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Inventi Impact - Human-Computer Interaction

Patent Watch

  • Gestures And Gesture Recognition For Manipulating A User-Interface

    Symbolic gestures and associated recognition technology are provided for controlling a system user-interface, such as that provided by the operating system of a general computing system or multimedia console. The symbolic gesture movements in mid-air are performed by a user with or without the aid of an input device. A capture device is provided to generate depth images for three-dimensional representation of a capture area including a human target. The human target is tracked using skeletal mapping to capture the mid-air motion of the user. The skeletal mapping data is used to identify movements corresponding to pre-defined gestures using gesture filters that set forth parameters for determining when a target's movement indicates a viable gesture. When a gesture is detected, one or more pre-defined user-interface control actions are performed.

  • METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR OBTAINING INFORMATION ABOUT OBJECTS AROUND A VEHICLE

    Arrangement and method for obtaining information about objects exterior of a vehicle in which a light source is mounted in the vehicle, structured light is projected into an area of interest exterior of the vehicle, rays of light forming the structured light originate from the light source, reflected light is detected at an image sensor at a position different than the position from which the structured light is projected, and the reflected light is analyzed relative to the projected structured light to obtain information about the object in the area of interest exterior of the vehicle. The structured light is designed to appear as if it comes from a source of light (virtual or actual) which is at a position different than the position of the image sensor.

  • Method and System for Providing Scene Data of Virtual World

    Methods and systems for providing scene data of a virtual world. One method includes the following steps: receiving a request for downloading the scene data from a content requesting party, where the request includes (i) information on an object group in the scene data and (ii) Level of Detail (LoD) information on an object in the object group, packing LoD content of the object in the object group based on the information on the object group and the LoD information on the object, and transmitting the packed LoD content corresponding to the object group to the content requesting party.

  • WINDOW DISPLAY MANAGEMENT IN A GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE

    The present invention provides a computer implemented method and data processing system for effectively presenting popup and related windows on a computer GUI. An example system may include a computer processor coupled to the computer readable memory. The computer processor is configured to receive content of a new window for display in the display screen, perform a text analysis on the content of the new window to determine a relevance of the new window to the user, and determine a display position of the new window on the display screen based on the relevance of the new window to the user and a cursor position in the GUI displaying keyboard input such that the new window is displayed on the display screen at the determined display position.

  • Multimedia Communication Device Within Cloud Computing Techniques

    The present invention provides an improved multimedia communication device within cloud computing techniques including a display mechanism for multimedia playing; an operation mechanism linking with the display mechanism for interpretation and implementation of the display mechanism; and a servo mechanism linking with the display mechanism for certification program of the operation mechanism and transmission of the list of multimedia service to the display mechanism; thus, the multimedia playing frequency channel located in our server cloud computing is detected at any time and the contents of the frequency channel are updated immediately; not only the needed frequency channel is quick found by an user, but also it ensures that all frequency channels located in our server cloud computing are normally linked by the user.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING LATENCY VIA MULTIPLE NETWORK CONNECTIONS

    A system and method is provided whereby more requests than are necessary to obtain a network resource may be adaptively determined and preemptively transmitted from a client device to a server device in order to reduce latency caused by the delay or loss of a request. In one aspect, the system and method includes transmitting multiple connection requests from the client to the server, where the number of the connection requests transmitted to the server is greater than the number necessary to obtain a resource hosted by the server.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REALIZING MESSAGE INTERACTIONS IN A MULTI-TABS APPLICATION

    A method is disclosed for performing message interactions in a multi-tab application program. The method includes creating one or more page windows corresponding to respective tabs in the multi-tab application program as one or more top-level windows and receiving an input message corresponding to a user operation with respect to a particular tab. The method also includes sending the input message to one of the page windows corresponding to the particular tab by a main frame window of the multi-tab application program in a non-blocking message sending mode, without sending any associated system message to the page windows. Further, the method includes continuing to handle messages for other page windows by the main frame window regardless whether the one of the page windows is hung.

  • ORGANIZING, DISPLAYING, AND/OR MANIPULATING NETWORK TRAFFIC DATA

    A system and method for analyzing network traffic activity by displaying a collection of flow objects and receiving a user's selection of a traffic operation that is to be applied to a set of selected flow objects. Thereafter, the results of applying the traffic operation to the selected flow objects are displayed. The traffic operation may include a merge operation that provides statistics related to an aggregation of the flow objects. The traffic operation may also include a modification operation that modifies the selected flow objects, including, for example, a modification based on predicted traffic flow. Other traffic operations may also be provided, including providing access to plug-in traffic operation applications.

  • METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR GRAPHICALLY VISUALIZING TEXT DOCUMENTS

    The present invention generally relates to methods and systems for processing and visualization management of text documents. More particularly, the present invention pertains to design and implementation of a method with enhanced qualitative and quantitative parameters for processing and automated visualization management of text documents and systems thereof.

