be legitimate.

  • GPS Based Friend Location and Identification System and Method

    A system and method for observing a personal networking event which shares the position of a number of friendly participants with other participants within a group. In one form, the position of unknown participants meeting certain criteria is also displayed to a user or one or more friendly participants. The views are selectable by friendly participants on, for example, a GPS equipped cell phone, to include a view from the participant's position, zoom, pan, and tilt views, or views from another friendly location or from another geographic location, giving increased situational awareness and identification of participants. Other information can be shared among friendly participants, including social information, status and directions.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HEALTHCARE ADVISORY SYSTEM

    A system includes a Healthcare Advisory System (HAS) module and a server. The HAS module may send user location information to the server. Based on user information and environment information stored on the server, an alert may be generated and sent to a user via the HAS module.

  • Method for Determining Incline Angle of Electromagnetic Pointer

    A method for determining an incline angle of electromagnetic pointer is disclosed. The method comprises the following steps. First of all, an electromagnetic input pen/stylus is provided over antennas X.sub.n/Y.sub.n along X/Y axes. Then a plurality of antennas at two sides of the antennas X.sub.n/Y.sub.n are scanned. Next the signal distributions of the antennas X.sub.n/Y.sub.n and the antennas at two side are analyzed. Then the number of antenna sampled of the signal distributions of the antennas at two side is determined. Next the antennas at two side are selected and the signal distributions are sampled and received according to the number of antenna sampled. Finally, an incline angle of the electromagnetic pointer is determined according to the sampled signal distributions.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CHANNEL-ADAPTIVE ANTENNA SELECTION

    Systems and methods that provide channel-adaptive antenna selection in multi-antenna-element communication systems are provided. In one embodiment, a method that selects a subset of receive antennas of a receiver to receive a transmitted RF signal may include, for example, one or more of the following: establishing possible subsets of the receive antennas; determining sets of channel parameter statistics corresponding to the possible subsets of the receive antennas; computing output bit error rates of the receiver, each output bit error rate being computed based on at least one set of channel parameter statistics; selecting a particular possible subset of the receive antennas based upon a criterion predicated on the computed output bit error rates; and connecting one or more RF chains of the receiver to the receive antennas of the selected particular possible subset.

  • APPARATUS FOR POSITION DETECTION USING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

    An apparatus includes a transmitter and a receiver device, which includes a receiver section and a processing module. The transmitter transmits a high carrier frequency signal. The receiver section includes first and second antennas that have an antenna radiation relationship for receiving the high carrier frequency signal. A receiver module of the receiver section determines first and second signal properties of the received high carrier frequency signal. The processing module determines a position of the receiver device with respect to the transmitter based on the first and second signal properties and maps the position to a coordinate system.

  • ANTENNA SYSTEM WITH PARASITIC ELEMENT FOR HEARING AID COMPLIANT ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSION

    A system for production of an electromagnetic (EM) field having EM emissions mitigated at one or more predetermined locations within a Hearing Aid Compliant (HAC) measurement plane is provided. The EM field mitigation system includes a ground plane, an antenna element, and a parasitic resonator element. The antenna element is coupled to the ground plane and resonates within at least one predetermined frequency band for transmitting and receiving the radio frequency (RF) signals modulated at one or more frequencies within the at least one predetermined first frequency band. The parasitic resonator element includes at least a first leg and a second leg connected to the ground plane and located a predetermined distance from the antenna element for mitigation of the EM emissions of the antenna element at the one or more predetermined locations within the HAC measurement plane. The first leg of the parasitic resonator element is connected to the ground plane on a first side of an effective electric field mid-line laterally dividing the ground plane and the second leg of the parasitic antenna element is connected to the ground plane on a second side of the effective electric field mid-line of the ground plane.

  • ENERGY SAVING MODE WITH MAINTAINED NUMBER OF ADVERTISED TRANSMIT ANTENNAS

    Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide techniques for wireless communications, wherein first number of transit antennas is advertised, but a different number of transmit antennas are actually used for transmission.

  • Communications structures including antennas with filters between antenna elements and ground sheets

    A communications structure may include a ground sheet, a feed conductor, and an active antenna branch electrically coupled to the feed conductor. A parasitic antenna branch may be electrically coupled to the ground sheet, and the active and parasitic antenna branches may be spaced apart. Moreover, the parasitic antenna branch may be between portions of the active antenna branch and the ground sheet.

  • Identification of an antenna

    A system that is operable to adjust operation of a network device is provided. The system includes an identification module that is coupled with an antenna connector that couples the antenna with a network device. The identification module includes an identification characteristic that may be used to determine an antenna characteristic that defines operation of the antenna. The operation of the network device may be adjusted based on the antenna characteristic.

  • Co-channel wireless communication methods and systems using relayed wireless communications

    Wireless communications are transmitted from at least two radioterminals to a base station co-channel over a return link using a return link alphabet. Wireless communications are also transmitted from the base station to the at least two radioterminals over a forward link using a forward link alphabet that has more symbols than the return link alphabet. The co-channel signals are deciphered at the receiver, while the radioterminals can use a smaller return link alphabet, which can reduce the power dissipation at the radioterminals.

  • Communication device and method of communicating transmissions

    A communication device including a first transceiver arranged to communicate transmissions based upon a first communications protocol, a second transceiver arranged to communicate transmissions based upon a second communications protocol that is different from the first communication protocol, an antenna connected to the first transceiver and to the second transceiver and arranged to communication transmissions for the first transceiver and the second transceiver, and a controller arranged to prioritize simultaneous communication of a transmission of the first transceiver and a transmission of the second transceiver based upon signal strength of transmissions of the first transceiver into either a higher prioritized transmission or a lower prioritized transmission and arranged to allow communication of the higher prioritized transmission.

  • Radio communication apparatus, method and program

    An apparatus includes a unit receiving a first-radio signal indicating a state in which transmission by a SDMA scheme is allowed, a unit determining whether a transmission state is a first state (the SDMA scheme is available), or a second state (the SDMA scheme is unavailable), a unit transmitting a radio signal using the SDMA scheme, when it is determined that the first state continues for the first-time period, and a unit setting a third-time period, when the first state fails to continue for the first-time period, the third-time period being obtained by subtracting, from the first-time period, a second-time period ranging from when carrier sense is started to when the transmission state is determined to be the second state, wherein when the first-radio signal is received after the third-time period is set, it is determined whether the first state continues for the third-time period.

  • Conducting power control based on reverse-link RF conditions

    Methods and systems are provided for conducting power control based on reverse-link RF conditions. In an embodiment, a base station periodically calculates a reverse noise rise (RNR), periodically calculates a collective reverse-link frame error rate (RFER), and periodically checks whether a new call-origination message has been received. If a call origination has not been received, the base station checks whether the RNR is less than a threshold. If the RNR is less than the threshold, the base station sends power-up commands to each of mobile stations. If the RNR is not less than the threshold, the base station sends power-down commands to each of the mobile stations so long as the collective RFER is less than a maximum RFER. If a call origination has been received, the base station sends power-down commands to each of the mobile stations until the collective RFER reaches the maximum RFER.

  • Mobile communication system and handover control method

    When a base station receives a report of signal power of a common pilot channel of each cell received at a mobile station, the base station converts the received signal power in the report on the basis of the transmission power of the common pilot channel of each of the cells. A base station controller determines the cell to which the mobile station is to be connected on the basis of the received signal power of the common pilot channel in each cell.

  • RF filter with low-IF mixing, tuning and calibration

    Radio-frequency (RF) circuits, methods and systems are implemented according to a variety of embodiments. According to one such embodiment, a radio-frequency (RF) receiver circuit is implemented with an adjustable RF filter circuit in a receive path of the RF receiver circuit. A local oscillator (LO) generates a LO signal and an RX_LO signal from the LO signal. A mixing circuit mixes a signal received from the adjustable RF filter circuit and the RX_LO signal. An intermediate-frequency (IF) circuit generates an IF_cal signal at the receiver circuit. A calibration circuit implements both a calibration mode and a receive mode. In the calibration mode, a calibration signal is injected into the receive path. A setting of the adjustable RF filter circuit is determined. In the receive mode, the calibration circuit disables the injection of the calibration signal into the receive path of the RF receiver circuit.

  • Receiver system and method for receiving signals

    A receiver system and method for receiving signals are provided, wherein the system includes a plurality of antenna elements configured to receive a transmitted signal. A receiver device is in communication with the plurality of antenna elements, wherein the receiver device is configured to emit an output based upon the received signal, and communicate a control signal that corresponds to a determined signal quality of the received signal. A switch device is adapted to switch among the plurality of antenna elements to electrically connect a selected antenna element of the plurality of antenna elements to the receiver device. A controller is in communication with the receiver device, such that the controller receives the control signal, wherein the controller commands the switch device to directly switch to any of the antenna elements to electrically connect one of the plurality of antenna elements to the receiver device based upon the control signal.

  • Receiver system and method for receiving signals

    A receiver system and method for receiving signals are provided, wherein the system includes a plurality of antenna elements configured to receive a transmitted signal. A receiver device is in communication with the plurality of antenna elements, wherein the receiver device is configured to emit an output based upon the received signal, and communicate a control signal that corresponds to a determined signal quality of the received signal. A switch device is adapted to switch among the plurality of antenna elements to electrically connect a selected antenna element of the plurality of antenna elements to the receiver device. A controller is in communication with the receiver device, such that the controller receives the control signal, wherein the controller commands the switch device to directly switch to any of the antenna elements to electrically connect one of the plurality of antenna elements to the receiver device based upon the control signal.

