An adhesively bonded joint in a boom arm of an agricultural sprayer has a tee-shaped brace member with a top flange and a stem extending from the top flange. A brace-receiving portion of the joint has a slot formed therein that receives the stem of the tee-shaped brace member. The sides of the stem and underside of the top flange are adhesively bonded to facing surfaces of the brace-receiving portion. The slot is formed with a v-shape, with the mouth of the slot being wider than the width of the distal end of the slot, to provide some flexibility in the angular positioning of the tee-shaped bracing member. The joint further includes a locking collar around an end of the tee-shaped brace. Opposite sides of the locking collar engage notches on either side of the slot to lock the stem of the tee-shaped brace member in the slot.
Additives for compost for ornamental plants and/or agricultural production plants in the form of granules comprising a) between 5 and 65% by weight on the total weight of the composition of a superabsorbent polymer, for agriculture (SAP), b) between 35 and 70% by weight on the total weight of the composition of a hygroscopic material essentially of vegetable origin; c) between 20 and 40% by weight on the total weight of the composition of a natural plasticizer of mineral or vegetable origin.
An agricultural harvesting machine includes at least one working assembly for processing and conveying crop as well as a sensor array (9) that detects hazardous substances (18) in the crop (10) to be processed.
A blade sharpening system is provided that includes a sharpening assembly including a sharpener configured to engage a generally circular agricultural implement blade while mounted on the agricultural implement. The blade sharpening system also includes a rail configured to support the sharpening assembly and to facilitate movement of the sharpening assembly along the rail. The blade sharpening system further includes a mounting feature coupled to the rail and configured to engage a structural member of the agricultural implement to support the rail and sharpening assembly.
A combine is provided with an improved system for collecting agricultural material, such as stover, from an agricultural field and separating desired parts of the stover, such as corncobs, from undesired parts. The combine is provided with a system for moving the desired portion of the stover to a container and discarding the undesired portion of the stover back on the agricultural field.
A latch incorporates an interlock for preventing opening of the access panel while it is determined that the flywheel is rotating. In this way the operator can only raise the hood or open one of the side doors to provide access to the workings of the baler when it is safe.
An agricultural work support method is disclosed. In the agricultural work support method, an advent of an evaluation time of a performed agricultural work task is detected based on a performance time and a calculation method of the evaluation time of an achievement of the agricultural work task, in which a work history storage part stores the performance time for each of multiple agricultural work tasks, and a calculation method storage part stores the performance time as a reference in the calculation method. Then, an instruction of an evaluation work of the achievement pertinent to the agricultural work task, in which the advent of the evaluation time is detected, is output.
An agricultural working or harvesting machine has at least one working unit and a driver's cab in which, in a basic electronic display area of a display unit, several machine and/or crop material parameters set up in different functionality windows are visualized. The machine and/or crop material parameters set up in the functionality windows are activated and controlled using an operating device, and, in the working mode at least, at least one additional display area that includes the functionality window superimposed on the basic display area is displayable in the display unit, it being possible to control and activate the at least one functionality window of the additional display area using at least one separate operating device.
An agricultural working machine has a one control/regulating unit designed to adjust and monitor working parameters, quality parameters or both of the agricultural working machine that influence a harvesting process. The adjusting and monitoring are carried out in an automatable manner by the control/regulating unit using stored families of characteristics. The agricultural working machine also has at least one display device for depicting setpoint values and actual values of the working parameters, quality parameters or both. The control/regulating unit actuates defined measurement points in the stored families of characteristics and the specifically actuated measurement points are located in the boundary regions of the family of characteristics or outside the active working region of the particular family of characteristics.
The present invention provides a versatile agriculture applicator system which enables relatively large agricultural field application systems to both be moved over roadways and to address fields using a wide swath application. The applicator system of the invention includes a unique support carriage arrangement which is supported by orthogonally disposed sets of support wheels including selectively deployable wheels that enable the carriage to move optionally parallel to the length or width of the chassis.
The invention relates to an air filter element of a passenger compartment for the driver's cab of agricultural and work machines, in particular with spraying and atomizing devices for pesticides and fertilizers, comprising an adsorption filter layer with activated carbon, a fine filter layer in particular for separating aerosols and a circumferential sealing for separating the raw side from the clean side during installation into a filter housing.
One embodiment of an apparatus and method for treating agricultural animal wastewater that costs less to build, is easy to operate, and requires little energy input. The method employs natural systems for wastewater treatment; an initial anaerobic digestion treatment followed by batch floating aquatic plant treatment. The batch floating aquatic plant treatment of effluent and subsequent batch discharge provides increased control of the treatment process. Opportunistic collection and use of biogas and floating aquatic biomass results in additional benefits. The apparatus reduces the cost and land area required for the system by subdividing a lagoon into an anaerobic digestion treatment zone below the apparatus and a floating aquatic plant treatment zone above the apparatus. In addition, the apparatus is disposed in the lagoon in such a way that it facilitates the collection of biogas evolving from anaerobic digestion treatment beneath the apparatus by diverting it to areas to be collected.
An apparatus and method of harvesting power for charging batteries of a robot traversing an overhead transmission conductor is disclosed. The apparatus is adapted to harvest power from the overhead transmission conductor and provide a DC voltage for charging a battery and includes a first shield wire bonded to a structure that is grounded to the earth, a second shield wire isolated from the structure, and a charging station. The first shield wire, second shield wire, structure, and earth form a loop into which induced currents flow. The charging station is electrically connected to the second shield wire and adapted to convert induced currents flowing along the second shield wire into a DC voltage for charging a battery of the charging station.
A hopper of a commodity conveyor apparatus for use with an agricultural implement has a bin configured to hold a volume of a granular commodity. The bin is movable between a first position at which the bin can be loaded with the granular commodity and a second position at which residual granular commodity can be recovered from the bin. The hopper further has a fill opening formed in the bin and adapted for loading the granular commodity into the bin when the bin is in the first position. A discharge opening is configured to be flow-coupled to the commodity conveyor apparatus and a container is removably attached to the bin for recovering the residual granular commodity from the bin when the bin is in the second position.