  • VIRTUAL SERVER AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING ZOMBIE, AND SINKHOLE SERVER AND METHOD FOR INTEGRATEDLY MANAGING ZOMBIE INFORMATION

    Provided are a virtual server and method for identifying a zombie, and a sinkhole server and method for integratedly managing zombie information. The virtual server includes an authentication processing module authenticating a host using a CAPTCHA test and providing a cookie to the authenticated host when a web server access request message received from the host does not include a cookie, a cookie value verification module for extracting a cookie value from the web server access request message and verifying the extracted cookie value when the web server access request message includes a cookie, a web page access inducement module for inducing the host to access a web server when the cookie value is verified, and a zombie identification module for blocking access of the host when the cookie value is not verified, and identifying the host as a zombie when the number of blocking operations exceeds a threshold value.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FILTERING INFORMATION

    A system and method for filtering data is provided, including identifying a target portion of a data source, dividing the target portion into one or more elements of a set, receiving one or more search requests as a filter specification, interpreting the filter specification as a Boolean logic expression, evaluating the elements of the set based on the Boolean expression, and displaying the elements which match the search request on a display.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE WORKING STATUS OF AN ELECTRIC DEVICE

    The invention provides a method and a corresponding system (12, 32) for controlling the working status of a first device (10, 30). The first device is connected with a second device (11, 31). The method comprises: a first analyzing step (S20) for analyzing whether the second device is using the first data provided by the first device; a step (S21) for controlling, based on the result of the first analyzing step, the working status of the first device. According to embodiments of the present invention, the working status of the first device can be changed when the second device temporarily does not use the first data provided by the first device, thereby saving energy, economizing on hardware resources and so on.

  • VISUALLY DIRECTED HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

    The present invention relates to a method and apparatus of utilizing an eye detection apparatus in a medical application, which includes calibrating the eye detection apparatus to a user; performing a predetermined set of visual and cognitive steps using the eye detection apparatus; determining a visual profile of a workflow of the user; creating a user-specific database to create an automated visual display protocol of the workflow; storing eye-tracking commands for individual user navigation and computer interactions; storing context-specific medical application eye-tracking commands, in a database; performing the medical application using the eye-tracking commands; and storing eye-tracking data and results of an analysis of data from performance of the medical application, in the database. The method includes performing an analysis of the database for determining best practice guidelines based on clinical outcome measures.

  • MULTIPLE CENTROID CONDENSATION OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION CLOUDS

    Systems and methods are disclosed for identifying objects captured by a depth camera by condensing classified image data into centroids of probability that captured objects are correctly identified entities. Output exemplars are processed to detect spatially localized clusters of non-zero probability pixels. For each cluster, a centroid is generated, generally resulting in multiple centroids for each differentiated object. Each centroid may be assigned a confidence value, indicating the likelihood that it corresponds to a true object, based on the size and shape of the cluster, as well as the probabilities of its constituent pixels.

  • Sensor product for electric field sensing

    A sensor product web for electric field sensing. The sensor includes a substrate, sequential electrically conductive areas on a surface of the substrate, conductors, an output connected to one of the electrically conductive areas by one of the conductors, a dielectric layer arranged on top of the conductors, and an electrically conductive layer arranged on top of the dielectric layer on a same surface of the substrate as the electrically conductive areas, the dielectric layer being discontinuous at the conductor which is in contact with the electrically conductive area.

  • Guides and indicators for eye movement monitoring systems

    A computer system aids user positioning of a pointing device by providing an animated post warp retro guide in conjunction with an eye tracking system, based on perceived user intent, to assist a user in maintaining continuity for pointer warps. An eye tracking apparatus monitors a user's eye orientation while the user views a video display, detects the eye orientation relative to the video display, and automatically moves the positioning device to the calculated eye orientation of the user, while providing an animated history of the first location of pointing device and a second location of the pointing device. To enable the user to maintain continuity while reading lines of text, a reading guide and visual indicator are also provided. Automated text scrolling and paging is provided to further accommodate a user to maintain continuity while reading large blocks of text.

  • Organized retail crime detection security system and method

    A method for using electronic product identification devices to track the purchase or theft of any multiple merchandise items in a food store or other retail shopping store environment, to determine if a large quantity of items are in the process of being stolen, to activate an alarm condition in a surveillance camera system, alert store security, and send tag information (list of stolen contents thereof) and a video clip file or URL of a web site link to view a video file to store security using remote mobile devices, and to law enforcement if desired.

  • Methods and apparatuses for myoelectric-based speech processing

    A method for myoelectric-based processing of speech. The method includes capturing a myoelectric signal from a user using at least one electrode, wherein the electrode converts an ionic current generated by muscle contraction into an electric current. The method also includes amplifying the electric current, filtering the amplified electric current, and converting the filtered electric current into a digital signal. The method further includes transmitting the myoelectric signal to a digital device, transforming the digital signal into a written representation using an automatic speech recognition method, and generating an audible output from the written representation using a speech synthesis method.

  • System and method for sensing a feature of an object in an interactive video display

    Embodiments of the present invention include a method for processing captured image information in an interactive video display system. The method includes accessing a region of a vision image. The method further includes comparing the region of the vision image to a first orientation of a value image. The value image comprises a plurality of weighted values representing a feature to be detected. The method further includes comparing the region of the vision image to a second orientation of the value image. The method further includes determining which orientation of the value image best matches the feature to be detected to an object of the region of the vision image.

  • Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback interface systems utilizing a host computer

    A method and apparatus for controlling and providing force feedback using an interface device manipulated by a user. A microprocessor is provided local to the interface device and reads sensor data from sensors that describes the position and/or other information about a user object moved by the user, such as a joystick. The microprocessor controls actuators to provide forces on the user object and provides the sensor data to a host computer that is coupled to the interface device. The host computer sends high level host commands to the local microprocessor, and the microprocessor independently implements a local reflex process based on the high level command to provide force values to the actuators using sensor data and other parameters. A provided host command protocol includes a variety of different types of host commands and associated command parameters. By providing a relatively small set of high level host commands and parameters which are translated into a panoply of forces, the protocol further shifts the computational burden from the host computer to the local microprocessor and allows a software developer to easily create force feedback applications.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CAPTURING AND RECREATING THE FEEL OF SURFACES

    Systems and methods for capturing and recreating the feel of a surface are disclosed. A method for capturing a feel of a surface comprises contacting the surface with a handheld tool, recording data measured by the tool, and generating a texture model of the surface based on the recorded data. A method for recreating a feel of a surface comprises contacting a virtual surface with a handheld tool, determining an estimated contact force based on the data measured by the tool, generating a vibration waveform from a texture model based on the data measured by the tool; and actuating at least one actuator of the tool according to the vibration waveform. A system for capturing and recreating a feel of a surface comprises a handheld tool, a storage device, and a processor.

