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Video Display Correction to Provide OnAxis View at an OffAxis Angle
Embodiments describe methods, apparatus and systems to provide video display correction to provide an onaxis view at an offaxis angle so that the display surface displays a rectangular video image. For instance, a device may receive a stream of video data to be displayed on a display surface of a display, the video data having a first rectangular aspect ratio to be viewed from an onaxis location with respect to the display surface. The device may also receive a user selection of an offaxis viewing angle with respect to the display surface. The device may then correct the first rectangular aspect ratio to a second, nonrectangular aspect ratio based on the offaxis viewing angle, so that from the offaxis angle, the display surface appears to display a rectangular video image. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.

Methods for searching with semantic similarity scores in one or more ontologies
A method assigns importance ranks to documents within repositories or databases, such as any database of documents such as books or other printed material, electronic documentation, and pages within the worldwide web. The method uses a corpus of indexed documents that has been annotated to the terms of one or more ontologies in order to assign a semantic similarity score to queries based on terms taken from the ontologies. A statistical model is used to test the significance of matches between query terms and documents or categories. The method results in an acceleration of over 10,000fold for realistic queries and ontologies, and makes it practicable to calculate Pvalues dynamically or to keep database annotations and the related Pvalue distributions up to date by frequent recalculation.

MULTIPHASE PHYSICAL TRANSPORT MODELING METHOD AND MODELING SYSTEM
A general, computationalmathematical modeling method for the solution of large, boundarycoupled transport problems involving the flow of mass, momentum, energy or subatomic particles is disclosed. The method employs a modeling processor that extracts a matrix operator equation (or set of equations) from a numerical transport code (NTC). The outputs of software codes, available for modeling physical problems governed by conservation laws in the form of differential equations, can be processed into closedform operator equations with the method. Included is a numerical transport code functionalization (NTCF) model which can be determined numerically, based on a system of solutions of an NTC, evaluating outputs for a given set of inputs. The NTCF model is a linear or nonlinear, multivariable operator equation or set of such equations. The NTCF model defines relationships between general, timevariable inputs and outputs, some known and some unknown, considered as boundary values. The user of an NTCF model can directly work with the processed model output, instead of running the original numerical code in general applications of a boundaryvalue problem. The numerical transport code functionalization model can be employed as a surrogate for representing the numerical transport code to provide a solution to the transport problem. The invention enables modeling efficiency and availability to be increased, while computational complexity and cost decreased. Computational times for complex modeling problems can, in some cases, be dramatically reduced, for example by several orders of magnitude.

POSITION DETECTING APPARATUS AND METHOD USED IN NAVIGATION SYSTEM
A position detecting apparatus and method used in a navigation system, which can improve positional accuracy and bearing accuracy even in a system equipped with few sensors, are provided. A position detecting apparatus used in a navigation system for detecting a vehicle position includes: a sensor unit including a vehicle speed sensor, an acceleration sensor, and an angular velocity sensor; and a dead reckoning calculating unit for calculating state quantity inclusive of a current vehicle position, a vehicle speed, and a vehicle attitude angle based on a signal output from each of the sensors at a predetermined periodic interval. The dead reckoning calculating unit includes: a movement calculating unit for calculating a movement during a period from a previous state quantity calculation time up to a current state quantity calculation time; a change amount detecting unit for calculating an amount of change in vehicle attitude; a movement resolving unit for resolving the movement into a vehicle longitudinal component, a vehicle lateral component, and a vehicle vertical component based on the amount of change in vehicle attitude; and a state quantity calculating unit for determining, by calculation, a vehicle position at the current state quantity calculation time using each of the components.

System and method for temperature measurement
A method for precision thermal measurement and control, especially for bioreactors, as well as the correction of temperature sensitive probes such as pH and dissolved oxygen. Typical control requirements are .+.0.1.degree. C. The thermal measurement circuit converts a sensor output to a high level voltage or current with great accuracy and provides noise immunity and sensor isolation. While digital outputs from sensor converters can have the greatest noise immunity, the noise associated with digital circuitry may contaminate low level sensor signals so in many cases an analog sensor converter is preferred because of low noise generation, especially if the converter is near the sensor. The circuit is low cost, reliable, generates minimal heat is immune to, and does not generate noise, and requires minimal calibration effort.