An improved baler and a method of using the improved baler to produce high density bales based on arrangement and control of compression rollers. The baler comprises a pick-up assembly configured to pick-up crop material; a rotary feeder; a compression assembly comprising at least one compression roller configured to generate a pressure on the crop material as it passes between the compression roller and another compression component in the baler; and a bale chamber, wherein the pre-compressed crop forms a bale. The compression roller and compression component define an adjustable gap therebetween. The one or more compression rollers and/or baler compression components may be located in various locations in the baler. By adjusting the gap, pressure exerted on the crop material as it passes between the compression rollers and baler compression components may be controlled, resulting in bales of higher density.
A scale controller system and method of using the system is disclosed. The scale controller is adapted for use with a grain cart or similar implement that includes a discharge opening and conveyor. The system includes a scale and a plurality of sensors that work together to automate numerous functions that are typically performed manually. For example, the present invention discloses a system that automatically records the amount of material loaded or unloaded by continuously monitoring the load on a scale and the RPMs of a power take-off shaft that drives a conveyor.
Disclosed are a biodegradable polyester resin composition andna biodegradable article molded from the composition. The polyester resin composition and the molded article of the present invention are excellent in biodegradability without any loss of mechanical properties.
A blade sharpening system is provide that includes a base and a pendulous arm having a first end rotatably coupled to the base by a pivot joint. The blade sharpening system also includes a sharpener suspended by the pendulous arm and configured to engage a generally circular agricultural implement blade while mounted on theagricultural implement. The pendulous arm is configured to enable movement of the sharpener to accommodate lateral variations in blade profile.
A disposable cell counting board in which a space formed by a counting board body and an upper plate is fixed in advance, and which does not require assembling by a cell counting worker, and which can be mass-produced at low costs, is provided.The cell counting board comprises a main body and a cover plate attached to the main body. The main body comprises a planar lands positioned at a lower position by a predetermined distance with respect to the top face of the other part than the lands, a counting sections provided at the lands, and four projection sections in the vicinity of the lands for positioning and fixing the cover plate above the lands. The cover plate has engagement holes formed at locations corresponding to the projection sections. A space of the predetermined distance, 0.1 mm, is generated between the top face of the lands and the bottom face of the cover plate, when the cover plate is attached to the main body by engaging each of the projection sections with the corresponding engagement hole.
The invention is directed to polypeptides having any cellulolytic activity, e.g., a cellulase activity, e.g., endoglucanase, cellobiohydrolase, beta-glucosidase, xylanase, mannanse, .beta.-xylosidase, arabinofuranosidase, and/or oligomerase activity, including thermostable and thermotolerant activity, and polynucleotides encoding these enzymes, and making and using these polynucleotides and polypeptides. The polypeptides of the invention can be used in a variety of pharmaceutical, agricultural, food and feed processing and industrial contexts. The invention also provides compositions or products of manufacture comprising mixtures of enzymes comprising at least one enzyme of this invention.
A novel cement is alkalescent, capable of solidifying a wide range of soil and applicable to biological environment. The cement composition contains 100 parts by weight of magnesium oxide, 5 to 25% by weight of at least one of silicic acid, alumina and iron oxide, 3 to 35 parts by weight of a phosphate, 2 to 30 parts by weight of gypsum and 0.005 to 7\r\nparts by weight of a hydroxycarboxylic acid or a ketocarboxylic acid.
The present invention relates to method for generating plants having altered architecture by introducing into plants, isolated nucleic acid molecules that can be used to produce transgenic plants characterized by altered plant architecture, carbon and nitrogen partitioning, enhanced biomass and or improved harvestable yield and to plants so generated and parts of these plants. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method for modifying a plant so as to produce a plant exhibiting an altered phenotype. Also provided are isolated nucleic sequence that encodes GAD polypeptide, vectors capable of expressing such nucleic acid molecules, host cells containing such vectors, and polypeptide encoded by such nucleic acids.
A combine threshing system includes a rotor having and in-feed area at a front end of the rotor and a rotor body configured to convey material along a helical path from the front end of the rotor body to a rear end of the rotor body. The system also includes a substantially cylindrical threshing chamber positioned circumferentially around and spaced apart from the rotor body. The threshing chamber includes a lower portion substantially concentric with the rotor body and having an inner surface positioned a first distance from an outer surface of the rotor body and an upper portion having a first inner surface substantially concentric with the rotor body and positioned the first distance from the outer surface and a second inner surface that is substantially concentric with the rotor body, positioned a second distance from the outer surface and is greater than the first distance.
A concave pan portion of an integral chopper assembly that includes a concave pan shell portion with a separate grate portion that may be easily installed into and removed from an intermediate opening in such concave pan portion for replacement in the event of undesirable wear thereto, and a separate interruption plate installable downstream from the slots in the grate portion for the purpose of effecting a lower mean length of chop (LOC) as the integral chopper assembly operates. The separate grate portion is configured to be installable to fill the intermediate opening in the concave pan shell portion, with a plurality of slots therethrough positioned side by side in the crossways direction to accommodate knife elements that are part of the counter knife assembly.
A method and apparatus are provided for applying preservative to agricultural crops during baling. More particularly, a baler has a preservative application system and a crop moisture sensor array. The crop moisture sensor array is in communication with the preservative application system so that the application of preservative to the crop can be controlled in response to a moisture content sensed by the crop moisture sensor array that exceeds both a moisture content threshold value and a threshold value relating to the percentage of crop material having a moisture content above the moisture content threshold value.
An improved stripper comprising a plurality of ducting units, a platform, a bin, a header, and a chassis. Said platform supporting said plurality of ducting units. Said bin capable of holding a harvested crop. Said header is capable of harvesting said harvested crop. Said plurality of ducting units convey said harvested crop from said header to said bin. Said chassis supports said platform, said bin, said headers and said plurality of ducting units. Said plurality of ducting units comprise hollow channel comprising a passage between an entry at a first end and an exit at a second end of said plurality of ducting units. Said channel in said plurality of ducting units are formed between said entry to said exit in a two vectors. Said two vectors comprise a y-axis and a z-axis. Said channel in said plurality of ducting units are capable of moving said harvested crop from said header to said bin without moving said harvested crop in an x-axis direction and thereby limit clogging of said harvested crop in said passage of said plurality of ducting units.