  • Method and Apparatus for Human Interface to a Machine Vision System

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for setting up a vision system having a camera and a vision processor cooperative with the camera. The apparatus includes a gesture recognizer, a key recognizer, a breakout box having at least two signaling elements, and a setup control unit that is cooperative with the gesture recognizer, the key recognizer, and the breakout box. The combination of using a key and a gesture set as herein described is substantially superior, as compared with known user interfaces for setting up a vision system that has been previously been engineered, in terms of low-cost, convenience, ease-of-use, simplicity, and speed.

  • MULTI-MODAL GENDER RECOGNITION

    Gender recognition is performed using two or more modalities. For example, depth image data and one or more types of data other than depth image data is received. The data pertains to a person. The different types of data are fused together to automatically determine gender of the person. A computing system can subsequently interact with the person based on the determination of gender.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND TRACKING HANDS IN AN IMAGE

    A method and system for detecting and tracking hands in an image. The method for detecting and tracking hands in an image comprises the steps of calculating a first probability map comprising of probabilities that respective pixels in the image corresponds to skin based on colour information associated with the respective pixels; calculating a second probability map comprising of probabilities that the respective pixels in the image corresponds to a part of a hand based on depth information associated with the respective pixels; calculating a joint probability map by combining the first probability map and the second probability map; and detecting and tracking hands in the image using an algorithm with a weight output as a detection threshold applied on the joint probability map.

  • RESHAPABLE CONNECTOR WITH VARIABLE RIGIDITY

    An accessory is disclosed for use in a human-computer interface gaming or other application. The accessory can be held or otherwise interacted with by a user, where the accessory is sensed and displayed as a virtual object on a display. The virtual representation of the accessory may be an accurate recreation of the accessory, or it may be displayed as a virtual object appropriate to the gaming or other application. The real world accessory is flexible and may be morphed into a variety of forms to better suit a wide array of uses. This accessory may also serve as a platform upon which other accessories can be mounted to enhance user experience.

  • Adaptive Knowledge Platform

    Methods, systems, and apparatus, including medium-encoded computer program products, for providing an adaptive knowledge platform. In one or more aspects, a system can include a knowledge management component to acquire, classify and disseminate information of a dataset; a human-computer interaction component to visualize multiple perspectives of the dataset and to model user interactions with the multiple perspectives; and an adaptivity component to modify one or more of the multiple perspectives of the dataset based on a user-interaction model.

  • IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR HUMAN COMPUTER INTERACTION

    Disclosed herein is an image processing apparatus for human computer interaction. The image processing apparatus includes an image processing combination unit and a combined image provision unit. The image processing combination unit generates information processed before combination using right and left input images captured by respective right and left stereo cameras. The combined image provision unit provides a combined output image combined into a single image by selecting only information desired by a user among the information processed before combination.

  • SECURITY SYSTEM

    A security system comprises a plurality of alarm points distributed at a plurality of positions in a building; signal processing module for receiving alarm signals from at least an alarm point when alarm occurs at the at least an alarm point, transmitting the alarm signals to a server; a database for storing several sets of user information, map data, several sets of alarm point information; the server for receiving user requests from a plurality of clients, responding to the user requests according to the user information, the data map and the alarm point information, and then reverting responses to clients; the clients for sending the user request to the server and receiving and output responses. The present security system is of the advantage that it could be fully computerized and could satisfy the requirements of usage at the same time at several different sites by a plurality of different users.

  • ERGONOMIC MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE INCORPORATING ADAPTIVE PATTERN RECOGNITION BASED CONTROL SYSTEM

    An adaptive interface, predicting a desired user function, based on user history, as well as machine internal status and context. An input is predicted, and the predictive mechanism may be is updated based on this feedback. Also provided is a pattern recognition system for a multimedia device, wherein an input is matched to a media stream on a conceptual basis, allowing inferential programming of the device. The system analyzes a data stream for correspondence with a data pattern. The data stream is subjected to adaptive pattern recognition to extract features of interest. Applications of the interface and system include a VCR, medical device, vehicle control system, audio device, environmental control system, securities trading terminal, and smart house. The system optionally includes an actuator for effecting the environment of operation, allowing closed-loop feedback operation and automated learning.

  • SMART CARD CAPABLE OF BEING USED FOR INFRARED COMMUNICATION

    A smart card is disclosed by the present invention. The smart card comprises a flexible keyboard, an ultra thin flexible battery, an infrared data interface, a flexible display, a flexible circuit board and a CPU kernel; wherein the flexible circuit board provides electrical connection for individual parts of the smart card, the flexible keyboard is used for inputting by user, the ultra thin flexible battery provides power supply to the smart card, the infrared data interface is used for infrared communication with an external terminal, the flexible display is used for man-machine interaction, the CPU kernel controls individual parts of the smart card and the smart card is packaged with plastic material. The invention enables the smart card to authenticate off-line user, therefore the security of electronic transaction is ensured. The smart card product of the invention can be carried and used by user conveniently, and can reduce product costs and has very wide application prospect.