Method and apparatus to utilize wind energy within a structure
Method and apparatus for utilizing wind energy within a structure with at least one external surface and at least one internal surface within an internal area that has at least one external surface separating said internal area from an outside that employ various channels to operate any wind powered device and/or any machine device connected with this wind powered device. This method and apparatus also includes structures built as single pressure vessels where the internal areas can communicate and operate at uniform pressures to withstand substantially higher wind pressure challenges; than structures with internal areas that do not communicate. Further structure protection to high winds is accomplished by adding pressure relief valves at the vessel's external surface to relieve wind pressures from within the structure. This is the first use of this readily available, free, unlimited, uninterruptable wind pressure energy within structures.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING RESOURCE SUSTAINABILITY PERFORMANCE
Resource sustainability performance of a facility is managed using real time resource monitoring data, and resource sustainability performance values for the facility determined using the real time monitoring data are provided in real time. In addition, resource sustainability feedback information is distributed in real time to cause a resource sustainability action to be executed in connection with the facility. The feedback information is determined from sustainability result information, which is determined from real time resource sustainability action information and the real time resource performance values determined for the facility.

TESTWEIGHTED VOTING
The object of the invention is to provide a method of voting whereby votes are weighted by voters' score on a test. Say officials are not sufficiently scienceminded. Votes for officials are weighted with the scores of voters on tests which could be mostly from high school algebra where good grades enable students to go on to science and engineering. This weighted vote reveals the sciencequality problemsolving ability, or lack, of candidates, and so more scienceminded officials are elected.

POSITION DETECTING APPARATUS AND METHOD USED IN NAVIGATION SYSTEM
A position detecting apparatus and method used in a navigation system, which can improve positional accuracy and bearing accuracy even in a system equipped with few sensors, are provided. A position detecting apparatus used in a navigation system for detecting a vehicle position includes: a sensor unit including a vehicle speed sensor, an acceleration sensor, and an angular velocity sensor; and a dead reckoning calculating unit for calculating state quantity inclusive of a current vehicle position, a vehicle speed, and a vehicle attitude angle based on a signal output from each of the sensors at a predetermined periodic interval. The dead reckoning calculating unit includes: a movement calculating unit for calculating a movement during a period from a previous state quantity calculation time up to a current state quantity calculation time; a change amount detecting unit for calculating an amount of change in vehicle attitude; a movement resolving unit for resolving the movement into a vehicle longitudinal component, a vehicle lateral component, and a vehicle vertical component based on the amount of change in vehicle attitude; and a state quantity calculating unit for determining, by calculation, a vehicle position at the current state quantity calculation time using each of the components.

Electrode and a Method for Determining Electrical Biopotentials
A set of electrodes suitable for being attached to the skin of an animal or human being at locations normally used for attaching singlelead electrodes with a single sensor point. The electrodes of the set of electrodes have at least three sensors arranged to define two linearly independent directions, which allows sensing corresponding electrical potential differences in the two directions. Signals representing sensed potential differences can be transmitted wirelessly or via conductors to a processing apparatus for being transformed into electrical potentials that approximate traditional potentials obtained with wired singlesensor electrodes. A method is also presented.

GENERATION OF IMAGE DATA WITH CORRECTION FOR OPTICAL MISFOCUS UTILIZING FRACTIONAL POWERS OF THE FOURIER TRANSFORM OPERATOR
Fractional Fourier transform properties inherent in lens systems and other light and particlebeam environments are used to correct optical misfocus utilizing numerical operations. The invention produces a focused image from a partiallyfocused operation computed by at least one processor and a misfocused lens or other imaging system. Image data is operated on by a twodimensional discrete fractional Fourier transform operation and a twodimensional discrete fractional Fourier transform phase operation to create misfocused phaseadjusted image data comprising some amount of misfocus, the misfocus resulting from the application of the twodimensional discrete fractional Fourier transform operation. The misfocused phaseadjusted image is presented to a misfocused exogenous optical system to create a resulting image. The power parameter of the fractional Fourier transform is adjusted to maximize sharp edge content of the resulting image. The invention can be used in imaging, integrated optics, optical computing, particle beam systems, and radiation accelerator systems.