  • Modular solid-state millimeter wave (MMW) RF power source

    A modular solid-state MMW power source based on a topology of the lens array amplifier provides both the flexibility to scale output power and effective thermal management. The modular power source includes a single submodule that uses one or more power dividers and one or more solid-state amplification stages to divide and amplify an RF input signal into R amplified RF signals. The submodule is mounted (suitably in the X-Y plane) on the surface of a heat sink, suitably coupled to a cold backplane, to remove heat. R 1:N low loss power dividers route the amplified RF signals to R*N radiating elements. Each of the 1:N power dividers suitably reside in the X-Z plane and are stacked in the Y direction to provide a planar output of the R*N radiating elements in the Y-Z plane. Placement of the amplifier chips on the single submodule decouples the number of amplifier chips, hence output power, from the number of radiating elements. Placement of the amplifier chips away from the radiating face provides a short path with large thermal cross-section through the heat sink to the backplane to remove heat. The topology can produce high output power combined with a high antenna gain to produce large power-aperture products previously only achievable with a Gyrotron. As amplifier chips become more powerful, the topology can be adapted to use fewer chips.

  • Communication operating mode selection based on multi-path signal power measurement

    A method for communication operating mode selection is presented. In the method, each of a plurality of communication signals is transmitted by way of a separate one of a first plurality of antennas according to a first operating mode. The transmitted communication signals are received by way of a second plurality of antennas. A multi-path power metric of the received communication signals is generated. Based on the multi-path power metric, each of the plurality of communication signals is transmitted by way of the first plurality of antennas according to a second operating mode instead of the first operating mode.

  • WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, TRANSMISSION POWER CONTROL METHOD, AND COMMUNICATION QUALITY TRANSMISSION METHOD

    A communication quality receiver of a transmitting-side wireless communication device receives information about antenna communication qualities of respective transmitting-side antennas from a receiving-side wireless communication device that has received data. A transmission power controller controls transmission powers of the respective transmitting-side antennas in accordance with the received antenna communication qualities. A communication quality calculator of the receiving-side wireless communication device calculates, based on a pilot signal included in the data received by receiving-side antennas, the antenna communication qualities of the respective transmitting-side antennas of the transmitting-side wireless communication device that has transmitted the data. A communication quality transmitter transmits information about the calculated antenna communication qualities of the respective transmitting-side antennas to the transmitting-side wireless communication device.

  • SIGNALING SUPPORT FOR ANTENNA SELECTION USING SUBSET LISTS AND SUBSET MASKS

    A communication device is described herein that has control (or at least partial control) over which virtual antenna(s) in one or more base stations to use for transmissions. In one embodiment, the mobile phone performs the following steps: (1) receives an antenna subset list (from the scheduling unit) which identifies a configuration of virtual antennas that is associated with the base station(s); (2) uses the antenna subset list to select which virtual antenna(s) in the configuration of virtual antennas to use for transmissions; and (3) sends an antenna selection signal (to the scheduling unit) which contains information that instructs/requests the base station(s)/scheduling unit to use the selected virtual antenna(s) for transmissions.

  • Apparatus and Method of Generating Quiet Zone by Cancellation-Through-Injection Techniques

    A quiet zone generation technique is proposed for interference mitigation for a receive antenna by injecting the very interference signals via iterative processing, generating quiet zones dynamically for receive (RCV) antennas. The receive antenna may feature multiple receiving apertures distributed over a finite area. Optimization loops consist of four cascaded functional blocks; (1) a pick-up array to obtain the interference signals, (2) element weighting and/or repositioning processors, (3) an auxiliary transmit (XMIT) array with optimized element positions, (4) a diagnostic network with strategically located probes, and (5) an optimization processor with cost minimization algorithms. To minimize interferences between transmit (Tx) and receiving (Rx) apertures in limited space of an antenna farm for communications and/or radar applications are very tough problems. Among the tools for solving the problems are many conventional techniques listed in the references [1,2,3]. However, solutions for co-site interference mitigation may not be generic ones but more specific to geometries of antenna farms, Tx apertures and Rx antenna locations, and beam positions of the Tx beams.

  • FEEDER CABLE REDUCTION

    The present invention allows transmission of multiple signals between masthead electronics and base housing electronics in a base station environment. At least some of the received signals from the multiple antennas are translated to being centered about different center frequencies, such that the translated signals may be combined into a composite signal including each of the received signals. The composite signal is then sent over a single feeder cable to base housing electronics, wherein the received signals are separated and processed by transceiver circuitry. Prior to being provided to the transceiver circuitry, those signals that were translated from being centered about one frequency to another may be retranslated to being centered about the original center frequency.

  • MIMO OFDM System

    A MIMO OFDM system includes a plurality of space-time encoders for encoding respective data blocks with independent space-time codes. The transformed data block signals are transmitted by a plurality of transmit antennas and received by a plurality of receive antennas. The received data is pre-whitened prior to maximum likelihood detection. In one embodiment, successive interference cancellation can be sued to improve system performance. Channel parameter estimation can be enhanced by weighting the channel impulse response estimates based upon a deviation from average.

  • MIMO WIRELESS SYSTEM WITH DIVERSITY PROCESSING

    A MIMO wireless system with Diversity processing is provided having Turbo Codes Decoders for computing orthogonal multipath signals from multiple separateantennas. The invention decodes multipath signals that have arrived at the terminal via different routes after being reflected from buildings, trees or hills. The Turbo Codes Decoder with Diversity processing increases the signal to noise ratio (SNR) more than 6 dB which enables the Wireless system to deliver data rates from up to 600 Mbit/s. A Turbo Codes Decoder block is provided to compute baseband signals from multiple different receiver paths. Several pipelined max-Log-MAP decoders are used for iterative decoding of received data. A Sliding Window of Block N data is used for pipeline operations.

  • METHOD FOR COMMUNICATING IN A NETWORK

    The present invention relates to a method for operating a communication system in a network, the system comprising a primary station and at least one secondary station, the primary station comprising a plurality of transmit antennas and the secondary station comprising a plurality of receive antennas, the method comprising the steps of the primary station selecting a first communication scheme among a plurality of communication schemes, the primary station computing a transmission vector on the basis of the first communication scheme, the secondary station computing a reception vector on the basis of a second communication scheme, the second communication scheme being selected among the plurality of communication schemes by the secondary station on the assumption that a predetermined communication scheme is being used by the primary station.

  • MULTIPLE ANTENNA MULTIPLEXERS, DEMULTIPLEXERS AND ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES

    Exemplary embodiments of apparatus and methods relating to antenna multiplexers and demultiplexers are disclosed. In exemplary embodiments, antenna multiplexers include two or more inputs for receiving a corresponding number of signals from multiple antennas. The antennas may include a cellular antenna (e.g., world cell antennas or cellular antenna operable within one or more of AMPS/GSM850, GSM900, GSM1800, PCS/GSM1900, UMTS/AWS, GSM850, GSM1900, AWS, LTE, AMPS, PCS, EBS, BRS, WCS, etc.). The antennas may also include AM/FM antennas, SDARS antennas, GPS antennas, and/orantennas combining the preceding. Exemplary antenna multiplexers also include an output for simultaneously outputting the combined signals received by the multiplexer. Demultiplexers for receiving such combined signals and outputting each signal via a separate output are also disclosed.

  • Method And System For 60 GHZ Antenna Adaptation And User Coordination Based On Base Station Beacons

    A first device wirelessly transmits and/or receives swept 60 GHz beacon signals to and/or from other devices. Beacon signals indicate angle of reception and/or relative direction with respect to other devices. Knowing reception angle and/or relative direction enables beamforming of adaptive and/or steered antennas for communication. 60 GHz beacons are swept over one or more angles. Identity information, configuration information, timing information and/or spatial information are communicated via 60 GHz beacons. Control and/or coordination information are transmitted and/or received. Reception angle, relative direction and/or distance between devices are determined based on 60 GHz beacons. Adaptive and/or steered antennas used for communication are initialized and/or undergo beamforming for 60 GHz, based on the angle, direction and/or distance between devices. Devices are mobile and/or stationary. Devices comprise mobile stations, base stations, wireless phones, access points, set-top-boxes, computers, game consoles, video servers, video recorders, video playback devices, residential gateways and internet browsing devices.

  • METHOD OF PRE-EQUALIZING A DATA SIGNAL BY TIME REVERSAL IN FDD

    Pre-equalizing a data signal transmitted in frequency division duplex by an originating entity having a set of originating antennas to a destination entity having a set of destination antennas, including: transmitting a first pilot by a destination antenna; the originating entity estimating a first impulse response of a first channel; an iterative step including an originating antenna transmitting a second pilot modulated by the first impulse response; the destination entity estimating and time reversing a combined impulse response of the first and second channels; the destination antenna transmitting a third pilot modulated by the time-reversed response; estimating a composite response of the channels; re-iterating the iterative step for some originating antennas; and re-iterating the steps of transmitting a first pilot, estimating the first response, and the iterative step for some destination antennas; and determining pre-equalization coefficients for the data signal from a combination of a set of composite impulse responses.

