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Inventi Impact - Machine Vision

Patent Watch

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ROBUST CALIBRATION BETWEEN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM AND A ROBOT

    A system and method for robustly calibrating a vision system and a robot is provided. The system and method enables a plurality of cameras to be calibrated into a robot base coordinate system to enable a machine vision/robot control system to accurately identify the location of objects of interest within robot base coordinates.

  • Object Information Derived from Object Images

    Search terms are derived automatically from images captured by a camera equipped cell phone, PDA, or other image capturing device, submitted to a search engine to obtain information of interest, and at least a portion of the resulting information is transmitted back locally to, or nearby, the device that captured the image.

  • Generating Tailored Content Based On Scene Image Detection

    A method for generating tailored content for a user based on analyzing images of a scene is provided. Images from a scene captured by a capture device of a target recognition and analysis system are received. The images are analyzed to detect one or more brand identifiers in the images. In an embodiment, the brand identifiers include symbols or words identifying a brand, product or service associated with the brand identifier. The detected brand identifiers are compared to one or more known brand identifiers and user preference information is assigned to the detected brand identifiers based on the comparison. Tailored content is generated for the user based on the user preference information. The tailored content is rendered on a display device to the user.

  • TONER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE

    To provide a toner for developing an electrostatic charge image, which is free from fogging even by means of a high speed and long operating life machine and which brings about no OPC filming or soiling of components. A toner for developing an electrostatic charge image, which contains at least a binder resin and a colorant, wherein the toner has silica particles satisfying at least the following (1) to (3) and particles having an electrostatic property antipolar to the silica particles: (1) the average primary particle diameter is at least 60 nm and at most 300 nm, (2) the moisture content is at most 1.0 mass %, and (3) the absolute specific gravity is at least 2.0 and at most 2.4.

  • IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

    An image processing device (100) includes a gradation correction value acquiring unit (12) that acquires a gradation correction value representing a ratio of a luminance component of an input image and a luminance component of an output image, a chroma analyzing unit (13) that calculates a chroma correction value, in which the total sum of degrees of chroma discrepancy between an analysis image equal to or different from the input image and a corrected image obtained by correcting a luminance component of the analysis image on the basis of one or more gradation correction values is the minimum, in correspondence with the gradation correction value, and an image output unit (14) that outputs as the output image an image obtained by correcting the input image received by the image input unit (11) on the basis of the gradation correction value acquired by the gradation correction value acquiring unit (12) and the chroma correction value correlated with the gradation correction value.

  • Method and Apparatus for Human Interface to a Machine Vision System

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for setting up a vision system having a camera and a vision processor cooperative with the camera. The apparatus includes a gesture recognizer, a key recognizer, a breakout box having at least two signaling elements, and a setup control unit that is cooperative with the gesture recognizer, the key recognizer, and the breakout box. The combination of using a key and a gesture set as herein described is substantially superior, as compared with known user interfaces for setting up a vision system that has been previously been engineered, in terms of low-cost, convenience, ease-of-use, simplicity, and speed.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING GRAPHICAL MACHINE VISION CONTENT FOR DISTRIBUTION VIA A NETWORK

    A method and system is provided for viewing machine vision information. The machine vision information includes machine vision data representing a sequence of machine vision processing steps. The machine vision information pertaining to a machine vision process on a given machine vision processor is produced. The machine vision information is displayed at a device remotely located from the given machine vision processor. A selection interface is provided on the device to allow a user to view the machine vision data corresponding to at least one stage of the machine vision processing.

  • System and method for fast approximate focus

    Fast approximate focus operations providing an approximately focused image that is sufficiently focused to support certain subsequent inspection operations. The operations are particularly advantageous when used to provide images for successive inspection operations that predominate when inspecting planar workpieces. Improved inspection throughput is provided because, in contrast to conventional autofocus operations, the fast approximate focus operations do not acquire an image stack during a run mode as a basis for determining a best focused image. Rather, during learn mode, a representative feature-specific focus curve and a focus threshold value are determined and used during run mode to provide an approximately focused image that reliably supports certain inspection operations. In one embodiment, an acceptable approximately focused inspection image is provided within a limit of two focus adjustment moves that provide two corresponding images. The adjustment moves are based on the representative feature-specific focus curve provided in learn mode.

  • Electrofluidic devices, visual displays, and methods for making and operating such electrofluidic devices

    Electrofluidic devices, visual displays formed from the electrofluidic devices, and methods for making and operating such electrofluidic devices Each electrofluidic device has a fluid vessel with first and second regions that contain an electrically conductive polar fluid and a non-polar fluid The polar and/or the non-polar fluids are externally visible external through a viewable area of the second region A voltage source is electrically connected to a capacitor having a hydrophobic surface that contacts the polar fluid and provides a first principal radius of curvature of the polar fluid that is convex and smaller than a second principal radius of curvature of the polar fluid in the first region The voltage source applies an electromechanical force to the polar fluid, thereby transferring the polar fluid from the first region to the second region and causing a spectral property of light transferred through the viewable area to change.

  • Methods and apparatus for practical 3D vision system

    The invention provides inter alia methods and apparatus for determining the pose, e.g., position along x-, y- and z-axes, pitch, roll and yaw (or one or more characteristics of that pose) of an object in three dimensions by triangulation of data gleaned from multiple images of the object. Thus, for example, in one aspect, the invention provides a method for 3D machine vision in which, during a calibration step, multiple cameras disposed to acquire images of the object from different respective viewpoints are calibrated to discern a mapping function that identifies rays in 3D space emanating from each respective camera's lens that correspond to pixel locations in that camera's field of view. In a training step, functionality associated with the cameras is trained to recognize expected patterns in images to be acquired of the object. A runtime step triangulates locations in 3D space of one or more of those patterns from pixel-wise positions of those patterns in images of the object and from the mappings discerned during calibration step.

  • Machine vision system for three-dimensional metrology and inspection in the semiconductor industry

    The system 10 of the preferred embodiment includes a structural subsystem 20 to provide both a stable platform and vibration isolation, a camera subsystem 30 to capture the image of a moving object when the object moves into a viewing area, a lighting subsystem 50 to illuminate a moving object, and a controller to selectively activate the lighting subsystem 50 to allow observation of the reflectance of complex objects under different conditions. The system 10 has been specifically designed for illuminating and capturing the image of a moving object, such as the connecting terminals (e.g., leads, ball grids, and pads) of packaged electronic components in a manufacturing facility. The system 10 may, however, be used to illuminate and capture the image of any suitable moving or non-moving object.