A thermoelectric generator and methods of fabricating a thermoelectric generator are disclosed. An exemplary thermoelectric generator includes an upper electrode, a lower electrode, and a thermocouple disposed between the upper electrode and the lower electrode. The upper electrode, the lower electrode, and the thermocouple are configured to effect heat flux laterally through the thermocouple. In a further aspect, the thermoelectric generator is integrated with a solar cell to form a solar/thermal energy conversion device.
Apparatuses and methods for an improved wind turbine and blade assembly are disclosed. The wind turbine has a wind turbine assembly being rotatably driven by the blade assembly. The wind turbine assembly has a shaft connected to an inner wheel by a supporting structure. A magnet array is disposed circumferentially about the inner wheel. A transformer array is disposed circumferentially about an outer wheel. The shaft rotates the inner wheel with the magnet array within the outer wheel having the transformer array for producing electricity. Blades are held in a neutral position into the wind by tensioning means.
A harvesting machine includes a draper header with a header frame, a crop-cutting assembly attached to the header frame along the length thereof and configured to cut a crop, and a draper assembly positioned behind the crop-cutter assembly and operable to receive severed crop material from the crop-cutter assembly and convey the material laterally. The draper assembly includes a draper belt with a crop-retaining rib to retain severed crop material on the draper belt and to restrict movement of the crop material back to the crop-cutting assembly. At least one belt guard is attached to and disposed along the crop-cutting assembly.
A cultivator may include at least one rechargeable battery for an electrical power tool as a power source. The at least one rechargeable battery may include a plurality of rechargeable batteries. Further, the plurality of rechargeable batteries may be switched in sequence, so as to be used as the power source.
The invention relates to an electrolysis method that uses iron particles and an aqueous solution containing sodium hypochlorite. The method is characterised in that said method uses direct current, the iron particles form the anode (46) and the sodium hypochlorite concentration of the aqueous solution is at least 1 g/L. The invention further relates to a method and to a plant for the pretreatment of raw water for producing water that can then be easily treated in order to produce drinkable water or a so-called technical water that cannot be consumed but that can be used for household, agricultural or industrial applications such as cleaning, washing, laundry, flushing, garden watering or irrigation.
An energy harvester is provided. The energy harvester includes a permanent magnet and a coil. At least one of the permanent magnet and coil rotate completely about an axis such that relative movement between the permanent magnet and the coil is realized to generate an electrical current for use in powering a device.
A fibreboard comprising dried plant fibres added with binder resins obtained from a reaction between a diisocyanate and a polyol derived from natural oils or fatty acids, and formed by pressing at a temperature range of 50.degree. C. to 150.degree. C.
An agricultural harvesting machine including a flexible cutterbar and associated draper belts for carrying cut agricultural material to a center location. The belts are guided by a drive rollers and idler rollers. The idler roller for each belt is pivotable about an axis generally at 90 degrees to the axis of the belt and the drive roller for each belt is translatable axially to minimize diagonal stresses caused by flexing of the elongated endless belt
A floating plant culture system has improved strength and durability and includes a substantially planar platform having a length along opposed sides thereof and a width along front and back thereof generally perpendicular to the sides. The platform is adapted for growing a culture of attached plants including micro- and macrophytes thereon. Beneath the platform are affixed a plurality of cells extending in bridging relation to the sides and open at each end adjacent the sides. The cells are placeable in fluid communication with a body of water desired to be remediated. Affixed along at least a portion of the sides extend a pair of opposed hollow beams, for providing flotation to the platform. The beams are also placeable in fluid communication with the body of water, and an upper surface of the platform is floodable by the body of water from beneath for submerging plants attached thereto.
A front attachment for harvesting stalked plants has an intake conveyor mechanism that operates independently of the distance between rows, and a picking assembly located downstream thereof and transversely to the direction of travel, which separates the crops from the stalked plants and conveys them to a separate utilization, the plant stalks are guided in a guide channel from the intake conveyor mechanism to the picking channel, the guide channel is at least partially swept over, in the region of the intake conveyor mechanism, by driving elements of intake conveyor elements, which are situated in pairs and rotate in opposite directions, and, in the region of transfer to the picking assembly, the guide channel is at least partially swept over by driving elements of at least one rotating transfer element.
A gauge wheel is formed from a peripheral rubber tire, a rim portion defined by first and second metal portions with flanges defining an inner edge spaced inwardly of the rim section and outwardly of the axis, a hub portion defined by third and fourth metal portions each shaped to define a bearing carrying inner section and a mounting flange with the mounting flanges bolted together the inner sections define a bearing support for receiving a bearing together with a metal plate member lying in a radial plane and having an outer ring portion bolted to one side of the mounting flanges of the rim portions, an inner ring portion bolted to one side of the mounting flanges of the hub portions and a plurality of spokes connecting the outer ring portion to the inner ring portion leaving mud discharge holes between the spokes.
Compositions and methods relating to the use of sulfonylurea-mediated control of gene expression are provided. Compositions include sulfonylurea responsive chemical switches wherein the gene expression is regulated by a sulfonylurea compound. Compositions also include polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides as well as constructs, vectors, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and eukaryotic organisms including plants and seeds comprising the polynucleotide, and/or produced by the methods. Also provided are methods to regulate expression of a polynucleotide of interest in a cell or organism, and methods to modify a genome, including in a plant or plant cell.