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSED SENSING
Method and apparatus for compressed sensing yields acceptable quality reconstructions of an object from reduced numbers of measurements. A component x of a signal or image is represented as a vector having m entries. Measurements y, comprising a vector with n entries, where n is less than m, are made. An approximate reconstruction of the mvector x is made from y. Special measurement matrices allow measurements y=Ax+z, where y is the measured mvector, x the desired nvector and z an mvector representing noise. "A" is an n by m matrix, i.e. an array with fewer rows than columns. "A" enables delivery of an approximate reconstruction, x.sup.#' of x. An embodiment discloses approximate reconstruction of x from the reduceddimensionality measurement y. Given y, and the matrix A, approximate reconstruction x.sup.# of x is possible. This embodiment is driven by the goal of promoting the approximate sparsity of x.sup.#.

MEASUREMENT OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES AND RELATED METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS
The invention in some aspects relates to methods, devices and compositions for evaluating material properties, such as mechanical and rheological properties of substances, particularly biological substances, such as cells, tissues, and biological fluids. In some aspects, the invention relates to methods, devices and compositions for evaluating material properties of deformable objects, such as cells. In further aspects, the invention relates to methods, devices and compositions for diagnosing and/or characterizing disease based on material properties of biological cells.

PROGRAMMABLE OPTICAL COMPUTING DEVICE EMPLOYING LED ARRAY TRANSDUCERS AND STACKED LIGHT MODULATOR ELEMENTS IN FRACTIONAL FOURIER PLANES
A monolithic or hybrid integrated optical information processor or optical information processing system having at least one LED array and plurality of light modulating array elements, each controlled by respective control signals, and arranged so that each light modulating array element lies in a different fractional Fourier transform plane. In some implementations, at least a portion of the resulting system is implemented in a stack of element materials. In an implementation, a segment of graded index material lies between consecutive light modulating array elements. In an implementation, an LED array is used as an image source and another LED array is used as an image sensor to transform the processed image into an electrical output.

COMPUTER IMPLEMENTED TOOL BOX SYSTEMS AND METHODS
According to the preferred embodiments, a system or method is provided that involves the programming of a computer or other processing device with a software, hardware or firmware configured to create a processing tool (i.e., referred to herein as a tool box) that can be configured to provide one or more operational function based on new mathematical principles described herein for the purposes of, e.g., synthesizing or analyzing shapes and the like.

METHOD, COMPUTERACCESSIBLE MEDIUM AND SYSTEMS FOR SCOREDRIVEN WHOLEGENOME SHOTGUN SEQUENCE ASSEMBLE
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure relate generally to methods, computeraccessible medium and systems for assembling haplotype and/or genotype sequences of at least one genome, which can be based upon, e.g., consistent layouts of short sequence reads and longrange genome related data. For example, a processing arrangement can be configured to perform a procedure including, e.g., obtaining randomly located short sequence reads, using at least one score function in combination with constraints based on, e.g., the long range data, generating a layout of randomly located short sequence reads such that the layout is globally optimal with respect to the score function, obtained through searching coupled with score and constraint dependent pruning to determine the globally optimal layout substantially satisfying the constraints, generating a whole and/or a part of a genome wide haplotype sequence and/or genotype sequence, and converting a globally optimal layout into one or more consensus sequences.

NOVEL AUTOGRAPHY REGULATORS ATG14L AND RUBICON
The present invention provides for up and downregulation of cellular autophagy, e.g., for treating cancer or neurological disease. The invention results, in part, from discovery of two novel proteins, ATG14L (previously called "BISC") and Rubicon (previously called "BIRC"), which bind to a Class III phophatidylinositol 3'kinase (PI3K)/Vps34Beclin 1 autophagic complex. ATG14L and Rubicon each regulate autophagic activity in an opposing manner. ATG14L and Rubicon can be used, for example, to increase/decrease autophagic activity, to increase/decrease PI3K/Vps34 kinase activity, and in so doing, treat diseases and disorders, such as cancer, neurodegenerative disease, stroke, metabolic disease, and agerelated disease. ATG14L can increase autophagic activity and PI3K/Vps34 kinase activity; and Rubicon can decrease autophagic activity and PI3K/Vps34 kinase activity.