  • System and method for detecting flaws in objects using machine vision

    This invention overcomes the disadvantages of the prior art by providing a system and method for flexibly detecting flaws in the acquired runtime/live images of objects based upon an inspection process that employs a training or model image of the object. This system and method enables predetermined flaws, and other predetermined features, within predetermined tolerances, to be disregarded as a flaw at inspection time. Typically, flexible flaw detection and repositioning of the model image occurs locally with respect to predetermined flaws and imperfections, and is undertaken after the image is acquired and the model image has undergone a global affine transformation/positioning with respect to the runtime image. Subsequent inspection then occurs with a locally repositioned model image that subsumes any imperfection or variation that is to be disregarded.

  • Automatically generating a graphical data flow program from a statechart

    A system and method for automatically generating a graphical data flow program from a statechart are disclosed. The statechart may be created in a graphical manner in response to user input, e.g., in response to the user arranging state icons on a display and creating interconnections representing transitions among the respective states. The statechart may include at least one hierarchical state, where each hierarchical state includes one or more sub-states. A graphical data flow program may be automatically generated from the statechart. The graphical data flow program may include a plurality of interconnected nodes that visually indicate functionality of the graphical data flow program, where connections among the nodes visually indicate data flow among the nodes. The graphical data flow program may be executable to implement the functionality of the statechart.

  • Configuring icons to represent data transfer functionality

    Configuring wires/icons in a diagram. The diagram may be an executable diagram such as a graphical program or a system diagram. The diagram may include a plurality of icons that are connected by wires, and the icons may visually represent functionality of the diagram. The diagram may be executable to perform the functionality. Displaying the diagram may include displaying a first wire in the diagram, where the first wire connects a first icon and a second icon. Data transfer functionality may be specified for the first wire and/or the first or second icon in the diagram. The data transfer functionality may be visually indicated in the diagram, e.g., by appearances of the first icon, the second icon, the first wire, and/or icons displayed proximate to these components of the diagram.

  • Apparatus and method for automatic omni-directional visual motion-based collision avoidance

    A method of identifying and imaging a high risk collision object relative to a host vehicle includes arranging a plurality of N sensors for imaging a three-hundred and sixty degree horizontal field of view (hFOV) around the host vehicle. The sensors are mounted to a vehicle in a circular arrangement so that the sensors are radially equiangular from each other. For each sensor, contrast differences in the hFOV are used to identify a unique source of motion (hot spot) that is indicative of a remote object in the sensor hFOV. A first hot spot in one sensor hFOV is correlated to a second hot spot in another hFOV of at least one other N sensor to yield range, azimuth and trajectory data for said object. The processor then assesses a collision risk with the object according to the object's trajectory data relative to the host vehicle.

  • Combination dark field and bright field illuminator

    Embodiments are disclosed of an apparatus including a curved reflector having an interior and an open end; a light module positioned around a perimeter of the open end of the reflector, the light module including a first side having one or more interior light sources thereon to direct light toward the interior of the reflector and a second side having one or more exterior light sources thereon to direct light away from the reflector; and a light pipe coupled to the light module and aligned so that light from the one or more exterior light sources is launched into the light pipe. Other embodiments are also disclosed and claimed.

  • Control method for garment sewing

    Embodiments of the present invention provide a system and device for making garment. One embodiment, for example, includes a system that comprises a processing device and a sewing module that sews garment material to facilitate making the garment. The system further comprises memory that includes a thread count manager having instructions stored in the memory. The instructions are executed by the processing device and include logic configured to instruct the sewing module to sew the garment material based on counting threads of the garment material rather than using the geometric shape of pieces of garment material.

  • SYSTEM FOR INITIATING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A USER INTERFACE AND A VISION PROCESSOR

    A method is disclosed for instructing a user interface (UI) in communication with a first of vision processor (VP) to establish communication with a second (VP). The invention is useful in a machine vision system having a plurality of VPs and at least one UI. The method includes the steps of providing each VP with a link function for establishing communication between a VP and a UI; and activating the link function so as to issue instructions to the UI to establish communication with another VP. The link function enables local dynamic display of a remote VP on the UI, and a dynamic connection that provides a continually updated display representing a current state of the VP connected to the UI. An operator may observe results and alter parameters on any of the VPs in the system without having to first understand the architecture of the machine vision system.

  • DOCKABLE BACKLIGHT

    A machine vision system includes a table having a fixture for supporting an object under inspection above the table, a gantry supporting a camera further above the table, a docking station, and a profile light movable together with the gantry between an inspection position beneath the object and a docking position next to the docking station. Fittings are provided for releasably securing the profile light to the gantry and for releasably securing the profile light to the docking station. The profile light can be disengaged from the gantry and engaged with the docking station for moving the profile light to the docking position or disengaged from the docking station and reengaged with the gantry for moving the profile light to the inspection position.

  • Optimized Distribution of Machine Vision Processing

    A system and method is provided for remotely analyzing machine vision data. An indication of a choice of vision software is sent from a first computer to a remote second computer. The second computer, using the selected vision software, processes image data to provide a result that is transmitted from the second computer to a designated location.

  • AUTOMATICALLY DETERMINING MACHINE VISION TOOL PARAMETERS

    A method for automatically determining machine vision tool parameters is presented, including: marking to indicate a desired image result for each image of a plurality of images; selecting a combination of machine vision tool parameters, and running the machine vision tool on the plurality of images using the combination of parameters to provide a computed image result for each image of the plurality of images, each computed image result including a plurality of computed measures; comparing each desired image result with a corresponding computed image result to provide a comparison result vector associated with the combination of machine vision tool parameters, then comparing the comparison result vector associated with the combination of machine vision tool parameters to a previously computed comparison result vector associated with a previous combination of machine vision tool parameters using a result comparison heuristic to determine which combination of machine vision tool parameters is best overall.

  • Method and Apparatus For Vehicle Service System Optical Target Assembly

    A machine vision vehicle wheel alignment system for acquiring measurements associated with a vehicle. The system includes at least one imaging sensor having a field of view and at least one optical target secured to a wheel assembly on a vehicle within the field of view of the imaging sensor. The optical target includes a plurality of visible target elements disposed on at least two surfaces in a determinable geometric and spatial configuration. A processing unit in the system is configured to receive at least two sets of image data from the imaging sensor, with each set of image data acquired at a different rotational position of the wheel assembly around an axis of rotation and representative of at least one visible target element on each of the two surfaces, from which the processing unit is configured to identify said axis of rotation of the wheel assembly.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING GRAPHICAL MACHINE VISION CONTENT FOR DISTRIBUTION VIA A NETWORK

    A method and system is provided for viewing machine vision information. The machine vision information includes machine vision data representing a sequence of machine vision processing steps. The machine vision information pertaining to a machine vision process on a given machine vision processor is produced. The machine vision information is displayed at a device remotely located from the given machine vision processor. A selection interface is provided on the device to allow a user to view the machine vision data corresponding to at least one stage of the machine vision processing.