  • ARRANGEMENT, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLING A COMPUTER APPARATUS BASED ON EYE-TRACKING

    A computer apparatus is associated with a graphical display presenting at least one GUI-component adapted to be manipulated based on user-generated commands. An event engine is adapted to receive an eye-tracking data signal that describes a user's point of regard on the display. Based on the signal, the event engine produces a set of non-cursor controlling event output signals, which influence the at least one GUI-component. Each non-cursor controlling event output signal describes a particular aspect of the user's ocular activity in respect of the display. Initially, the event engine receives a control signal request from each of the at least one GUI-component. The control signal request defines a sub-set of the set of non-cursor controlling event output signals which is required by the particular GUI-component. The event engine delivers non-cursor controlling event output signals to the at least one GUI-component in accordance with each respective control signal request.

  • HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION DEVICE AND AN APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR APPLYING THE DEVICE INTO A VIRTUAL WORLD

    A human-computer interaction device and an apparatus and method for applying the device into a virtual world. The human-computer interaction device is disposed with a sensing device thereon, the sensing device including a manipulation part and a distance sensor. The manipulation part receives a manipulation action of a user's finger, the distance sensor senses a distance of the manipulation part relative to a fixed location and generates a distance signal for characterizing the manipulation action. A virtual world assistant apparatus and a method corresponding to the assistant apparatus is also provided. With the invention, multiple signals of manipulation can be sensed and free control on actions of an avatar can be realized by using the multiple signals.

  • WORK FORCE PLANNING ANALYTICS SYSTEM

    A system is disclosed which is configured to perform work force planning analytics for an organisation having an organisational structure and a work force. The system includes a processing module configured to receive input parameters for determining a work force demand, including a definition of the organisational structure and one or more of a productivity metric, a utilization metric, a determining factor metric and a desired span of control metric. The processing module is also configured to receive one or more input parameters for determining a work force supply, including an input of the work force. The system also includes an analytics module, executed by a processor, configured to determine a forecast work force gap utilizing the input parameters for determining a work force demand and supply. The system also includes a user interface configured to provide a view of the forecast work force gap.

  • METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR EVALUATING NETWORK RELIABILITY

    A method, a device and a system for evaluating network reliability are disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention. The method includes: determining an analysis object by acquiring network topology information; acquiring a network failure mode of the analysis object; and analyzing and evaluating reliability of the analysis object in a hierarchical and overall way with respect to the failure mode. As the concept of a hierarchical analysis is introduced into the analysis, analysis properties of analysis objects (for example, a node and a connection) are divided according to hierarchies, so that the network is effectively decomposed, an overall decomposing analysis is ensured, and the difficulty of the analysis is reduced.

  • DYNAMIC CUSTOMIZABLE HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION BEHAVIOR

    Systems and methods for customizing behavior of a computing system based on details of interactions with the computing system by a user, such as a direction, intensity, or magnitude of a particular input from a user input device.

  • WEARABLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY-BASED HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE

    A "Wearable Electromyography-Based Controller" includes a plurality of Electromyography (EMG) sensors and provides a wired or wireless human-computer interface (HCl) for interacting with computing systems and attached devices via electrical signals generated by specific movement of the user's muscles. Following initial automated self-calibration and positional localization processes, measurement and interpretation of muscle generated electrical signals is accomplished by sampling signals from the EMG sensors of the Wearable Electromyography-Based Controller. In operation, the Wearable Electromyography-Based Controller is donned by the user and placed into a coarsely approximate position on the surface of the user's skin. Automated cues or instructions are then provided to the user for fine-tuning placement of the Wearable Electromyography-Based Controller. Examples of Wearable Electromyography-Based Controllers include articles of manufacture, such as an armband, wristwatch, or article of clothing having a plurality of integrated EMG-based sensor nodes and associated electronics.

  • TASK RELIABILITY ANALYSIS METHOD AND APPARATUS

    The embodiment of the invention relates generally to the methods and systems to determine the reliability of human-computer interactions for achieving a mission task in an automated system using a Task Reliability Analysis Tool (TRAT). In some examples, the TRAT can capture the details of human computer interactions while performing operator actions, allocating time-on-action distribution and conducting task evaluations. The allocated time-on-action distribution to the operator actions and to each task can be used subsequently to predict time to complete a task, and likelihood of failure for an infrequently performed task.

  • Time-Conditioned Search Engine Interface With Visual Feedback

    A human-computer interface for a search engine or similar application includes specification means for a time condition applicable to a search query, and visual feedback means expressive of relative availability of sought or potentially sought database items at one or more specific times within a time period under consideration. The invention provides a new and unique way to support interactive searching of a database that includes information relating to time availability of represented items, in order to identify items that match one or more search term(s) and are available at a specific time or during a specific time period.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD OF SPOKEN LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING IN HUMAN COMPUTER DIALOGS

    A system and method are disclosed that improve automatic speech recognition in a spoken dialog system. The method comprises partitioning speech recognizer output into self-contained clauses, identifying a dialog act in each of the self-contained clauses, qualifying dialog acts by identifying a current domain object and/or a current domain action, and determining whether further qualification is possible for the current domain object and/or current domain action. If further qualification is possible, then the method comprises identifying another domain action and/or another domain object associated with the current domain object and/or current domain action, reassigning the another domain action and/or another domain object as the current domain action and/or current domain object and then recursively qualifying the new current domain action and/or current object. This process continues until nothing is left to qualify.