A green wall planting module has a rear wall, two side walls and a top and bottom wall, the top wall having a concave shape for receiving within its cross section a bottom wall of a green wall planting module mounted approximately one to four millimeters above it on a grid wall structure to suppress splashing and retain rain water. The grid wall structure comprises horizontal rods associated with a vertical wall structure of, for example, a building. The top wall of a lower mounted green wall module comprises an integral slot adapted to receive a horizontal irrigation pipe or hose which may lie horizontally in and longitudinally along the slot when the green wall modular apparatus is mounted to the grid wall. Tapered louvers are provided within the green wall planting module slanting upward from the rear wall at a predetermined angle within the module so as to collect and retain water as does the bottom concave wall of the apparatus. A controlled irrigation system including a cistern and rain barrel is provided to re-circulate collected rain water to plantings horizontally displayed by the green wall planting module.
An irrigation system is disclosed that includes a ground-based platform. In an implementation, an irrigation system includes a span of overhead irrigation equipment. The irrigation system also includes a ground-based platform for coupling with the span of overhead irrigation equipment. The ground-based platform includes a drive for moving the ground-based platform. The irrigation system also includes a linkage for coupling the span of overhead irrigation equipment with the ground-based platform. The linkage is communicatively coupled with the drive of the ground-based platform for communicating information regarding a change in at least one of a position, a direction, or a speed of the span of overhead irrigation equipment with respect to the ground-based platform. The drive of the ground-based platform is configured to use the information received from the linkage to coordinate movement of the ground-based platform with movement of the span of overhead irrigation equipment.
A harvesting machine includes a frame carrying at least one harvesting mechanism and a lightening device of the harvesting mechanism. The lightening device includes second hydraulic jacks articulated on the frame and on the harvesting mechanism and connected by hydraulic circuits to first hydraulic jacks so as to be able to be actuated by the first hydraulic jacks and to hydropneumatic accumulators.
A harvesting apparatus comprising a first conveyor (30) for conveying seedling trays (10), a cutting station (40) adjacent the first conveyor (30) to cut the leaves of the seedlings and a second conveyor (41) for taking cut leaves away from the cutting station (40). A stationary plate or grill (82) is placed in the gap (82A) between the first conveyor (30) and the cutting station (40) for supporting the trays (10). The cutting mechanism at the cutting station (40) may be adjustable in height above the plate or grill (82). A method of harvesting leafy vegetables and legumes using this apparatus is also described.
A coppice header for a forage harvester adapted to be mounted on and powered by a forage harvester. The header including at the front side two circular rotatable knives, a feeding drum being mounted above each knife, said drums being rotatable about the same rotation axis as the respective knives, wherein each feeding drum is equipped with one or more flat hook-shaped extensions adapted to grab the cut stems in the region immediately above the rotatable knives. The header may also be provided with a front feed roll placed behind the knives and two additional feed rolls placed behind the front feed roll, wherein the front feed roll is equipped with guiding blades along the length of the feed roll. The blades have a central protrusion, so that the blades are longer in a region around the middle of the blade than at the lateral ends of the blades.
A cover assembly includes a roller member rotatably supported by a bracket assembly on one end of the intake hopper of an agricultural conveyor such that a sheet member rolled onto the roller member can be unrolled to span across the intake opening. The cover assembly also includes a support frame pivotally coupled to the intake hopper between a working position and a stored position. In the working position a portion of the frame is centrally located above the intake opening and protrudes upwardly beyond respective sides of the housing of the intake hopper to support the sheet member to slope downward from a central apex to prevent accumulation of precipitation thereon. In the stored position the support frame is shorter in height relative to the housing than in the working position and the sheet member is rolled onto the roller so as not to interfere with normal operation of the intake hopper.
An integrated actuator coil and decoder module for use in decoder-based irrigation control systems, and related methods of manufacture and installation, are provided herein. In one implementation, an irrigation control device comprises a body, decoder circuitry located within the body, a coil located within the body and coupled to the decoder circuitry, the coil adapted to develop an electromagnetic flux sufficient to cause actuation of a device controlling irrigation equipment in response to signaling from the decoder circuitry. Also included is an electrical connection coupled to the decoder circuitry and adapted to couple to a control wire path of a decoder-based irrigation control system. The decoder circuitry and the coil are integrated into a single device.
A cutting platform for use with an agricultural harvesting machine includes at least one platform section. Each platform section has a cutterbar assembly movable in a localized manner in upwards and downwards directions, an endless belt with a leading edge, and a plurality of skid shoes. Each skid shoe extends rearwardly from the cutterbar assembly and has an upper surface defining a belt support for the leading edge of the endless belt.
Provided is a system for localizing and optimizing harvesting of woody biomass by providing a plurality of portable pretreatment units at harvesting or mill sites. The sugars derived from woody waste products can be transported to plants for processing or processing directly by plants located at mill sites to generate biofuels and other chemicals.
An intelligent sensor includes an irrigation related data sensor for sensing irrigation related data and a network processor coupled to the irrigation related data sensor for receiving the irrigation data. The intelligent sensor also includes an interface coupled to the network processor for coupling the intelligent sensor to a communication bus of a peer-to-peer distributed network. The intelligent sensor also includes a memory including instructions for configuring the processor to generate a broadcast message including the irrigation related data. The interface transmits the broadcast message to a destination node coupled to the peer-to-peer distributed network via the communication bus. The destination node can be satellite field irrigation controllers or a control device.
Disclosed is an irrigation device for use with a drip irrigation conduit for providing water to individual plants planted in rows. The irrigation device includes a water distribution element configured with at least one support configuration for supporting the drip irrigation conduit, and a plurality of water direction elements. Water emitted by the drip irrigation conduit is collected by said water distribution element and each of said plurality of water direction elements directs said water to a different delivery point that corresponds to the location of a plant. The water distribution element of the present invention is provided in at least three variations. In a first variation, the water distribution element of the present invention is deployed between the crop rows and is configured with at least one water flow trough and a plurality of spaced apart output channels extending from the water flow troughs at predefined intervals (matching the intervals between plants) used to direct water coming from the water flow trough to the individual plants. In a second variation, the water distribution element of the present invention is deployed over the crop row and is configured with a separate opening for each crop plant to which the water is directed. A third variation, of the water distribution element of the present invention is deployed substantially as a groundcover having a plurality of openings to provided growing space for the individual crop plants.