  • Systems and methods for controlling strobe illumination

    The repeatability of strobe illumination for image exposure is improved over a wide dynamic range in a machine vision system wherein a relationship between a camera integration period and a pulse duration of a strobe light generator control the effective exposure of a camera image during a timing overlap between a beginning of the camera integration period and an end of the pulse duration. To avoid noise in the illumination, the illumination pulse duration may start, the camera integration period may begin after a delay relative to that start and not later than the end of the pulse duration, the pulse duration may end, and the camera integration period may end not earlier than the end of the pulse duration. The timing overlap may also be synchronized with a periodic ripple component in the strobe illumination, to provide improved repeatability.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ROBUST CALIBRATION BETWEEN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM AND A ROBOT

    A system and method for robustly calibrating a vision system and a robot is provided. The system and method enables a plurality of cameras to be calibrated into a robot base coordinate system to enable a machine vision/robot control system to accurately identify the location of objects of interest within robot base coordinates.

  • SOUND PROCESSING APPARATUS, METHOD, AND PROGRAM

    7. A sound processing apparatus includes: a sound output unit which outputs sound based on a first sound signal as first sound processing when execution of the first sound processing is instructed; a sound collecting unit which generates an echo signal by collecting surrounding sound; a filtering unit which performs filtering process with an adaptive digital filter on the first sound signal and generates a pseudo echo signal; a subtracting unit which removes a sound component, which is output from the sound output unit and reaches the sound collecting unit, from the echo signal by subtracting the pseudo echo signal from the echo signal to generate a residual signal; an updating unit which updates the adaptive digital filter based on the residual signal and the first sound signal; and an update resolution control unit which controls the resolution at which the adaptive digital filter is updated by the updating unit.

  • INTERACTING WITH A COMPUTER BASED APPLICATION

    A computing system runs an application (e.g., video game) that interacts with one or more actively engaged users. One or more physical properties of a group are sensed. The group may include the one or more actively engaged users and/or one or more entities not actively engaged with the application. The computing system will determine that the group (or the one or more entities not actively engaged with the application) have performed a predetermined action. A runtime condition of the application is changed in response to determining that the group (or the one or more entities not actively engaged with the computer based application) have performed the predetermined action. Examples of changing a runtime condition include moving an object, changing a score or changing an environmental condition of a video game.

  • VISUAL BASED IDENTITIY TRACKING

    A video game system (or other data processing system) can visually identify a person entering a field of view of the system and determine whether the person has been previously interacting with the system. In one embodiment, the system establishes thresholds, enrolls players, performs the video game (or other application) including interacting with a subset of the players based on the enrolling, determines that a person has become detectable in the field of view of the system, automatically determines whether the person is one of the enrolled players, maps the person to an enrolled player and interacts with the person based on the mapping if it is determined that the person is one of the enrolled players, and assigns a new identification to the person and interacts with the person based on the new identification if it is determined that the person is not one of the enrolled players.

  • INTERACTIVE CONTENT CREATION

    An audio/visual system (e.g., such as an entertainment console or other computing device) plays a base audio track, such as a portion of a pre-recorded song or notes from one or more instruments. Using a depth camera or other sensor, the system automatically detects that a user (or a portion of the user) enters a first collision volume of a plurality of collision volumes. Each collision volume of the plurality of collision volumes is associated with a different audio stem. In one example, an audio stem is a sound from a subset of instruments playing a song, a portion of a vocal track for a song, or notes from one or more instruments. In response to automatically detecting that the user (or a portion of the user) entered the first collision volume, the appropriate audio stem associated with the first collision volume is added to the base audio track or removed from the base audio track.

  • MODULAR ARCHITECTURE HAVING REUSABLE FRONT END FOR PROCESSING DIGITAL VIDEO DATA

    A device is described that includes an encoder/decoder (CODEC) in which functionality is partitioned between a video front end (VFE) and a video back end (VBE). The VFE encapsulates functionality and image processing operations to support a variety of applications, and presents a flexible inter-processor by which an external master device can easily control these operations. The video back end (VBE) operates as an encoder and/or a decoder to generate encoded and/or decoded video sequences. The VFE and VBE may execute within an operating environment provided by a slave device.

  • DISPLAY CONTROL APPARATUS, DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM

    An information processing apparatus that includes a processor that controls a display to display a plurality of images in a stacked configuration, each of the plurality of images corresponding to one of a plurality of groups. The processor assigns movement corresponding to each of the plurality of images based on the respective location of each of the plurality of images in the stacked configuration.

  • IMAGING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMMERSIVE SURVEILLANCE

    Security guards at large facilities, such as airports, monitor multiple screens that display images from individual surveillance cameras dispersed throughout the facility. If a guard zooms with a particular camera, he may lose image resolution, along with perspective on the surrounding area. Embodiments of the inventive Imaging System for Immersive Surveillance (ISIS) solve these problems by combining multiple cameras in one device. When properly mounted, example ISIS systems offer up to 360-degree, 240-megapixel views on a single screen. (Other fields of view and resolutions are also possible.) Image-stitching software merges multiple video feeds into one scene. The system also allows operators to tag and follow targets, and can monitor restricted areas and sound an alert when intruders breach them.

  • IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS

    An image processing method for creating a disparity image for 3D display from a 2D video image includes detecting based on a first image of the 2D video image in a time and a second image in a time different from the first image, motion vectors between the first and second images for each block of the first image, detecting from the motion vectors, a most backward vector of a portion whose depth is on the back side, calculating differential vectors between each motion vector and the most backward vector and giving a depth on a close to the block of the first image corresponding to the motion vector having the larger differential vector and creating one or more disparity images from the first image and the depth.

  • VIDEO PROCESSING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLING PROCESSED PICTURE QUALITY BASED ON RUNTIME MEMORY BANDWIDTH UTILIZATION

    A video processing apparatus is provided. A storage medium is operative to store multimedia data. A model design module is operative to determine a module factor according to a format of the multimedia data, monitor an amount of runtime bandwidth utilization of the storage medium, and dynamically adjust the module factor according to the amount of runtime bandwidth utilization of the storage medium. A PQ control module is operative to access the storage medium to process the multimedia data according to the module factor and output processed multimedia data.

  • GAME APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, STORAGE MEDIUM HAVING GAME PROGRAM OR INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM STORED THEREIN, GAME SYSTEM, DELAY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM, IMAGE DISPLAY METHOD, AUDIO OUTPUT METHOD, AND DELAY MEASUREMENT METHOD

    An example game apparatus generates and outputs a predetermined test image to a television. A terminal device has its image pickup section acquire a pickup image of a screen of the television, and transmits the pickup image acquired by the image pickup section to the game apparatus. The game apparatus determines whether or not the pickup image includes the test image. When the pickup image is determined to include the test image, an image delay time is calculated on the basis of the time of the determination, the time of the output of the test image by the game apparatus, and a processing time between the acquisition of the pickup image and the determination. The game apparatus uses the image delay time to achieve synchronization between the terminal device and the television and also between image display and sound output of the television.