  • UPPER-ORDER COMPUTER, LOWER-ORDER COMPUTER, MONITORING SYSTEM AND MONITORING METHOD

    The present disclosure discloses an upper-order computer, a lower-order computer, a monitoring system and a monitoring method, so as to eliminate the disadvantages of low standardization level and small scale in manually setting and adjusting performance parameters. The upper-order computer includes a central control module and an information interacting module, the information interacting module including a human-computerinteracting unit, and the central control module including a processing unit, a display control unit and a parameter configuring unit, wherein the processing unit is adapted for controlling a lower-order computer by sending control commands; the display control unit is adapted for processing effective operating data acquired from the lower-order computer, and is adapted for instructing the human-computer interacting unit to perform presenting; and the parameter configuring unit is adapted for configuring parameters of the lower-order computer by sending parameter configuring commands. It can be seen that the upper-order computer is capable of presenting the processed effective operating data and configuring parameters. Compared with directly setting and adjusting the controller by human, the technical solution of the present disclosure has the advantages of high standardization level and large scale.

  • ADVANCED CAPTCHA USING INTEGRATED IMAGES

    An embodiment of the invention is a CAPTCHA program to determine if a user of a computer is a human or a computer program. The program sends to the computer an image and a portion of the image for display. The program receives from the user an indication of where the portion is located within the image. The portion, as displayed, may be altered in various ways. In response to the user properly indicating the location, the program determines that the user of the computer is a human. In response to the user not properly indicating the location, the program determines that the user of the computer is a computer program. In response to determining that the user of the computer is a human, the program grants the user access to information (database, application, program). In response to determining that the user is a computer program, the program denies access.

  • Commu-rider

    The device is comprised of a frame with a compartment and a sliding channel allowing for inserting and removing specialty messages with minimum effort. Its innovative aspect allows one to display or rotate black and white or multicolor human or computer generated text, graphics, and images. By means of suction cups, the device can be attached to any smooth surface, including vehicle side and rear windows, and windshield. The device also attaches to glass and window panels of commercial establishments adding to their marketing and advertising opportunities and displays.

  • ENCEPHALOGRAPHY METHOD AND APPARATUS INCORPORATING INDEPENDENT COMPONENT ANALYSIS AND A SPECTRAL SHAPING FILTER

    Methods and apparatus for encephalography process encephalography data to yield components that correspond to modular areas of the brain. In some embodiments encephalography data is processed by independent component analysis to yield a first set of components that are processed to generate a spectral filter. The spectral filter is applied to the encephalography data to generate a second set of components. The second set of components may be represented by one or more matrices. In an embodiment the second set of components is represented by weight and sphereing matrices. Methods and apparatus may be applied for monitoring brain function, selecting participants for medical trials, adjusting drug dosages, performing and monitoring biofeedback methods, detecting progression toward diseases or conditions that affect the brain and other applications.

  • COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN COMPUTATION FRAMEWORK

    Methods and apparatus for encephalography process encephalography data to yield components that correspond to modular areas of the brain. In some Technologies for a human computation framework suitable for answering common sense questions that are difficult for computers to answer but easy for humans to answer. The technologies support solving general common sense problems without a priori knowledge of the problems; support for determining whether an answer is from a bot or human so as to screen out spurious answers from bots; support for distilling answers collected from human users to ensure high quality solutions to the questions asked; and support for preventing malicious elements in or out of the system from attacking other system elements or contaminating the solutions produced by the system, and preventing users from being compensated without contributing answers. encephalography data is processed by independent component analysis to yield a first set of components that are processed to generate a spectral filter. The spectral filter is applied to the encephalography data to generate a second set of components. The second set of components may be represented by one or more matrices. In an embodiment the second set of components is represented by weight and sphereing matrices. Methods and apparatus may be applied for monitoring brain function, selecting participants for medical trials, adjusting drug dosages, performing and monitoring biofeedback methods, detecting progression toward diseases or conditions that affect the brain and other applications.

  • METHOD FOR CREATING A MODULE FOR CONTROLLING A HIGH-FREQUENCY ANTENNA FOR A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

    A method for creating a module for controlling a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus antenna, the method including: determining magnetic field distribution mapping B.sub.1.sup.+; constructing a matrix {tilde over (B)} from the selection of a plurality of x*m points B.sup.+.sub.1(i,j) such that {tilde over (B)}.sub.(i,j)-B.sup.+.sub.1(i,j) determining the singular vectors of the matrix {tilde over (B)} by singular value decomposition; and arranging a coupling means and/or phase-shifting means, forming said control module, such that a signal So.sub.j outputted from the control module is a function of the equation So j = k = 1 n V k , j Si k , ##EQU00001## with Si.sub.k being the input signal.

  • METHOD FOR CREATING A MODULE FOR CONTROLLING A HIGH-FREQUENCY ANTENNA FOR A NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

    A method for creating a module for controlling a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus antenna, the method including: determining magnetic field distribution mapping B.sub.1.sup.+; constructing a matrix {tilde over (B)} from the selection of a plurality of x*m points B.sup.+.sub.1(i,j) such that {tilde over (B)}.sub.(i,j)-B.sup.+.sub.1(i,j) determining the singular vectors of the matrix {tilde over (B)} by singular value decomposition; and arranging a coupling means and/or phase-shifting means, forming said control module, such that a signal So.sub.j outputted from the control module is a function of the equation So j = k = 1 n V k , j Si k , ##EQU00001## with Si.sub.k being the input signal.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MANAGING SERVER INFORMATION DATA

    Systems and methods are provided for managing server information data An information data management system obtains position information of each server baseboard from a controller storing the position information of the server baseboard, and establishes a corresponding relationship between the position information and an information data index of a rack server. The position information comprises slot information and rack information of the server baseboard. An information data configuring system obtains the position information, the information data index and the corresponding relationship between the position information and the information data index from the information data management system.