Compositions and methods are provided for modulating the level of phytate in plants. More specifically, the invention relates to methods of modulating the level of phytate utilizing nucleic acids comprising multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) nucleotide sequences to modulate the expression of MRP(s) in a plant of interest. The compositions and methods of the invention find use in agriculture for improving the nutritional quality of food and feed by reducing the levels of phytate and/or increasing the levels of non-phytate phosphorus in food and feed. The invention also finds use in reducing the environmental impact of animal waste.
A sod harvester for cutting sod strips from a ground surface while leaving an uncut strip between at least two sod strips The sod harvester includes a mounting frame and a number of cutting heads connected to the mounting frame. The cutting heads are positioned transversely to the path of travel for cutting the sod strips. At least two cutting heads are spaced apart by the width of the uncut strip. A conveyor is located behind the cutting heads for transporting the strips upwardly and rearwardly from the cutting heads.
A technique for in situ decontamination of an earth formation. High gas temperatures can be achieved at subsurface formations by supplying a fuel at a subsurface location, such as at the bottom of a wellbore. Pressurized air or gas preheated to a temperature of about 700.degree. F.-1200.degree. F. is supplied to the wellbore to ignite the fuel. The combustion heat produced by the fuel further heats the preheated gas to temperatures in the range of 1200.degree. F.-4500.degree., which heated gases are forced out of the borehole into the contaminated formation. Contaminants are thereby volatilized or oxidized and removed from the formation to the surface.
An apparatus for harvesting electrical power from mechanical energy is described. The apparatus includes at least one magnetostrictive element, at least one electrically conductive coil or circuit, and a magnetic circuit coupled to the electrically conductive coil or circuit to increase or maximize power production. The magnetostrictive element is configured to experience a forced stress and strain in response to external mechanical excitations. The electrically conductive coil or circuit is configured to produce electrical energy through electromagnetic induction.
Certain embodiments of the invention may include control systems and methods for monitoring environmental variables, performance variables and conditioning electrical power in energy-recapture sources of mechanical energy, which would otherwise be dissipated, as exemplified by farms for energy-harvesting to provide available electrical energy. Said farms may include one or more energy-recapture sources. One method for controlling may include measuring individual source energy output of one or more energy-recapture sources and measuring conditions of one or more energy-recapture sources via a controller that facilitates communication with one or more energy-recapture sources.
A method is provided for determining the weight of an agricultural bale that compensates for un-level terrain such as hillsides. The method uses an empty baler tare weight and a full baler weight to determine a raw bale weight. The cosine of the slope upon which the baler sits is then calculated based upon the empty baler weight as it sits and the empty baler tare weight. The cosine of the angle of slope and raw bale weight are then used to determine an actual bale weight. Further steps are provided for compensating in the tare weight of the baler for the weight of wrapping material consumed in the formation of each bale.
In a method and device for spreading a material flow onto a field, the material flow emerging from a chopping mechanism of a chopping and spreading device, in particular a combine mounted straw chopper on a combine harvester, is conveyed to at least one guide element which is situated transversely to the longitudinal axis of the chopping mechanism, the guide element accelerates the material flow and conveys it to at least one downstream spreading unit, the material flow emerging from the at least one guide element is conveyed by a plane of conveyance, in which the material flow enters the at least one guide element, onto a spreading plane situated below the plane of conveyance; in the spreading plane, and the material flow is distributed by the at least one spreading unit onto the field.
An improved process for collecting, storing, and sending crop data is disclosed. The process allows data to be collected by PDA and uploaded to a server for remote analysis.
A method for producing natural, sun-dried raisins from the Thompson seedless grape variety in vineyards located in the Central Valley of California, or similarly situated vineyards, having about 4000 to 5100 degree days during the growing and drying season and an annual yearly rainfall of between about 10 to 12 inches. Rows (2) of grape vines (4) are grown at the vineyard site. The canes are trained so to create divided canopies along the rows of grape vines. The divided canopy has fruiting canes (26) primarily on one side of the row and replacement canes (28) separated from the fruiting canes, typically on the other side of the row. Once the grapes are sufficiently mature, the fruiting canes are cut (34) adjacent the crowns (32) of the grape vines. The grapes (30), still hanging from the cut fruiting canes, are left to dry naturally in the sun to create natural raisins. When sufficiently dry, the raisins are harvested directly from the cut canes. This method eliminates the need for drying grapes on drying trays or rolls of paper on the ground when producing natural, sun-dried grapes.
A method for simultaneously and independently measuring moisture content and bulk density of particulate materials using radio-frequency measurements allowing for on-line, realtime monitoring and control. Moisture and density are determined by measurements of complex permittivities. This method is based on the use of the dielectric properties of the materials for density and water content determination.
The method of crop production provides an ecologically friendly method of planting and harvesting a crop. The method includes the steps of initially planting the seeds of a crop to be grown in at least one row and, following the planting, spraying a first herbicide on the at least one row and on regions of the ground adjacent the at least one row on either side thereof. Preferably, the first herbicide is an herbicide preparation for destroying glyphosate-resistant weeds. The crop is then allowed to sprout and grow without further chemical applications and, following sprouting of the crop, a second herbicide is sprayed on the ground. The second herbicide preferably contains glyphosate. Following the spraying of glyphosate, the crop is harvested and a cover crop is preferably planted.
Fresh green beans in a plastic container that have an extended shelf life, the green beans being treated to slow down the normal deterioration of the beans by immersing the green beans in water at temperatures of 32.degree. to 38.degree. F. for a time sufficient to cool the interior of the beans to that temperature, to sanitize the beans by removing spores and bacteria, and to replace some of the water lost by the beans after harvesting. After the immersion step, the moisture is removed from the surface of the green beans at a temperature of 40.degree. to 44.degree. F., and thereafter the beans are graded and packed into the plastic container keeping the bean temperature below 48.degree. F.
