Background: To investigate the surgical outcomes of implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation in eyes with
residual myopia after primary laser vision correction (LVC) surgeries.
Methods: This study included patients who underwent ICL implantation and had a history of LVC surgery, including
photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Visual acuity and refractive error were
assessed pre and 3-months postoperatively and the efficacy and safety indices calculated accordingly.
Results: A total of 30 eyes of 17 patients were included in this study. At 3 months, the mean logMAR uncorrected
distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and spherical equivalent were − 0.03 ± 0.11
(include logMAR), − 0.04 ± 0.09 (include logMAR), and − 0.06 ± 0.33 diopters (D), respectively. The 3-month Snellen
UDVA was better than 20/20 for 83% of eyes, and 97% of eyes showed an unchanged or improved CDVA after surgery.
The mean efficacy and safety indices were 1.11 ± 0.22 and 1.13 ± 0.20, respectively. Further, 93 and 100% of eyes were
within ±0.5 and ± 1.0 D of the attempted spherical equivalent refraction, respectively.
Conclusions: ICL implantation in eyes with myopic regression after previous LVC surgery showed safe, effective, and
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