  • 3D FINGER POSTURE DETECTION AND GESTURE RECOGNITION ON TOUCH SURFACES

    The invention provides 3D touch gesture recognition on touch surfaces incorporating finger posture detection and includes a touch user interface device in communication with a processing device. The interface device includes a sensor array for sensing spatial information of one or more regions of contact and provides finger contact information in the form of a stream of frame data. A frame is read from the sensor array, subjected to thresholding, normalization, and feature extraction operations to produce a features vector. A multi-dimensional gesture space is constructed having desired set of features, each represented by a space dimension. A gesture trajectory is a sequence of transitions between pre-calculated clusters, and when a specific gesture trajectory is detected, a control signal is generated.

  • LANGUAGE PROCESSOR

    A referring expression processor which uses a probabilistic model and in which referring expressions including descriptive, anaphoric and deictic expressions are understood and generated in the course of dialogue is provided. The referring expression processor according to the present invention includes: a referring expression processing section which performs at least one of understanding and generation of referring expressions using a probabilistic model constructed with a referring expression Bayesian network, each referring expression Bayesian network representing relationships between a reference domain (D) which is a set of possible referents, a referent (X) in the reference domain, a concept (C) concerning the referent and a word (W) which represents the concept; and a memory which stores data necessary for constructing the referring expression Bayesian network.

  • E-COMMERCE CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR DEALER SELF-ROUTING

    An e-commerce content management system generates at least one Website that permits configuration of the Website for dealer self-routing, user directed vendor substitution, destination routing and dynamic vendor substitution routing. The e-commerce content management system allows a user to configure the system, including a Website, such as configuring a dealer Website as part of an ecosystem that includes an alliance of dealers, manufacturers, shippers and other participants that fill orders. The ecosystem integrates orders processed through a business process management kernel operating on one or more computers.

  • E-COMMERCE CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC VENDOR SUBSTITUTION

    An e-commerce content management system generates at least one Website that permits configuration of the Website for dealer self-routing, user directed vendor substitution, destination routing and dynamic vendor substitution routing. The e-commerce content management system allows a user to configure the system, including a Website, such as configuring a dealer Website as part of an ecosystem that includes an alliance of dealers, manufacturers, shippers and other participants that fill orders. The ecosystem integrates orders processed through a business process management kernel operating on one or more computers.

  • E-COMMERCE CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR USER DIRECTED VENDOR SUBSTITUTION

    An e-commerce content management system generates at least one Website that permits configuration of the Website for dealer self-routing, user directed vendor substitution, destination routing and dynamic vendor substitution routing. The e-commerce content management system allows a user to configure the system, including a Website, such as configuring a dealer Website as part of an ecosystem that includes an alliance of dealers, manufacturers, shippers and other participants that fill orders. The ecosystem integrates orders processed through a business process management kernel operating on one or more computers.

  • E-COMMERCE CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR DESTINATION ROUTING

    An e-commerce content management system generates at least one Website that permits configuration of the Website for dealer self-routing, user directed vendor substitution, destination routing and dynamic vendor substitution routing. The e-commerce content management system allows a user to configure the system, including a Website, such as configuring a dealer Website as part of an ecosystem that includes an alliance of dealers, manufacturers, shippers and other participants that fill orders. The ecosystem integrates orders processed through a business process management kernel operating on one or more computers.

  • GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE FOR FINANCIAL DATA, AND RELATED SYSTEM AND METHOD IMPLEMENTING SAME

    In this application, a new system and method to compute and display the changes of the currency strength over time are provided. The new method to compute the currency strength and the visual display overcome limitations and shortcomings of known prior art systems. Thus, a computer system can be provided that is able to compute and display currency strength information in an understandable way to the user that gives much better insight into the development and change of the currency strength over time, showing characteristics of the development of currencies that have not been apparent or discovered before. A user-selectable set of currencies can be displayed, with the strength displayed together in a single region or in separate regions, in a way that is easily understandable and interpretable.

  • Liveness Detection

    The present disclosure concerns a method of verifying the presence of a living face in front of a camera (112), the method including: capturing by said camera a sequence of images of a face; detecting a plurality of features of said face in each of said images; measuring parameters associated with said detected features to determine whether each of a plurality of liveness indicators is present in said images; determining whether or not said face is a living face based on the presence in said images of a combination of at least two of said liveness indicators.

  • WEARABLE MOTION SENSING COMPUTING INTERFACE

    An apparatus comprises a sensor configured to detect movement and generate movement data related to at least part of a detected movement; a messaging unit configured to create a message that is configured to include movement information based at least in part upon the movement data; a transmitter in data communication with the messaging unit and configured to transmit the message; and a housing configured to at least partially enclose at least one of the sensor, the messaging unit, and the transmitter, and including a finger grip configured to secure the housing to a human finger. Methods of using the apparatus are also provided.

  • MICROPHONE-ARRAY-BASED SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM AND METHOD

    A microphone-array-based speech recognition system combines a noise cancelling technique for cancelling noise of input speech signals from an array of microphones, according to at least an inputted threshold. The system receives noise-cancelled speech signals outputted by a noise masking module through at least a speech model and at least a filler model, then computes a confidence measure score with the at least a speech model and the at least a filler model for each threshold and each noise-cancelled speech signal, and adjusts the threshold to continue the noise cancelling for achieving a maximum confidence measure score, thereby outputting a speech recognition result related to the maximum confidence measure score.