  • Method and System for Distributed Communication

    A decentralized communication device is provided that facilitates optimal positioning and orientation of one or more antennas for wireless communication with external devices. The decentralized communication device includes one or more master components and one or more slave components. The master and the slave components are physically separate and communicate wirelessly. In some embodiments the slave acts as a carrier frequency translator between the master and an external wireless device, where it communicates with the external device using a first frequency and communicates with the master using a second frequency which is different from the first frequency. In another embodiment the slave has most or all the physical layer to do the digital coding, digital modulation, data framing, data formatting and data packetization for communicating with an external device, in which case digital coding and digital modulation is distributed between the master and the slave.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INCREASING SPECTRUM USE EFFICIENCY IN A MESH NETWORK

    Mesh Network Access Points (APs) points, including gateways and routers, are deployed over a geographic area. The APs monitor the communication channel for other carriers and transmit accordingly. The APs selectively co-transmit when other carriers are sensed, if the efficiency of the mesh network will improve. APs select a transmission rate based on observed carrier-to-interference ratios. APs use directional antennas to increase carrier-to-interference ratios and spectral efficiency. AP transmit schedules are adaptable and adjusted according to observed carrier-to-interference measurements.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SYNCHRONISING THE LOCAL TIME OF A PLURALITY OF INSTRUMENTS

    A method of determining the downstream propagation time of signals from a USB Host Controller across one or more USB cables and one or more USB Hubs to a SuperSpeed USB device, including locking a clock of the SuperSpeed USB device to information that includes a first timestamp, transmitting a plurality of signals to the USB Host Controller, each of the signals containing a second timestamp indicative of a local time of the SuperSpeed USB device when the respective signal was generated by the SuperSpeed device; the USB Host Controller creating a third timestamp indicative of a time of reception from the SuperSpeed USB device; determining a time period from one or more respective time differences between corresponding second and third timestamps, the time period being indicative of a sum of a downstream propagation time and an upstream propagation time; and determining the downstream propagation time from the time period.

  • Active Transducer Probes and Circuits

    In an example embodiment, a method for bidirectional signal propagation comprises: a) sensing a voltage level of a first signal at a first port; b) coupling the first port to an output of an amplifier with a solid state switch if the voltage level of the first signal is less than a threshold voltage, whereby a second signal applied to a second port coupled to an input of the amplifier is propagated in a first direction from the second port to the first port; and c) bypassing the amplifier if the voltage level of the first signal is greater than the threshold voltage such that the first signal is propagated in a second direction from the first port to the second port.

  • COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR DEPOSITION METHOD AND APPARATUS

    Provided is a compound semiconductor deposition method of adjusting the luminous wavelength of a compound semiconductor of a ternary or higher system in a nanometer order in depositing the compound semiconductor on a substrate. In the compound semiconductor deposition method of depositing a compound semiconductor of a ternary or higher system on a substrate, propagation light of a smaller energy than a desired ideal excitation energy for the compound semiconductor is irradiated onto the substrate 13 while depositing the compound semiconductor on the substrate 13, near-field light is generated based on the irradiated propagation light from fine particles of the compound semiconductor deposited on the substrate 13, new vibrational levels for the compound semiconductor are formed in multiple stages based on the generated near-field light, and a component in the compound semiconductor corresponding to the excitation energy is excited with the propagation light through a vibrational level, among the new vibrational levels, which has an excitation energy equal to or smaller than the energy of the propagation light is excited to desorb the component.

  • Bioreactor System

    Bioreactors may be used for the cultivation of cells, in particular of adherent cells, and, in particular for the cultivation and propagation of cell cultures, and utilized in methods for the cultivation of cells. A particular area of application is the use of the bioreactors in the GMP-compliant, fully automatic cultivation and propagation of cells.

  • TREATMENT OF ORGAN INJURIES AND BURNS USING PLACENTAL STEM CELLS

    The present invention provides a method of extracting and recovering embryonic-like stem cells, including, but not limited to pluripotent or multipotent stem cells, from an exsanguinated human placenta. A placenta is treated to remove residual umbilical cord blood by perfusing an exsanguinated placenta, preferably with an anticoagulant solution, to flush out residual cells. The residual cells and perfusion liquid from the exsanguinated placenta are collected, and the embryonic-like stem cells are separated from the residual cells and perfusion liquid. The invention also provides a method of utilizing the isolated and perfused placenta as a bioreactor in which to propagate endogenous cells, including, but not limited to, embryonic-like stem cells. The invention also provides methods for propagation of exogenous cells in a placental bioreactor and collecting the propagated exogenous cells and bioactive molecules therefrom.

  • TRANSMITTER WITH MULTIPLE TRANSMIT ANTENNAS USING POLARIZATION

    A transmitter for transmitting data in a cellular radio system is provided. The transmitter transmits data to User Equipment(s) using multiple transmitting antennas, using at least two polarization formers generating orthogonal polarizations of an input data stream. The transmitter further comprises a transmitter diversity arrangement adapted to receive input data to be transmitted to the User Equipment(s), where the transmitter diversity arrangement is connected to the input terminals of the polarization formers. By combining transmitter diversity with polarization former weights, orthogonality between multiple, in particular 4, transmitting antennas can be obtained.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SELECTING RECONFIGURABLE ANTENNAS IN MIMO SYSTEMS

    A method allows reconfigurable multi-element antennas to select the antenna configuration in MIMO, SIMO and MISO communication system. This selection scheme uses spatial correlation, channel reciprocal condition number, delay spread and average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) information to select the antenna radiation pattern at the receiver. Using this approach, it is possible to achieve capacity gains in a multi-element reconfigurable antenna system without modifying the data frame of a conventional wireless communication system. The capacity gain achievable with this configuration selection approach is calculated through numerical simulations using reconfigurable circular patch antennas at the receiver of a MIMO system that employs minimum mean square error receivers for channel estimation. Channel capacity and Bit Error Rate (BER) results show the improvement offered relative to a conventional antenna selection technique for reconfigurable MIMO systems.

  • WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH MULTIPLE TRANSMISSION ANTENNAS USING PILOT SUBCARRIER ALLOCATION

    A method for allocating pilot subcarriers in a resource block for a wideband wireless mobile communication system using an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDMA) modulation is discussed. In this method, pilot subcarriers are allocated in the resource block so that a group of consecutive data subcarriers separated from adjacent other group of consecutive data subcarriers by the pilot subcarriers has even number of subcarriers within an OFDMA symbol.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SOUNDING ANTENNAS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

    Methods and apparatuses are provided that facilitate sounding antennas in wireless communication. In an aspect, a method for wireless communication includes determining at least one resource reserved for transmitting a demodulation reference signal and transmitting a sounding reference signal over the at least one resource. In another aspect, a method of wireless communication includes signaling a parameter related to sounding multiple antenna ports, receiving signals from a device over the multiple antenna ports, and estimating a channel related to the signals at least in part by removing a precoding from the signals.

  • INTEGRATED ANTENNAS IN WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE

    A semiconductor module having one or more integrated antennas in a single package is provided herein to comprise a bonding interconnect structure having a plurality of individual bonding elements that are confined to a relatively small area of the bottom of a package. In particular, the semiconductor module comprises a bonding interconnect structure configured to connect an integrated package to a printed circuit board (PCB), wherein the integrated antenna structures are located at greater center-to-center distance from the IC device than the three dimensional interconnect structures. Therefore, the bonding interconnect structures are confined to a connection area that causes a part of the package containing the one or more antenna structures to extend beyond the bonding interconnect structure as a cantilevered structure. Such a bonding interconnect structure result in a package that is in contact with a PCB at a relatively small area that supports the load of the package.

  • Hybrid Antennas for Electronic Devices

    A portable electronic device is provided that has a hybrid antenna. The hybrid antenna may include a slot antenna structure and an inverted-F antenna structure. The slot antenna portion of the hybrid antenna may be used to provide antenna coverage in a first communications band and the inverted-F antenna portion of the hybrid antenna may be used to provide antenna coverage in a second communications band. The second communications band need not be harmonically related to the first communications band. The electronic device may be formed from two portions. One portion may contain conductive structures that define the shape of the antenna slot. One or more dielectric-filled gaps in the slot may be bridged using conductive structures on another portion of the electronic device. A conductive trim member may be inserted into an antenna slot to trim the resonant frequency of the slot antenna portion of the hybrid antenna.

  • Method and Apparatus Pertaining to the Use of Two Antennas

    A wireless radio-frequency receiver is configured to selectively receive in at least two discrete bands can be operably coupled to at least a first antenna comprising a reception antenna. This reception antenna can be tuned to a first one of at least two discrete bands. In turn, a wireless radio-frequency transmitter can be operably coupled to a transmission antenna, wherein the transmitter is configured to selectively transmit in at least one of the two discrete bands. This transmission antenna is tuned to a second one of the at least two discrete bands that is different from the first one of the at least two discrete bands. By one approach, the wireless radio-frequency transmitter is configured to transmit in only one of the two discrete bands (such as the second one of the at least two discrete bands).

  • ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH MULTIPLE ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

    An electronic device with multiple antennas includes a first antenna, a first proximity sensor, a second antenna, a second proximity sensor, a detection module, a control module and a processor. The detection module that detects a first approach signal from the first proximity sensor and a second approach signal from the second proximity sensor. The control module that initiates the second antenna to receive signals if the strength of the first approach signal is stronger then the strength of the second approach signal or initiates the first antenna to receive signals if the strength of the second approach signal is stronger then the strength of the first approach signal. The processor that controls the detection module, the comparison module and the control module.

  • Flexible EMAT Arrays for Monitoring Corrosion and Defect Propagation in Metal Components and Structures

    The invention pertains to the design, arrangement and fabrication of arrays of electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs) for detection and monitoring of defects in metal components while they are being used in service. Emphasis is placed on printed circuit sensor coil designs that are attached to and covered with thin, flexible and insulating substrates. This laminated construction with additional means for electrical and thermal insulation, radiation heat shielding and simple cooling provides for consistent and reliable EMAT performance in monitoring components at elevated temperatures. The arrays include circular spiral coils, elongated spiral (racetrack) coils and rectangular spiral coils. Also described are arrays of dual-rectangular (butterfly) coils, meander coils and trapezoidal coils. Various assembly designs for the attachment of bias magnets are described.

  • HIGH PERFORMANCE LOW PROFILE ANTENNAS

    A method and device provides for the testing and validation of a control module for receiving wireless data and communications utilizes a transmission line coupler mounted proximate the control module generates a signal that couples to an antenna of the control module. The control module produces a signal in response to coupling of the antenna with the signal produced by the transmission line coupler. The resulting signal is utilized to check, verify and validate operation of the control module.