  • MOBILE HAND HELD MACHINE VISION METHOD AND APPARATUS USING DATA FROM MULTIPLE IMAGES TO PERFORM PROCESSES

    A method and apparatus for performing a process associated with an item to be imaged is disclosed. The process requires data associated with a plurality of required features of the item to be imaged. A handheld device is used to obtain a sequence of images. For at least a subset of the obtained images, a camera field of view is directed toward the item from different relative juxtapositions while obtaining the images. At least a subset of the obtained images are examined to identify the required features. Images are obtained until each of the required features are identified in at least one image. Feedback is provided to a user indicating at least one additional required features to be imaged, required features that have already been imaged and guidance indicating how to manipulate the handheld device to obtain images of additional required features.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING MACHINE VISION IN THE PRESENCE OF AMBIENT LIGHT

    A system and method utilizing two image sensors to simultaneously capture images of a FOV (field of view). The image sensors are arranged along the same optical path for viewing the FOV. The FOV is illuminated by an illuminator of a specific frequency band. An image is captured by the first image sensor which has a filter that passes at least a portion of the light of the frequency band of the illuminator. An image is captured by the second image sensor that has a filter to pass a band of frequencies adjacent to, but generally not including the frequency band of the illuminator. The images may be manipulated, for example, to provide enhanced performance and/or compensate for variables in the system. A processor subtracts the images to produce an image that represents light reflected back from the illuminator, excluding ambient light at the frequency of the illuminator.

  • Determining the Uniqueness of a Model for Machine Vision

    Described are methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, for determining model uniqueness with a quality metric of a model of an object in a machine vision application. Determining uniqueness involves receiving a training image and a first set of model parameters, generating a first model of an object, generating a second model of the object based on the training image and a second set of model parameters modified from the first set of model parameters, determining a set of poses that represent possible instances of the second model in the training image, and computing a quality metric of the first model based on an evaluation of the set of poses with respect to the training image.

  • Deformable Light Pattern for Machine Vision System

    A method and apparatus for use with a camera that includes a field of view (FOV), the apparatus for indicating at least a first portion of a field of view for analysis and comprising a light source for generating a first light pattern that is directed onto an object surface within the FOV while the light source remains stationary with respect to the object, an adjuster for, while the first light pattern subtends a surface of the object and without moving the light source with respect to the object, modifying the first light pattern to generate a first deformed light pattern that is directed onto the object surface in the FOV and a manual input device for controlling the adjuster to indicate how the first light pattern is to be modified.

  • PARTS MANIPULATION, INSPECTION, AND REPLACEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

    Manufacturing lines include inspection systems for monitoring the quality of parts produced. Manufacturing lines for making semiconductor devices generally inspect each fabricated part. The information obtained is used to fix manufacturing problems in the semiconductor fab plant. A machine-vision system for inspecting devices includes a flipper mechanism. After being inspected at a first station, a tray-transfer device moves the tray from the first inspection station to a flipper mechanism. The flipper mechanism includes two jaws, a mover, and a rotator. The flipper mechanism turns the devices over and places the devices in a second tray so that another surface of the device can be inspected. A second tray-transfer device moves the second tray from the flipper to a second inspection station. The mover of the flipper mechanism removes the tray from the first inspection surface and places a tray at the second inspection surface.

  • HIGH-PERFORMANCE CLOSED-FORM SINGLE-SCAN CALCULATION OF OBLONG-SHAPE ROTATION ANGLES FROM BINARY IMAGES OF ARBITRARY SIZE AND LOCATION USING RUNNING SUMS

    A method and system for calculating oblong-shape rotation angles from binary images of arbitrary size using running sums is described without the need of eigenvector routines and storage of the image data. The oblong shape may be of arbitrary size and location and need not be precisely elliptical. A few running sums are calculated and stored throughout each scan, and the results are obtained in closed form by simple post-scan computation. An algorithmic embodiment can execute on one or more hardware processors with limited or otherwise constrained computation power, available instruction cycles, available memory, etc. Hardware processors may CPUs found in desktops, laptops, tablets, or handheld computing devices. The resulting arrangement may be used for touch or optical user interfaces, real-time image recognition, real-time machine vision,and other purposes.

  • CAMERA ASSEMBLY FOR THE EXTRACTION OF IMAGE DEPTH DISCONTINUITY AND METHOD OF USE

    A machine vision system is provided. The machine vision system includes a camera. A first flash unit is in communication with the camera and adapted to emit light or a first range of wavelengths in synchronization with operation of the camera. A second flash unit is in communication with the camera and adapted to emit light of a second range of wavelengths in synchronization with operation of the camera. The light of the first range of wavelengths does not overlap the wavelength of the light of the second range of wavelengths.

  • OPTICALLY TRANSMISSIVE SUBSTRATE HAVING A FIDUCIAL MARK AND METHODS OF ALIGNING OPTICALLY TRANSMISSIVE SUBSTRATES

    An article comprises an optically transmissive substrate comprising a plurality of functional elements and an integral fiducial mark. The substrate has a critical angle for total internal reflection, and a length and a width defining a reference plane. The substrate comprises an integral fiducial mark disposed on the major surface. The integral fiducial mark comprises at least one substantially ellipse-like feature formed by first and second frustoconical surfaces that together with a reference line that is normal to the reference plane define respective first and second half angles. The first and second half angles are less than or equal to 90 degrees minus the critical angle for total internal reflection expressed in degrees. A method comprises: providing an optically transmissive substrate according to the present disclosure; precisely detecting a position of the fiducial mark with aid of a machine vision system; and optionally precisely aligning the substrate.

  • MULTI-CORE DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING FOR MACHINE VISION APPLICATIONS

    Embodiments of an apparatus including a first processor core having a local agent running thereon, the agent comprising a local process and a proxy agent and a second processor core having a remote agent running thereon, the remote agent being an instance of the local agent. A shared memory wherein coupled to the first processor core and the second processor core, wherein the local agent and the remote agent communicate via the shared memory. Other embodiments are disclosed and claimed

  • MACHINE VISION BASED SAWMILL AUDIT SYSTEM

    Sawmill auditing and control apparatus and methods employ information from one or more scan zones and/or controllers (e.g., PLCs). Boards may be logically associated with mill equipment which produced the boards, allowing defects or imperfections to be tied to certain equipment. For example, boards may be associated with a primary breakdown machine or a gangsaw, or with a pair of cutters (e.g., saws, chip heads). Such allows auditing of mill operations to identify improperly functioning machinery or out of tolerance conditions, to correct such, and/or provide notification.