  • PLAYING DIGITAL CONTENT FROM RADIO-TRANSMITTED MEDIA BASED ON TASTE PROFILES

    A portable content-playing device which automatically constructs a virtual channel of content consistent with the tastes of the user of the device, where the content originates from one or more satellites. The portable device contains software for computing similarity values between a local taste profile (representative of the songs tastes of the user of the device) by making use of downloaded pattern-matching technology representing each song, and this information is used in choosing the content of the virtual channel.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING OCCUPANT SCHEDULES

    Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to the modeling of building occupant behavior. An embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for generating interdependent schedules in an occupant simulation model. Within schedules generated in accordance with the present invention may be included activities that require the attendance of other occupants. Disclosed are methods for distributing multi-occupant activities among other occupants of a building. In another embodiment of the present invention, personas are used to generate simulated occupant schedules from a limited number of real-world occupant surveys. Characteristics of the real-world schedules are manipulated so as to fit desired characteristics. Multiple persona models are disclosed.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING OCCUPANT SCHEDULES

    Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to the modeling of building occupant behavior. An embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for generating interdependent schedules in an occupant simulation model. Within schedules generated in accordance with the present invention may be included activities that require the attendance of other occupants. Disclosed are methods for distributing multi-occupant activities among other occupants of a building. In another embodiment of the present invention, personas are used to generate simulated occupant schedules from a limited number of real-world occupant surveys. Characteristics of the real-world schedules are manipulated so as to fit desired characteristics. Multiple persona models are disclosed.

  • TACTILE GLOVE FOR HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION

    One embodiment is directed to a system for human-computer interface, comprising an input device configured to provide two or more dimensions of operational input to a processor based at least in part upon a rubbing contact pattern between two or more digits of the same human hand that is interpreted by the input device. The input device may be configured to provide two orthogonal dimensions of operational input pertinent to a three-dimensional virtual environment presented, at least in part, by the processor. The input device may be configured to detect the rubbing between a specific digit in a pen-like function against one or more other digits. The input device further may be configured to detect the rubbing between the specific digit in a pen-like function and one or more other digits in a receiving panel function.

  • THREE-DIMENSIONAL HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION SYSTEM THAT SUPPORTS MOUSE OPERATIONS THROUGH THE MOTION OF A FINGER AND AN OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

    A three-dimensional (3D) human-computer interaction system that supports mouse operations through the motion of a finger and an operation method thereof are provided. In the provided system and method, a multi-view video recording device captures an image of a finger of an operator, and has an information connection with an electronic information device through an interaction handling program. After the interaction handling program is executed, a CPU of the electronic information device performs operations such as computation, synthesis, image presentation, gesture tracking, and command recognition on the captured image to interpret a motion of the finger of the user. Accordingly, the user may perform operations on an operation interface of the electronic information device by using the finger in a 3D space in a noncontact mode. The present invention is particularly applicable to application software with 3D space operations as it can perform 3D interaction with the application software.

  • ADAPTIVE TRACKING SYSTEM FOR SPATIAL INPUT DEVICES

    An adaptive tracking system for spatial input devices provides real-time tracking of spatial input devices for human-computer interaction in a Spatial Operating Environment (SOE). The components of an SOE include gestural input/output; network-based data representation, transit, and interchange; and spatially conformed display mesh. The SOE comprises a workspace occupied by one or more users, a set of screens which provide the users with visual feedback, and a gestural control system which translates user motions into command inputs. Users perform gestures with body parts and/or physical pointing devices, and the system translates those gestures into actions such as pointing, dragging, selecting, or other direct manipulations. The tracking system provides the requisite data for creating an immersive environment by maintaining a model of the spatial relationships between users, screens, pointing devices, and other physical objects within the workspace.

  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION USING A TWO HANDED INTERFACE

    Certain embodiments relate to systems and methods for navigating and analyzing portions of a three-dimensional virtual environment using a two-handed interface. Particularly, methods for operating a Volumetric Selection Object (VSO) to select elements of the environment are provided, as well as operations for adjusting the user's position, orientation and scale. Efficient and ergonomic methods for quickly acquiring and positioning, orienting, and scaling the VSO are provided. Various uses of the VSO, such as augmenting a primary dataset with data from a secondary dataset are also provided.

  • NON-CONTACT AND PASSIVE MEASUREMENT OF ARTERIAL PULSE THROUGH THERMAL IR IMAGING, AND ANALYSIS OF THERMAL IR IMAGERY

    A non-contact, passive method for measurement of arterial pulse from areas such as the major superficial arteries of the body through analysis of thermal IR images acquired by passive thermal IR imaging sensors, and through the modeling of the pulsatile nature of the blood flow and arterial pulse propagation in the circulatory system. The method is automatic and does not need operator input. The output waveform readily contains the information on heart rate, cardiac interbeat intervals, heart-rate variability and other features inherent in arterial pulse. The potential applications of this method, device and system are in the fields of non-contact and passive measuring cardiovascular and autonomic regulatory functions, mental and emotional loads, assessment of health in general, prediction of ill physiological and mental conditions, smart rooms, human-computer interaction,polygraph testing, intent identification, and any other fields where non-contact, passive monitoring of heart-rate and its variability is needed.