  • HIGH PERFORMANCE LOW PROFILE ANTENNAS

    A method and device provides for the testing and validation of a control module for receiving wireless data and communications utilizes a transmission line coupler mounted proximate the control module generates a signal that couples to an antenna of the control module. The control module produces a signal in response to coupling of the antenna with the signal produced by the transmission line coupler. The resulting signal is utilized to check, verify and validate operation of the control module.

  • SHARING ANTENNAS FOR INCREASED MULTIPLE-INPUT UPLINK RECEPTION

    The claimed subject matter facilitates sharing antennas among carriers co-located at a base station such to increase throughput of the individual carriers. Thus, the carriers can effectively receive multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) from mobile devices though the individual antennas of the carrier alone are not

  • SHARING ANTENNAS FOR INCREASED MULTIPLE-INPUT UPLINK RECEPTION

    The claimed subject matter facilitates sharing antennas among carriers co-located at a base station such to increase throughput of the individual carriers. Thus, the carriers can effectively receive multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) from mobile devices though the individual antennas of the carrier alone are not sufficient to receive such signals. A co-sharing interface is provided that takes signals from antennas of one carrier and forwards the signals to a second co-located carrier. In this regard, a carrier can receive signals from a related set of antennas as well as the co-sharing interface component (from a set of antennas related to a disparate carrier) and process the signals in conjunction. Thus, the signals can be disparate portions of a MIMO signal. In addition, the co-sharing interface can modify the signals as defined by the carrier receiving the signals from the interface, such as by applying gain control, alarming, bypass circuitry, and/or amplification.

  • METHOD FOR TOPOLOGY CONTROL USING SECTORIZED ANTENNAS IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

    The invention concerns a method for optimizing antenna pattern assignment for a first wireless communication device forming a wireless network with at least one second wireless communication device, each of said communication device being equipped with a multi-sector antenna, an antenna pattern being a combination of said antenna sectors, said communication devices being adapted for sending a request and for receiving a response using a current antenna pattern assignment, said method comprising a step of: evaluating by said first communication device a first value; sending by said first communication device to said second communication device a broadcast request comprising said value receiving by said first communication device, a response to said broadcast request, said response being sent by said second communication device, said response depending on a second value .sub.w evaluated by said second device; Switching or not, by said first communication device, to a new antenna sector assignment depending on said response; According to the invention the first value is evaluated by minimizing a first local function according to the received signal strength received by said first communication device having said current antenna pattern assignment and the second value .sub.w is evaluated by minimizing a second local function according to the received signal strength received by said second communication device for its own current antenna pattern assignment.

  • ANTENNAS WITH TUNING STRUCTURE FOR HANDHELD DEVICES

    Handheld electronic devices are provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include antenna structures. To accommodate manufacturing variations, the antenna structures and handheld electronic devices may be characterized by performing measurements such as antenna performance measurements. Appropriate antenna adjustments may be made during manufacturing of a handheld electronic device based on the characterizing measurements. An antenna may be formed using an inverted-F design in which an antenna flex circuit is mounted to a dielectric antenna support structure. Cavities in the support may be selectively filled with dielectric material and dielectric patches may be added to the antenna flex circuit to adjust the dielectric loading of the antenna. The length of a ground return path in the antenna may be adjusted by appropriate positioning of an electrical connector within the ground return path.

  • Surface scattering antennas

    Surface scattering antennas provide adjustable radiation fields by adjustably coupling scattering elements along a wave-propagating structure. In some approaches, the scattering elements are complementary metamaterial elements. In some approaches, the scattering elements are made adjustable by disposing an electrically adjustable material, such as a liquid crystal, in proximity to the scattering elements. Methods and systems provide control and adjustment of surface scattering antennas for various applications.

  • TRANSCEIVER WITH PLURAL SPACE HOPPING PHASED ARRAY ANTENNAS AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

    A wireless transceiver includes an antenna array that transmits an outbound RF signal containing outbound data to remote transceivers and that receives an inbound RF signal containing inbound data from the remote RF transceivers, wherein the antenna array is configurable based on a control signal. An antenna configuration controller generates the control signal to configure the antenna array to hop among a plurality of radiation patterns based on a hopping sequence. An RF transceiver section generates the outbound RF signal based on the outbound data and that generates the inbound data based on the inbound RF signal. In one configuration, a switching section selectively couples a selected one of the antennas in the array to the RF transceiver section, based on the control signal. In another configuration, the RF transceiver section includes an RF section for each antenna in the array.

  • MULTIPLE ANTENNAS TRANSMIT DIVERSITY SCHEME

    A method from transmitting data via multiple antennas. The method contemplates modulating data to be transmitted into a plurality of modulated symbols, encoding each pair of modulated symbols from among said plurality of symbols in accordance with a transmission diversity scheme to result in a plurality of 2 by 2 matrices, with each 2 by 2 matrix corresponding to each pair of modulated symbols, orthogonally spreading the plurality of 2 by 2 matrices to generate an output matrix, and transmitting the symbols in the output matrix via a plurality of antennas by using either a space time transmission diversity scheme, a space frequency transmission diversity scheme, or a combination of a space time transmission diversity scheme and a space frequency transmission diversity scheme.

  • ERROR PROPAGATION IN A SYSTEM MODEL

    Embodiments of the present subject matter can enable the analysis of signal value errors for system models. In an example, signal value errors can be propagated through the functional blocks of a system model to analyze possible effects as the signal value errors impact incident functional blocks. This propagation of the errors can be applicable to many models of computation including avionics models, synchronous data flow, and Kahn process networks.

  • FREQUENCY CORRECTION OF A PROGRAMMABLE FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR BY PROPAGATION DELAY COMPENSATION

    A first programmable frequency oscillator, which includes a first ramp comparator and programmable signal generation circuitry is disclosed. The programmable signal generation circuitry provides a ramping signal, which has a first frequency, based on a desired first frequency. The first ramp comparator receives the ramping signal and provides a first ramp comparator output signal based on the ramping signal. The first ramp comparator output signal is fed back to the programmable signal generation circuitry, such that the ramping signal is based on the desired first frequency and the first ramp comparator output signal. However, the first ramp comparator has a first propagation delay, which introduces a frequency error into the programmable frequency oscillator. Therefore, the first frequency is not proportional to one or more slopes of the ramping signal. As a result, the programmable signal generation circuitry compensates for the frequency error based on the desired first frequency.

  • METHODS FOR VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION OF GRASS PLANTS

    Provided are plant hormone-based growth-enhancing compositions, which comprise at least one auxin, at least one cytokinin, and at least one polyaspartic acid, and which optionally comprise at least one seaweed concentrate and at least one surfactant. Also provided are methods of propagating grass plants, including those of family Poaceae, such as the sterile grass plant Arundo donax, by treating the mature or immature stems of these plants with growth-enhancing compositions to stimulate the development of roots and shoots from meristematic tissues.

  • ULTRASONIC WAVE TRANSMITTER DEVICE, ULTRASONIC WAVE PROPAGATION TIME MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND ULTRASONIC WAVE PROPAGATIONTIME MEASUREMENT METHOD

    An ultrasonic wave transmitter device includes an ultrasonic wave driving circuit that modulates an ultrasonic wave based on a pseudorandom signal to generate an ultrasonic wave driving signal, and an ultrasonic wave transmitter driven by the ultrasonic wave driving signal to send out an ultrasonic wave signal of a frequency higher than a fundamental frequency of the ultrasonic wave driving signal. The ultrasonic wave transmitter includes a cylindrically-shaped piezoelectric or magnetostrictive element sending out the ultrasonic wave signal and an ultrasonic wave absorber that covers part of a base member holding the piezoelectric or magnetostrictive element.

  • QUANTIFIED BELIEF PROPAGATION

    A quantified belief propagation (QBP) algorithm receives as input an existentially quantified boolean formula (QBF) of existentially quantified boolean variables, universally quantified variables, and boolean operators. A tripartite graph is constructed, and includes (i) there-exists nodes that correspond to and represent the existentially quantified variables, (ii) for-all nodes that correspond to and represent the universally quantified variables, and (iii) sub-formula nodes that correspond to and represent sub-formulas of the QBF. A set of boolean values of the existentially quantified variables is found by (i) passing a first message from an arbitrary sub-formula node to an arbitrary for-all node, and (ii) in response, passing a second message from the arbitrary for-all node to the arbitrary sub-formula node.

  • METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR IDENTIFYING MODULATORS OF ANTI-TETHERIN ACTIVITY TO INHIBIT PROPAGATION OF VIRUSES

    The present invention provides protein constructs for detection of interaction between Tetherin and ant-Tetherin molecules. The constructs include a Tetherin sequence or a portion of a Tetherin sequence that is sufficient for cell-surface localization, and a sequence providing a detectable signal. The invention further provides methods of using such constructs to screen for substances that modulate the Tetherin-inhibiting properties of anti-Tetherins. Methods of screening for anti-viral agents, including anti-HIV agents, are provided.

  • Estimation of Position Using WLAN Access Point Radio Propagation Characteristics in a WLAN Positioning System

    A method for estimating position using WLAN access point radio propagation characteristics in a WLAN location based service is provided. A location-based services system has a plurality of Wi-Fi access points in a target area. The Wi-Fi access points are positioned at geographic locations and have signal coverage areas. A method of characterizing at least one of the Wi-Fi access points comprises determining the geographic location of the Wi-Fi access point, dividing the signal coverage area of the Wi-Fi access point into at least one section, and determining

  • Estimation of Position Using WLAN Access Point Radio Propagation Characteristics in a WLAN Positioning System

    A method for estimating position using WLAN access point radio propagation characteristics in a WLAN location based service is provided. A location-based services system has a plurality of Wi-Fi access points in a target area. The Wi-Fi access points are positioned at geographic locations and have signal coverage areas. A method of characterizing at least one of the Wi-Fi access points comprises determining the geographic location of the Wi-Fi access point, dividing the signal coverage area of the Wi-Fi access point into at least one section, and determining radio propagation characteristics for each section. The radio propagation characteristics of each section characterize a radio channel of the Wi-Fi access point, and the characterization can be used in a location algorithm.