  • MOBILE HAND HELD MACHINE VISION METHOD AND APPARATUS USING DATA FROM MULTIPLE IMAGES TO PERFORM PROCESSES

    A method and apparatus for performing a process associated with an item to be imaged is disclosed. The process requires data associated with a plurality of required features of the item to be imaged. A handheld device is used to obtain a sequence of images. For at least a subset of the obtained images, a camera field of view is directed toward the item from different relative juxtapositions while obtaining the images. At least a subset of the obtained images are examined to identify the required features. Images are obtained until each of the required features are identified in at least one image. Feedback is provided to a user indicating at least one additional required features to be imaged, required features that have already been imaged and guidance indicating how to manipulate the handheld device to obtain images of additional required features.

  • PEPPER DE-STEMMING METHODS AND APPARATUS

    A way of dealing with challenges to the pepper processing industry and pepper growers is to mechanize pepper processing, including the de-stemming of whole peppers. The present example provides a method for mechanically de-stemming whole peppers. The method provides for the recognition of a pepper's shoulder and or interior regions and stem in order to generate a control signal to initiate a process to de-stem the pepper. In particular, several implementations of the method are provided that may include a mechanical system, a laser system, a machine vision system, a combination of a machine vision system and the laser system, and other equivalent implementations. Additionally disclosed, are methods of processing whole peppers utilizing automated de-stemming.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INSPECTING DOSAGE FORMS HAVING CODE IMPRINTS AND SORTING THE INSPECTED DOSAGE FORMS

    Method and system for inspecting dosage forms having code imprints and sorting the inspected dosage forms are provided. The method includes imaging a viewable first surface of each dosage form at a first vision station to obtain a first set of the images of the dosage forms including any code imprints. The method further includes imaging a viewable second surface of each dosage form at a second vision station to obtain a second set of images of the dosage forms including any code imprints. The method still further includes processing each image of the first and second sets of images with at least one machine vision algorithm to identify dosage forms having unacceptable defects including defective or nonexistent code imprints. The method finally includes directing dosage forms identified as having unacceptable defects to a defective dosage form area.

  • Multifield incoherent Lithography, Nomarski Lithography and multifield incoherent Imaging

    A new optical method and apparatus, applicable to optical lithography, to imaging or to machine vision, including: a mask, a first optical component, the splitter creating coherent fully registered duplicates, propagating as independent fields, in different optical states, a physical operator applied on each field concurrently and different for each field, a combiner to recombine the fields into coherent superposition of the fields, the multifield aerial image. The method provides the capacity to modify the multifield aerial image by changing the energy ratio between the fields, creating a shape variation of the multifield aerial image. The method provides also the capacity to perform the modification dynamically following a given predetermined functionality.

  • EDGE LOCATION MEASUREMENT CORRECTION FOR COAXIAL LIGHT IMAGES

    A method for correcting coaxial light image edge location errors in a precision machine vision inspection system is disclosed. The method comprises comparing an edge position measurement of a workpiece edge feature using coaxial light and stage light. Edge position measurements using stage light have a lower uncertainty than that of coaxial light. Position correction factors may be determined from the difference between the two edge position measurements. The position correction factors may be stored for correcting subsequent edge position measurements that are based on images acquired using coaxial light. In some embodiments, position correction factors may be determined based on comparing edge position measurements for a plurality of edges.

  • Vehicle Service System Optical Target Assembly Calibration

    A machine vision vehicle wheel alignment system for acquiring measurements associated with a vehicle. The system includes at least one imaging sensor having a field of view and at least one optical target secured to a wheel assembly on a vehicle within the field of view of the imaging sensor. The optical target includes a plurality of visible target elements disposed on at least two surfaces in a determinable geometric and spatial configuration which are calibrated prior to use. A processing unit in the system is configured to receive at least two sets of image data from the imaging sensor, with each set of image data acquired at a different rotational position of the wheel assembly around an axis of rotation and representative of at least one visible target element on each of the two surfaces, from which the processing unit is configured to identify said axis of rotation of the wheel assembly.

  • PARTS MANIPULATION, INSPECTION, AND REPLACEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

    Manufacturing lines include inspection systems for monitoring the quality of parts produced. Manufacturing lines for making semiconductor devices generally inspect each fabricated part. The information obtained is used to fix manufacturing problems in the semiconductor fab plant. A machine-vision system for inspecting devices includes a flipper mechanism. After being inspected at a first station, a tray-transfer device moves the tray from the first inspection station to a flipper mechanism. The flipper mechanism includes two jaws, a mover, and a rotator. The flipper mechanism turns the devices over and places the devices in a second tray so that another surface of the device can be inspected. A second tray-transfer device moves the second tray from the flipper to a second inspection station. The mover of the flipper mechanism removes the tray from the first inspection surface and places a tray at the second inspection surface.

  • Machine Vision Based Automatic Maximal Clamp Measurement Tool

    System and method for measuring distances in an image. An image is received that includes curves corresponding to one or more objects in the image. Multiple curves in a specified region of interest (ROI) in the image are detected, where the ROI has a specified direction. Each curve includes respective curve points. A convex hull is determined based on the respective curve points. One or more candidate antipodal point pairs of the convex hull are determined. A first point pair of the one or more antipodal point pairs is selected based on one or more specified constraints. A clamp angle corresponding to the first point pair is determined. A distance between the first point pair along a direction specified by the clamp angle is determined. The first point pair, the distance, and the clamp angle are stored. Calibration information may be applied at any point during the process.

  • LCD Bit display and communication system

    A communication system and method are described for transmitting data from a display in a bit transmission data format to a machine vision system. The described system and method allows for the process and further application of a larger amount of data faster and more reliably than by use of the human readable data from the display. A standard LCD screen displays bit transmission data corresponding to human readable data, and transmits the bit transmission data to a machine vision system, such as by use of the camera on a smart phone. The captured bit transmission data is converted into a bit data stream for further processing, such as by use of an application in the smart phone, and can be stored in memory and/or transmitted to another system to provide useful human readable information. Faster transmission of a greater amount of data is realized including, in one aspect of the bit generation, data error and correction codes. In one embodiment the method and system is applied in a body composition scale application using a four digit, 7-segment LCD.

  • PARTS MANIPULATION, INSPECTION, AND REPLACEMENT

    Manufacturing lines include inspection systems for monitoring the quality of parts produced. Manufacturing lines for making semiconductor devices generally inspect each fabricated part. The information obtained is used to fix manufacturing problems in the semiconductor fab plant. A machine-vision system for inspecting devices includes a flipper mechanism. After being inspected at a first station, a tray-transfer device moves the tray from the first inspection station to a flipper mechanism. The flipper mechanism includes two jaws, a mover, and a rotator. The flipper mechanism turns the devices over and places the devices in a second tray so that another surface of the device can be inspected. A second tray-transfer device moves the second tray from the flipper to a second inspection station. The mover of the flipper mechanism removes the tray from the first inspection surface and places a tray at the second inspection surface.