An apparatus for harvesting energy from motion of a human or animal body segment and providing the energy to an electrical load is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a generator operatively coupled to the body segment such that particular movement of the body segment causes the generator to output a generator current and to oppose the particular movement of the body segment with a generator torque. An electrical load is coupled to receive the generator current. A control system is operatively connected between the generator and the electrical load and is configured to control the generator torque during the particular movement of the body segment. Corresponding methods are also disclosed.
Methods and apparatus are disclosed for harvesting energy from motion of one or more joints. Energy harvesters comprise: a generator for converting mechanical energy into corresponding electrical energy; one or more sensors for sensing one or more corresponding characteristics associated with motion of the one or more joints; and control circuitry connected to receive the one or more sensed characteristics and configured to assess, based at least in part on the one or more sensed characteristics, whether motion of the one or more joints is associated with mutualistic conditions or non-mutualistic conditions. If conditions are determined to be mutualistic, energy harvesting is engaged. If conditions are determined to be non-mutualistic, energy harvesting is disengaged.
A method of determining a property that affects expression of polynucleotides in an expression system. A plurality of polynucleotides, each encoding a polypeptide sequence, is constructed. An amino acid is encoded a plurality of times in both a first and second polynucleotide in the plurality. The amino acid is encodable by a plurality of synonymous codons including a first codon. The first codon is in the first polynucleotide at a first frequency relative to other synonymous codons, and is in the second polynucleotide at a second frequency relative to other synonymous codons. The first and second frequencies are different. Each polynucleotide is individually expressed in the expression system to measure an expression property value of the polynucleotides, thereby determining a property that affects expression of polynucleotides. The property is an effect that a frequency of use of one or more codons has on expression of polynucleotides in the expression system.
A boom arm extending from a chassis of an agricultural sprayer includes a plurality of chords extending outward from the sprayer and a plurality of cross-sectional frame members connecting the chords to provide structural integrity. The cross-sectional frame members include brace-receiving portions having slots formed. The boom arm has a plurality of tee-shaped brace members, each having a top flange with a stem extending therefrom. The stem is received in a slot in the brace-receiving portion of adjacent cross-section frame members. Sides of the stem and the underside of the top flange are adhesively bonded to facing surfaces of the brace-receiving portions. Each cross-sectional frame member is configured to receive an extension member that extends between the cross-sectional member and a connector mounted on the first chord. The length of the extension member is determined by the position of the cross-sectional frame member on the tapered boom arm.
A modular air and particulate filtration system for capturing emissions and particulates from an agricultural burn comprises a particulate filtration system with a series of panels that create a shute-like containment areas. In another embodiment the system forms a tent-like structure having an inner filtration layer and an outer containment layer overlapping the inner filtration layer, a plurality of vents in the outer containment layer and a particulate waste removal element. The particulate filtration element, the plurality of vents and the particulate waste removal element operates in combination with a ventilation system to substantially absorb effluence or smoke and particulate matter or debris produced by the agricultural burn. The vents may be completely or partially closed based on the need for airflow and oxygen to maintain the burn.
A canola line designated SCV328921 is disclosed. The invention relates to the seeds of canola line SCV328921, to the plants of canola SCV328921, to plant parts of canola line SCV328921 and to methods for producing a canola plant produced by crossing canola line SCV328921 with itself or with another canola line. The invention also relates to methods for producing a canola plant containing in its genetic material one or more transgenes and to the transgenic canola plants and plant parts produced by those methods. This invention also relates to canola lines or breeding lines and plant parts derived from canola line SCV328921, to methods for producing other canola lines, lines or plant parts derived from canola line SCV328921 and to the canola plants, varieties, and their parts derived from use of those methods. The invention further relates to hybrid canola seeds, plants and plant parts produced by crossing the line SCV328921 with another canola line.
Management of a pond for algae growth and harvesting is facilitated by use of a cover system. The cover system can include one or more types of cover portions for management of various interactions between a pond and an ambient environment, such as management of incident light, thermal management, facilitating product recovery, and management of gas diffusion. The cover system can be used in conjunction with both active and passive mixing devices.
The present invention relates to an eco-friendly probiotic composition, and more particularly, to a probiotic composition for livestock production, comprising a lactic acid bacteria culture medium and an organic acid, wherein the organic acid is contained in an amount of 0.002 to 0.1 parts by weight relative to 1 parts by weight of the lactic acid bacteria culture medium. The present invention also relates to a method for preparing the composition. The eco-friendly probiotic composition of the present invention does not contain antibiotics and may exhibit complex effect of sterilization and virucidal effectiveness.
The present invention relates to a process for producing polyhydroxyalkanoate oligomers and/or polymers of reduced molecular weight, which comprises reacting at least one polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) with at least one carbonate salt at a temperature of from 50.degree. C. to 300.degree. C., preferably from 120.degree. C. to 200.degree. C. The above reaction allows a controlled degradation of the PHA chains which yields oligomers and/or polymers having a controlled molecular weight, which can be modulated in view of the specific application for which the oligomers and/or polymers are intended. Moreover, during the reaction carbon dioxide evolves which produces a foamed material which can be easily processed on an industrial scale. Additionally, the above oligomers and/or polymers, having an end-group bearing a double bond C.dbd.C, particularly a crotonate end-group for PHB, can be subjected to subsequent modifications to obtain a wide variety of functional end-groups, for instance carboxyl, carboxylate, hydroxyl, dihydroxyl, oxirane ring, halogen atom. Moreover, the low molecular weight PHAs may be used in the area of controlled delivery systems in agro-chemistry, in the cosmetic industry, in medicine in the form of nano- or microspheres, in household products and in coating systems.