ENGINEERED CLEAVAGE HALFDOMAINS
Disclosed herein are engineered cleavage halfdomains; fusion polypeptides comprising these engineered cleavage halfdomains; polynucleotides encoding the engineered cleavage halfdomains and fusion proteins; and cells comprising said polynucleotides and/or fusion proteins. Also described are methods of using these polypeptides and polynucleotides, for example for targeted cleavage of a genomic sequence.

CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS CHIPS
A seamless microchannel with aligned microelectrodes structure can be prepared to include a polymeric body defining a surface of a seamless microchannel. The microchannel is seamless in that it is formed by a single body of material having a conduit that is open at one surface and extends to another opening aligned with microelectrodes in another surface of the body. The rest of the microchannel is closed and defined by the single body of material. The seamless microchannel structure can be used in methods that include biosensors, coupling waveguides, capillary electrophoresis chips, microreactors, polymerase chain reactionchips, and solving mathematical problems.

Constrained Pressure Residual Preconditioner For Efficient Solution Of The Adjoint Equation
A method, system and computer program product is disclosed for using a constrained pressure residual (CPR) preconditioner to solve adjoint models. A linear system of fluid flow equations comprising a plurality of variables that represent fluid flow properties in a geological formation of a subterranean reservoir is provided. Matrix ( ).sup.T, which comprises a transpose of a Jacobian matrix associated with the linear system of fluid flow equations, is constructed. A constrained pressure residual preconditioner M.sub.CPRA.sup.1 is constructed responsive to the matrix ( ).sup.T. Matrix equation ( ).sup.Ty=d is then solved using the constrained pressure residual preconditioner M.sub.CPRA.sup.1.

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR RACK COOLING ANALYSIS
According to at least one embodiment, a computerimplemented method for modeling cooling performance is provided. The method includes acts of receiving, by a computer, input data from a storage device, the input data including data related to physical structures within at least one equipment rack, selecting, based on the data related to physical structures, at least one first equation of a plurality of predetermined equations that describe pressure values in a plurality of spaces within the at least one equipment rack, determining pressure values in identified spaces of the plurality of spaces by solving the at least one first equation using the input data, determining airflow values between identified spaces by calculating a difference between the pressure values and storing, on the storage device, the airflow values as equipment rack airflow values within the at least one equipment rack.

METHOD OF DETERMINING RESERVOIR PRESSURE
A new approach is disclosed for measuring the pressure of tight gas reservoirs, using information obtain from continuous injection prior to hydraulic fracture stimulation. The technique can be obtained utilizing either bottomhole or surface pressure gauges and properly instrumented surface injection pumps. The analysis is completed by plotting injection and rate data in a specialized form from terms arranged in Darcy's radial flow equation to obtain a curve or trend. The key component to proper application of this technique is to obtain both baseline and one or more calibration data sets. These calibration data sets are obtained by either increasing or decreasing the injection pressure and/or rate from the baseline data. Initial reservoir pressure is assumed, but the calibration data indicates if the guess was too high or low. Accurate estimates of reservoir pressure may be obtained in a few iterations.

Constrained Pressure Residual Preconditioner For Efficient Solution Of The Adjoint Equation
A method, system and computer program product is disclosed for using a constrained pressure residual (CPR) preconditioner to solve adjoint models. A linear system of fluid flow equations comprising a plurality of variables that represent fluid flow properties in a geological formation of a subterranean reservoir is provided. Matrix ( ).sup.T, which comprises a transpose of a Jacobian matrix associated with the linear system of fluid flow equations, is constructed. A constrained pressure residual preconditioner M.sub.CPRA.sup.1 is constructed responsive to the matrix ( ).sup.T. Matrix equation ( ).sup.Ty=d is then solved using the constrained pressure residual preconditioner M.sub.CPRA.sup.1.