  • MULTI-REGION FOCUS NAVIGATION INTERFACE

    A multi-region focus navigation interface for a machine vision inspection system is provided to assist a user with user-directed or manual focus operations. The multi-region focus navigation interface comprises a plurality of regional focus elements, each corresponding to a respective region of interest and superimposed on a displayed field of view. Each focus element comprises at least first and second operating states corresponding to its focus distance being in a close or intermediate range, respectively. Each operating state comprises a respective graphical focus indicator. For the intermediate range, a focus improvement direction may also be indicated. In one embodiment, in the close range operating state, a user may activate a region focus element to perform autofocus operations, while in the intermediate range operating state, a user may activate a focus element to perform operations that move toward the focus height by a predetermined step size.

  • METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMAGE QUALITY LEARNING WITH SOLID STATE IMAGE SENSORS

    The present disclosure relates to solid state image sensors in digital imaging systems, more particularly to an image quality learning method and system for solid state image sensors. One of the advantages of the method according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is to allow the implementation of a digital machine vision system with a faster convergence of an Image Quality algorithm, which results in a shorter delay for the user. According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the method is performed as a recursive algorithm which tends to converge to an Image Quality setting satisfying image quality criteria.

  • REAL-TIME PLAYER TRACKING

    Some implementations of the invention provide methods, devices and systems for acquiring patron data in real time. A plurality of networked cameras may be used to acquire information regarding casino patrons. The cameras may include "smart cameras" having an integrated machine vision system. The real-time information may be used to populate one or more databases of a player loyalty program. Patron information may also be used to determine trends associated with patron demographics, with levels of a player loyalty program, etc. Some implementations of the invention involve monitoring patron event data and determining when predetermined events of interest occur. When a defined event occurs, patron data relating to the associated patron may be monitored, analyzed and used to populate one or more player loyalty databases. In some implementations, patron data acquired prior to the time of the defined event may also be analyzed and used.

  • METHOD UTILIZING IMAGE CORRELATION TO DETERMINE POSITION MEASUREMENTS IN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    A method utilizing image correlation to determine position measurements in a machine vision system. In a first operating state, the machine vision system utilizes traditional scale-based techniques to determine position measurements, while in a second operating state, image correlation displacement sensing techniques are utilized to determine position measurements. The image correlation techniques provide for higher accuracy for measuring distances between features that are separated by more than one field of view. The user may toggle between the operating states through a selection on the user interface, and guidance may be provided regarding when the image correlation mode is likely to provide higher accuracy, depending on factors such as the distance to be measured and the characteristics of the surface being measured.

  • ENCRYPTION AUTHENTICATION OF DATA TRANSMITTED FROM MACHINE VISION TOOLS

    The technology provides, in some aspects, methods and systems for securely transmitting data using a machine vision system (e.g., within a pharmaceutical facility). Thus, for example, in one aspect, the technology provides a method that includes the steps of establishing a communications link between a machine vision processor and a remote digital data processor (e.g., a database server, personal computer, etc.); encrypting, on the machine vision processor, (i) at least one network packet containing machine vision data, and (ii) at least one network packet containing non-machine vision data; and sending to the remote digital data processor the encrypted network packets from the machine vision processor.

  • Master and Slave Machine Vision System

    The technology provides, in some aspects, methods and systems for triggering a master machine vision processor and a slave machine vision processor in a multi-camera machine vision system. Thus, for example, in one aspect, the technology provides a method that includes the steps of establishing a communications link between a slave machine vision processor and a master machine vision processor; receiving on the slave machine vision processor a data message from the master machine vision processor; and triggering the slave machine vision processor to perform a machine vision function, the triggering occurring at a frequency based upon the data message, wherein at least one triggering of the slave machine vision processor occurs independent of the master machine vision processor.

  • Optical Aberration Correction for Machine Vision Inspection Systems

    A system and method for correcting surface height measurements for optical aberration is provided. Heights determined by an autofocus tool, which may depend on surface feature angles in a focus region of interest (ROI) and on the ROI location in the field of view, are corrected based on a novel error calibration. Error calibration data includes height corrections for different feature angles in images, and for multiple locations in a field of view. Height corrections are determined by weighting and combining the angle dependent error calibration data, e.g., based on a gradient (edge) angle distribution determined in the ROIs. When Z-heights are determined for multiple ROIs in a field of view, storage of image data from particular images of a global image stack may be efficiently controlled based on determining early in processing whether a particular image is a sufficiently focused "near-peak" focused image or not.

  • METHODS, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING AND/OR CONTROLLING DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTS

    A dynamic environment (e.g., an automated industrial process) has multiple conditions in response to which corresponding actions are required, and comprises various equipment, control device(s) to control the equipment, and one or more sensors to generate input signal(s) representing a monitored condition of the environment. A control system for the environment comprises a master processor and one or more co-processors, wherein the master processor configures a given co-processor to evaluate only a first subset of conditions expected to occur in the environment within a specified time period (e.g., less than a response time of the master processor), and to provide first control information representing an action to be taken if a particular condition of the first subset is satisfied. The co-processor receives the input signal(s) representing the monitored condition, processes the input signal(s) so as to determine if the particular condition of the first subset is satisfied, and provides the first control information to the control devices so as to control the equipment. Exemplary applications include dynamic environments in which machine vision techniques and/or equipment are employed.

  • TRAJECTORY DETECTION AND FEEDBACK SYSTEM

    A disclosed device provides a trajectory detection and feedback system. The system is capable of detecting one or more moving objects in free flight, analyzing a trajectory of each object and providing immediate feedback information to a human that has launched the object into flight, and/or one or more observers in the area. In a particular embodiment, a non-intrusive machine vision system that remotely detects trajectories of moving objects may be used to evaluate trajectory parameters for a basketball shot at a basketball hoop by a player. The feedback information, such as a trajectory entry angle into the basketball hoop and/or an entry velocity into the hoop for the shot, may be output to the player in an auditory format using a sound projection device. The system may be operable to be set-up and to operate in a substantially autonomous manner.

  • METHODS AND APPARATUS EMPLOYING AN ACTION ENGINE FOR MONITORING AND/OR CONTROLLING DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTS

    A dynamic environment (e.g., an automated industrial process) has multiple conditions in response to which corresponding actions are required, and comprises various equipment, control device(s) to control the equipment, and one or more sensors to generate input signal(s) representing a monitored condition of the environment. A control system for the environment comprises a master processor and one or more co-processors, wherein the master processor configures a given co-processor to evaluate only a first subset of conditions expected to occur in the environment within a specified time period (e.g., less than a response time of the master processor), and to provide first control information representing an action to be taken if a particular condition of the first subset is satisfied. The co-processor receives the input signal(s) representing the monitored condition, processes the input signal(s) so as to determine if the particular condition of the first subset is satisfied, and provides the first control information to the control devices so as to control the equipment. Exemplary applications include dynamic environments in which machine vision techniques and/or equipment are employed.