The invention describes a new method for treating sludge, which can result in the production of high nitrogen organically-augmented inorganic fertilizer that incorporates municipal sludges or biosolids or organic sludges that can compete with traditional fertilizers such as ammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate and urea on the commodity fertilizer marketplace. The method takes advantage of the thixotropic property of dewatered biosolids or organic sludge to create a pumpable paste-like material from the biosolids or organic sludge that is then treated with an oxidizer to reduce odorant effects and an acid. This mix is then interacted with concentrated sulfuric and or phosphoric acids and an ammonia source or alternatively a hot or molten melt or salt of ammonium sulfate/phosphate to form a fertilizer mix. The present invention controls the heat, atmospheric pressure and retention time of the fertilizer mix in the reaction vessel. When a fertilizer melt is formed ammoniation is subsequently completed by the specific use of vaporized ammonia. The invention can also be an add-on to commercial production of ammonium salts. The fertilizer produced by the present invention contains more than 8 wt. % nitrogen and preferably 15 wt. % nitrogen. The invention is oriented to be tailored to the biosolids production for individual municipal waste treatment plants in order to keep the fertilizer manufacturing plants of the present invention small with a minimization of logistics and liability.
A robotic cultivator is provided for automatically positioning cultivation tools relative to a centerline of a plant row. The cultivator comprises a video camera for gathering visual information about plants in a plant row. A frame grabber is then utilized to generate a digitized image of the visual information. A computer then manipulates the visual information to determine a centerline of the plant row. Finally, a positioning device moves the cultivation tools based upon the current position of the tools with respect to the centerline.
A sow housing for piecemeal sowing of seeds. The sow housing includes a seed bin and a rotating seed element having a wall that has a plurality of through holes. Each hole is arranged to, during a first part of the revolution of the hole, retain a seed as a consequence of pressure difference between the two sides of the wall. A cover means is arranged to cover each hole during a second part of the revolution of the hole.
A pneumatic tire of the semi-hollow type includes a casing having an uninflated inner volume and including an inner wall provided with a retaining bead and a convex outer wall forming the tread of the tire, the inner wall and the outer wall of the tire being connected by two annular borders. The inner wall of the tire is concave so as to surmount a convex outer wall of the peripheral seat of a rim of a wheel, this outer wall being provided with a peripheral slot adapted to accommodate the retaining bead of the tire.
Methods and apparatus are provided herein for permitting or interrupting irrigation using sensor equipment. In one embodiment, a method for controlling irrigation comprising the steps of: generating an indication representing the amount of rain fall at a sensor unit; transmitting a signal comprising at least the indication from the sensor unit to an interface unit, wherein the interface unit is adapted to cause an interruption of programmed watering schedules of an irrigation controller; receiving the signal at the interface unit; determining, based at least on the indication from the signal, whether irrigation should be interrupted; and generating an interrupt command to interrupt irrigation.
An improved tine and tine connection device for removably connecting a tine to a pick-up reel tine bar in an agricultural harvesting machine. The improved tine incorporates an elastomeric portion interconnecting the tine fingers and the tine bar which enables limited tines movement relative to the tine bar. The elastomeric portion may also be shaped to fit around the tine bar enabling the elastomeric portion to also function as the tine mount. The tine mount is configured to enable installation by hand or using only simple tools and, once installed, provide sufficient connection strength to retain the tine in position during reel operation.
Disclosed herein is a device for the application of agricultural active agents, wherein the device is suitable to be brought to the site of action in a manner temporally and spatially separated from the production process, and comprises a dispenser and non-water-soluble nanofibers and/or mesofibers charged with agricultural active agents. The polymers from which the nanofibers and/or mesofibers are made are preferably biodegradable. The agricultural active agents are selected from fungicides, herbicides, batericides, plant growth regulators and plant nutrients. These are preferably pheromones, kairomones and signaling substances. Furthermore, a method for the production of this device is disclosed, wherein the nanofibers and/or mesofibers charged with active agents are produced via electrospinning. The device is suitable to be used to bring agricultural active agents to the site of action in a manner temporally and spatially separated from the production of this device. The application is suitable to be carried out mechanically or automatically. This is preferably agricultural land used for fruit growing, viticulture, gardening or a commercial row crop. The device according to the present invention is particularly suitable to be used for the regulation of arthropods.
A cab suspension device for an agricultural tractor comprising a pair of concentrically aligned tubes co-axially arranged around a conventional cab suspension spring apparatus. One of the pair of tubes is connected to the tractor frame while the second is attached to the cab frame. The lengths of the tubes are shorter than the static length of the spring apparatus to allow limited telescoping movement of the tubes during dynamic compression of the spring apparatus without causing contact between the tube ends and the opposing tractor and cab frames. The dynamic extension during telescoping movement of the spring apparatus is controlled by a spring retainer. An annular space between the tubes allows for limited lateral displacement of the spring apparatus without causing contact between the tubes. The limits are configured to permit normal operational movement of the spring apparatus without contact of the tubes. During vehicle roll over events, the normal operational loads of the spring apparatus are exceeded and the tubes will come in contact with one another and/or the opposing frame. The tubes and the spring retainer provide a rigid load transfer path for ROPS loads from the cab to the vehicle frame.
A method of controlling the duration of irrigation is described, comprising compiling a database that includes information relating to historical evapo-transpiration rates for a plurality of sectors (preferably identified by zip code) located within a geographical area. Period Reduction Factors for each sector are derived. Parameters are entered into the controller including a Maximum Irrigation Duration, a sector identifier; and the current date. The Maximum Irrigation Duration is adjusted by multiplying the Maximum Irrigation Duration by a Period Reduction Factor for the current period associated with the sector that has been identified by the user, to obtain an Actual Irrigation Duration. The irrigation system is caused to irrigate for the Actual Irrigation Duration during the current period.
A product recovery prediction model that models recovery of a product from a crop is generated by inputting training product recovery data by date, age, and variety. A first model that models season dependent effects on product recovery, and/or a second model that models age dependent effects on product recovery, and/or a third model that models other effects such as, for example, weather dependent effects on product recovery are generated. The first, second, and/or third models are combined, and the product recovery prediction model is generated based on the combined first, second, and/or third models and on the training product recovery data. The crop may be sugarcane, and the product may be sugar. The product recovery prediction model may be used to predict recovery of the product to use for harvesting or any economical decisions.