  • EXPLOITING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS FOR SPECTRUM SENSING IN COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS

    Spectrum sensing in wireless communications is provided to identify utilized and/or unutilized frequency bands reserved for primary users using a cyclostationary beamforming approach. An adaptive cross self-coherent restoral (ACS) algorithm can be utilized to extract signals of interest (SOI) at unique cycle frequencies related to primary and/or secondary users from an antenna array measurement. Based on the SOI, one or more users of the spectrum can be identified or the spectrum can be regarded as vacant; this can be based on lobe identification in the frequency spectrum of the SOI, in one example. This mechanism is less complex than traditional cyclic spectrum analysis methods. The cyclostationary beamforming based approach is more effective than the energy detection method. Also, the need for quiet periods in spectrum sensing is eliminated when using this mechanism such that signals can be transmitted simultaneously with receiving signals over the antenna array.

  • Methods, systems, and computer readable media for fast geometric sound propagation using visibility computations

    Methods, systems, and computer program products for simulating sound propagation can be operable to define a sound source position within a modeled scene having a given geometry and construct a visibility tree for modeling sound propagation paths within the scene. Using from-region visibility techniques to model sound diffraction and from-point visibility technique to model specular sound reflections within the scene, the size of the visibility tree can be reduced. Using the visibility tree, an impulse response can be generated for the scene, and the impulse response can be used to simulate sound propagation in the scene.

  • PESTICIDAL BIS-ORGANOSULFUR COMPOUNDS

    The present invention provides bis-organosulfur compounds of formulae (I) and (II) and compositions comprising the compounds that are effective against animal pests, including parasites. The compounds and compositions may be used for combating parasites in or on birds and mammals and for combating pests that damage crops, plants and plant propagation material. The invention also provides for an improved method for eradicating, controlling and preventing parasite infestation in birds and mammals.

  • Shock Load Mitigation in a Downhole Perforation Tool Assembly

    A perforation tool assembly is provided. The perforation tool assembly comprises an energy train, a first perforation gun, and a second perforation gun. The energy train comprises a moderator to reduce the speed ofpropagation of a detonation in a direction parallel to the axis of the perforation tool assembly. The first perforation gun comprises a plurality of explosive charges coupled to a first portion of the energy train. The second perforation gun comprises a plurality of explosive charges coupled to a second portion of the energy train, wherein the second portion of the energy train is coupled to the first portion of the energy train.

  • CMV GENE PRODUCTS PROMOTE CANCER STEM CELL GROWTH

    The disclosure relates generally to compositions and methods useful for inhibiting the infection and propagation of viral particles, particularly members of the Herpesviridae family, and more particularly to cytomegalovirus (CMV) and methods of treating diseases and disorders, including cell proliferative disorders, associated with CMV infection.

  • PLGA/HYDROXYAPATITE COMPOSITE BIOMATERIAL AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

    The present invention is a new composite bone graft material made from biocompatible poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles exposed on its surface using a gas foaming particle leaching (GF/PL) method. A further embodiment of this invention involves coating this PLGA/hydroxyapatite biomaterial with an adherent, fast, uniform coating of a mineral such as apatite. The PLGA polymer portion of the composite provides sufficient mechanical strength to replace bone and is degradable over time to allow new bone tissue ingrowth. The incorporated hydroxyapatite particles increase the composite material's osteogenic properties by providing sites for tissue attachment and propagation. Finally, a uniform coating of mineral apatite on the surface of this novel biomaterial composite further enhances its osteogenic qualities.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONSTRAINED HOPPING OF DOWNLINK REFERENCE SIGNALS

    Methods and apparatuses are provided that facilitate employing constrained frequency hopping of downlink reference signals. In an aspect, a method that facilitates evaluating reference signals received via a downlink in a wireless communication environment is disclosed which includes receiving a sequence of subframes transmitted by a base station, each of the subframes having resource elements used to carry reference signals according to a constrained cell-specific hopping pattern. The method also includes combining reference signals sent from common antennas at common frequency locations in the subframes and estimating a channel based upon an evaluation of the combined reference signals.

  • Dipole Locator Using Multiple Measurement Points

    A receiver and tracking system for identifying a location of a magnetic field source. In a preferred embodiment a plurality of tri-axial antennas are positioned at three distinct points on a receiver frame. Each antenna detects a magnetic field from a source and a processor is used to determine a location of the source relative to the frame using the antenna signals. Each tri-axial antenna comprises three windings in each of three channels defined by a support structure. The windings each define an aperture area. The windings have substantially identical aperture areas and have a common center point. The receiver may to display to the operator the relative location of the field source or may direct the operator to a spot directly above the field source.

  • MICROWIRE-CONTROLLED AUTOCLAVE AND METHOD

    Improved treatment apparatus (120, 152) is provided for the treatment (e.g., molding, heating and/or curing) of objects such as parts or part precursors (148, 170) including wireless detection of a temperature parameter related to the objects during treatment thereof. The objects include associated microwire-type sensors (150, 174) which have characteristic re-magnetization responses under the influence of applied, alternating magnetic fields. The apparatus (120, 152) have treatment chambers (122, 153) sized to hold the objects to be treated, with one or more antennas (132, 124, 166) proximal to such objects and operable to generate interrogating alternating magnetic fields and to detect the responses of the sensors (150, 174). The detected temperature parameter information is used by an apparatus controller (146) to maintain desired ambient conditions within the treatment chamber (122, 153).

  • SHARING ANTENNAS FOR INCREASED MULTIPLE-INPUT UPLINK RECEPTION

    The claimed subject matter facilitates sharing antennas among carriers co-located at a base station such to increase throughput of the individual carriers. Thus, the carriers can effectively receive multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) from mobile devices though the individual antennas of the carrier alone are not sufficient to receive such signals. A co-sharing interface is provided that takes signals from antennas of one carrier and forwards the signals to a second co-located carrier. In this regard, a carrier can receive signals from a related set of antennas as well as the co-sharing interface component (from a set of antennas related to a disparate carrier) and process the signals in conjunction. Thus, the signals can be disparate portions of a MIMO signal. In addition, the co-sharing interface can modify the signals as defined by the carrier receiving the signals from the interface, such as by applying gain control, alarming, bypass circuitry, and/or amplification.

  • METHOD AND DEVICE FOR EFFICIENT FEEDBACK IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

    The present description relates to a wireless communication system, and more particularly, discloses a method and a device for efficient feedback in a wireless communication system supporting multiple antennas. According to one embodiment of the present invention, the method for transmitting channel status information on a downlink transmission through an uplink, in the wireless communication system, comprises the following steps: transmitting a rank indicator (RI) in a first subframe; transmitting a first precoding matrix index (PMI) in a second subframe; and transmitting a second PMI and channel quality information (CQI) in a third subframe, wherein the precoding matrix to be applied to the transmission of the downlink can be determined by a combination of the first and second PMIS.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SHARING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS IN MOBILE DEVICES

    A wireless device may comprise a plurality of antennas that may be utilized during communications via various wireless interfaces. The wireless interfaces may comprise mobile interfaces, wireless personal area network (WPAN) interfaces, and/or wireless local area network (WLAN). The plurality of antennas may be utilized during a communication via a wireless interface in the mobile device. The mobile device may switch among antennas in the plurality of antennas utilizing one or more RF switches to enable utilizing best path for transmitted and/or received RF signals during the wireless communication. The mobile device may also perform signal combining of RF signals received via the plurality of antenna, and to enable a receiving end to perform signal combining of RF signals transmitted via the mobile device. A multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) combiner may be utilized to perform signal combing; the MIMO combiner may utilize maximal ratio combining to perform signal combining and equalization.

  • System and Method for Impedance Matching in Antennas

    A system for use with a transmitter and an antenna includes a radio frequency power detection portion, a tunable matching network, and a phase lock loop. The tunable matching network has a modifiable impedance to account for impedance mismatch between the transmitter and the antenna. The phase lock loop tunes the tunable matching network to modify the modifiable impedance.

  • DIELECTRIC CHIP ANTENNAS

    There is disclosed an antenna arrangement having a parasitic conductive loop (1) and at least one active radiating element (9). The conductive loop (1) comprises first and second electrically conductive passive radiating elements (2, 3) each with first and second ends. The first ends of the passive radiating elements are each connected to ground, and the second ends of the radiating elements are each connected respectively to mutually discrete metalized surface regions (8) of a dielectric block (7). The at least one active radiating element (9) is not conductively connected to the passive radiating elements (2, 3). The passive radiating elements (2, 3) are configured to be fed parasitically by the at least one active radiating element (9). The antenna arrangement has excellent resistance to detuning and can be located in different regions of a PCB substrate without significantly affecting performance. Further, the antenna is small in size and may be arranged for dual band operation.

  • WIDEBAND ANTENNA SYSTEM WITH MULTIPLE ANTENNAS AND AT LEAST ONE PARASITIC ELEMENT

    A wideband antenna system with multiple antennas and at least one parasitic element is disclosed. In an exemplary design, an apparatus includes a first antenna, a second antenna, and a parasitic element. The first antenna has a shape of an open-ended loop with two ends that overlap and are separated by a gap. The second antenna may also have a shape of an open-ended loop with two ends that overlap and are separated by a gap. The parasitic element is located between the first and second antennas. The first and second antennas may be placed side by side on a board, located at either the top end or the bottom end of a wireless device, and/or formed on opposite sides (e.g., the front and back sides) of the board. The parasitic element may be formed on a plane that is perpendicular to the plane on which the first and second antennas are formed.

  • APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR PACKAGING ANTENNAS WITH INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIPS FOR MILLIMETER WAVE APPLICATIONS

    Apparatus and methods are provided for integrally packaging antennas with semiconductor IC (integrated circuit) chips to provide highly-integrated and high-performance radio/wireless communications systems for millimeter wave applications including, e.g., voice communication, data communication, and radar applications. For example, wireless communication modules are constructed with IC chips having receiver/transmitter/transceiver integrated circuits and planar antennas that are integrally constructed from BEOL (back end of line) metallization structures of the IC chip.

  • Integrated Antennas in Wafer Level Package

    A semiconductor module comprises components in one wafer level package. The module comprises an integrated circuit (IC) chip embedded within a package molding compound. The package comprises a molding compound package layer coupled to an interface layer for integrating an antenna structure and a bonding interconnect structure to the IC chip. The bonding interconnect structure comprises three dimensional interconnects. The antenna structure and bonding interconnect structure are coupled to the IC chip and integrated within the interface layer in the same wafer fabrication process.

  • Method of Controlling a Plurality of Internal Antennas in a Mobile Communication Device

    In one embodiment, a mobile communication device comprises a first antenna; a second antenna; a transceiver for processing a received signal and generating a transmit signal; and a controller, based on a detected condition of one of the first antenna or second antenna, for selecting the other one of said first antenna or said second antenna and coupling the transmit signal to the selected other one of said first antenna or said second antenna.

  • SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATION WITH MULTIPLE ANTENNAS IN A MEDICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

    A medical imaging system includes a mobile imager. The mobile imager includes a source of X-ray radiation and at least two antennas for wireless communication. The medical imaging system also includes a digital X-ray detector configured to receive X-ray radiation from the source, wherein the digital X-ray detector includes at least one antenna to communicate wirelessly with the mobile imager.

  • Antennas For Electronic Devices With Conductive Housing

    An electronic device may be provided with a conductive housing. The conductive housing may be formed from a metal. Slots may be formed in the housing. The slots may serve as an antenna and may be fed using an antenna feed structure within the electronic device housing. The electronic device may have a frame to which housing structures are attached and may have a stand or other support structure. The frame may be used to mount a display, to support housing walls, to support clutch barrel structures, etc. The slots may be formed in the frame or in a space between the frame and the housing walls. The slots or other antenna structures may also be formed in the stand. Multiple slots may be used together to support operations in two or more communications bands. There may be multiple dual slot antennas in the electronic device.

  • Bezel Gap Antennas

    Electronic devices are provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and antenna structures. A parallel-fed loop antenna may be formed from portions of an electronic device bezel and a ground plane. The antenna may operate in multiple communications bands. An impedance matching circuit for the antenna may be formed from a parallel-connected inductive element and a series-connected capacitive element. The bezel may surround a peripheral portion of a display that is mounted to the front of an electronic device. The bezel may contain a gap. Antenna feed terminals for the antenna may be located on opposing sides of the gap. The inductive element may bridge the gap and the antenna feed terminals. The capacitive element may be connected in series between one of the antenna feed terminals and a conductor in a transmission line located between the transceiver circuitry and the antenna.

  • ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE PROPAGATION APPARATUS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE INTERFACE

    An electromagnetic wave propagation apparatus includes: a planar propagation medium including a planar conductor, a first planar dielectric, a planar mesh conductor, and a second planar dielectric being overlaid on each other in order; at least one electromagnetic wave input port provided for the planar propagation medium; a power supply station that supplies the planar propagation medium with an electromagnetic wave as electric power or information through the electromagnetic wave input port; and at least one power receiving apparatus provided for a second planar dielectric of the planar propagation medium and includes an electromagnetic wave interface and a power receiving circuit. A dielectric board is provided with multiple conductor patterns as the electromagnetic wave interface. At least one connection means is provided between the conductor pattern and the power receiving circuit. At least one short-circuit means between the conductor patterns is provided at an end of the conductor pattern.

  • TERMINAL APPARATUS, BASE STATION APPARATUS, PILOT TRANSMITTING METHOD, AND PROPAGATION PATH ESTIMATING METHOD

    Provided is a terminal apparatus that can suppress the increase in interference between pilot signals in the same slot, while also suppressing the degradation of the flexibility to design cell cluster structures. When hopping information indicates an inter-slot hopping, a mapping unit (212) arranges a first pilot sequences in which a group to which the sequences used in respective slots belong varies on a slot-by-slot basis. When the hopping information indicates an inter-subframe hopping, the mapping unit (212) arranges a second pilot sequences in which a group to which the sequences used in respective slots belong varies on a subframe-by-subframe basis. The sequence group to which the sequences used in any one of the subframes in the second pilot sequences belong is identical with the sequence group to which the sequence used in any one of the slots included in that one subframe in the first pilot sequences belongs.

  • INTERDICTING MALICIOUS FILE PROPAGATION

    An approach is provided for interdicting malicious file propagation. Packets of a message being transferred to a destination device are received. In response to packet(s) of the message being received, the packet(s) are scanned by determining whether the packet(s) match a corresponding portion of a malicious file. If any of the scanned packet(s) do not match the corresponding portion of the malicious file, a transfer of subsequent packet(s) of the message to the destination device is permitted without performing a scan of the subsequent packet(s). If the scanned packet(s) including a last one or more packets of the message match corresponding portions of the malicious file, a transfer of the scanned packet(s) to the destination device is permitted, except a transfer of the last one or more packets of the message to the destination device is not permitted.

  • METHODS AND STRUCTURE FOR SELECTIVE PROPAGATION OF SAS BROADCAST(CHANGE) PRIMITIVES

    Methods and structure for improved configuration management of a storage system. A storage system comprises one or more storage controllers coupled with a plurality of storage components (e.g., storage devices and switching components). The coupling often comprises a switched fabric communication structure. Configuration changes normally propagated throughout the components of the networked storage system are prevented by detecting temporary changes in the configuration that are restored to the original configuration within a predetermined period of time. In a Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) storage system, SAS expanders and initiators of the network may be enhanced in accordance with features and aspects hereof to prevent propagation of BROADCAST(CHANGE) primitives when a temporary configuration change is restored within the timeout period. Configuration changes may include temporary loss of link communications for a link of the expander and/or removal and insertion of a storage device coupled with the expander.

  • SIMULATING SUBTERRANEAN FRACTURE PROPAGATION

    Systems, methods, and instructions encoded in a computer-readable medium can perform operations related to simulating subterranean fracture propagation. A subterranean formation model representing rock blocks of a subterranean formation is received. The subterranean formation model is used to predict a response of each rock block to one or more forces acting on the rock block during an injection treatment for the subterranean formation. The predicted responses of the rock blocks may include, for example, a fracture, a rotation, a displacement, a dilation of an existing fracture, and/or another type of response. In some implementations, an injection treatment may be designed for a subterranean formation based on the predicted response of the rock blocks.

  • WAVEGUIDE SHEET CONTAINING IN-COUPLING, PROPAGATION, AND OUT-COUPLING REGIONS

    In one aspect, an illumination structure includes a substantially non-fiber waveguide, which itself includes a discrete in-coupling region for receiving light, a discrete propagation region for propagating light, and a discrete out-coupling region for emitting light.

  • SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ANTENNA DIVERSITY IN A HOME AREA NETWORK

    A system, in one embodiment, includes an energy services interface having first and second antennas configured to communicate with a home area network (HAN) to receive information related to energy, communication circuitry configured to communicate data using the first and second antennas, and control logic configured to assign the first HAN device to either the first or second antenna as a first assigned antenna based at least partially upon which of the first or second antennas receives a stronger signal when communicating with first HAN device. In addition, the energy services interface is configured to communicate with the first HAN device via the first assigned antenna based on an antenna diversity schedule.

  • Proximity Based Social Networking

    A system and method for proximity based social networking is disclosed between mobile computing devices each having a short range communication (SRC) device using near field magnetic induction. The SRC devices can include at least two antennas to provide magnetic induction diversity. The method comprises defining a proximity boundary with dimensions defined by a communication range of the SRC devices. A proximity signal is communicated in the proximity boundary between the SRC devices. Information can be exchanged between the mobile computing devices based on the settings of a social networking filter module.

  • MULTIPLE-ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR CELLULAR COMMUNICATION AND BROADCASTING

    A reception method and apparatus for use in a multi-cell orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) wireless system. In a unicast receive mode during a first receive time period, a first group of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols is received by a mobile device from multiple of a plurality of antennas at a serving base station. In a single-frequency-network (SFN) receive mode during a second receive time period, a second group of OFDM symbols is received by the mobile device from one of a plurality of antennas at the serving base station. The transition between the first receive time period and the second receive time period occurs during a cyclic prefix or a cyclic postfix between OFDM symbols, and the plurality of antennas produce a first beam pattern during the unicast receive mode and a second beam pattern during the SFN receive mode.

  • DOPPLER-NULLING TRAVELING-WAVE ANTENNA RELAYS FOR HIGH-SPEED VEHICULAR COMMUNICATIONS

    An antenna relay system for facilitating wireless communication between mobile terminals on a high-speed rail vehicle and stationary base stations with substantially reduced Doppler shift effects comprises matched traveling wave directional antennas mounted to a high-speed rail vehicle and positioned collinearly alongside the railway. Both antennas continually transmit and receive at a fixed angle relative to the motion of the train so as to circumvent the Doppler shift. The signal transmitted or received by the stationary antenna is conducted to a nearest node for communication with an access network.

  • COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, COMMUNICATION METHOD AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

    In a communication system adapted to MIMO transmission, a receiver may include a filter to filter signals received from a transmitter through the receiver antennas and having a weight matrix thereof updated by an adaptive algorithm with respect to each substream message symbol from the transmitter, and a code generator to feed back a part of the weight matrix updated by the filter, as an updated STF code, to the transmitter. The transmitter may make the transmission using the updated STF code which is optimized for a current channel state.

  • AUTOMATIC SORT AND PROPAGATION ASSOCIATED WITH ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS

    Techniques for automatic sort and propagation of information relating to electronic documents are presented. With regard to an electronic document, such as an incoming message, an enhanced information management component (EIMC) can analyze the document to identify a file folder associated with a subject to which the document relates. Based on interaction with or tagging of the document in a first user interface (UI) and predefined user preferences, the EIMC can propagate information relating to the subject and/or document to a second UI. The EIMC can archive the document in the identified file folder automatically or in response to as little as one UI control manipulation. The EIMC can analyze audio or video content to facilitate tagging and archiving of such content using the first UI and propagation of information relating to such content and/or related subject to a second UI.

  • COMPENSATION OF PROPAGATION DELAYS OF WIRELESS SIGNALS

    Propagation delay offsets of wireless signals are compensated. Compensation is accomplished through determination of an effective wireless signal propagation delay that accounts for signal path delay and propagation delay over the air. Such determination is based at least in part on statistical analysis of accurate location estimates of reference positions throughout a coverage sector or cell, and location estimates of the reference positions generated through time-of-flight (TOF) measurements of wireless signals. Determination of propagation or signal path delay offset also is attained iteratively based at least in part on reference location estimates and TOF location estimates. High-accuracy location estimates such as those obtained through global navigation satellite systems are employed as reference location estimates. Position of probes or wireless beacons, deployed throughout a sector or cell, also are employed as reference locations. Compensation of propagation delay offset improves accuracy of conventional TOF location estimates and radio network performance.

  • System And Method For Antenna Pattern Estimation

    The present invention is directed to a system and method for extrapolating antenna radiation patterns from a small number of measurements. The present invention is configured to derive an initial estimate based on design information and compare the initial estimate to far-field measurements. The controller is configured to recursively obtain a final estimate wherein a difference between the far-field measurements and the final estimate is less than a predetermined amount. The final estimate represents an extrapolated mapping of the antenna pattern.

  • ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH MIRCOFILM ANTENNA AND RELATED METHODS

    An electronic device may include a first substrate, an electrically conductive feed line on the first substrate, an insulating layer on the first substrate and the electrically conductive feed line, a second substrate on the insulating layer, and an antenna on the second substrate and having nanofilm layers stacked on the second substrate. The antenna is coupled to the feed line through an aperture.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TUNING AN ANTENNA IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

    In accordance with the present disclosure, method may include receiving one or more environment parameter signals indicative of an environment of a wireless communication element. The method may also include communicating one or more control signals to an antenna tuner of the wireless communication element for controlling an impedance of the antenna tuner based on the one or more environment parameter signals.

  • CLUSTER-BASED DERIVATION OF ANTENNA TILTS IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

    Systems, methods, and apparatus for cluster-based optimization of antenna tilts in a wireless network are presented herein. A screening component can receive information indicating wireless conditions of respective wireless access points of a geographical region, select, based on a performance criterion, an access point of the respective wireless access points, and group the access point and an other access point of the respective wireless access points into a representation of a cluster of access points. Further, an optimization component can derive antenna tilt values for respective access points of the cluster of the access points in response to a simulation of an application of the antenna tilt values to the respective access points. Furthermore, an implementation component can direct the antenna tilt values to respective components of the respective access points.

  • USE OF MINIMAL PROPAGATION DELAY PATH TO OPTIMIZE A MESH NETWORK

    The present technology relates to protocols relative to utility meters associated with an open operational framework. More particularly, the present subject matter relates to protocol subject matter for advanced metering infrastructure, adaptable to various international standards, while economically supporting a 2-way mesh network solution in a wireless environment, such as for operating in a residential electricity meter field. The present subject matter supports meters within an ANSI standard C12.22/C12.19 system while economically supporting a 2-way mesh network solution in a wireless environment, such as for operating in a residential electricity meter field, all to permit cell-based adaptive insertion of C12.22 meters within an open framework. Particular present features relate to the use of minimal propagation delay path to optimize a mesh network.

  • POLYNUCLEOTIDES AND CONSTRUCTS ENCODING SFLT1-14 AND METHOD FOR EFFICIENT PROPAGATION AND EXPRESSION THEREOF

    The present invention relates to engineered polynucleotides and constructs comprising nucleic acid sequences encoding a specific splice-variant (sFLT1-14) of the VEGFR family Flt-1, methods for efficient propagation and expression thereof and compositions and uses thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to isolated polynucleotides comprising a nucleic acid sequence coding for sFlt1-14 or any fragment thereof comprising the serine-rich C-terminus region of said sFlt1-14, wherein at least one of the TCA serine coding codons in said serine-rich C-terminus region of sFlt1-14 as encoded by the nucleic acid sequence of SEQ ID NO. 1, is replaced by any one of TCT, TCC, TCG, AGT, AGC. The invention further provides compositions and method of treating VEGF-associated medical conditions using the polynucleotides of the invention.

  • SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMIT DIVERSITY CONTROL BASED ON VARIATIONS IN PROPAGATION PATH

    A method and apparatus for applications of identification of variations of propagation path to transmit diversity control. Transmit diversity parameters may be modified according to detected dynamics, which may, for example, be related to changes in actual propagation and network conditions. Such dynamics may be referred to as mobility parameters. Mobility parameters may apply to variability in a propagation path due to any conditions. Determination of a mobility parameter may be conducted using one or more of multiple parameters available to the mobile terminal. Such feedback information indication, which is related to the propagation path conditions, may be provided to the apparatus, which would attempt to find a more desired mode of operation, which may lead to reduction in power and the improvement of the quality of transmission.

  • AUTOMATIC SORT AND PROPAGATION ASSOCIATED WITH ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS

    Techniques for automatic sort and propagation of information relating to electronic documents are presented. With regard to an electronic document, such as an incoming message, an enhanced information management component (EIMC) can analyze the document to identify a file folder associated with a subject to which the document relates. Based on interaction with or tagging of the document in a first user interface (UI) and predefined user preferences, the EIMC can propagate information relating to the subject and/or document to a second UI. The EIMC can archive the document in the identified file folder automatically or in response to as little as one UI control manipulation. The EIMC can analyze audio or video content to facilitate tagging and archiving of such content using the first UI and propagation of information relating to such content and/or related subject to a second UI.

  • COMPENSATION OF PROPAGATION DELAYS OF WIRELESS SIGNALS

    Propagation delay offsets of wireless signals are compensated. Compensation is accomplished through determination of an effective wireless signal propagation delay that accounts for signal path delay and propagation delay over the air. Such determination is based at least in part on statistical analysis of accurate location estimates of reference positions throughout a coverage sector or cell, and location estimates of the reference positions generated through time-of-flight (TOF) measurements of wireless signals. Determination of propagation or signal path delay offset also is attained iteratively based at least in part on reference location estimates and TOF location estimates. High-accuracy location estimates such as those obtained through global navigation satellite systems are employed as reference location estimates. Position of probes or wireless beacons, deployed throughout a sector or cell, also are employed as reference locations. Compensation of propagation delay offset improves accuracy of conventional TOF location estimates and radio network performance.

  • COMPENSATION OF PROPAGATION DELAYS OF WIRELESS SIGNALS

    Propagation delay offsets of wireless signals are compensated. Compensation is accomplished through determination of an effective wireless signal propagation delay that accounts for signal path delay and propagation delay over the air. Such determination is based at least in part on statistical analysis of accurate location estimates of reference positions throughout a coverage sector or cell, and location estimates of the reference positions generated through time-of-flight (TOF) measurements of wireless signals. Determination of propagation or signal path delay offset also is attained iteratively based at least in part on reference location estimates and TOF location estimates. High-accuracy location estimates such as those obtained through global navigation satellite systems are employed as reference location estimates. Position of probes or wireless beacons, deployed throughout a sector or cell, also are employed as reference locations. Compensation of propagation delay offset improves accuracy of conventional TOF location estimates and radio network performance.

  • REFERENCE SIGNAL MEASUREMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM INCLUDING PLURAL BASE STATIONS WITH DISTRIBUTED ANTENNAS

    An apparatus and a method of measuring a reference signal for efficient downlink transmission in a mobile communication system are provided. The system includes plural base stations, each having a plurality of antennas distributed in the service area thereof based on a Distributed Antenna System (DAS). A method for a base station to notify a terminal of reference signal measurement information in a mobile communication system comprises determining whether the terminal is in a Rank Indicator/Precoding Matrix Indicator (RI/PMI) disabled mode, selecting, when the terminal is in the RI/PMI disabled mode, the reference signal to be measured by the terminal between a Cell-specific Reference Signal (CRS) and a Channel Status Information Reference Signal (CSI-RS), notifying the terminal of the reference signal measurement information with the selection result, and receiving channel information generated based on the reference signal measurement information from the terminal.

  • ANTENNA APPARATUS INCLUDING TWO PAIRS OF ANTENNAS PROVIDED RESPECTIVELY TO BE SYMMETRIC WITH RESPECT TO SYMMETRIC LINE

    An antenna apparatus is configured to include first, second, third and fourth antennas. The first and fourth antennas are provided to be symmetrical with respect to a predetermined symmetry line on the grounding conductor, and the second and third antennas are arranged to be symmetrical with respect to the symmetry line so that the second and third feeding points are separated apart by a predetermined distance. A first antenna element of the first antenna and a fourth antenna element of the fourth antenna are formed to be substantially parallel to a Y-axis direction, and a second antenna element of the second antenna and a third antenna element of the third antenna are formed to be substantially parallel to an X-axis direction.

  • AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF MOBILE PHONE ANTENNAS

    A method and device is provided that determines whether an antenna is electrically connected to its respective coupling device. The first side of the device includes coupling device, a mechanical switch, and an application processor. The second side includes an antenna contact that that is creates an electrical connection with a coupling device on the first side when the first side is securely attached to the second side. The mechanical switch is configured to be in an "open" state when the antenna contact does not make an electrical connection with the coupling device. Each mechanical switch is configured to be in a "closed" state when the antenna contact does make an electrical connection with its coupling device. The application processor determines the state of each mechanical switch. When any switch is an "open" state, it provides a notification on an interface of the mobile device.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR UPLINK TIMING ALIGNMENT IN SYSTEM WITH LARGE NUMBER OF ANTENNAS

    A mobile station is configured to perform a method for uplink timing alignment in a wireless network. The method includes receiving a first downlink synchronization signal from a base station on a first beam pair at a first time associated with a first propagation delay. The method also includes receiving a second downlink synchronization signal from the base station on a second beam pair at a second time associated with a second propagation delay. The method further includes determining a second timing advance for the second beam pair based on a known first timing advance for the first beam pair and a time difference between the first time and the second time.

  • COMPUTER INPUT STYLUS WITH MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

    The present disclosure provides a stylus for enabling inputs to be made to a host electronic device. The stylus has multiple antennas that are displaced from each other and the tip of the stylus body. In operation, the antennas are excited to each radiate an electromagnetic field directed towards the tip of the stylus. The radiated electromagnetic fields may be sensed by the host electronic device to determine the position of the tip relative to a sensing surface.

  • OPTICAL ANTENNAS WITH ENHANCED FIELDS AND ELECTRON EMISSION

    An electromagnetic energy collecting and sensing device is described. The device uses enhanced fields to emit electrons for energy collection. The device is configured to collect energy from visible light, infrared radiation and ultraviolet electromagnetic radiation. The device includes a waveguide with a geometry selected to enhance the electric field along a conductor to create a high, localized electric field, which causes electron emission across a gap to an electron return plane.

  • SECURE TRANSACTION OBJECT CREATION, PROPAGATION AND INVOCATION

    Functional data of a cash channel is encapsulated by at least two parties in succession to define an at least twice-encapsulated data object. The encapsulation and subsequent de-encapsulation can utilize digital signature systems of the parties that involve a private key for encapsulation and a public key for de-encapsulation. If constructed carefully over a series of rigorous events, the resulting at least twice-encapsulated data object can be practically impossible to counterfeit. In addition, a propagation of rights can be tracked for auditing and rights can be easily terminated or modified.

  • BEARING AND METHOD OF INHIBITING CRACK PROPAGATION IN A BEARING COMPONENT

    The present invention relates a bearing comprising a liquid lubricant and at least one ceramic component (105, 115, 125), which, during operation of the bearing, is subject to rolling contact load. According to the invention, a tribological surface (110, 120, 130) of the at least one ceramic component is impregnated with a sealant, such that the liquid lubricant is prevented from entering discontinuities in the tribological surface.

  • DISPLAY SYSTEMS WITH COMPENSATION FOR LINE PROPAGATION DELAY

    A method for characterizing and eliminating the effect of propagation delay on data and monitor lines of AMOLED panels is introduced. A similar technique may be utilized to cancel the effect of incomplete settling of select lines that control the write and read switches of pixels on a row.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SHARING AND TRACKING THE PROPAGATION OF DIGITAL ASSETS

    Systems and methods for sharing and tracking the propagation of digital assets are disclosed. Distributors, or senders, in a distribution system can offer digital assets to recipients, resulting in a share-based relationship with each recipient. Recipients can then offer the digital asset to further recipients to become a distributor themselves, and see their own user impact on the distribution of the digital asset as well as the entire distribution web as a whole.

  • LIGHT PROPAGATION TIME CAMERA

    A time-of-flight camera includes a photosensor and a reference photosensor. Each of the photosensors have accumulation gates and each are configured as a photomixing detector (PMD). A readout device is connected to the accumulation gates of the photosensor and to the accumulation gates of the reference photosensor. The readout device is configured to read out an electric quantity that corresponds to a charge that is present at respective ones of the accumulation gates. An integration time of accumulating the charges is the same for the photosensor and for the reference photosensor and is dimensioned so as to prevent the reference photosensor from reaching saturation during operation of the time-of-flight camera.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OF UPLINK SOUNDING REFERENCE SIGNALS IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH LARGE NUMBER OFANTENNAS

    Methods for preventing timing collisions in a wireless communication network include transmitting a data uplink symbol of normal duration via a first base pair using a first timing advance (TA) corresponding to the first base pair. Scheduling to transmit a second uplink symbol via a second base pair (BP) corresponding to the transmit RF chain. Predicting a timing collision will occur based on a different between the first TA and a second TA corresponding to the second BP. Preventing the timing collision by: reducing the duration of the second symbol by an adjustment amount calculated based on the first TA and the second TA; inserting a guard interval to delay transmission of the second symbol by the calculated adjustment amount; and increasing the duration of a cyclic prefix of the second symbol but refraining from transmitting a portion of the enlarged CP.

  • MOBILE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WITH SELECTIVE LOAD SWITCHING FOR ANTENNAS AND RELATED METHODS

    A mobile wireless communications device may include a plurality of antennas, a plurality of wireless transceivers, and signal processing circuitry. The device may further include a controller for selectively switching the signal processing circuitry to a desired one of the wireless transceivers, and for selectively switching a desired one of the antennas to the desired one of the wireless transceivers. Moreover, the controller may also be for selectively connecting and disconnecting the at least one other one of the antennas to an unused one of the wireless transceivers.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EFFICIENT RECEPTION AND COMBINING OF SIMILAR SIGNALS RECEIVED ON TWO OR MORE ANTENNAS

    A radio signal processing system includes a first antenna; a second antenna; a first receiver communicatively coupled to the first antenna; a second receiver communicatively coupled to the second antenna; a first processing unit communicatively coupled to the first receiver and configured to receive a first signal from at least one of the first antenna and the second antenna when the system is operating in a first mode; a second processing unit communicatively coupled to the second receiver and configured to receive a second signal from the second antenna when the system is operating in a first mode; and wherein the first processing unit is further configured to receive a third signal from both the first antenna and the second antenna when the system is operating in a second mode.

  • NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE LOGGING TOOL HAVING AN ARRAY OF ANTENNAS

    An improved system and method for ranging while drilling, in effect, induces a dynamic hot spot on the casing of a nearby well. The induced hot spot acts as a magnetic source that can be reliably detected from within the drillstring and in such a manner as to infer the relative position and orientation of the casing to the drillstring. At least some disclosed method embodiments employ one or more rotating magnets in the drillstring, an array of at least two magnetometers in the drillstring and one or more phase-locked loops that are used to enhance the signal to noise ratio of the magnetic signal scattered off of the casing from the rotating magnetic field. The rotating magnet or magnets may be magnetic dipoles or magnetic multipoles, and may be modulated to enable the use of multiple magnetic field sources.

  • ANALOG SIGNAL PROCESSING DEVICE FOR PHASED ARRAY ANTENNAS

    A signal processing device includes a device package, processing circuitry and biasing circuitry. The processing circuitry is packaged in the device package and is operative to receive one or more Radio Frequency (RF) input signals from one or more antenna elements via one or more pre-amplifiers that are separate from the device, and to process the RF input signals so as to produce an RF output signal. The biasing circuitry is packaged in the device package and is operative to produce one or more biasing signals for biasing the pre-amplifiers.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION BY USING MULTIPLE DIRECTIONAL ANTENNAS

    The present invention relates to an apparatus and method of performing wireless communication using multiple directional antennas. The transportation means according to the present invention includes at least two communication devices, wherein one of the at least two communication devices, communication device A, includes a directional antenna group 1, and the other communication device, communication device B, includes a directional antenna group 2, and wherein the communication device A performs directional antenna selection control of the directional antenna group 1 included in the communication device A depending on whether the communication device B is connected with a network. According to the present invention, one of the communication devices gains access to a satellite station, a base station, or other ships, at least one antenna of another communication device may be used to relay wireless communication and may play a role as a base station or an AP.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPLEMENTING BI-DIRECTIONAL SYNCHRONIZATION PROPAGATION

    Systems and methods for implementing bi-directional synchronization propagation between first and second communication devices are provided. The devices are arranged in a loop-timing configuration. A method includes detecting, by the second communication device, a switching signal comprising an indication to switch a timing role of the second communication device and engaging, by the second communication device, in a synchronization handshake with the first communication device over a communication link based on the detection of the switching signal. Engaging in the synchronization handshake includes determining whether the first communication device is configured to support bi-directional synchronization propagation. The method includes switching the timing role of the second communication device based on the synchronization handshake.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTELLIGENTLY CONTROLLING PROPAGATION ENVIRONMENTS IN DISTRIBUTED TRANSCEIVER COMMUNICATIONS

    A communication device comprising a plurality of distributed transceivers and one or more corresponding antenna arrays is operable to determine characteristics of one or more objects that are sensed within a surrounding communication environment of the communication device. The communication device may configure one or more of the plurality of distributed transceivers and/or one or more of the corresponding antenna arrays to handle communication of one or more data streams based on the determined characteristics. Exemplary characteristics may comprise reflective property and/or refractive property of the sensed one or more objects within the surrounding communication environment of the communication device. The communication device may be operable to store the determined characteristics, corresponding temporal information and/or spatial information for the sensed one or more objects, and/or signal propagation characteristics within a surrounding communication environment of the communication device.