  • METHOD UTILIZING IMAGE CORRELATION TO DETERMINE POSITION MEASUREMENTS IN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    A method utilizing image correlation to determine position measurements in a machine vision system. In a first operating state, the machine vision system utilizes traditional scale-based techniques to determine position measurements, while in a second operating state, image correlation displacement sensing techniques are utilized to determine position measurements. The image correlation techniques provide for higher accuracy for measuring distances between features that are separated by more than one field of view. The user may toggle between the operating states through a selection on the user interface, and guidance may be provided regarding when the image correlation mode is likely to provide higher accuracy, depending on factors such as the distance to be measured and the characteristics of the surface being measured.

  • PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRAINING MACHINE TYPESETS FOR CHARACTER RECOGNITION

    Processes and systems for training machine vision systems for use with OCR algorithms to recognize characters. Such a process includes identifying characters to be recognized and individually generating at least a first set of templates for each of the characters. Each template comprises a grid of cells and is generated by selecting certain cells of the grid to define a pattern that correlates to a corresponding one of the characters. Information relating to the templates is then saved on media, from which the information can be subsequently retrieved to regenerate the templates. The templates can be used in an optical character recognition algorithm to recognize at least some of the characters contained in a marking.

  • EXAMINING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    Provided is an examining apparatus for a machine vision system according to at least an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the examining apparatus including: a supporter including one or more illuminations that illuminate an inner part thereof and having a predetermined shape; a portable terminal having a camera function and photographing an examination object positioned in the supporter while being fixed to the supporter; and a control unit setting a photographing condition of the portable terminal according to an instruction of the portable terminal and controlling the illuminations according to the set photographing condition.

  • GPS-BASED MACHINE VISION ROADWAY MARK LOCATOR, INSPECTION APPARATUS, AND MARKER

    An apparatus for locating, inspecting, or placing marks on a roadway. The apparatus includes a GPS-based machine vision locator for sampling discrete geographical location data of a pre-existing roadway mark evident on the roadway. A computer may determine a continuous smooth geographical location function fitted to the sampled geographical location data. And a marker is responsive to the GPS-based locator and geographical location function for replicating automatically the pre-existing roadway mark onto the roadway. The apparatus is typically part of a moving vehicle. A related method is disclosed for locating, inspecting, and placing marks on a resurfaced roadway. A similar apparatus can be used to guide a vehicle having a snow plow along a snow-covered roadway, or a paving machine along an unpaved roadway surface.

  • Method and Apparatus for Training a Probe Model Based Machine Vision System

    A method for training a pattern recognition algorithm including the steps of identifying the known location of the pattern that includes repeating elements within a fine resolution image, using the fine resolution image to train a model associated with the fine image, using the model to examine the fine image resolution image to generate a score space, examining the score space to identify a repeating pattern frequency, using a coarse image that is coarser than the finest image resolution image to train a model associated with the coarse image, using the model associated with the coarse image to examine the coarse image thereby generating a location error, comparing the location error to the repeating pattern frequency and determining if the coarse image resolution is suitable for locating the pattern within a fraction of one pitch of the repeating elements.

  • POINTS FROM FOCUS OPERATIONS USING MULTIPLE LIGHT SETTINGS IN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    A method of automatically adjusting lighting conditions improves the results of points from focus (PFF) 3D reconstruction. Multiple lighting levels are automatically found based on brightness criteria and an image stack is taken at each lighting level. In some embodiments, the number of light levels and their respective light settings may be determined based on trial exposure images acquired at a single global focus height which is a best height for an entire region of interest, rather than the best focus height for just the darkest or brightest image pixels in a region of interest. The results of 3D reconstruction at each selected light level are combined using a Z-height quality metric. In one embodiment, the PFF data point Z-height value that is to be associated with an X-Y location is selected based on that PFF data point having the best corresponding Z-height quality metric value at that X-Y location.

  • LENS APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING OBJECT AND MACHINE VISION SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

    Provided are a lens apparatus and a machine vision system including the lens apparatus. The lens apparatus includes: a first lens group and a second lens group which are designed to use a wavelength of light of a first single color as a reference wavelength and disposed on opposite sides of an aperture; and a converter lens group which is disposed at an object side of the first lens group, wherein the converter lens group performs selectively at least one of a first conversion for converting a magnification, and a second conversion for converting the reference wavelength.

  • HUMAN-MACHINE-INTERFACE AND METHOD FOR MANIPULATING DATA IN A MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    This invention provides a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that operates in connection with a machine vision detector or other machine vision system, which provides a highly intuitive and industrial machine-like appearance and layout. The GUI includes a centralized image frame window surrounded by panes having buttons and specific interface components that the user employs in each step of a machine vision system set up and run procedure. One pane allows the user to view and manipulate a recorded filmstrip of image thumbnails taken in a sequence, and provides the filmstrip with specialized highlighting (colors or patterns) that indicate useful information about the underlying images. The programming of logic is performed using a programming window that includes a ladder logic arrangement.

  • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MACHINE VISION COUNTING AND ANNOTATION

    A method of processing graphical image data representing optically scanned medication-related units may include receiving image data generated responsive to an application of light to a tray disposed a distance from an image acquisition component. The application of light may distinguish a background field from a plurality of the units disposed on the tray. The method may further include processing the image data to identify objects that correspond to respective ones of the units from the background field, counting the objects identified as corresponding to respective ones of the units, and generating an annotated image including at least a sequential number associated each one of the objects identified as corresponding to respective ones of the units.

  • Machine Vision Systems and Methods with Predictive Motion Control

    Systems and methods trigger an image acquisition of an object using motion data communicated from a motion controller on a network, the motion controller coupled to a motion drive. A camera, upon receiving motion data from the motion controller, uses a virtual axis application to plan the movement of a virtual axis for a motion cycle, the virtual axis allowing an acquisition trigger rate to be calculated by the camera that follows movement of the object caused by the motion drive. Based on the calculated acquisition trigger rate, the camera generates an acquisition trigger signal for triggering the image acquisition of the object.

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING FOR MACHINE-VISION ANALYSIS

    A computer-implemented method for designating a portion of a machine-vision analysis to be performed on a worker. A set of machine-vision algorithms is obtained for analyzing a digital image of a product. An overall time estimate is determined that represents the processing time to analyze the digital image using the entire set of machine-vision algorithms. If the overall time estimate is greater than a threshold value, then an algorithm time estimate for each of two or more algorithms of the set of machine-vision algorithms is obtained. A rank associated with each of the two or more algorithms is computed based on the algorithm time estimates. A designated algorithm to be performed on the worker is selected based on the rank associated with each of the two or more algorithms. The digital image may then be analyzed on the worker using the designated algorithm.