Objectfieldbased mathematics system
An apparatus includes a processor, a computer memory, a user interface, and computerexecutable instructions which enable a user to formulate mathematical expressions via the user interface. The mathematical expression is composed from objects selected from a library of object types in the memory. The object types include primitive objects and nonprimitive objects. Nonprimitive objects contain at least one field which in turn can contain additional objects; primitive objects have no fields. The mathematical expression is defined by a computerreadable data structure in the memory, and each object and field has a mathematical significance assigned thereto. The data structure uniquely identifies each object and each field, and includes pointers to define nesting of the objects and fields in the mathematical expression. The computerexecutable instructions include steps to identify user inputs with at least some of the objects, and to display the mathematical expression represented by the data structure via the display.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PREDICTING FLUID DYNAMICS IN A DATA CENTER
A system and method for predicting airflow within a data center using a potential flow technique is provided. In one aspect, a method includes automatically generating an unstructured grid, the unstructured grid comprising a plurality of unstructured grid cells, each unstructured grid cell having a size, dividing a representation of the data center into the plurality of unstructured grid cells, determining airflow velocity values for each of the plurality of unstructured grid cells using airflow velocity potentials, determining a temperature value for each one of the plurality of the unstructured grid cells using the airflow velocity values, determining a concentration value for each of the plurality of the unstructured grid cells using the airflow velocity values, and calculating a comparison result indicating whether the concentration values, the airflow velocity values and the temperature values for the plurality of the unstructured grid cells satisfy convergence criteria.

MULTIMEDIA CONTENT DELIVERY SYSTEM
A multimedia content delivery system includes a server apparatus (100) for delivering graphical information across a network (30) to a client device (200). An environment engine (150) controls a virtual environment responsive to user commands. An object transformation unit (400, 405) transforms original object data (310) relating to a plurality of objects into compressed object data (350). A data management unit (120) transmits the compressed object data to the client device (200). The compressed object data (350) is decompressed and rendered by the client device (200) to output images to represent the virtual environment on a visual display device. Serverside and client side I/O handler units (130, 230) provide the user commands from the client device (200). The compressed object data (360) may comprise coefficients of a solution to a partial differential equation. Methods and apparatus are described relating to polygonbased object geometry (510) and pixelbased image files (600) which are transformed and regenerated using coefficients (540, 606) of a solution to a partial differential equation.

DETERMINATION OF SOURCE CONTRIBUTIONS USING BINOMIAL PROBABILITY CALCULATIONS
This invention relates to calculation of percent contribution of data from a major source and a minor source in a sample.

Methods, Devices and Computer Program Products Providing for Establishing a Model for Emulating a Physical Quantity Which Depends on at Least One Input Parameter, and Use Thereof
The present invention proposes methods, devices and computer program products in relation to providing for establishing a model W for emulating a physical quantity P which depends on at least one input parameter x. To this extent, there is defined a set X including N distinct parameter values x_i for said at least one input parameter x, N being an integer greater than or equal to 1, first measured the physical quantity Pm1 for each of the N distinct parameter values x_i of the at least one input parameter x, while keeping all other input parameters fixed, constructed a Vandermonde matrix VM using said set of N parameter values x_i of said at least one input parameter x, and computed the model W for emulating the physical quantity PE based on the Vandermonde matrix and the first measured physical quantity according to the equation W=(VM.sup.T*VM).sup.1*VM.sup.T*Pm1. The model is iteratively refined so as to obtained a desired emulation precision. The model can later be used to emulate the physical quantity based on input parameters or logs taken from the field and thereby support device design optimization.

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO ESTIMATE REGION OF TISSUE ACTIVATION
A computerimplemented method for determining the volume of activation of neural tissue. In one embodiment, the method uses one or more parametric equations that define a volume of activation, wherein the parameters for the one or more parametric equations are given as a function of an input vector that includes stimulation parameters. After receiving input data that includes values for the stimulation parameters and defining the input vector using the input data, the input vector is applied to the function to obtain the parameters for the one or more parametric equations. The parametric equation is solved to obtain a calculated volume of activation.