Systems, methods and apparatus for harvesting atmospheric electricity are provided. The system includes a laser configured to form a plasma filament and a collector configured to collect electricity flowing along the plasma filament. The plasma filament comprises an electrically conducting plasma filament. Atmospheric electricity may be collected by having the plasma filament form at least a part of a conducting path: (1) between ground and a cloud, (2) between differently charged regions of the same cloud, (3) between differently charged regions of different clouds, and (4) between different regions of atmosphere, where there is a vertical voltage gradient. When the plasma filament is not long enough to form the entire conducting path, a lightning may be triggered to complete the conducting path needed to collect atmospheric electricity.
A method by which a user (who needs no knowledge of character configuration or Pinyin spelling) brings to an electronic device an unknown, user-chosen Chinese or other Oriental character/characters. The method is comprised of entering one or more easy-to-remember symbols (e.g., B, X, 4, 5, lantern, pointer, familiar to users of Western languages and found in all Chinese characters), and a character's stroke and optional stroke range number. The resulting output of character text is then available for use in other software programs, e.g., Microsoft Word. Also, output of a character's associated Pinyin spelling and translation precludes the need for further queries through other hard-copy or electronic translation devices. In addition, other system modes are used for: write-in's, browsing, inputting and retrieving of usergenerated words, measure words, games, and dictionary. A single operation from first input to final output can be accomplished, on average, in less than one minute.
Systems and methods for the generation of compost are provided. In one embodiment, the system for generating compost comprises a positively aerated floor, a semi gas and liquid impermeable compost cover sized to cover a compost biomass pile placed on the positively aerated floor, and a suction system positioned under or substantially close to the compost cover and generally near a top of the compost biomass pile, wherein the floor comprises a plurality of channels connected to at least one gas flow pipe installed below or above grade, wherein gas drawn by suction system at the top of the biomass compost pile maintains a negative pressure across the compost cover, thereby generating suction between the compost cover and the top of the compost biomass pile, and wherein the compost cover directs substantially all of the gas flow towards the suction system.
A microfluidic transport system for transporting microdroplets in three spatial dimensions. In an example arrangement, a first planar arrangement for transporting microdroplets in two spatial dimensions responsive to electric fields created by electrical operation of electrodes is fluidically connected by one or more conduits to other planar arrangement for transporting microdroplets in two spatial dimensions responsive to electric fields created by electrical operation of electrodes. Microdroplets can be transported through the one or more conduits so as to be moved among the first and second planar arrangements. The system can be used for heat transfer, fluidic transfer, and other uses, and can be implemented within a printed circuit board, integrated circuit housing, or using materials such as metal, glass, polymer, plastic, layered materials, fibrous materials, etc. Example applications include integrated circuit cooling, energy harvesting, microfluidic systems, chemical reactors, biochemical reactors, chemical analysis arrangements, biochemical analysis arrangements, and other apparatus.
A threshing element includes a structure having an outside surface for threshing a crop material, and an inside surface. A body is operatively connected to a sensor. The body is secured to the inside surface of the structure, the body having a connecting feature for securing at least the body and the structure to each other. The structure is securable to a rotatable threshing rotor of a harvester threshing system. In response to operation of the threshing rotor of the harvester threshing system, the sensor outputs a signal corresponding to forces generated by contact between the outside surface of the structure and the crop material.
A system and method is presented for gathering data concerning harvests. Data tickets are generated when the harvest is received at a point of origination (i.e., the field), local storage, processing, or a customer location. Data tickets can be manually generated using apps running on mobile devices. Users of the mobile devices input the data tickets when harvest is received at these locations. Data tickets are transmitted to a remote server over a wide area network. Analysis of the data tickets is possible through a web interface to the remote server. Beacons that identify various equipment or locations can be used to trigger the automatic generation of data tickets.
A track assembly for providing traction to a vehicle, such as an agricultural vehicle, a construction vehicle, or another work vehicle The track assembly is mountable to an axle of the vehicle The track assembly comprises a plurality of wheels comprising a leading idler wheel and a trailing idler wheel spaced apart in a longitudinal direction of the track assembly, an axis of rotation of the axle of the vehicle being located between an axis of rotation of the leading idler wheel and an axis of rotation of the trailing idler wheel in the longitudinal direction of the track assembly, and a driver wheel for rotating when the axle of the vehicle rotates The track assembly also comprises an endless track disposed around the wheels The endless track comprises an inner side facing the wheels and a ground-engaging outer side for engaging the ground The endless track engages the driver wheel such that rotation of the driver wheel imparts motion to the endless track.
Feedstock of an agricultural biomass is tracked through a first supply chain. Residue of the agricultural biomass is tracked through a second supply chain. A quantity of fuel, produced from the feedstock, having a carbon intensity value is determined based on utilization of the residue in the second supply chain.
This invention provides transgenic plant cells with recombinant DNA for expression of proteins that are useful for imparting enhanced agronomic trait(s) to transgenic crop plants. This invention also provides transgenic plants and progeny seed comprising the transgenic plant cells where the plants are selected for having an enhanced trait selected from the group of traits consisting of enhanced water use efficiency, enhanced cold tolerance, increased yield, enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, enhanced seed protein and enhanced seed oil. Also disclosed are methods for manufacturing transgenic seed and plants with enhanced traits.
An agricultural harvesting system includes a primary harvester for harvesting grain and biomass, a biomass harvester for further processing the biomass, and a T/A coupled between the primary harvester and the biomass harvester. The T/A includes an onboard power plant and an onboard propulsion system.
A harvesting header frame has a top beam, a bottom beam, and a diagonal truss member. A first end of said diagonal truss member is structurally connected to the top beam and an opposing second end of said diagonal truss member is structurally connected to the bottom beam. The header frame also has a diagonal truss length adjustment mechanism that adjusts the length of the diagonal truss member to selectively lengthen or shorten the effective length of the diagonal truss member to modify the concavity of the header frame after the top and bottom beams and diagonal truss member have been connected. In one embodiment, the diagonal truss length adjustment mechanism is a telescoping compression member.
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