  • Method and Apparatus to Guarantee Minimum Contrast for Machine Vision System

    In one aspect, this disclosure presents a method and apparatus for verifying that minimum object contrast requirements are met within a region representing a volume to be monitored by a machine vision system. In complementary fashion, the disclosure also presents a methodology for constraining the positions of the lighting sources to be used for illuminating the monitored volume at a minimum height above the floor, and for the use of a key light that provides asymmetrical lighting within the monitored volume relative to the camera(s) used for imaging the monitored volume. Correspondingly, the disclosure also presents a method and apparatus for monitoring for proper operation of the key light and responding to improper operation. The minimum contrast verification and key light monitoring operations can be implemented using standalone apparatuses, or can be incorporated into the machine vision system.

  • Machine Vision System for Frozen Aliquotter for Biological Samples

    A machine vision system for use with a system that takes frozen sample cores from samples that are in containers includes a camera. A processor is configured to receive image data from the camera and to determine locations where frozen sample cores have already been taken. A method of determining one or more locations where a frozen sample core have already been taken from frozen samples includes operating a robotic system to position one of the containers on a platform at a station for receiving the container while a frozen sample core is extracted from the frozen sample contained in the container. The camera is used to capture an image of the frozen sample. Contrast in the captured image is evaluated to identify one or more bore candidates. The processor uses the image to determine whether or not the bore candidates are real bores or artifacts.

  • SELF-LEARNING MACHINE VISION SYSTEM

    Embodiments of the invention include systems and methods relating to self-learning machine vision systems. In an embodiment, the invention includes a self-learning machine vision system including a video input; a processor in communication with the video input; and a video output in communication with the processor. The processor is configured to process video data from the video input and identify a number of repeating units within the video data. The processor is further configured to identify repeating units that deviate from the other repeating units. The system can further display an image of the repeating units through the video output with indicia to indicate identified deviant repeating units. In an embodiment, the invention includes a method of identifying defects in a stream of produced items including processing video data from a video input with a computing system; identifying a number of repeating units within the video data; identifying repeating units that deviate from the other repeating units by comparing the repeating with one another; and displaying an image of the repeating units through a video output with indicia to indicate identified deviant repeating units. Other embodiments are also included herein.

  • MACHINE-VISION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOTE QUALITY INSPECTION OF A PRODUCT

    A machine-vision system for monitoring a quality metric for a product. The system includes a controller configured to receive a digital image from an image acquisition device. The controller is also configured to analyze the digital image using a first machine-vision algorithm to compute a measurement of the product. The system also includes a vision server connected to the controller, and configured to compute a quality metric and store the digital image and the measurement in a database storage. The system also includes a remote terminal connected to the vision server, and configured to display the digital image and the quality metric on the remote terminal.

  • APPARATUS FOR GUIDING A VEHICLE ONTO A SERVICE LIFT USING A MACHINE VISION WHEEL ALIGNMENT SYSTEM

    An apparatus is provided for guiding a vehicle onto a service lift having a pair of runways for receiving the wheels of the vehicle. In one embodiment, a machine vision wheel alignment system including an image sensor, a processor, and a display provides a visual display of the vehicle and the runways to guide an operator of the vehicle to drive the vehicle wheels onto the runways. In other embodiments, a pair of runway targets and a vehicle target are viewed by a pair of image sensors of a machine vision wheel alignment system. Image signals from the image sensors are processed to determine respective positions of the runways and to monitor a position of the vehicle relative to the runways, and a visual reference is displayed to guide an operator of the vehicle.

  • Automatic Exposure Calibration And Compensation For Machine Vision

    An automatic process for calibrating the optical image exposure value to compensate for changes in machine vision systems to maintain optimal exposure of captured images and adjust for the different characteristics among cameras components, such as imaging sensor sensitivity, LED strength, external lighting, reflective functions of any background material, different external lighting conditions, possible changes or updates of the systems over the years, such as LED changes, and even the aging of camera sensor and LEDs over time. A series of images of a target are captured with a predetermined sequence of exposure values, the saturation exposure percentage of a region of interest is calculated in each of the images, and the saturation exposure percentages are compared to determine the exposure value that has a saturation exposure percentage that varies the least from the saturation exposure value of the preceding and following exposure values.

  • Scenario Windowing For Expedited Decoding of Multiple Barcodes

    A process system for expediting the interpretation of information encoded or contained with an optical image capture for barcode decoding and machine vision applications that uses one or more each of which define one or more windows arranged according to equal rows or columns in the captured image that will be further processed to extract encoded or designer information. The scenarios and windows contained therein may be defined in memory and then recalled as needed based on the particular application so that multiple barcodes contained within a single image may be efficiently and expeditiously decoded

  • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CROP THINNING WITH FERTILIZER

    Utilizes machine vision to thin fields, for example by selectively spraying plants with enough fertilizer to kill the plants, for example to maintain a minimum distance between plants or to enable remaining plants to grow in a pattern, for example two dimension diamond pattern. The use of fertilizer to kill plants has the benefit of fertilizing the field, i.e., the remaining plants not to be killed, at the same time. This unexpected result which occurs in the thinning and simultaneous fertilizing of a field is based the discovery that immature plants are more sensitive to fertilizer than mature plants. The system and method eliminates the need for harmful chemicals and mechanical thinners and may be retrofitted onto existing spray systems and platforms, thus eliminating herbicides and thinning machinery.

  • METHOD OF LASER ILLUMINATION WITH REDUCED SPECKLING

    Proposed is a method of laser illumination with reduced speckling for in optical microscopy, machine vision systems with laser illumination, fine optical metrology, etc. The method comprises forming a net of planar ridge waveguides into an arbitrary configuration and providing them with a plurality of holograms having holographic elements formed into a predetermined organization defined by the shape of a given light spot or light field which is to be formed by light beams emitted from the holograms on the surface of the object or in a space at a distance from the planar ridge waveguide. Speckling is reduced by locating at least a part or all of the holograms at distances from each other that are equal to or greater than the coherence length. The geometry and organization of the holographic elements allows controlling position, focusing and defocusing of the beam.

  • SPECKLE-REDUCED LASER ILLUMINATION DEVICE

    Proposed is a speckle-reduced laser illumination device that may be used in optical microscopy, machine vision systems with laser illumination, fine optical metrology, etc. The device comprises a net of planar ridge waveguides formed into an arbitrary configuration and having a plurality of holograms with holographic elements formed into a predetermined organization defined by the shape of a given light spot or light field which is to be formed by light beams emitted from holograms on the surface of an object or in a space and at a distance from the planar ridge waveguide. Speckling is reduced due to the fact that at least a part or all of the holograms are spaced from each other at distances equal to or greater than the coherence length. The geometry and organization of the holographic elements allow position control of the light spot and beam converging and diverging.