  • Depth Image Compression

    Depth image compression is described for example, to enable body-part centers of players of a game to be detected in real time from depth images or for other applications such as augmented reality, and human-computer interaction. In an embodiment, depth images which have associated body-part probabilities, are compressed using probability mass which is related to the depth of an image element and a probability of a body part for the image element. In various examples, compression of the depth images using probability mass enables body part center detection, by clustering output elements, to be speeded up. In some examples, the scale of the compression is selected according to a depth of a foreground region and in some cases different scales are used for different image regions. In some examples, certainties of the body-part centers are calculated using probability masses of clustered image elements.

  • Method and Device for Displaying Window of Security Class Software

    A method and device for displaying a window of security class software are disclosed. The method includes processing a window based on a selected window style according to a detection result of a security status of a processing equipment detected by the security class software, and displaying the window corresponding to the detection result. Based on characteristics of the security class software, a solution that can display different windows under one window style according to the detection result of the processing equipment is provided, so that a user can intuitively know the current security status of the processing equipment through an intelligently displayed window. Using skin change technology of the security class software, a user can be informed intuitively and vividly that whether the processing equipment used by the user is safe or not. When the processing equipment is unsafe, the user is prompted timely to eliminate potential safety hazard or search and kill viruses, thereby realizing a friend human-computer interaction.

  • GESTURE-BASED CONTROL SYSTEM

    A method and system for human computer interaction using hand gestures is presented. The system permits a person to precisely control a computer system without wearing an instrumented glove or any other tracking device. In one embodiment, two cameras observe and record images of a user's hands. The hand images are processed by querying a database relating hand image features to the 3D configuration of the hands and fingers (i.e. the 3D hand poses). The 3D hand poses are interpreted as gestures. Each gesture can be interpreted as a command by the computer system. Uses for such a system include, but are not limited to, computer aided design for architecture, mechanical engineering and scientific visualization. Computer-generated 3D virtual objects can be efficiently explored, modeled and assembled using direct 3D manipulation by the user's hands.

  • METHOD, APPARATUS AND REMOTE CONTROL FOR ANNULAR-SELECTOR BASED TELEVISION INTERACTION

    The invention provides method and apparatus and remote control for annular-selector based television interaction. The method includes receiving rotation information of an annular selector sent by a remote control provided with the annular selector; obtaining a rotational displacement of a menu or cursor according to the rotation information; redrawing the menu or cursor on a display interface according to the rotational displacement, so as to control the menu or cursor to rotate according to the rotational displacement; and receiving a confirmation signal sent by the remote control, and selecting an option, corresponding to a position where the cursor is, on the menu. For operational designs of the annular selector, a menu interface is presented in an annular manner, and annularly rotational animations is adopted, so that an action of the user match a corresponding display on the television, thereby improving a human-computer interaction experiences.

  • METHOD, APPARATUS AND REMOTE CONTROL FOR ANNULAR-SELECTOR BASED TELEVISION INTERACTION

    The invention provides method and apparatus and remote control for annular-selector based television interaction. The method includes receiving rotation information of an annular selector sent by a remote control provided with the annular selector; obtaining a rotational displacement of a menu or cursor according to the rotation information; redrawing the menu or cursor on a display interface according to the rotational displacement, so as to control the menu or cursor to rotate according to the rotational displacement; and receiving a confirmation signal sent by the remote control, and selecting an option, corresponding to a position where the cursor is, on the menu. For operational designs of the annular selector, a menu interface is presented in an annular manner, and annularly rotational animations is adopted, so that an action of the user match a corresponding display on the television, thereby improving a human-computer interaction experiences.

  • PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR VISUAL AND/OR TACTILE FEEDBACK

    Methods, apparatuses and storage medium associated with facilitating human-computer interaction are disclosed herein. In various embodiments, a peripheral device may include a device body having a cavity configured to receive one or more hands of a user of the computing device, and a plurality of sensors disposed inside the cavity to collect position, posture or movement data of the one or more hands as the user uses the one or more hands to interact with the computing device. The peripheral device may further include at least a selected one of a display screen disposed on an external surface of the body or a variable texture surface disposed inside the cavity to provide at least a corresponding selected one of visual or tactile feedback to the user, based at least in part on the position, posture or movement data of the one or more hands. Other embodiments may be disclosed or claimed.

  • SCREEN DEVICE FOR INTERACTING WITH A MULTI-LEVEL HIERARCHY

    A method, system, and computer program product for a human-computer graphical interface device for interacting with a multi-level hierarchy. The method commences by receiving a hierarchy data structure that describes a plurality of adjacent hierarchical levels, from which are selected three adjacent levels, which in turn are used in forming a graphical screen device having three or more three concentric annular areas, each one of the concentric areas corresponding to a respective level of the hierarchy. Each one of the concentric areas is populated with icons or other screen devices, and the icons are annotated with aspects of node information pertaining to a node at the respective level. The annular areas can be formed by circle shapes and/or by ring shapes. The organization of the rings corresponds to adjacent levels of the hierarchy such that each larger ring corresponds to a successively next lower level of the hierarchy.

  • HANDLES INTERACTIONS FOR HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE

    A system is disclosed for providing on-screen graphical handles to control interaction between a user and on-screen objects. A handle defines what actions a user may perform on the object, such as for example scrolling through a textual or graphical navigation menu. Affordances are provided to guide the user through the process of interacting with a handle.

  • Human-Computer Interface System

    A human-computer interface system which includes a computer, the computer includes a central processing unit, a first memory, a second memory, at least one storage device, a system hub, an input/output adapter for connecting the at least one storage device to the system hub, an operating system installed onto the at least one storage device, applications software installed onto the at least one storage device, a communication network, the computer being connected to the communication network, a means for inputting and detecting data and commands generated by a user, a plurality of output converters, and a means for allowing the computer to develop and express the computer's emotional states.