Method of Manufacturing an Optical System
A method of calculating an optical system (OS), the optical system (OS) being identified by a function (OF), the optical system (OS) having a first part (F1) defined by a first equation (EF1) and a second part (F2) defined by a second equation (EF2), the method performed by: a generating step (GEN), in which a virtual optical system (VOS) is used to generate a virtual function (VOF); a modification step (MOD), in which the virtual function (VOF) is modified so as obtain the function (OF); a calculation step (CAL), in which the second equation (EF2) is calculated from the function (OF), and the first equation (EF1). A method of manufacturing an optical system (OS) is also disclosed.

LUBRICANT BASE STOCKS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES WITH IMPROVED LOW TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES
Provided are lube base stocks produced from renewable biological sources with improved low temperature properties. In one form, the lube base stock includes from 10 to 35 wt. % paraffins, 40 to 70 wt. % 1ring naphthenes, and 0 to 40 wt. % combined 2ring naphthenes and aromatics, and has a ratio of 1ring naphthenes to paraffins from 1.8 to 5.0, and a Viscosity Index of from 100 to 160. The lube base stock has a .sup.14C level ranging from 2 to 101% of the modern day .sup.14C level in the atmosphere, and yields a CCS ratio (Cold Crank Simulator (CCS) viscosity to the predicted CCS viscosity by Walther equation) of less than or equal to 0.85 at 35.degree. C. The base stocks are useful as in formulated lubricant compositions requiring improved low temperature properties.

Method, Apparatus and Computer Program Product for the Finite Element Analysis of Frequency Dependent Behavior of Nonlinear Materials and Contacts
An analysis method, apparatus and computer software are disclosed for the analysis for the frequency behavior of assemblies containing nonlinear materials, and contacts between a plurality of components comprised in the assemblies. The frequency behavior of assemblies containing nonlinear materials, and contacts between components comprised in the assemblies is analysed by dividing a volume and a contact area of the assemblies into finite elements characterized by frequency and displacement dependent matrices, linearizing an equation characteristic for the frequency behavior of the assemblies, solving the characteristic equation in a frequency domain, performing a first stage projection in a time domain to reduce a number of degrees of freedom of said finite elements from a number of said finite elements to a number of relevant modes, performing a second stage projection in the frequency domain, and calculating Fourier series coefficients describing the frequency behavior of the assemblies.

Supported Catalyst for Synthesizing MultiWall Carbon Nanotubes and Method for Preparing the Same
A supported catalyst for synthesizing multiwalled carbon nanotubes includes a supporting body and a metal catalyst including Fe, Co, and Mn in a mole ratio according to Equation (1): Fe:Co:Mn=1:x:y (1) wherein 2.0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.4.0 and 0.01.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.5.00. The supported catalyst can be prepared by dissolving the metal catalysts into a solvent to prepare an aqueous solution of the metal catalysts; dissolving supporting body materials into a solvent to prepare an aqueous solution of the supporting body material; mixing the aqueous solutions and heating the mixed solution at temperature of about 100.degree. to about 800.degree. C. under normal atmospheric pressure for about 10 to about 40 min. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes can be prepared by placing the supported catalyst in chemical vapor deposition (TCVD) equipment and feeding hydrocarbon gas and hydrogen gas at a temperature of about 650.degree. to about 1,100.degree. C. under normal atmospheric pressure.

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR RESERVOIR MODELING
A method is presented for modeling reservoir properties. The method includes constructing a coarse computational mesh for the reservoir. The coarse computational mesh comprises a plurality of cells. The method further includes determining a plurality of flows for each of the plurality of cells based on Dirichlet boundary conditions. Additionally, the method includes determining a solution to a coarse pressure equation for the reservoir based on the plurality of flows.

IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION METHOD AND DEVICE
An objective is to enable calculation of a distribution of a physical property such as a density inside a measurement object, even when the distribution of the physical property value is nonuniform, within a feasible period of time without causing image deterioration due to phenomena such as refraction and multiplereflections caused by the nonuniformity. To this end, the physical property value that makes an evaluation quantity be an extremum is outputted, where the evaluation quantity is a liner sum or a product of exponential function of: an equation residual quantity that is a residual being a difference between an operator term and an external force term of anequation of motion; a nonuniformity detection equation residual quantity that is a residual of an equation of detecting the nonuniformity of the physical property value from a matching degree of solutions of the equationof motion under two types of boundary conditions; and a conditional equation residual quantity that is a residual of a constraint condition.

IMAGING SYSTEM AND METHOD
An imaging system and method in which the system carries out the method which includes the steps of: (a) determining an incident field, (b) using the incident field and a volume integral equation (VIE) to determine a total field, (c) predicting voltage ratio measurement at a receiving antenna by using the volume integral equation (VIE), wherein the VIE includes a vector Green's function, (d) collecting voltage ratio measurements from one or more receiving antennas, and (e) comparing the predicted voltage ratio measurements to the collected voltage ratio measurements to determine one or more properties of the object being evaluated. An Sparameter based inverse scattering method using the vector Green's function and VIE as its core is also described.

INTRAVASCULAR SENSING METHOD AND SYSTEM
Methods and systems for calculating a corrected Fractional Flow Reserve. Methods include delivering a pressure sensing device including a pressure sensor to a location in an artery having a stenosis, positioning the pressure sensor distal to the stenosis, measuring the distal pressure, measuring the proximal pressure, and calculating a corrected Fractional Flow Reserve using the measured proximal and distal pressures and applying a correction factor or correction equation. The correction factor or correction equation corrects for changes in the measured distal pressure caused by a presence of the pressure sensing device. A data set of correction factors or correction equations may be stored in a memory component of the system. The corrected Fractional Flow reserve may approximate the Fractional Flow Reserve that would be obtained if a different sized device was used to measure the distal pressure, such as a pressure sensing guidewire having a 0.014 inch outer diameter.

INFORMATION PROPAGATION PROBABILITY FOR A SOCIAL NETWORK
One or more techniques and/or systems are disclosed for predicting propagation of a message on a social network. A predictive model is trained to determine a probability of propagation of information on the social network using both positive and negative information propagation feedback, which may be collected while monitoring the social network over a desired period of time for information propagation. A particular message can be input to the predictive model, which can determine a probability of propagation of the message on the social network, such as how many connections may receive at least a portion of the message and/or a likelihood of at least a portion of the message reaching respective connections in the social network.

PROBABILISTIC FATIGUE LIFE PREDICTION USING ULTRASONIC INSPECTION DATA CONSIDERING EIFS UNCERTAINTY
A method for probabilistically predicting fatigue life in materials includes sampling a random variable for an actual equivalent initial flaw size (EIFS), generating random variables for parameters (ln C, m) of a fatigue crack growth equation a N = C ( .DELTA. K ) m ##EQU00001## from a multivariate distribution, and solving the fatigue crack growth equation using these random variables. The reported EIFS data is obtained by ultrasonically scanning a target object, recording echo signals from the target object, and converting echo signal amplitudes to equivalent reflector sizes using previously recorded values from a scanned calibration block. The equivalent reflector sizes comprise the reported EIFS data.

PROBABILISTIC FATIGUE LIFE PREDICTION USING ULTRASONIC INSPECTION DATA CONSIDERING EIFS UNCERTAINTY
A method for probabilistically predicting fatigue life in materials includes sampling a random variable for an actual equivalent initial flaw size (EIFS), generating random variables for parameters (ln C, m) of a fatigue crack growth equation a N = C ( .DELTA. K ) m ##EQU00001## from a multivariate distribution, and solving the fatigue crack growth equation using these random variables. The reported EIFS data is obtained by ultrasonically scanning a target object, recording echo signals from the target object, and converting echo signal amplitudes to equivalent reflector sizes using previously recorded values from a scanned calibration block. The equivalent reflector sizes comprise the reported EIFS data.

METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR NUCLEASEMEDIATED TARGETED INTEGRATION OF TRANSGENES
Disclosed herein are methods and compositions for homologyindependent targeted insertion of donor molecules into the genome of a cell.

COMPUTER TELEPHONY INTEGRATION WITH CONNECTION OF THE COMPUTER VIA A PRESENCE SERVER
An example embodiment may include a method of managing digital content. The method may include selecting third party digital content. The third party digital content may reside in a third party system or be controlled by the third party system. The method may further include collecting search engine optimization (SEO) data associated with the third party digital content. The method may also include defining an SEO policy to generate recommendations regarding the third party digital content based on the SEO data. The method may also include analyzing the third party digital content by applying the SEO policy to the SEO data to generate one or more recommendations regarding the third party digital content.

AUTOMATED TEACHING SYSTEM USING DECLARATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH
A system for solving problems in mathematics, natural science, engineering and like disciplines, online or on a computing device. The system includes an interface which employs a declarative approach to solution representation. The interface allows users such as students to enter their solutions by declaring main steps of a solution (in various modes and levels of detail). The interface provides a list from which a student selects an appropriate action and fills out the details of the computations related to the action. The system helps students learn the process of solving problems by teaching them how to divide solutions into logical steps.

Methods and Materials for Integer Quantum Computing
The subject matter relates to multiple parallel ensembles of early stage spherical pulses radiated through engineered arrays forming the foundation for quantized computer processors taking advantage of integer thermodynamics. The materials, architecture and methods for constructing micro and/or nanoscale threedimensional cellular arrays, cellular series logic gates, and signature logic form the basis of small and largescale apparatuses used to execute logic, data bases, memory, mathematics, artificial intelligence, prime factorization, optical routing and artificial thought tasks not otherwise replicated in electronbased circuits. Unlike prior art electriccurrent based computational devicesthat by definition dissipate heat and consume significant power to achieve computational outputthe types of logic gates described do not shed waste heat and minimally consume power, which is desirable for embedded computers, ultra highthroughput computation, lowpower consumption data centers and extended battery life devices.

MOBILE AND DESKTOP APPLICATION FOR EXTRACTING GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS AND MAPPING TO A MASTER KEYCODE DATABASE
A method and application provide a universal key code for use when a key is lost. The code can be taken to a locksmith or retailer for duplication. The user can obtain a digital image of their key and a software application can extract unique key geometries from the key, via, for example, edge detection technology and/or other mathematical methods, digital image processing methods and standard image processing methods. A key code can be determined from this extracted information and mapped to a known key code database. The software application can output, from a digital image of an original key, the key blank and key cut code to allow a consumer to simply and conveniently obtain a duplicate key.

MOBILE APPLICATION FOR EXTRACTING GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS AND MAPPING TO A MASTER KEYCODE DATABASE
A method and application provide a universal key code for use when a key is lost. The code can be taken to a locksmith or retailer for duplication. The user can take a picture of their key and a software application can extract unique key geometries from the key, via, for example, edge detection technology and/or other mathematical methods, digital image processing methods and standard image processing methods. A key code can be determined from this extracted information and mapped to a known key code database. The software application can output, from a picture of an original key, the key blank and key cut code to allow a consumer to simply and conveniently obtain a duplicate key.

DETECTION OF HYDROCARBONS IN AQUEOUS ENVIRONMENTS
A process for a preconcentration unit including: a sorbent material coated passageway having an entrance for receiving a hydrocarboncontaining groundwater sample and for preconcentrating the hydrocarbons in a hydrocarboncontaining groundwater sample by successive sorption/desorption cycles, and having an exit for discharging the preconcentrated hydrocarbons; a heating unit for heating the sorbent material coated passageway; and; an array of shear horizontalsurface acoustic wave sensors with coatings adapted for detecting and quantifying the preconcentrated hydrocarbons, disposed at the exit of the sorbent material coated passageway; and a housing for enclosing the preconcentration unit and the array of shear horizontalsurface acoustic wave sensors, adapted for continuous use at a body of hydrocarboncontaining groundwater, and coupled tomathematical methods for generating concentrations of specific analytes from both transient and steadystate signals.